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and V, 

Landward Parishes 

^ ^ ^ Jl> 


dO- OJ 

National Library of Scotland 




rtM;l)U'S War Memorial. 
Unvcikd liy Field-Marshal Earl Haij; - 5Ui October, li)2-2. 






Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 


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BOOKS IV. and V. 


Broughton, Dolphinton, Drumelzier, Eddlestone, Innerleithen, Kailzie, 

Kirkurd, Lyne and Megget, Manor, Newlands. Overseas, 

Peebles (names omitted from Peebles volume). 

Skirling, Stobo, Traquair, Tweedsmuir, 






This Yolume contains Books IV. and V. of The Book of 

Remembrance for Tweeddale. Its predecessors were those for 

Peebles, in two volumes, and that for West Linton. Tlie series 

is now complete : and everyone connected with the County who 

died for the Empire is commemorated either by record or portrait, 

or both. 

C. B. G. 




.• 1-^ 



'■'For the Ashes of our Fathers and the Temples of our Gods." 



We give Thee thanks for our Heritage as the People of Scotland : 

For the Land of our Fathers, the Land we love '. 

For the Races we represent, Celtic and Scottish : 

And for the special Gifts and Contribution of each to the whole : 

For the Story of Scotland, so deeply written up-jn our Hearts and History : 

For our Fathers and Brothers, the Men of Scotland : 

For their F^ear of God : their Patriotism : their Battles for Freedom : 

For their Mothers, the ^^'omen of Scotland, silent, tender, strong, who made the Men. 





Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders. 

1914. August 26. 

Of all the men connected with Tweeddale who 
fell in the war, the very first to fall was Captain 
Charles Carbould Walker, son-in-law of Mr M. 
G. Thorburn of Glenormiston. There were 
eighteen from the County who fell in 1914. 
Captain Walker was the eldest son of Mr W. 
Eden Walker, Riftswood, Saltbum. He was 
born in 1875, and waa educated at Eton and at 
Tiinity Hall, Cambridge. He entered the Argyll 
& Sutherland Highlanders in April 1900, and 
was promoted Lieutenant in March 1904, and 
Captain seven years later. He saw active ser- 
vice in South Africa, fi-om 1900 to 1902, parti- 
cipating in the operations in the Orange Free 
State and in the Transvaal, east and west of 

Ho held the Queen's Medal with three clasps, 
and the King's Medal with two clasps. He was 
appointed Adjutant to the 4th Battalion (Royal 
Renfrewshire Militia) Argyll & Sutherland 
Highlanders' Special Reserve, and was stationed 
at Paisley. 

In the Great War his fate was for a long time 
uncertain; but it was finally esifcablisihed that 
Captain Walker fell at Le Cateau on the 26th 
August, 1914. His principal recreation was the 
chase, being devoted to hunting, not missing a 
meet whenever possible. He left a widow, one 
girl, and a posthumous son. 

Germany had declai'ed War upon France on 
the 3rd of August, 1914; on the same day 
Orders were prepa,red for Mobilisation of the 
British Army. On the 4th of August Great 
Britain protested in Berlin against the violation 
by Germany of Belgian neutrality ; on that very 
morning the Germans had violated Gemmenioh, 

and had burned Vise, and had attacked Liege. 
Germany then declared war on Belgium. Brit- 
ish Mobilisation Orders were issued : Sir John 
Jellicoe took command of the British Fleet. 
The British sent an ultimatum to Germany, 
whose period expired at 11 p.m. on the night 
of Tuesday, August 4, 1914. Britain was now 
at war with Germany. 

British troops landed in France on Sunday, 
August 9, and their disembarkation was com- 
pleted by August 16. The Battle of Charleroi 
was fought on August 21, and ended on the 
23rd with the defeat of the French. The Battle 
of Mona began on this day, Sunday, August 
23, and the retreat of the Allies began on the 
following day. On the 25th we had sever© 
Battles at Landrecies .and Maroilles; and on 
Wednesday, tlie 26th of August, when Captain 
Walker fell, the first Battle of Le Cateau began. 

" 0, valiant hearts who to your glory came 
Through dust of conflict and through battle 

flame : 
Tranquil you lie, your knightly virtue proved ; 
Your memoiy hallowed in the land you loved. 

" Proudly you gathered rank on rank to war, 
As who had heard God's message from afar. 
All you had hoped for, all you had you gave 
To save mankind — yourselves j^ou scorned to 
save. ' ' 



RoyAL Scots Greys. 

1914. September 10. 

An Eddleston man. Private John Scott, of 

The Royal Soots Greys, was the second man to 

fall. He formerly resided with his parents at 

Cottage Bank, Eddleston. This was one of those 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

early cases in the beginning of the war, when 
our Intelligence Department was in a state of 
incompleteness, so that his telatives never re- 
ceived anj' definite information as to his fate. 
He fell in battle between the Marne and tbe 
Aisne on Thursday, the 10th September, 1914, 
and his body was buned in Grandeleau Cemetery. 
No other details ever came to hand. 

The first Battle of the Marne ended on this 
day, the Gennans retreating on the west and 
centre, evacuating Pont-a-Mousson. This hap- 
pened on a Tliursday, the victory of the Allies 
being complete. The Allies began to advance 
rapidly. The Britisli crossed the Ourcq on the 
following day. The Battle of Nancy, which 
had begun on August 22, ended in complete 
failure for the Germans. On Sunday, Sep- 
tember 13, the Battle of the Aisne began, the 
British forcing the passage of the river. 

Not in low graves forgotten do they lie. 
In vasit unwept obhvion's slumber deep, 

Who for liigh holy honour freely die, 
Heaven's gift of freedom stainless still to 

Nay — let their blood-stained dust be scattered 
far — 
Each freeman's heart becomes their living 
grave ; 
Their memory shineth ever, like a star. 
Above the Empire which they die to save. 


(Tr.\quaib and Innerleithen) 

1st Cameron Highlanders. 

1914. September 26. 

A native of Traquair, and residing with 
his sister and brother in Innerleithen, 
Private John Maguire was the third man 
of Tweeddale to fall. He was born on 
the 11th December, 1878, and enlisted in 
the year 1900. He was drafted in turn 
to Gibraltar, Crete, Malta, South Africa, and 
China. In 1908 he was discharged from the 
Army. He returned as a Reservist at the be- 
ginning of the war in August, 1914. As a 
member oi the First Expeditionai-y Force, 
which was fatuously styled by the Gei-man 
Emperor General French's contemptible army, 
Private Maguire went to France in the be- 
ginning. He was reported missing during the 
retreat from Mons on Saturday, tlio 26tii Sej)- 

tember, 1914, and was presumed killed on that 

The Battle of the Aisne had begun on Sep- 
tember 13 and continued until September 28. 
A battle at Albert had been raging for two 
days, and yet continued, fierce fighting taking 
place from Oise to Somme St Mihiel. 

" On the dim tombs of time I see 
The names of men who sti'ove in vain 
To lift the load, to breiak the chain : 
Then why a better grave for me ? 

O Thou the First, and Last, the Whole, 
Thou Who from toil and tears of man 
Dost shape on earth Thy mighty plan 
And build while all the ages roll. 

Enough it is for me to know 
That all the travail of the yeacs. 
The gleams of hope, the clouds of tears, 
Add something to Thy work below." 



9th Queen's Royal Lancers. 

1914. October 21. 

Official information was received to the effect 
that Trooper Edwai-d Egan had been killed in 
action on the 21st October, 1914. He was aged 
29. Originally he was holding a clerical post in 
London about the year 1905, when he enlisted 
in the 9th Queen's Royal Lancers. Aftei- serving 
three years in South Africa with the Lancers, 
he returned to his home in 1912. Previous to 
the outbreak of the war, Edward Egan was in 
employment at the Post Office of Walkerbum, 
where meanwhile he was also studying for the 
Civil Service. As a Reservist he was called up 
in 1914, and was one of the very first soldiers 
to land on French soil. He was in the thick of 
the fighting from the vea-y beginning, and was 
one of those gallant heroes at the silencing of 
the guns when the la.te Captain Gi-enfell won 
the first Victoria Cross in the war. He came 
safely tlirough tlie i-etreat, but was killed 
sliortly thereafter ait Meesines Wood, whei-© his 
body was buried. 

The first Battle of Ypres had begun on 
October 19. The fighting was raginig around 
Arnis, The 21st (Wednesday), when Egan fell, 
was a critical day on the Yser, when Dixmude 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

and Ai'ras were heavily bombarded and 

None shall find deatli so good as theirs hence- 
Music and verse, great monuments, in vain 
Shall seek to rival them. As things unworthy, 

Carelessly as a sower scatters grain, 
They hurled their starry souls countless to 




1915. January 19. 

On the 19th January, 1915, there was found 
on the west side of the island of Jura the body 
of a man, near to which was lying a rubber life- 
collar and disc attached. The collar and disc 
were taken possession of by the competent 
naval authority of the district, and it is sup- 
posed that they were part of the equipment of 
William J. Scott, a seaman of the ill-fated 
H.M.S. Viknor, which was sunk by a mine some 
time previously. Scott was a member of the 
Edinburgh Fire Brigade, and the Firemaster 
thereof was of opinion that the body answered 
to that of Scott. Apparently Scott was the 
only member of the Edinburgh Fire Brigade who 
was a Naval Reservist, and the fact that the 
man was wearing a jersey belonging to the 
Brigade practically established his identity. 
Soott's widow resided at 34 Ballantyne's Build- 
ings, Walkerburn, and the Procurator-Fiscal at 
Dunoon communicated with Mr J. Walter 
Buchan, the Procurator Fiscal for Peeblesshii-e, 
on the matter. As a result of the police' en- 
quiries here Mrs Scott has been able to identify 
the articles found on the body as those of her 
husband. The difficulty in establishing identity 
at first was due to the fact that the rubber- 
collar and disc were not discovered on the body, 
but a few yards apart from it. He joined the 
Royal Navy as a boy, serving both at home and 
abroad, in China, Nova Scotia, and other parts. 
He bought himself off in 1908, and joined the 
Fleet Reserve, at the same time becoming a 
member of the City of Edinburgh Fire Brigade. 
A brother fell later. 

You were ; and you will be ; know this while 

you are. 
Your spirit has travelled both long and afar. 
It came from the source, to the source it 

The spark that was lighted eternally burns. 



8th Royal Scots (Territorials). 

1914. December 22. 

News was received in Walkerburn of the 
death of Private David F. Davidson, of the 8th 
Royal Scots (Territorials), son of Andrew David- 
son, sem'., East End, Walkerburn. Private 
Davidson, who was only twenty years of age, 
contracted enteric fever, and died at Rouen on 
Tuesday, December 22, 1914. He had three 
brothers serving in the Army, two of these be- 
ing at the front^ — W. Davidson, 1st Scots 
Guards; J. Davidson, 8th Royal Scots (TeiTi- 
torials) ; and A. L. Davidson, in the Royal Scots, 
Kitchener's Army. 

British Expeditionary Force, 
France, 2nd January, 1915. 

Dear Mrs Davidson, — The sad news of the 
death of your son David has just reached me 
officially to-jiight. I had certainly heard 
rumours before this, but, desirous of hoping 
against hope, I was loath to believe them, 
but now that confirmation has come to hand, 
we must submit to the working of God's pro- 
vidence and accept His decree. Your son, 
although not cut down in the forefront of the 
battle, nevertheless gave up his life for his 
country, and this thought will, I trust, tend 
to lessen for you the great blow you must 
have suffered by his death. To' die for one's 
country is the noblest and best thing it is pos- 
sible for a man to do. Let this thought com- 
fort and console you. Your son, until unfor- 
tunately he broke down in health, performed 
his duties, arduous as they many time® were, 
in a truly soldierly manner. He was always 
bright and cheery, and all ranks shall miss 
his cheery comradeship. Much as we all de- 
plore his loss, the sympathy of all ranks goes 
out to you and all his sorrowing relations. 
Personally I feel that I have lost a young 
friend, a steady and reliable man, and a 
good soldier. 

Call him not dead who fell at duty's feet, 
And passed through light where earth and 
heaven meet. 

To radiant rest. 

Call him not dead — 
But say — The warfare waged, the victory won, 

He has gone West ! 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


1st Oaiieeon Highlandees. 
1914. Betwt:en October 22 and 24. 
Before the war George Russell had been 
soldiering in three countries — China, India, and 
South Africa. On the 4th of August, 1914, he 
was called up as a reservist of tlie 1st Cameron 
Highlanders, and went through a terrible time 
after tlieir departui'e from Inverness. He was 
slightly wounded at first and was invalided 
home to Tranent, but soon returned to the 
front and was sent up the line, where he fell 
either on Thursday, October 22, or 24. Fight- 
ing was raging for days upon the Yser. The 
struggle for Dixmude continued. The Gler- 
mans captured Langemarcke, and battle went 
on around La Bassee, where tlie Germans strove 
to break through for ten days. The Germans 
took Lombartzyde, but suffered repulse. On the 
24th Indian troops began to arrive near 
Bethune.. The battle around Arras was at its 
height when George Russell fell. 

London men and Irish, 
Indian men and French, 
Charging with the bayonet. 
Firing in the trench, 
Fought in that furious fight, shoulder to 

Leapt from their saddles to charge in fierce 

The Life Guards, mud and blood for the scarlet 

and the plume, 
And they hurled back the foemen as thei wind 

the sea spume. 
From Bixschoote to Baecelaere and down to 
Lvs river. 



8th Royal Scots (Innerleitjien Territorials). 

1914. November 27. 

At No. 7 Stationary Hospital, Boulogne, on 
Friday, 27tli November, 1914, Sergeant William 
Cleghorn, beloved husband of Marion Simpson, 
aged 42. Pressman in Waverley Mills. 

Sergeant W. Cleghorn, Munro Buildings, 
Innerleithen, a member of the 8th Royal Scots 
(Innerleithen Territorials), succumbed to his 
wounda received in action in hospital, at Bou- 
logne, France. lie left a widow and two sons 
and a daughter. He was the Innerleithen 
resident to fall, 

The following letters were received by Mrs 
Cleghorn from the Hospital, and are of in- 
terest as showing the great care which was be- 
stowed on our wounded in France : — 

No. 7 Stationary Hospital, 
Boulogne, November 24th 
Dear Mrs Cleghorn, — Your husband, Ser- 
geant Cleghorn, has been admitted tO' this 
Hospital, having been wounded by a bullet. 
He has asked me to write to you and tell you. 
I am sorry to say that his wound is of a ser- 
ious nature, and we shall be very anxious 
about him for a few days, but we hope to be 
able to give you good news. He came down 
from the front last evening, and does not seem 
to suffer very much. You will be glad to 
know that everything is being done'. He is 
having skilled doctors and nurses, and the 
Hospital is very comfortable. He would have 
liked to come to England, but he is too ill to 
be moved. He sends hisi love. 

No. 7 Stationary Hospital, 
Boulogne, November 27th. 
Dear Madam, — I deeply regret to tell yon 
that your dear husband passed away quietly 
in his sleep to-day at 2 p.m. He was brought 
into Hospital on the 24th in the evening, 
mortally wounded. He was in great pain 
when he came in, but the doctor was able at 
once to do something to relieve his pain, and 
I do not think that the last three days he has 
suffered. He did not know that he was 
dying, but passed away quietly. The Chap- 
lain, Canon Hook, saw him every day, and 
should you care to write to him at the address 
at the top of this letter he would, I am sui-e, 
be pleased to answer your letter and to tell 
you about the funeral arrangements. It will 
be some small comfort to you to know that 
he had every care and attention whilst in 
Hospital, and seemed happy. He was a gi'eat 
favourite with the Sisters of the ward he was 
in. With deep sympathy. 

" One standing on the path with hands out- 

They follow, and the hard ascent seems 

Till, when they reach the upper light serene. 
They look upon their Tycader face to face : 
Straightway they know Ilim and themselves 

are known. 
Then are they glad, because they are at rest. 
Brought to the haven at last where they 

would be," 

Private Joicn Maguire, Teaquair and Innerleithen. 

Captain Charles C. Walker, Innerleithen. 

Private John Scott, Eddleston. 

Trooper Edward Egan, Walkerburn. 

!5»« ■>■ 

Skajian Wii.LTAJi J. Scott. Walkerburn. 

I'rivate Gi:orgb "Russell, Eddleston. 

ririV\IP \),\\lll I. IjAVlUSO.N, \\ ALKIMUIIIUN 

Seimihant William ( i.ecjiidkn, iNNKRLEiTirnN. 

Private Arthur Campbell, Innerleithen. 

Private Archibald J. Smith, Innerleithen. 

Private Andrew B. Roberts, Wai.kerburn, 

L.-Cpl. James Turnbull, Innerleithen, 

Private WiLLixi.ii Thokbur^j, Tvveedsmuik. 


Walkekbuen, Edulestone, 1'eebles, Canada. 

I'liivAiii JoHKi'H Dick, Manok amj Canada. 

Lieut, Thomas A, G. Milliji. KjjtKUKD, 

Private George E. Freckleton, Traquair.. 

Col.-Sergt. Alexr. Scougall, 
Manor and Peebles. 

Pbivate Williaji Babtleman, Kibktxrr, 

Sergi', George Tt-Jbnbull, Innekleith:en, 

James Aitken, James Jarvie Aitken, 
Baby Aitken. Walkerburn. 

Second-Lieut. Andrew Gray, Manou. 

Ul'.ncaw M, Guant i'EHouaoN, 1nnerIjEith£n. 


Kailzie, Traquaib and Beouguton. 



SiiBGEANT William Camfbell, 
"Walkerburx . 

LANCE-CoRPOfiAL Clifton W. J. Laurie, 
Stobo AND Australia. 

Private George G. Henderson, 
Innerleithen and Australia. 

Laxce-Corforal TniiMAs Gardner, 

Private John Sievewright, 

Gunner Donald McGlashan, 
Eddleston and Walkerbuen. 

Sbhoeant Jamkh Ohmihton (Ihaiiam, 

William rARKLii. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



EoTAii Scots. 

1915. Janu.vbt 20. 

The German bullets claimed another life 
from the Innerleithen Company of Terri- 
torials, in the person of Private Arthur Camp- 
bell. The news was received by Mrs Campbell 
from Lieutenant Young:, Officer commanding 
F Company, Innerleithen Eoyal Scots, stat- 
ing that her husband was killed on Wednes- 
day, the 20th January, while being relieved 
off sentry duty, being shot by a Gterman 
sniper; death was instantaneous. Private 
Campbell, who was a painter to trade, and 
served a short time in the army when a young 
man, left a wife and family of five young 
children. He set out from Innerleithen only 
four weeks previous to his death, having 
joined the Territorials two months before. 
With some others, he put in the initial stages 
of drill at home, then went to Haddington, 
and having volunteered for foreign service, 
accompanied the second draft of the Battalion 
to the Front. The followang is the message 
received by Mrs Campbell : — 

British Expeditionary Force, 

France, 21st January, 1915. 
Deae Mes Campbell,— I deeply regret to 
inform you of the death of your husband 
yesterday, Wednesday morning, at 4 a.m. 
He had just finished his duty as sentry and 
was turning in for a well-earned rest when 
he was mortally hit by a bullet from a Ger- 
man sniper. His death was instantaneous, 
and he died without suffering I need not 
say that we all deplore his loss, and in his 
death we feel that we ha\e lost a good com- 
rade and soldier. He was always so gentle 
and unassuming, so ready and willing, that 
in the short space he had been with us we 
had all learned to love him. The heartfelt 
sympathy of all ranks goes out to you and 
his little ones, and our earnest prayer is 
that He who is the widow's shield and the 
orphan's stay may comfort and sustain you 
in your time of sore bereavement. He died 
at the post of duty, and nobly and willingly 
laid down his life for his country — a nobler 
end no man could wish for. That thought 
may be, I trust, some consolation to you for 
the loss of one whom J know was a devoted 

luisband and father. With our united deep- 
est sympathy. 

From body to body your spirit speeds on; 
It seeks a new form when the old one has 

And the Form that it finds is the fabric you 

On the loom of the mind, with the fibre of 



2nd Gordon Highlandees. 
1915. Maech 11. 
Notification was received by Mr Eichard 
Roberts, Tweedside Cottages, Walkerburn, 
that his son, Andrew B. Eoberts, 2nd Gordon 
Highlanders, had been killed in action at 
Neuve Chapelle, on Thursday, the 11th March, 
1915. Private Eoberts was in his 24th year, 
and unmarried. Previous to the war he was 
employed as a chauffeur at Kingscable, Lin- 
lithgow. He enlisted on the outbreak of the 
war, and was drafted to France only six 
weeks before he fell. Until recently. Private 
Eoberts resided with his parents at Beaver- 
halll Terrace, Edinburgh, the family removing 
to Walkerburn not very long before the war. 
The Battle of Neuve Chapelle had begun on 
the 10th of March, the day before Andrew 
Eoberts fell. On the 11th, the British made 
progress near Neuve Chapelle, occupying the 
village of I'Epinette. On the day following 
the German counter-attacks were repulsed, 
and on tlie 13th their attacks failed. 

Once list to the Spirit, all tumult is done. 
Your life is the life of the Infinite One; 
In the hurrying race you are conscioxis of 

With love for the purpose, and love for the 




Aeqtll and Sutherland Highlanders. 

1915. Maech 17. 

In loving memory of Archibald J. Smith, 

Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, killed in 

action at Neuve Chapelle, 17th March, 1915, 

aged 24 and a half years ; 

Also his cousins. Company Sergeant-Major 
A Doherty, 10th Highland Light Infantry, 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

killed in action, 18th March, 1916, aged 32 
years, and interred in Pleiiegstreert Ceme- 
tery, Belgium ; 

And Quartermaster Sergeant J. Doherty, re- 
ported missing, 21st March, 1918, presumed 
killed on that date, 2-5tli Seaforths, aged 24 
and a half years. 

" And in. the Morn those angel faces smile. 
Which we have loved long since and lost 

German snipers claimed Avchihald Smith a« 
a victim. News came to the burgli from a 
cousin of Private A. J. Smith that the latter 
had been shot through the head. His father 
received confirmation from the War OfiBce 
that his son had been killed in action in 
France on Wednesday, the 17tli March, 1915. 
His family went from Peebles many years ago. 
Prior to joining the Argyll & Sutherland 
Hig'hlanders, the deceased was engaged work- 
ing at the pits near Polmont, and later, was 
on Home Defence at Whitby in the month of 
September when the Germans attacked that 
town and its abbey. Two months before he 
fell. Private Smith was drafted from the 2nd 
to the 1st Battalion, and was ordered to the 
Front. He joined up at Stirling in Septem- 
ber, 1914; went to France in February, 1915; 
and fell in six weeks. He was never at home. 
He had two brothers serving. 

There is no noble height thou canst not 
All triumphs may be thine in Time's 
If whatsoe'er thy fault, thou dast not faint 

nor halt, 
But lean upon the staff of God's security. 
Earth has no claim the Soul can not contest. 
Know thyself part of the Eternal Source, 
And naught can stand before thy Spirifs 
Tlie soul's divine inheritance is best. 

Volunteers who left Haddington for the Front 
along with the First Detachment of the Royal 
Scots on the 2nd of November, 1914. He was 
one of five brothers serving with the Imperial 
Forces: — Hugh, a member of the same Com- 
pany of the 8tli Royal Scots in France; 
Robert, in the 12th Royal Scots in Kitchener's 
Army; George, with the second contingent of 
the Australian Expeditionary Force; John, a 
sergeant in the King's Own Scottish Bor- 
derers, who fought at the Dardanelles. His 
brother, George, was doomed to fall on the 
12th of May in the same year, 1915. 

I regret very much to have to inform you 
that your son, James, was killed by a. shot 
from a German sniper at mid-day to-day 
(Wednesday). He had just left the trench 
for a few minutes when we were suddenly 
all alarmed by his cry. Willing hands ten- 
derly carried him to the shelter of a dug- 
out where, on examination, his wound was 
found to be a very serious one. He lingered 
for about half-an-hour ere passing peacefully 
away. To all outward appearance his last 
moments were free from suffering, the know- 
ledge of which may lessen the severity of the 
loss and the wrench to you all. Your son 
was a good soldier, painstaking to a degree in 
the performance of his duti&s, willing, active, 
and obliging, and a man held in high esteem 
by the ofiicers and men of his Company. I 
need not say we all deplore his loss very 
much indeed, and we deeply sympathise 
with you and yours in the great loss sus- 
tained by you. We buried him to-night 
with Christian rites immediately behind the 
lines. There a simple wooden cross marks 
the last resting place of one, who in life, 
proved himself to be a brave and gallant 
" And some, the goodliest and the best 
Beloved alike by comrades and commanders 
Alas, untimely seek their rest 
Beneath the soil of Flanders." 


RorAL Scots. 
1915. Maech 17. 
Previous to the outbreak of the war, Lance- 
Corporal Turnhull, who was twenty-tliree 
year.H of ago and a millworker to trade, was a 
Territorial soldier in the Innerleithen com- 
panies, He was one of tiie gallant band of 



Pbincbss Patricia's Canadian Infantet. 
1915. March 22. 

William Thorburn was one of sis brothers, 
sons of Mr William Thorburn, Hearthstanes, 
Tweedsmuir, all of whom were serving their 
country by sea or air or land. H© was born 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

in 1883, and educated at Watson's College. 
During the Boer War he joined the Imperial 
Yeomanry, and was transferred to the Rough 
Riders ajid saw much service in South Africa. 
Invalided home, William Thorburn was 
awarded a pension for a year, and the war 
medal with five clasps. He was at Toronto 
when the present war began, and enlisted 
forthwith in Princess Patricia's Light Infan- 
try, arriving in England for training with the 
first Canadian Contingent, and crossed to 
France in December, 1914. He was wounded 
in the head at Bailleul, and was oflEicially re- 
ported dead. Signs of life remained, however, 
and he was eventually transferred to Craig- 
leith Hospital, Edinburgh, where, though 
speechless and paralysed, he knew his friends. 
He lingered on until Monday, March 22nd, 
when he died. He lies buried in Edinburgh, 
after having with characteristic fortitude 
faced death for his country in two continents. 
His brother, an airman, was to fall on Feb- 
ruary 11, 1917. 

I vow to thee, my country — all earthly 
things above — 

Entire and whole and perfect, the service of 
my love. 

The love that asks no question: the love 
that stands the test. 

That lays upon the altar the dearest and the 

The love that never falters, the love that 

pays the price. 
The love that makes undaunted the final 


And there's another country, I've heard of 

long ago- 
Most dear to them that love her, most great 

to them that know— 
We may not count her armies : we may not 

see her King — 

Her fortress is a faithful heart, her pride 
is suffering — 

And soul by soul and silently her shining 

bounds increase. 
And her ways are ways of gentleness and all 

her paths are Peace. 


(Manob and Canada) 
Canadian Infantry. 
1915. April 22-26. 
Not much is known of this man belonging 
{■> the parish of Manor; the family also hav- 
ing associations with the adjoining parish ot 

Lyue. He himself joined up at the beginning 
of the war, from Winnipeg. He fell in the 
Battle of Ypres. 

This was Thursday the very day on which 
the Second Battle of Ypres began. The town 
itself was largely destroyed. The German ad- 
vance, however, was checked by the Cana- 
dians, of whom Joseph Dick was a gallant 
member. The Canadians achieved' this feat 
after the French had been forced to retire, 
owing to an attack by poison gas. The 
French, however, made progress near St 

Joseph Dick was the first man connected 
with the parish of Manor to fall. 

A brother, George, also fell on November 
16, 1914. 

What, Man, shall God remember when the 

world of men is cold ? 
All the anguish, all the violence, that have 

wracked it from of old? 
Be you not too sure; for haply when the 

troublers yet to como. 
Like the dreaded Eoman legions or the 

Tartar hordes, are dumb, 
God shall see an ancient hill-top where an 

unremembered boy 
Laughed because the earth was lovely and 

to live and breathe was joy. 



(Walkebbuen, Eddlestone, Peebles, 


5th Canadian Infantry, First Contingent. 

1915. April 24-26. 

He belonged to Pine Lake, Alberta, and was 
the son of Richard Sandeman and Elizabeth 
Gill. He fell at the age of 35. 

Major Sandeman was born at Lenzie on the 
27th January, 1880. He was educated at the 
Albany Academy, Glasgow, and King Wil- 
liam's College, Isle of Man. He served his 
apprenticeship in the mills of Messrs Ballan- 
tyne, March St., Peebles, but becoming inter- 
ested in the Canadian far west, he went to 
Pine Lake, Alberta, in the spring of 1904, and 
taking up virgin land brought it under culti- 
vation. He had been a member of the Peebles- 
shire Volunteers, and when a troop of Light 
Horse was organised at Pine Lake, he joined 
at once, and went to Calgary each June for 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

the annual training. He had received a com- 
mission, and became Major of the 35th Cen- 
tral Alberta Light Horse before the outbreak 
of war. 

When war was declared he trained his men 
at Eed Deer until the camp at Valcartier was 
ready for use. When it was announced that 
cavaliy were not being accepted from Canada, 
his men all volunteered as infantry and came 
to Salisbury Plain with the 5th Canadian 
Infantry, First Contingent, in October, 1914. 
The Canadians went to France in the early 
days of 1915, and their firet engagement was 
at Ypres, 22nd April, 1915, when Major San- 
deman was seriously wounded. The battalion 
fell back, but the Doctor remained in the 
dressing station with two wounded ofiBcers 
and fourteen men. They all fell into the 
hands of the enemy, and although the dress- 
ing station was retaken, it was found' that 
most of the men and all the officers had died. 
Major Sandeman was among the latter. 

" And you, our brothers, who for all our 
To this dear school of ours come back no 
more ; 
Who lie, our country's debt of honour 
And not in vain, upon the Belgian shore. 
Till that great day, when, at the throne in 
The books are opened and the judgment 
Your lives for honour and for Britain given. 
The school will not forget." 



1st K.O.S.B. 

1915. AriUL 25. 

Lieutenant T. A. G. Miller, Ist K.O.S.B., 
who was killed in the landing at the Darda- 
nelles, was the older son of the Ecv. T. D. 
and Mrs Miller, Manse of Kirkurd, Peebles- 
shire; Grandson of Thomas Miller, LL.D., 
Justice of the Peace of tlie County of Perth, 
and a great nephew of General Sir Archibald 
Galloway, K.C.B. 

Lieutenant Miller was educated at Ed'in- 
))urgh Academy and afterwards at Fettes Col- 
lex<'- BcHides gaining awards at botli schools, 
III' (listingiiislied liiiiiscli in (lie plnyiiig fields. 

He was a three-quarter back in Fettes XV. of 
1911-12, and in school sports won the open 
mile. He also won the Potts prize in the 
same year, as the best gymnast of the school. 
He entered Sandhurst in 1912, and played full 
back for the College team in the last match 
that he played, against Woolwich ; and filled 
the same position in the Combined Woolwich 
and Sandhurst match against the Army in 
London. He received his commission in the 
K.O.S.B., and joined the 1st Battalion at 
Lucknow in the spring of 1914. He returned 
liome with the regiment in December, 1914. 
Lieutenant Miller fell in leading an assault 
against one of the Turkish machine guns at 
the Dardanelles, Sunday, April 25. 

His brother, A. W. B. Miller, was to fall on 
July 13, 1917. 

Tliy body lies in Alien earth. 

Not in the soil that gave thee birth ; 

Amid the foam of Euxine seas 

Death sought and found thee, Cleistlienes. 

How oft across the homeless main 

Thy heart turned homewards, turned again. 

Alas, that thou didst never see 

The sea-girt isle that nurtured thee ! 


(Kailzie, Teaquaie) 

2nd Battalion Se.vforth Highlanders. 

1915. May 2. 

He joined the army in February, 1913, and 
went to France in September, 1914. He was 
wounded and taken prisoner at St Tulien, 25th 
April, 1915, and died at Kriegs-Lazarette, 
Eoseclare, Germany, on Sunday, the 2nd May, 
1915, aged twenty. 

The Battle of Festubert had closed on the 
25th of April, having begun on the 22nd. The 
German attack was repulsed' on the 23rd, and 
the final German attack east of Ypres was re- 
pulsed on the 24th. Ground' east of Festu- 
bert was made good, and the French captured 
Les Corneilles. 

" All— Saints, the Unknown Good tliat rest 

In God's still memory folded deep; 

The Bravely Dumb that did their deed. 

And scorned to blot it with a name. 
Men of the jilain heroic breed, 
Tluit loved Heaven's silence more thiui 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



5th Royal Scots, Machine Gun Section. 
1915. Mat 3. 

William George Baitleman (Bill), elder son 
of James Bartkman, 1 Merchiston Park, 
Edinburgh, and grandson of the late Archi- 
bald Bartleman, Blyth, Peeblesshire, was 
born on the 9t]i January, 1894, and' was edu- 
cated at George Watson's College. He was a 
member of the College O.T.C., tlie Athletic 
Club, and of the Lismore Football Chib. He 
bad been for three years in the service of the 
Scottish Metropolitan Insurance Company, 
and at the outbreak of war was on the staff of 
tlie Standard Insurance Company. His was 
the first death recorded of their employees. 

He joined the 5th Eoyal Scots, leaving Edin- 
burgh in March, 1915, as oue of the Machine 
Gun Section of that battalion. 

Coming safely through the awful landing at 
Gallipoli on the 2bih April, 1915, he was 
wounded by shrapnel on the 2nd of May, and 
died of his wounds on the foUo'n'ing day (Mon- 

" He has lost his life in a Great Cause, 
but his memory will ever live in the deeds 
which he and his comrades did during those 
terrible days and nights which succeeded 
the landing on Gallipoli. As you doubtless 
know, our battalion has won immortal 
fame for its work since 25tli April, 1915, and 
that glory is in no small measure due to the 
Machine Gun Section that under fearful 
difficulties accomplished much good work." 

" We all liked Bill Bartleman, and the 
cheery way with which he put up with tlie 
discomforts of active service when h© join- 
ed us endeared him to me more than ever. 
I had a great admiration for his pluck and 
his keenness, for lie was an all-round eports- 
raan, and the cheery enthusiasm with which 
he entered into whatever duty came his 
way made him loved by all." 

" A generous, high-spirited lad, keen in 
the performance of duty, w-ith a really fine 

His brother, Thomas, was to fall on Sep- 
tember 6, 1917. 

If they, who lie beneath the wooden crosses. 
Or in the depths of horror-laden sea, 
Had reckoned up their profits and their 
Before they went to die for you and me. 

If tliey, the wives and mothers, broken- 
Had paused awhile, to count the bitter 
Before they spake the farewell words, and 
With the brave hearts they loved and 
gave, and lost. 

Ah, then, our vaunted " land of hope and 
glory " 
Had been a prize for ravening foes to 
And Britain's history, a finished story. 
For us, a land of darkness and' despair. 

" Lefit we forget," ah, no, we must re- 
The lads who guarded us through flood 
and flame, 
And learn through them, this solemn, proud 
To carry on, be men, and play the game. 

See, how the nations watch us from afar. 
And some would glory in our islands' 

Arise, and from the chaos of this war, 
Eebuild, an Empire, worthy of its name. 


(Manor, Peebles, and China) 
Eoyal Marine Light Infantet. 
1915. Mat 3. 
Killed in action at the Dardanelles, Colour- 
Sergeant Alexander Scougall, Eoyal Marine 
Light Infantry, third son of the late George 
Scougall, Cross St., Peebles, by Ms second 
wife, Agnes Kay. He was born in the cot- 
tage of tha Black Dwarf, Woodhouse, Manor, 
on Monday, the 25th of May, 1873. He was 
educated at Manor, Walkerburn, and Peebles 
Public Schools; joined the Eoyal Marine 
Light Infantry at Edinburgh in November, 
1S90; did one year's boy's service; passed' for 
corporal at Chatham, 13th July, 1894, with 98 
marks, and Avas awarded fir?t-class certificate; 
and for sergeant at Walmer, 31st T^Iarch, 1896, 
obtaining 187 marks and a special certificate; 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

served iu the Orinoco Eiver in H.M.S. Fan- 
tome during the dispute between the United 
States and Venezuela and Britain ; in tlie 
South African War (medal), and in China ; 
and on completing his twenty-two years' ser- 
vice (October, 1912), entered the Shanghai 
Municipal Council's service. 

When war broke out he was an inspector in 
the Shanghai Public Works Department, and 
immediately volunteered, but was not accept- 
ed until October. He left within twenty-four 
hours for London, but the Japanese boat by 
which he travelled took sixty-five days to do 
the trip, 12,000 miles, being held np in the 
Indian ocean for ten days by the German 
cruiser, Emd'en. 

He took part in the landing at the Darda- 
nelles, 25th April, 1915, and was killed in 
action at Quiun's Post, Gaba Tepe, between 9 
and 10 a.m. on the 3rd May following. He 
was unmarried. He was an all-round sports- 
man, played cricket and' football, and was in 
the tug-of-war team in Shornclifle District 
Tournament in 1897. 

What did he give that was more than the 
For many have suffered and died. 
He buried his name in the earth's torn 
As he passed on the deathless tide! 

What did he do that he earned the right 

To a Nation's heart salute? 
His last great deed was hidden from sight 

In a silence tense and mute! 

And why does the love of a Nation weep? 

There were others as gallant and brave 
Ah, myriad heroes are laid to sleep 

By that Tweeddslo warrior's grave. 



AustkajjIAn Imperial Force. 

1915. M.\.Y 12 (Wednesday). 

Considerable sympathy was expressed among 

all classes in Iiinerleitlien when tlio news 

spread tlirougli the town tlial Mv and Mrs 

Turnbull, Loitliun Mill Loilgc, had sustained 

nnother in the death of their eldest son, 

George, a Sergeant in (ho Australian Imperial 

Force. This occurnil luil i\\<] iiKinllis allcr 

the doiitli of Ihi'ii' son. .James, and happened 

in uclion al tlic Dardanelles. He was a 

member of the 14th Battalion. While in 
Innerleithen, George Turnbidl was for some 
time Chief Templar of St Eonan's Lodge of 
Good Templars, in which Order he took a very 
active interest, and was a thorough-going ad- 
vocate of temperance. Later he emigrated to 
Australia, and became employed on a farm 
there. Immediately on the outbreak of war 
h© enlisted, and having a good knowledge of 
drill and musketry, he was soon promoted 
Sergeant. After undergoing a course of train- 
ing in Australia, the Contingent was sent to 
Egpyt, and thence to the Dardanelles, where 
S^'ergeaut George fell, along with thousands of 
others of those gallant and handsome fellows. 
War Ofhce, London. 
Sir, — I am commanded by the Army Coun- 
cil to inform you that they have learned 
with great satisfaction that you have had 
five sons in His Majesty's Forces, and tiiat 
you yourself are an old Volunteer, and that 
you devote all your spare time to recruiting 
and drilling. The Coimcil desires to con- 
gratulate you upon this fact, and to assure 
you that they fully appreciate the credit 
due to a family that has so good a record to 

I am further to express the Council's sym- 
pathy in the loss of your two gallant sous 
who have fallen in action. 
After receiving the foregoing letter, Mr 
Turnbull was officially notified that his second 
son, Sergeant John Turnbull, King's Own 
Scottish Borderers, had been wounded in the 

There were also Private E. L. Turnbull, 
12th Royal Scots, who also was wounded; and 
Private Hugh Turnbull, 8th Eoyal Scots, in 

It is of interest to note that Ihoi deceased 
Sergeant George Turnbull enlisted as a boy of 
twelve in the Selkirk Company of the Volun- 
teers, and became a bugler; he had thus been 
a soldier by far the greater part of his strenu- 
ous life. 

His brother, James Turnbull, fell on March 
17, 1915. 

I've had my .share of pu'stiiiie and I'\o done 
my share of toil, 
And life is short— the longest life a spun— 
I care not now to tarry for the clover or for 
the oiL 
Or for the wine tli;ii nialvclli glad the 
heart of man; 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


For good undone, and deeds misspent, and 
resolutions vain 
'Tis somewliat late to trouble. This I 
I would live the same life over if I had to 

live again. 
And the chances are I go where most men 

The deep blue skies was dusky, and the tall 
green trees groAV dim. 
The sward beneath me seems to heave and 
And sickly smoky shadows througli the 
sleepy sunlight swim. 
And on the very sun's face weave their 
Let me slumber in tlie hollow where the 
wattle-blossoms wave. 
With never stone or rail to fence my bed ; 
Should the sturdy station children pull the 
bush flowers on my grave, 
I may chance to hear tliem romping over- 



s.s. lusitania. 

1915. Mat 7. 

On Friday afternoon. May 7, 1915, the liner 
"Lu^sitania" was sunk by two torpedo&s, when 
a few miles off the Old Head of Kinsale, to 
the southwest of Queenstown Harbour. 1198 
non-combatants, of whom 124 were Americans, 
were thus murdered by the Germans, includ- 
ing many women and children. The great 
ship sank in twenty minutes after being 
struck. The world' was struck aghast at this, 
the greatest German outrage. 

Among the drowned were the following be- 
longing to Walkerburn. : — ^James Aitken, 
James Jar\de Aitken (son), and a boy of three 
and a half years (grandson). One was saved 
namely, Christsie Aitken, aged sixteen years. 
She was a daughter of James Aitken, senior, 
and was able to identify her father's body, 
which was interred at Queenstown; the 
others were never recovered. Mr James 
Aitken was born at Horsburgh Toll on the 
23rd September, 1855. He spent his boyhood 
and youth at Walkerburn, and later became a 
skilled pattern-weaver with the firm of Bal- 
lantvne there. 

For some time thereafter he represented the 
firm of C. W. Sanderson, clothiers, Peebles, 
and travelled in the drapery business in the 
Edinburgh district, residing at Davidson'*? 
Mains. His wife predeceased him, and her 
body, along with that of their eldest son, lies 
in the cemetery at Innerleithen. 

All his three surviving sons had settled in 
Merrit, British Columbia, and he resolved to 
follow them thither, taking with him his only 
daughter, then aged' thirteen years; this was 
about seven years before the end. The new 
country was found not to suit his state of 
health, so after a residence of three years, he 
resolved to return to Scotland along with his 
daughter, Chrissie, now aged sixteen. The 
eldest son, James Jarvie Aitken, having lost 
his wife, accompanied them on the homeward 
journey, along with his little son of three 
years. They booked their passage in the 
"Cameronia," but finding the sailing of that 
vessel cancelled, they transferred to the 
"Lusitania." Thus it came to pass that they 
all met their destiny in that ill-fated' ship. 
Out of the four Aitkens, Chrissie alone was 

Both the Aitkens were earnest, devoted 
Christian men of the Plymouthist persuasion, 
highly respected by all who knew them. 

There is a tear for all that die, 
A mourner o'er the humblest grave ; 

But nations swell the funeral cry. 
And' Triumph weeps above the brave. 

For them is sorrow's purest sigih 
O'er Ocean's heaving bosom sent; 

In vain their bones unburied lie. 
All earth becomes their monument. 

A tomb is theirs on every page. 

An epitaph on every tongue; 
The present hours, the future age. 

For them bewail, to them belong. 



IST Battalion Black Watch. 

1915. Mat 9. 

2nd Lieut. Andrew Gray was born at Clark- 

ston, Airdrie, on 29th June, 1877, the son of 

Moses Gray and Mary Brown. At 17 years of 

age he enlisted as a private in the Black 

Watch. Being an intelligent lad and well 

conducted', he rapidly rose through the non- 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

commissioned ranks to Company Seigeant- 
Major. He was in India wiUi his battalion 
when the South African War broke out, and 
served throughout the whole of that cam- 
paign. On returning to this country, he was 
successively at the Curragh, Limerick, Edin- 
burgh, and Aldershot. At the last mentioned 
place he was made Coy. Sergt. -Major to D 
Coy., 1st Bn. Black Watch. He was there allso 
when tlie war broke out in August, 1914, and 
went to Prance that same month with the 
British Expeditionary Force. He took part 
in the historic reti-eat from Mons, and was 
present at the Battle of the Marne in Septem- 
ber, at Ypres in October, and at La Bassee 
in January, 1915. He was also present at 
Neuve Chapelle in March, but did not take 
part in the battle, being in the reserves. 
Shortly after Neuve Chapelle he was pro- 
moted to be 2nd Lieutenant, and was home for 
a short time on leave. In tlie middle of 
April he returned to the front. On. Sunday, 
the 9th of May, he was engaged in the fighting 
at Festubert, and he was last seen that day 
waving a stump of an arm and leading his 
men into action. Along with other six officers 
of the Black Watch he was missing when the 
roll was called that night, and nothing has 
been heard of him or them since, so that they 
are presumed to have been killed. 

Andrew Gray was a fine type of the British 
soldier, and particularly of the "Old Con- 
temptibles " who saved our country in the 
hour of its greatest need. As an N.C.O., he 
was a most capable instructor, and while firm 
in discipline, took a great interest in the men 
under him, especially in the raw lads who 
joined the ranks, and was exceedingly well 
liked by them. Of his conduct in the field, 
his promotion to 2nd Lieutenant, and the last 
that was seen of him on 9th May, 1915, testify 
to his ability, his bravery, and his capacity as 
a leader of inon. 

In 1907 he married, at Manor, Mary, only 
daughter of Mrs Thomas Horsburgh, Barns 
Lodge, and is survived by her and two chil- 
dren, a son and a daughter. 

Bravest, where half a world of men 
Are brave beyond all Earth's rewards. 

So stoutly none .shall charge again 
Till the last breaking of the Bwords; 

Wounded or hale, won home from war. 
Or yonder by tlie Lono Pine laid ; 

Give him his due for evermore— 
'' ^'hc Bravcet Thing God ever made 1 " 


3ed (attached to 2nd) King's Own Scottish 


1915. May 14. 

Born May 11th, 1894. D. M. Grant Fer- 
guson, the eldest son of the late Rev. J. Grant 
Ferguson, Episcopal clergyman, Innerleithen, 
Peebles, entered the school in September, 
1907, and was four years a member of the 
School House, leaving from the Remove to 
enter the Agricultural College at Aspatria, 
where he spent two happy years in the open- 
air life which he loved. When the war broke 
oat he was engaged in practical farming, in- 
tending later to go abroad. As a former mem- 
ber of the O.T.C. he quickly obtained a 
commission in the 3rd Batt. of the King's 
Own Scottish Borderers, and aitei training, 
was attached to the 2nd Battalion at the 
front, near Hill 60. On April 29th he wrote 
from the trenches a letter of sympathy in the 
loss of his schoolfellow, J. Nash, full of en- 
thusiasm for his men and regiment, which 
sliowed a high sense of duty and delight in 
his work. 

On, May 5th he was gravely wounded, and 
he died in hospital at Boulogne a week later, 
Friday, May 12. Many will have happy mem- 
ories of a schoolfellow of a singularly kindly 
and serious disposition. 

His brother. Captain Ian Ferguson, was to 
fall a year later on May 12, 1916. 

Tlie Victorious Dead — 

Who never knew the secret game of power. 
All that this Earth can give they thrust 
They crowded all their youth into an hour. 
And for our fleeting dream of Hight they 
Oh, if we fail them in that awful trust. 
How ishould we bear those voices from ihe 


(Kailzie, Thaquaii?., and Brouqhton) 
8th Royal Scots. 
1915. May 16. 
He was the second .son of James Tait, shep- 
herd at Knilzie Mains. Private Tait himself 
was engaged as a shepherd with Mr David 
Dick.son, Cor«tane, Broiighlon, and on the out- 
break of war lie joined the Royal Scots, 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


His fatliei-, before earning to Kailzie Mains, 
was employed' as a shepherd for many years 
at Howburn. 

Ealph Tait fell at Festubert on Sunday, the 
16th of A'lay, 1915, aged thirty. The great 
battle had b«gun on the previous day, when 
the British made a successful attack. And 
on the 16th their advance continued. The 
battle went on from day to day, and concluded 
on the 25tli of May, all the British gains be- 
ing consolidated. 

Faith to match theirs and courage thai 

shall live. 

And loyal service and a splendid pride— 

The best and highest that our lives can give 

We must give now because for us they 


They came from untameable highlands, 

From gilens where their fathers were free, 
From misty and mountainous islands 

Set fast in the throat of the sea. 
They fought for the honour of Britain; 

They died in defence of tlie right ; 
Their deeds are in history written 

In letters of light. 


8th Eotal Scots. 

1915. Mat 16. 
He went to France on Nov. 5, 1914, and fell 
at Festubert. Aged 20. 

" I regret to have to inform you that your 
son, William, was killed by a German bullet 
on the evening of Sunday, the 16th May. 
Our Company was advancing to attack a 
part of the German trench, and Willie was 
in the front line when he was struck. Every 
officer, N.C.O., and man of the Company 
sympathise very deeply with you all in your 
sad' loss; and we all feel that we have not 
only lost one of our sergeants but that we 
have lost also a chum, and a brave one at 
that. Your son died doing his duty like a 
true soldier, and the Company has sustained 
a big loss by his death. I myself feel very 
deeply for you in your loss, as Willie has 
always been a great friend of mine since we 
were sent out to this country ; and I feel 
his loss very much ; but I think it will help 
you to bear his loss when you know that he 
4ied like a true soldier," 

" Y'ou have no idea liow truly sorry and 
vexed I was when I heard' that your gallant 
boy had met a soldier's death. It does seem 
hard that the most promising young lives 
are being sacrificed in this lamentable 
struggle. From the first day I took com- 
mand of the Company your son was one of 
my mainstays iu its management. He was 
at all time so willing, so useful and' obliging 
that it was a real pleasure for me to work 
with him. As a soldier, iDromotion had 
come to him rapidly, but at the same time, 
deservedly, and I feel safe iu saying he 
would have risen stiil higher. Our late 
lamented Colonel had a high opinion of your 
son, and often spoke to me of ihis marked 
soldierly ability. I shall miss him. We'll 
all miss him, but none of us can feel the 
blank as much as his own kith and kin, to 
whom I would convey my sympathy, but at 
the same time my congratulations on their 
having such a splendid man as one of their 
own blood. He died a soldier's death — the 
noblest of all in the noblest war of all time, 
in the knowledge of duty well and truly 
done he now sleeps well. Will you allow me 
to add' that as his old schoolmaster, as well 
as his Company officer, I am proud of him ?" 

His elder brother. Private James Campbell, 
came from America after Willie fell, and 
himself fell on April 9. 1917. 

Two gallant Scots. 

" What are these that glow from afar. 
These that lean over the golden bar. 
Strong as the lion, pure as the dove. 
With open arms and hearts of love. 
They the Blessed Ones gone before. 
They the Blessed for evermore. 
Out of great tribulation they went. 
Home to their home of Heaven content; 
Through flood, or blood, or furnace fire. 
To the rest that fiilfils desire." 



8th Royal Scots. 

1915. May 16. 

Killed in action on Sunday, the 16th May, 

1915, in North France, Lance-Corporal Thomas 

Gardner, 8th Royal Scots. He was the son of 

Mrs Gardner, High Street, Innei'leithen, and 

was shot through the head by a bullet on Sun- 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

day afternoon, Ibtli ^laj-. He re-enlisted in the 
8th Eoyal Scots on tli© outbreali: of war. 

Deak Mrs Gardner, — It is with the deepest 
regret that I writ© to inform you that Tom 
was killed in action on Sunday afternoon. 
Poor Tom, he was a little to the left of where 
I was, and I was not aware of his death until 
midnight. It was the greatest shock I have 
had since I came here, so I have some little 
idea what it must mean to you at home. 
Tliei'e is nothing in the world that can re- 
compense you for the loss you have sustained, 
but it may be some consolation to know that 
in Tom you had a son. to be proud of. He 
was one of the besit liked men in the Com- 
pany ; you never heard him grumble; and he 
was one of the bravest, cheeriest, and gamest 
men in the Battalion. No casualty in the 
Company cast such a gloom as did the news 
of poor Tom's death ; and the sympathy of 
the whole Company goes out to those of you 
who are at home, and who suffer in a far 
greater degree than anyone here*. Trusting 
that the blow may be softened in the know- 
ledge that he died a hero's death with his 
face to the enemy. With deepest sympathy, 

I am etc., 

On May 14 there was more than normal 
activity on the British front within these few 
days. There were three attacks against our lines 
in Ploegsteert Wood, one party of Germans suc- 
ceeding in entering our trenches, but being 
ejected thereafter. There was also considerable 
activity on the British front beyond Loos and 
the Bethune-La-Bass^ Canal. On the 16th, the 
day on which Gardner fell, the Lancashire Fusi- 
liers occupied 250 yards of trench in the Vimy 
ridge region. 

" loved Warriors of the Minstrel's Land, 
Yonder your bonnets nod, your tartans wave! 
And when the pibroch bids the battle rave. 
And level for the charge your arms are laid. 
Where lives the foe that for such de.sperate 
onset staid ?" 


(Stobo and Australia) 

13x11 Australian Impkrtal Force. 

1915. Tuesday, May 18. 

Tliis is the very first man to fall, one of a 

moat interesting Scottish Australian clan. 

Twenty-six of its gallant members sailed from 

Australia to fight for the mother country. Si.x 

fell. Clifton Laurie is the first of the fallen 
six. Tlie head and patriarch of this Scottish 
clan was Joseph Laurie, senior. He was born 
at Stobo Quarry (" Cheat the Beggars "), on 
the 21st of June, 1793. In 1840 he emigrated 
to New Sout.h Wales, having a family of six 
sons and one daughter. At first Joseph Laurie 
was an emjjloyee himself on various large 
ranches owned by agricultural companies, but 
in 1850 he was able to purchase an estate called 
Rawdon Vale and set up for himself. In 1851 
occurred the great gold rush in Australia; the 
Laurie family was enterprising enough and lucky 
enough to seize and develop their opportuni- 
ties, and prosperity set in for all the various 
and increasing branches from the original stock. 
Some of their estates bear the following names : 
Stobo House, Rawdon Vale, Norvendoc, 
Gloucester, Falkland, Heatherdale, Kangaroo 
Flat, Laurieston, Bonny Doune, Invergordon, 
Mandville, Airlie, etc. Tlie aged patriarch died 
at Rawdon Vale in 1881, aged 87, lia\dng seen 
all his descendants established as small kings in 
estates as large as Britisih counties. Then came 
the war in 1914, and out of a population of 1800 
males in Gloucester district, 450 joined the Aus- 
tralian Imperial Force. All of the Laurie name 
joined and all of their eligible cousins. Six will 
return no more^ — two sleep in Belgian Flanders, 
one on the slopes of Mount St Quentin, one by 
the storied Nile, and two with the flower of 
their battalion on the stricken field of Fluer 

Returning to Clifton W. J. Laurie, 13th Bat- 
talion, Australian Imperial Force. He was the 
fifth son of James R. Laurie, of Mandville, 
Gloucester, N.S.W., and great grandson of 
Joseph Laurie, Rawdon Vale, aged twenty-one 
years. He enlisted on the 25th September, 
1914; landed at Anzae (Anstralinn and New 
Zealand Allied Countries), on the 2G(h April, 
191>'); was mortally wounded on the 3rd of 
May; died at Alexandria on the 18th of May. 

Of you tliat .itill have rain and sun, 
Kisses of children and of wife, 
And the good earth to tread upon, 
And the mere sweetness that is life, 
Forget not us, who gave all these 
For something dearer and for you. 
'J'liink in wliat Cause we crossed the sens! 
Remember, he who fails the cliallenge 
Fails us too. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance 




iriTii Battalion, Queenslanders, Australian 

Imperial Forces. 

1915. May 29. 

In loving memory of Georg© Henderson, who 
died of wounds at Gallipoli, on Saturday, the 
29th May, 1915. His comitry called : he 
answered. Private Henderson took part in the 
landing at Anzac on the 25th April, 1915, 
and died of wounds on the 29th May, 1915. 
He was the youngest son of the late David Hen- 
derson, and of Mrs Henderson. 

On the 25th of April began the ever -memor- 
able and terrible landing of British and French 
forces on both sides of the Dardanelles. On 
the 26th, Hill 141 was stormed and V Beach 
was secured ; and on the 27th the Allies estab- 
lished themselves across the peninsula of Galli- 
jioli. The Australians and New Zealanders 
achieved everlasting fame for their devotion and 
gallantry, and also' for their appalling losses 
in what was one of the mosit appalling enter- 
prises of all time. It was then that the term 
A.N.Z.A.O. originated and continues in memory 
of those' gallant heroes — " Australian and New 
Zealand Allied Countries." 

On the 28th of April the Allied Forces, aided 
by H.M.S. Queen Elizabeth, advanced on 
Krithia, and were attacked by the Turks on the 
1st of May. The fighting continued on the fol- 
lowing days, the Turks attacking and the 
British counter-attacking. The British failed 
at Gaba Tepe. On thei 3rd of May the French 
lines were attacked by the Turks unsuccessfully. 

And I shall sleep beneath that foreign soil 
As peacefully as e'er 'neath heather flower. 

Knowing that I have answered Duty's call. 
Knowing that I have died in Scotland's 


Gordon Highlanders. 
1915. June 3. 
Information reached Mr Sievewright, grieve, 
Glenormiston, of the death of his son John. 
The channel of communication was a letter 
from Lieutenant Scott, of the Gordon High- 
lander®, which contains a fine appreiciatdon of 
the gallant lad. 
It was on the mobilisation in August that he 

joined the 6th Battalion Gordon Highlanders, 

leaving at the time the situation he had held 

for several years with Messrs Eattray & Co., 

wholesial© warehousemen, Candleriggs, Glasgow, 

from whose establishment he carried away the 

highest credentials. Along with his Battalion 

he saw mucli fighting during the winter, and 

the following letter gives the circumstances of 

his death, which was much deplored in the 

locality, where he was deservedly popular : — 

" I most sincerely regret to have to inform 

you of the death of your son John. He was 

killed on the night of Thursday, the 3rd of 

June, when the Company was about to make 

an attack on a German position. He was 

orderly to Lieutenant Farquharson, whom he 

was with when he fell. I was near by when 

a shell burst, and he and his master were 

killed by it instantaneously. Your son was 

in charge of the Offioers of D Company Mess, 

and I subsequently came tO' know him. very 

well. I cannot speak too highly of him. He 

was a most valuable and devoted servant, and 

how we doi miss him already. Always cheery 

and obliging, he was a good soldier and an 

excellenti friend. I cannot express how much 

I sympathise with you in losing such a son. 

He was ever at his post, of duty, and died at 

it. Every man of D Company mourns for 

John Sievewright, for they all knew him." 

In this month of June now beginning there 

was continuous fighting in what was called "Tlie 

Labj'rinth," north of the Arras. The French 

had captured trenches at Souchez, and the 

British on the 3rd of June, the day that Private 

Sievewright fell, captured trenches at Givenchy. 

" His was the' proudest part. 

He died with the glory of faith in his eyes, 

And the' glory of love in his heart. 

And though there's never a grave to tell, 

Nor a cross tO' mark his fall, 

Thank God ! we know that he ' batted well ' 

In the last great Game of all." 



5th Royal Scots. 

1915. June 19. 

Sergeant Graham was wounded on the 4th of 

May, 1915, and after a month in hospital at 

Port Said he went back to the firing line, where 

he was killed on Saturday, the 19th of June, 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance 

while engaged in thiowiiig bombs from the 
parapet of the trench occupied by his Company 
at the Dai'danelles. James Ormiston Graham 
was a builder's surveyor, and was 25 years of 
age. He was the youngest son of James Ormis- 
ton GraJiam, his mother being the eldest daugh- 
ter of the late Gavin Greenshields, Broughton. 
He was a Territorial Volunteer in the Queen's 
Edinburgh Brigade, and was mobilised on the 
4th of August, 1914, at the very beginning of 
the war. When he departed for the Dardanelles 
he was a sergeant in the l/5th Royal Scots. 

" Madam, — I have it in command from His 
Majesty the King to inform you as next-of-kin 
of the late Sergeant James Ormiston Graham, 
of the 5th Battalion, Royal Scots (Territorial 
Forces), that this non-commissioned officer 
was mentioned in a Despatch from General 
Sir Ian Hamilton, dated 22nd September, 
1915, and published in the ' London Gazette ' 
dated 5th November, 1915, for gallant and 
distinguished service in the field. I am to 
express to you the King's high appreciation 
of these services, and to add that His Majesty 
trusts that their public acknowledgment may 
be of some consolation to you in your bereave- 
ment. ' ' 

War is good when the stress is past, 

And the rankling scars grow old. 
For its rigours fade and it-s glamours last 

Till the sombre gi'ey turns gold ; 
And the hunger and thirst and the bitter days 

No more in our thoughts find place. 
But we mind that w© ti-od life's roughest ways 

And met death face to face; 
And the soul's astir and the brain's afire 

For the good fight fought before, 
But the heart knows well there is something 

Thau tlie clamorous ways of war. 
Faint on the ear grows the bugle call. 

And we turn once more to the best of all. 


(Eddleston and Walkerburn) 

Motor Machine Guns. 

1915. June 23. 

Killed in action at Hooge, on Wednesday, the 

23rd June, 1915, Gunner Donald McGlaslian, 

Motor Machine Guns, eldest eon of Mr and Mrs 

McGlaslian, Roscbery Reservoir, Gorcbridge. 

Donald was born at Cabcrslone, Wulkerburn, on 

the 31st of March, 1893 ; he attended both Lmer- 
leithen and Walkea'burn public schools, where 
he obtained most of his education. He finished 
his schooling at Toxsdde, on the estate of the 
Earl of Rosebery. Hei was there when Lord 
Dalmeny came of age, and at the school sports 
at Temple and Carrington Donald won his first 
prize, a silver lever watch, amongst thc' boys of 
his own age. Latterly also he gained many 
prizes for athletics. After his school days were 
over, Donald served his apprenticeship as a 
blacksmith at Eddleston Smithy, and thereafter 
as a journeyman at Ayton Smithy, Newburgh, 
Fife. When war broke out, Donald enlisted in 
the Royal Highlanders, Black Watch, on the 
12th September, 1914 (Kitchener's Army). Be- 
fore going to France he was transferred tO' the 
IMotor Machine Guns, on the' 12th of February, 
1915. He was with his Battery at Hill 60, 
when they were " swung in to save the Cana- 
dians when the Germans launched their gas 
attack." He himself was slightly gassed, but 
not seriously. After this he was engaged mostly 
on anti-air gun service until his death. "Donald 
was shot by a sniper while firing a machine gun 
in Trench H 15 at Hooge near Ypres, and was 
carried down tO' the dresising station, but lived 
only a few hours, being unconscious all the 
time. He was buried in Sanctuary Wood,^bout 
500 yards south of Hooge. He was very much 
missed by us, as h© was such a good soldier and 
had not the least fear, and was always ready to 
do his bit. I am sure you will be proud of him, 
even though he has been taken from us, as he 
was a man in every sense of the word." 

Who carries the gun ? 

A lad from over the Tweed. 
Then let him go, for well we know 

He comes from a soldier breed. 
So drink together to rock and heather, 

Out where the red deer run. 
And stand aside for Scotland's pride — 

The man that carries the gun! 

For the Colonel rides before, 

The Major's on the (lank. 
The Captains and the Adjutant 

Are in the foremost rank. 
But when it's " Action, front!" 

And fighting's to be done. 
Come one, come all. you stand or fall 

13y the man who holds the gun. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 




Postal Rifles. 
1915. Sunday, June 27. 

Stobo had indeed good reason to be proud of 
those who have been in its postal service. Qno 
of them — Willie Parker — will always be affec- 
tionately remembered by all who knew him. 
He was just a lad, bright, active, and ener- 
getic, and during his two years as postman at 
Stobo he was a favourite with all. On the out- 
break of w-ar he offered his services to his coun- 
try, but was refused ; then he offered himself 
again later and was accepted, joining the Postal 
Rifles, and being stationed in London for train- 
ing. His death there, on Sunday evening, June 
27th, came as a grief and a shock to all. He 
died a soldier's death and had a soldier's burial. 
He was the first of those' from Stobo who had 
given liis life in the service of his country. 
!Much sympathy was felt for his people, who 
reside in Anstruther, Fife. 

William Parker, the eldest son of Robert 
Parker and Margaret Drummond, was born on 
3rd January, 1895, in the fishing town of 
Anstruther, on the northern shore of the Firth 
of Forth. On completing liis education at the 
parish schools of East and West Ajistruther, he 
enteied the Post Office service as boy messenger 
in Januai-y, 1909. His work in this capacity 
was by no means light, especially during the 
fishing seasons, when many messages passed 
between the loc-al agents and buyers and the 
home and continental markets. His willingness 
and efficiency won him the confidence of the 
office staff, and the goodwill and regard of the 
public were deservedly earned by him through 
his promptness, cheeriness, and courtesy. He 
remained on the sitaff of the Anstruther Post 
Office till the close of 1912, during the latter 
months of which year he was entrusted with 
the duties of substitute rural postman at St 
Monans, and in these duties also he proved so 
satisfactory that he was transferred to Stobo. 
At Stobo he worked quietly away till May, 
1915, when his manly spirit would not let him 
rest, but led him to volunteer. He joined the 
Postal Rifle Corps, but unhappily did not get 
an opportunity to do more than prove his will- 
ingness to serve his country's need. He fell a 
victim to the spotted fe^ver menace that had 

then raised its head in camps and barracks, and 
he passed away at the City of London Military 
Hospital on 26tli June, 1915. He was buried 
at Little Ilford Cemetery. 

His parents later suffeirjd a further bereave- 
ment through the death, of wounds, of his 
younger brother, Robert, in October, 1916, 
while serving in France with the Black Watch. 

Oh, safe for evermore. 

With never a weird to dree ; 
Is any burden sore 

When one's beloved goes free? 
Come pain, come woe, to me. 
My well-beloved goes free ! 

You are so far away. 

And yet are come so near ; 
On many a heavy day 

I think of yon, my dear. 
Safe in your shelter there, 
Christ's hand upon your Iiair. 



Highland Light Intantey. 

1915. June 28. 

Adam Burnet/t was a plouglmian, who enlisted 
at Kirkkwhill in January, 1915. He was at- 
tached to the 7tli Royal Scots. All that is 
known of this gallant countryman from Dunsyi'e 
is that he became " missing " at the landing at 
the Dardanelles, about Monday, the 28th of 
June, 1915. He was aged 25 and single. 

On the previous day the British carried four 
Turkish lines near Krithia; and on the 28th the 
British were attacking Achi Baba. On the 29th 
the Turkish counter-attacks were repulsed with 
heavy loss to them. 

I see them walking in an air of glory, 
Whose light doth trample on my days; 

My days, which are at best but dull and hoary, 
Mere glimmerings and decays. 

Dear, beauteous Death ! the jewel of the just. 
Shining nowhere but in the dark ; 

Whait mysteries do lie beyond thy dust. 
Could man outlook that mark ! 

He that hath found some fledged bird's nest, 
may know 

At first sight if the bird be flown ; 
But what fair well or grove he sings in now. 

That is to him unknown. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



4th Royal Scots. 

1915. June 28. 

Two of the nephews of Miss Hall, Glenholm 
School, paid the great sacrifice. Their grand- 
father was the late William Hall, a native of 
Broughton united parish, whO' early in life left 
for Edinburgh and was headmaster of St 
Bernard's School and inspector of the old Lan- 
castrian Evening Schools. 

Private James French Hall, youngest son of 
the late James French Hall, one of the old 
Volunteers, was employed with a firm of whole- 
sale ironmongers in the Grassmarket, Edin- 
burgh, and had joined the Territorial Force two 
years before the war began. In 1915 he volun- 
teered for Galllpoli. On Monday, the 28th of 
June, 1915, his Battalion was ordered to take 
some trenches : the soldiers rushed beyond 
them, so he was reported missing. Of twenty- 
two officers who went along with them, but two 
returned. His elder brother was to fall on 
February 28, 1917. 

" There's a glory gold can never buy, to yearn 

and to cry for ; 
There's a hope that's as old as the sky to 

suffer and to sigh for ; 
There's a faith that, outdazzles the sun to 

martyr and to die for. 



Kino's Own Scottish Bordeeehs. 

1915. July 12. 

Little is known of this lad, as one letter 
only came from him after he landed at the 
Dardanelles. He was out for only three weeks 
when he was posted as " Missing." 

He was employed at one time in the gar- 
dens at Cringletie under his uncle, Mr J. M. 

Previous to enlibting he was working at tlio 
Hirsel, Coldstream. 

The Allies made a third attack on Kiithia 
and Achi Baba on tlio 4th of June, 1915, which 
j-esulted in a sligiit gain at certain points. 
On Friday, June 18, the Turks made another 
attack at Gallipoli, and were repulsed. On 
Monday, the 2lHt, (lie AIIIch attacKcil iiiiil 
gained ground. Fioin .June 29 to July 1 Iho 
Tuiks were engaged in fierce and continuous 

fighting, but on the latter date were repulsed 
and again on the 4th. In the following days 
our army had no rest from enemy attacks by 
night and day, including Monday, the 12th 
July, on which day I'rivate Robert Mason fell 
in the great charge when so many gallant 
men fell in capturing the Turkish trenches at 
Achi Baba. 

My dear Companions — you 

That have been more to me 

Than grief or gaiety — 

This sure is true: 

That we shall meet once more beyond 

Death's door. 
Again be merry friends 
Where friendship never ends. 



King's Own Scottish Borderers. 
1915. July 12. 

Writing to Mr Walter Small, Victoria 
Buildings, Galashiels, from Gallipoli, on 2nd 
November, a comrade of his brother. Private 
Adam Small, l/4th K.O.S.B., oflticially report- 
ed as missing from Monday, 12th July, says — 

" I have just heard from the Orderly 
Room that Addie's identity disc, pay book, 
and a bundle of letters, belonging to him, 
were handed in yesterday by the French 
authorities. The reason for the French 
people getting them is that they now occupy 
the part of the line from which our advance 
took place, so evidently some patrol of 
theirs had come upon the bodies. There 
were several others found at the same time. 
Whilst this will put an end to your sus- 
pense, it does not lessen your grief, and I 
can assure you that you have my deepest 
sympathy. I sincerely hope that your other 
two brothers will have better luck than 
poor Addie had. Things are very quiet out 
here now, but one never knows when there 
may be a move on, although I don't think 
it will be from this side of the hill. The 
weather is just like a warm Scottish sum- 
mer, and as long as it keeps like Ihat, life 
is not so bad to stick, but it is awful when 
the rain starts." 

Adam Hnmil was the youngest son of the 
lalo Walter Snuiil of the firm of Walter Small 
& Sons, Leitlien Mille. He was educated at 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


Innerleithen and at Galashiels Academy. On 
the outbreak of war he was employed as de- 
signer with P. & E. Sanderson, Galashiels. 
Within a month from the beginning of the 
war he joined the 1/lth King's Own Scottish 
Borderers, and in the month of May, 1915, 
left Britain for Gallipoli. He was in the 
great charge of the 12th of July, 1915, when so 
many Border men made the supreme sacrifice. 
He was posted as missing. A few months 
later his remains were found on the battle- 
field by a French patrol. He was twenty-six 
years of age and was unmarried. 

" A special leave to thee was given 
By the high power, and thou with bandaged 

Wast guided through the glimmering camp 

of God. 
Thy hand was taken by angels who patrol 
The evening, or are sentries to the dawn. 
Thou wast admitted to the presence." 



King's Own Scottish Boedeeees. 

1915. July 12. 

Official information was received by Mrs 
Thomson, residing with her parents at Tweed- 
side Cottages, Walkerburn, that her husband, 
Thomas Thomson, "A" Company, 4th King's 
Own Scottish Borderers, was missing as from 
Monday, the 12th of July, when the Borderers 
made such a magnificent advance in Gallipoli. 

He had resided previously with his wife at 
Selkirk, and as a National Eeservist, he was 
called up, and after a course of training was 
sent to the Dardanelles. Much sympathy was 
felt for his relatives in their time of anxiety. 
He was well known and highly respected. 

This was one more added to the many gal- 
lant lives sacrificed in the dreadful Darda- 

Oot owre yon sea, through dule and strife. 

Ye tak' yer road nae mair. 
For ye've crossed the brig to the fields o' 

An' ye walk forever there. 

I traivel on to the brig-side, 

Whaur ilka road maun cease. 
My weary war may be lang to bide. 

An' you hae won to peace. 

There's ne'er a nicht but turns to day, 

Nor a load that's never cast; 
An' there's nao wind cries on the winter 

But it spends itsel' at last. 

you that never failed me yet. 

Gin aince my step ye hear. 
Come to yon brig atween us set. 

An' bide till I win near ! 

weel, aye, weel, ye'll ken my treid, 

Ye'U seek na© word or sign, 
An' I'll no can fail at the Brig o' Dreid, 

For yer hand will be in mine. 



5th King's Own Scottish Boedebees. 
1915. July 12. 
The toll of the Dardanelles was heavy, and 
among the many who fell has to be chronicled 
the name of a Tweedsmuir laird and farmer — 
Tom Welsh of Earlshaugh and Tweedshaws. 
The family of Welsh has been long connected 
with the parish. At one time almost all the 
farms were in the hands of various members of 
the sept, the chief of whom was WeMi of Fruid 
and Carterbope. About the year 1792, David 
Welsh, tenant of Fruid, crossed the boundary 
into Dumfriesshire, and settled at Braefoot, or 
Ericstane, immediately adjoining Fruid and the 
lands of Carterhope. The latter he continued 
to farm, and about the same time he purchased 
the neighbouring property of Earlshaugh and 
Tweedshaws. His youngest son was the Rev. 
David Welsh, D.D., Professor of Ecclesiastical 
History in the University of Edinburgh, and 
Moderator of the Church of Scotland in the 
memorable year of the Disruption. Another 
son, James, succeeded to Earlshaugh, and he 
was succeeded by his son Thomas, in hia day 
one of the best-known sheep farmers in the 
south of Scotland. Thomas Welsh died in 1882, 
being succeeded by his only son Tom, the news 
of whose death at the Dardanelles was received 
with profound regret by the parishioners of 
Tweedsmuir. Mr Welsh's hobby, it should be 
said, was mechanics. Amongst other things, 
he invented and put on the market an apparatus 
for bracken-mowing, and the well-known Welsh 
carburetter for motors was his patent. He was 
a man of frank and engaging manners, was ex- 
tremely well liked by hia shepherds, and much 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

esteemed by the entire community, both of 
Moffat and of this parish, his ancestral home. 

" I regret having to write confirming the 
death of your husband in action on Monday, 
the 12th inst. You will no doubt have 
heard from the W.O. ere this on the sub- 
ject. Capt. Welsh was killed instantane- 
ously during an assault on the Turkish 
trendies, just after we had occupied their 
position. He was buried near Capt. Dykes 
and Lieut. Carlyle, and a small wood cross 
marks the site. I will endeavour to obtain 
a compass bearing from some fixed object so 
as to locate the spot. Meantime^ accept the 
assurance of my sympathy and that of the 
remaining officers of this battalion with you 
in your loss. We feel very much his loss in 
the battalion. It will be difficalt to replace 
an officer so keen and zealous as he proved 
himself." In a postcript Major Millar 
adds: — " Major Bell was also wounded, as 
you would ob.serve. He has gone to hospi- 
tal ship, and I have not seen him since be- 
fore the fight." 

"In a letter received to-day (.Tuly 30) 
from my husband he asked me to tell you 
that when he got up to the first Turkisli 
trench which our men took on the 12th he 
found Captain Welsh's body, and that he 
was buried beside Captain Dykes and 
Lieutenant Carlyle, at a place called 'Brown 
House,' about 1000 yards behind our partic- 
ular part of the firing line. He said also 
that Captain Welsh was awfully plucky, as 
he was wounded in the arm first and re- 
fused to go back, but went on with his men 
till they got the first trench, where he was 
shot through the head and killed instan- 

Official information was received by Mrs 
Welsh, Ericstane, Moft'at, that her husband. 
Captain Tom Welsh of Earlshaugh, had been 
killed in action at the Dardanelles. When 
the intelligonce became known in Mofl'at a 
feeling of genuine regret was aroused, and 
fcar.s were entertained that not a few of the 
local rank and file would be included in the 
list of casualties. Captain Welsh was the 
only eon of tlie late Mr Thomas Welsh of 
Earlshaugh, and was educated at Merchiston 
Castle School, Edinburgh. The deceased 
officer, who v/aa 35 years of age, took a keen 
interest in Volunteering. Joining the Moffat 
Company in 1900, he was promoted to tlic 

rank of Captain in 1906, and was latterly in 
command of the Sanquhar and Kirkconnel 
C'D") Company of the K.O.S. Borderers. On 
the outbreak of war he at once volunteered 
for active service, and accompanied his regi- 
ment to the Dardanelles at the end of May. 
Captain Welsh being possessed of an aft'able 
and winning manner, was immensely popular 
with all ranks in his company, and in social 
circles in Mofl'at he was a general favourite. 
He took an intelligent, and active interest in 
public affairs, and for two terms he was elect- 
ed a member of Moffat Town Council, and 
was granted leave of absence for active ser- 
vice. He was a Justice of the Peace for Dum- 
friesshire, and for several years he acted as 
representative of Moffat and Wamphray con- 
stituency on the District Committee of the 
County Council, in the administration of 
which board he took a keen interest. Cap- 
tain Welsh in politics was a staunch Conser- 
vative, and was chairman of the Upper- 
Annandale Unionist Association. He was 
also at one time a member of Moffat Parish 
Council, and was also associated with the ad- 
ministration of the Moffat Educational Trust 
and the Murray Trust. Deceased took a great 
interest in automobilism, and besides farm- 
ing his own lands of Earlshaugh, was tenant 
of the sheep farms of Ericstane and Carter- 
hope. He is survived by his widow and three 
children (two sons and a daughter), to whom 
the sincerest sympathy is e.xtended by the 
wliole community. 


At a meeting of the General Purposes Com- 
mittee of the County Council, Mr H, C. 
Irving, Convener of the County, said:— I feel 
Ave should take the earliest opportunity of ex. 
pressing our regret at the loss the Council 
has sustained by the death of Captain Tom 
Welsh. He was not a member of the General 
Purposes Committee, although it might be 
said he was eminently fitted to be a member. 
It was not only because of his knowledge of 
agriculture— especially sheep breeding- which 
was considerable, l)ut he had a certain amount 
of mechanical knowledge of what one might 
call odd things. It was the sort of informa- 
tion that always stood iis in good stead in the 
Lockerbie district, where we fortunately had 
his services. lie was for some time a member 
111 I ho County Council. When he did speak it 

PPvIVAte Adam Buunett, 


Private Egbert Mason, 

Pkivate James Hall, 

Private Adam Smail, 

I'hivate Thomas Thomson. 

Private OJeorge S. H. Young, 



Caitain Iu.m U'ei.hii, 


The Hon. Lteut. Ghaeles A. Lister, 

riiivATE William IMackie, 

Joiusr Clark, 

Private Jon:iJ Inch, 
Broughton and Inneeleixhen. 

<f^ ^ 


I.ance-Sergeant WiLLiAiVi T). Watson, 




Ihivate Hugh jMcVky. Stodo. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance 


was always something tlioronjjlily practical 
that he said, and his suggestions were always 
valuable and well worth considering. I am 
sure we are very sorry for his widow — who 
happened to have spent some of her earlier 
days near me at Ecclefechan — and I propose 
at the October meeting to ask your assistance 
and assent to place a tablet on the walls of 
our County Hall. I can imagine no grander 
decoration for these bare walls than a memo- 
rial to one who has laid down his life for his 

They sleep a lonely sleep at Suvla Bay ; 

No Southern Cross bends o'er them ; com- 
rades sail 

To other lands; Init they shall never taste 

The sorrow of the swift retreat, nor hear 

The sobbing litany of winter seas ; 

But their gay spirit cheers 

Men of their blood, who meet the host of 
death ; 

And every kinsman fights with braver heart, 

Remembering how they sleep by Suvla Bay. 

So have they set within the Northern skies 

The Southern Cross, and those familiar 

Which shone williin their memory, when 
they fell, 

Who sleep their lonely sleep by Suvla Bay. 


On Sunday, July 25, 1915, in Tweedsmuir 

A service in memory of the late Captain 
Welsh of Earlshaugh and Tweedshaws was 
held in the Church on Sunday, July 25. 

The building was filled by a sympathetic 
congregation, and the local company of Home 
Guards, headed by Commandant Yellowlees, 
paraded in full uniform. 

The Eev. W. S. Crockett preached from the 
words — " Greater love hath no man than this 
that a man lay down his life for his friends." 

At the close of the sermon he spoke as fol- 
lows: — The war has touched our quiet glen in 
a wonderful degree. The presence of the 
Home Guards amongst us to-day is one evi- 
dence of this. But there is another and a 
greater. Look at that EoU of Honour hang- 
ing in the Church porch, and does not one's 
pulse beat all the more quickly, to find so 
many names emblazoned thereon ? At first 
there was the natural timidity common to a 
remote parish. By and bye the ice was 
broken; one after another of our best man- 

hood offered themselves, and now the percent- 
age of our volunteers is one of the highest in 
Scotland, as far as the rural parishes go. I 
am sure that we are all profoundly gratefu? 
to those gallant youths, who, in our name, and 
for our sake, have gone forth to take their 
part in the great struggle. We mourn to-day 
the loss at the Dardanelles of one who cannot 
but be remembered by us with feelings of re- 
spect and pride. Captain Welsh bore a name 
long familiar to the Tweedsmuir district. In 
our churchyard his ancestors for nearly two 
hundred years are lying, and when I saw hira 
last, just before he left for the East, he said 
to me, amongst other things, as we were wan. 
dering from grave to grave — " I wonder if 
there will be room for me here ?" But under 
the skies of the blue Aegean Tom Welsh 
sleeps this morning— a valiant hero, his duty 
cheerfully done, his sacrifice complete, his re- 
ward certain. He did not live amongst us, 
but he was a heritor, a farmer, and a mem- 
ber of the School Board of this parish. He 
was deeply interested in all our doings, and 
had he been resident, I am sure that he would 
have been a very great force for good in our 
midst. He was a quiet-living, modest, some- 
what shy gentleman. He had a clever brain 
and clever hands, and had be been spared the 
world of mechanics would have been his 
debtor. At thirty-six he has finished his life 
work, crowning it with a distinction and 
glory that nothing else could have given him. 
To die in battle, to fall in the cause of truth 
and equity, of freedom and religion, is an 
honour that any man might covet. 

We are grateful to Heaven that such a life 
was lived -within our ken, that such a man 
could be counted amongst our friends, that so 
undaunted an oificer was one of ourselves. In 
Captain Welsh's career the lesson of the text 
is eminently exemplified. He sacrificed much 
—material comforts, lands, domestic felici- 
ties, commercial prospects. Eor he felt bound 
to offer himself for foreign service, and like 
so many others, he has paid the supreme 
price. Does anybody say he made a mistake? 
Does anybody pity his fate yonder — far away 
from the bonnie holms of Annan or the green 
hills of Tweed .f I pity the man who pities. 
This was a death a hundred times worth 
dying. For at the back of that sacrifice was 
the greatest thing in the world, without which 
the longest life is a vain show, and with 
which the shortest life is perfected — "Greater 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

love liath no man than this, that a man lay 
down his life for his friends," for his coun- 
try, for his God. 

" true, )3rave heart, God bless thee ivhere- 
In God's wide universe thou art this day." 



4th Eoyal Scots. 

1915. July 13. 

Killed in action in the Dardanelles on Tues- 
day, the I3th July, 1915, Private George San- 
derson Handley Young, l/4th Eoyal Scots, 
aged 24 years, dearly beloved son of the late 
Eobert Young, iron merchant, and of Mrs 
Young, 39 Leamington Terrace, Edinburgh. 

His father, the late Mr Eobert Young, was 
a Tweeddale man, and took a great interest in 
the affairs of the Edinburgh Peeblesshire 
Union, in which, for a time, he held the posi- 
tion of President, and was himself a native 
of Newlands. 

Private George Young was educated at 
Watson's College, and joined the Cadet Corps 
from its inception. From school he passed on 
to the staff of the Union Bank of Scotland, 
and joined tlie Banlcers' Comiiany of the 4th 
Eoyal Scots, being a member when war broke 
out. He immediately volunteered for active 
service abroad, and came through the very 
se^ ere fighting of the 28th June, 1915, at the 
Dardanelles, but fell on Tuesday, the 13th 
July, 1915. He has left the sweet memory of 
a character refined and manly. He was fond 
both of music and of field sports. Rugby, 
rowing, cycling, and golf were his favourites. 
He was a meml>er of the Watsonian Football 
Club and also of I'ortoljello Amateur Rowing 

" We Jiuow nothing of his life at the 
front, tlie losses of his battalion were so 
lieavy on ilio 28th June and 12-13th July, 
tliat we can understand how it came to )jo 
tliat no word was sent to us from chaplain 
or commanding officer. Some of his com- 
rades wrote in happy terms of his good 
qualities and calm bravery. They informed 
UH that Ills death was instantaneous from 
lifle fire while on observation duty. I have 
written out a little note for you, hut it docs 
not do justice to him. If 1 put down all 

tliat is in my heart it would look too much 
praise for mortal man. Sufficient to say, I 
loved and respected him." 

God, who made you valiant, strong, and 

Gave back your youth to you, 
And packed in moments rare and few 
Achievements manifold. 
And happiness untold. 

And bade you spring to Death as to a bride 
In manhood's ripeness, power and pride. 
And on your sandals the strong wings of 

Surely you found companions meet for yoii 
In that high place; 
You met there face to face 
Those you had never known, but whom you 

knew ; 
Knights of the Table Round, 
And all the very brave, the very true, 
With chivalry crowned ; 
The captains rare. 
Courteous and brave beyond our himian air 



llTH Royal Scots. 

1915. August 6. 

News of the death in action in France of 
Sergeant Harry Grieve of the 11th Royal 
Scots reached Walkerburn. 

It appears that on Friday, the 6th of 
August, just as he was giving his men orders 
to leave the trench, he was struck by a part 
of a shell and killed instantaneously. Ser- 
geant Grieve, who was aged 34 years, was a 
drawer and twister, and previous to enlisting 
at the beginning of the war was employed in 
Tweedholm Mills, Walkerburn. He belonged 
to Hawiclc, but came to Walkerburn about 
the year 1904. In 1910 hej went out to his 
bi'other in Wyoming, where he stayed for 
about three years, engaged in sheep farming. 

In common with " Tories " all over the 
world, he revisited his native town in 1914 to 
fake part in the quater-centenary celebration 
of tile Battle of Flodden. When the Great 
War broke out. Grieve resumed his former 
employment in Walker))urn for a few weeks, 
but on Lord Kitclieiior's urgent call for the 
" I'^irst Hundred 'J'Jiousand," he was among 
the first to respond and enlisted in the 11th 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


Battalion of the Royal Scots. He was speed- 
ily promoted to the rank of sergeant, and 
proceeded to France at the end of 1914. He 
shared the vicissitudes and hardships of the 
new Citizen Army in that first terrible spring 
and found a hero's grave in Augvist of the 
same year. He was a great favourite in 
Walkerburn, being of a very cheery disposi- 
tion. He was a keen bowler. 

You know that somewhere in the world. 
That shines far off beneath you like a gem. 
They think of you, and when you think of 

You know that they will wipe away their 

And cast aside their fears; 
That they will have it so, 
And in no otherwise ; 
That it is well with them because they 

With faithful eyes, 
Fi.xed forward and turned upwards to the 

That it is well with you. 
Among the chosen few. 
Among the very brave, the very true. 



Royal Navy. Hood Battalion. 

1915. August 28. 

Lister, Charles Alfred, Th© Hon., Lieutenant, 
R.N. of the Hood Battalion, died of wounds 
received at the Dardanelles. His name appears 
in a List issued by the Admiralty dated Satur- 
day, August 28, 1915. 

Lieutenant Lister, who was the onlj' surviving 
eon and heir of Lord Biddlesdale, was born in 
October, 1887. His mother was Charlotte 
Monckton, daughter of Sir Charles Tennant of 
the Glen, Peeblesshire. The late officer was a 
nephew of Mrs Asquith and of Lord Glencomier. 

Lieutenant Lister, who was educated at Eton, 
was appointed Attache in 1910 ; appointed to 
Eome in 1911 ; and Third Secretary in 1912. 

The Ribblesdale family is of great antiquity 
in the County of York, having been seated at 
Gisbourne for nearly six centuries. John Lister, 
eon of Thomas Lister, married, in 1312, Isabel, 
daughter and heiress of John de Bolton, bow- 
bearer of Bowland, and through her he acquired 

This was the third time that the Hon. Charles 
Lister had been wounded at the Front. His 
brother, Captain the Hon. Thomas Lister, was 
speared to death in Somaliland in 1904. 

To have laughed and talked — wise', witty, fan- 
tastic, feckless — 
To have mocked at rules and rulers and learnt 
to obey. 
To have led your men with a daring adored and 
To have struck your blow for Freedom, the 
old straight way : 
To have hated the world and lived among those 
who love it, 
To have thought great thoughts and lived till 
you knew them true, 
To have loved men more than yourself and have 
died to prove it — 
Yes, Charles, this is to have lived : was there 
more to do ? 


1915. Monday, August 30. 

A cable was received by Mr Abram Clark, 
president of the Musselburgh Merchants' Asso- 
ciation, announcing the death of his elder 
brother, Mr John Clark, which had taken place 
at Durban. 

Mr John Clark was a native of Traquair, 
where his father was for long head gamekeeper 
on the Traquair estate. For many years he' was 
successfully engaged in gold-mining in South 
Africa. Wlien the Boer War broke out he put 
his knowledge of the Dutch language and the 
goldfields' districts to an excellent use on en- 
listing in one of the irregular regiments of 
hoi'se. He was much employed in scouting 
enterprises under General Lord Methuen, and 
during one of these' he was ca.ptured by the 
Boers. Shortly afterwards the British came up 
and seized the Boers' transport, but before 
abandoning tlieir waggons the enemy shot Mr 
Clark through the head and left him. His vig- 
orous constitution, however, saved him. Since 
the Boer War he had held an appointment on 
the Natal Government Railways. Mr Clark's 
mother lived in Kirkland Street, Peebles. She 
was a sister of the late Mr John Cairns, Eshiels. 

At Durban, on the 30th August, 1915, John 
Clark, eldest son of the late' John Clark, game- 
keeper, Traquair, and Mrs Clark, Kirkland 
Street, Peebles. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

Although Jolm Clark took no part in the 
European War, he deserves commemoration for 
the patriotic services he rendered to Britain in 
the South African War. 

To-day, across our fathers' graxes 

The astonished years I'eveal 
Tlie remnant of that desperate' host, 

Which cleansed our East with steel. 
Hail and farewell ! We greet you here, 

Witli tears that none will scorn — 
keepers of the house of old. 

Or ever we were born ! 



Queen's Own Cameron Highiandees. 

1915. September 25. 

The Battle of Loos. In this disastrous and 
indecisive battle eight gallant men and boys of 
Peebles fell. Twelve soldiers belonging to other 
parishes in Tweeddale fell also. Private Wil- 
liam Mackie was one of those. He belonged to 
Hartree, and was a member of The Queen'si Own 
Cameron Highlanders. He went to France in 
June, 1915. He fell at the Battle of Loos on 
Saturday, September 25, 1915. That is the brief 
record. His officer fell in the same battle. 

This great Allied offensive at Loos in Cham- 
l)agn6 began on SeiDtember 25. The British 
Fleet co-operated on the Belgian Coast. The Brit- 
ish attacked south of La Bassee Canal, and cap- 
tured five miles of enemy trenches. The Hohen- 
zoUern Redoubt was captured with partial suc- 
cess. The attack by tlie French north of Arras 
gained some tooting. In Champagne the French 
assaulted between Suippe and Aisne, driving 
tiie enemy from front positions. Other posi- 
tions, including ground around Souchez, were 

I by the lapping of my houseliold fire. 
You in the trenches, starved and stiff for cold ; 
You by fatigue in few days grey and old, 
I with my strength, no needs, no calls require. 
I wrapt in all the peace of heaven entire, 
You with IIcll's power of darkness fold on fold, 
You lacking all that life most dear can liokl, 
i\nd I with all my utmost heart's desire; 
But God shall strike the balance : I have liad 
My good in tliis my lifetime — all and more, 
TT.nve selfish sucked advantage from your strife. 
While you, In'avo heroes, on tliat further shore 
Shall find all gwjd has equalised (he bad; 
Death may be mine— you win eternal life. 



7th Cameron Highiandees. 
1915. September 25. 

In September, 1915, it was amiounced by the 
War Office that Private John Inch, of the 
Cameron Highlanders, was among the missing. 
At that time no information more definite than 
this was issued for fear of informing the enemy 
aa to our I'egiments and their dispositions, but 
later official intimation was made' from the 
Record Office, Perth, that Private Inch had 
fallen in action at Loos on Saturday, September 
25. Previous to enlisting on the outbreak of the 
war, John Inch liad been a gardener at Glen- 
ormiston. His parent-s belonged to Cloverhill. 

On Tliursday, the 23rd, the main bombard- 
ment had begun. Along the whole Champagne 
front hell was let loose from a thousand pieces. 
The morning of Friday, the 24th, dawned mild 
and wet, with a Scotch mist settled on the 
whole countryside. After midnight the Allied 
bombardment drew to a head. Every gun on our 
front was speaking without rest. Suddenly the 
guns ceased. This was on the morning of Satur- 
day, the 25th, amid a pouring drizzle. The first 
of the infantry were getting over the parapet, 
and the battle had begun. 

Tlie battle storm for him is past, 

The murder zone, the poison cloud ; 
Far from liis home he restsi at last. 

The soldier's garb his funeral shroud. 
No sculptured stone may mark the spot, 

It may be in the sun or shade. 
Imagining all we've got 

Or where our gallant soldier's laid. 
When freedom to our land appealed, 

That hour he heard his country's call ; 
He hastened to the battlefield, 

He gave his life, the loved of all. 
His lonely grave we ne'er may view, 

But memory ever fondly flies. 
Somewhere in Flanders' sandy plain 

Our gallant British soldier lies. 
No loving voice was there to soothe. 

To whisper low the parting vow ; 
No tender hand was there to smooth, 

Or wipe the death dew from his brow 
Perchance he heard a comrade's prayer 

Ero death for ever sealed his eyes; 
\Vo may be here, our hearts are where 

Ou)' gallant soldier lowl\r lies, 
lie sleeps upon yon foreign strand. 

By man's decree to doom was driven ; 
But when tliia mortal life is o'er 

We'll meet again onco more in heaven; 
Clasp him again, the one we love, 

He's safe at last in heaven above. 

County OF Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



9th Scottish Rifles. 
1915. September 25. 

Second Lieutenant Thomas Tudhope, fourth 
son of John Tudhope, farmer, Broughton Place 
who had previously served with the Imperial 
Yeomanry in the South African War, joined the 
Lanarkshire Yeomanry on 7th September, 1914, 
as a Trooper, and was promoted Corporal. 
Trained for his commission at Harrogate, in 
April, 1915, he was gazetted to the 10th Scot- 
tish Rifles. After further training at Nigg with 
the 3rd S.R. he was sent to France on 6th 
August, 1915. Joining the 9th Scottish Rifles 
as an officer, he v,-as with tliem until the Battle 
of Loos, where he was reported missing on 
Saturday, 25th September, 1915. 

From a letter received from the Commajuler. 
Lieut. -Ceil. Northey, it was stated that he was 
last seen gallantly le-ading on his men in the 
attack. Out of fourteen officers, only one 
escaped unwounded, six being killed, six 
wounded, and one. Second Lieut-enant T. Tud- 
hope, missing. All enquiries at various agencies 
proved fi'uitless, and nine months afterwards the 
War Office reported him dead. Thus fell to- 
gether at Loos three Broughton men. 

The stubborn s^iearmen still made good 

Their dark impenetrable wood, 

Each stepping where his comrade stood. 

The instant that he fell. 
No thought was there of dastard flight : 
Linked in the serried phalanx tight, 
Groom fought like noble, squire like knight, 
As fearlessly and well. 
Tradition, legend, tune and gong, 
Shall many an age that wail prolong : 
Still from the sire the son shall hear 
Of the stern strife and carnage drear. 



King's Own Scottish Borderebs. 

1915. September 25. 

Thomas Borthwick joined the 7th Battalion of 

the King's Own Scottish Borderers in September 

1914, and was thus one of the " Old Contempt- 

ibles." He fell in action at the Battle of Loos 

on Saturday, the 25th September, 1915, having 

been in the army for one glorious year. He 

was the fourth son of Thomas Borthwick, Inner- 

leithen, and son-in-law of J. Roxburgh, Garri- 
son Cottage, St Boswedls, formerly of Peebles. 
His wife was Frances Borthwick, Kirkliston. 
He was aged 33. 

September 25, 1915, was a fateful day for the 
men of Tweeddale, as many heroes from the 
County fell on that terrible day. Infantry 
attacks were taking place on a groat scale south 
of La Bassee. The British captured enemy 
trenches on a five mile front ; took the village 
of Loos; also the mining works around the vil- 
lage, and Hill 70. It was in this battle that 
Thomas Borthwick, the gallant Borderer, fell, 
but as at Flodden on an earlier September, he 
was accompanied by a gallant band of Tweed- 
dale men to his place among the immortals. 

Scarce could they hear or see their foes. 
Until at weapon point they close — 
They close in clouds of smoke and dust, 
With sword sway and with lance's thrust : 

And such a yell was there. 
Of sudden and portentous birth. 
As if men fought upon the earth. 
And fiends in upper air : 
0, life and death were in the shout, 
Recoil and rally, charge and rout. 
And triumph and despair. 
Gallant Gordons many a one, 
And many a stubborn Badenoch man, 
And many a rugged Border clan, 
With Huntly and with Home. 



5th Cajierons (Lockeel's). 

1915. Saturday, September 25. 

Lanoe-Sergeant William D. Watson was killed 
in action by i-eceiving a bullet through the head. 
He enlisted in the Camerons about a year pre- 
vious. At the time of enlisting he had been in 
training for teaching at the Edinburgh College. 
He was aged twenty-two years. A brother died 
of enteric fever during the South African War. 

" I desire with much respect, on behalf of 
myself, the teachers, and the scholars, to ex- 
press to you and Mrs Watson and family our 
deep sympathy in your bereavement. Your 
son was a great favourite here, and very 
popular with the boys. His high, courageous 
spirit, and his keen determination would, I 
know, find splendid scope for him in the 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

army. We were all proud of liiin and of the 
other brave lads that gave up everything in 
the service of their country ; and now that he 
has made the supreme sacrifice we are prouder 
still, and humbler too — humbler because we 
ask ourselves — ' Are we worthy of the sacri- 
fice?' He has had a hero's death, and bitter 
as the pang must be to see a young life 
snatched away from all the hope and promise 
of life that lay before him, he could not have 
died a more worthy death. Nor do I believe 
that his life is blotted out : he is somewhere 
in God's precious keeping, and happy with 

" Our objective," says Lochiel, " was , 

and with the Seaforths on our right we stai'ted 
our advance at 6.40 on the 25th, the two local 
Inverness-shire companies being in the front 
line. We had to cross a long open ridge, which 
was subject to a heavy enfilading rifle and 
machine gun fire from the left, and when head- 
quarters came up it was found that line after 
line of our men were simi^ly mown down. The 
men faced the ordeal bravely, and when the 
remnants had been gathered together we suc- 
ceeded in reaching our objective, where we 
found a few of our lot who had come up on the 
left of the Seaforths." 

We have feared old Death, but now we have 

learned our error, 
Seeing him there in the mire us so kindly 

await — 
A comi-ade befitting the hour of a world's fate, 
And we look liim full in the eyes; we are rid 

of our last terror. 
Was it only for Death we were born vf our 

mothers ? 
Only for Death created the dear love of oui' 

wives ? 
Only for Death and in vain wo endeavoured oui' 

Yea, life was given to be given; march onward, 

my brothers ! 




1915. Satuhday, Septembeh 25. 

11 was now tile turn of Slolio to unikvi ilio 

sacrifice on the field of Loos. After the battle 

Hugh M'Vey, like many anotiier good man, was 

" Missin;;." Mis jiKe was ( wcnty-lhroo. Ho 

liarl Ijccn ciiiiiloycd in Slolio hctorc llic war. 

He belonged to Kilkerran, Dailly, Ayrshire. 
He went through the retreat from Mons 

■' The place we were ordered to hold was 
about 1300 yards in front of our lines. Our 
left was ' in the air ' tlie whole day, and the 
only thing which prevented the Germans get- 
ting in behind us was the action of our 
machine gun sergeants, who most heroically 
defended our left flank from our position in 
rear. A battalion of the Black Watch came 
on splendidly in our support, but they too, 
unhappily, were considerably thinned. These 
were moments which can never be forgotten, 
and undoubtedly will tend to bind closer the 
very friendly ties which have always existea 
between the Camerons and Ihe Seaforths. 
Defending what we had taken, we remained 
on here until we were relieved by another 
Brigade early the following morning. 

" On the 26th we remained in our trenches 
all day, but on the afternoon of the 27th the 
battalion was ordered again to charge to rein- 
force the brigade in front of us who were be- 
ing hard pressed l>y the Germans. This last 
charge was probably the finest thing a batta- 
lion had ever done, because the ranks, enor- 
mously attenuated in the action of the 25th, 
had on this occasion to go forward with few 
otficers to lead them. As it was, they went 
forward out of their trenches as though no- 
thing had happened in absolutely perfect 
alignment as if on parade. 

" This charge having had the desired efl'ect, 
the battalion was withdrawn into billets early 
the next morning. It was addressed by Sir 
John French, who thanked us for what we 
had done; but what pleased the men most 
was the words used by the Brigadier when he 
said that from Sir John French downwards, 
amongst those who had been out during the 
whole war, nothing finer had been seen than 
the advance of tlio Camerons through that 
bullet-swept zone on the morning of the 
25th." . 

Brave, good, and true, 

I see him sianil before me now, 

And read again on that young brow, 

Where very hopo was new, 

How sweet were life! Yet, b^\ the nuiulh 

firm set, 
.\nd look, made up for Duiy's ulniost dpbl, 
1 could divine ho knew 
That death witiiin the sulphuroua imstile 


CouNTi- OF Peebles Boox of Remembrance. 


In tlie mere wreck of nobly-pitclied designs. 

Plucks Heartsease, and not 'Rue. 

Eight in the van, 

On the red rampart's slippery swell. 

With heart that beat a charge, he fell 

Foeward, as fits a man ; 

But the high soul burns on to light men's 

Where death for noble ends makes dying 





1915. Saturday, September 25. 

About Robert Nichol nothing is known save 
that " He died for his country at Loos." A 
fitting epitaph for any man. He did not be- 
long to Drumelzier, but had been employed on 
Dawyck Estate previous to the war. But as 
one who gave his life for us, he is ujentioned 
and commemorated here. 

There is no portrait of him to be had. 

" To me," said Lochiel, " it was at once the 
saddest and the proudest day of my life. I 
do not suppose any Commanding Officer ever, 
in the annals of the British Army, had better 
or braver men to serve under him, and Scot- 
land may rest absolutely contented that the 
Highlanders of the 5th Battalion proved 
themselves in every way worthy of their gal- 
lant forefathers. In saying this, I do not 
underrate the part played in the advance by 
the Highland Brigade as a whole, and when 
the story comes to be written, the country 
will doubtlessly learn how valiantly each unit 

" Instances of personal bravery in my bat- 
talion are far too numerous to recount, but 
two might be cited as examples. A lance- 
corporal, finding the telephone connection be- 
tween the Brigadier and myself cut, climbed 
to the top of a slag heap to get into visual 
communication. Here he went on waving his 
flags amid a perfect tornado of shell fire, 
until finally a shell burst right over him, and 
all that was found of him afterwards was a 
piece of his kilt and his notebook. 

" Another corporal did yeoman service as a 
bomb-thrower. The German bombers were 
coming along a trench, and owing to the pre- 
sence of snipers it was courting death for our 
men to get out of the trenches to check them. 
The corporal in question, however, volunteer- 

ed to go, and taking up a bag of bombs he 
managed to get near to the parapet of the 
enemy trenches and continued to throw the 
bombs down on the Germans. While so occu- 
pied he was exposed to fire from all direc- 
tions, but he succeeded in driving back the 
bombers until he himself was wounded." 

And men in desert places, men. 

Abandoned, broken, sick with fears, 

liose singing, swung their swords again. 
And laughed and died among the spears. 


12th Eoyal Scots. 
1915. Saturday, September 25. 
Mrs Fairbairn, 6 Pink Bank, Walkerburn, 
received official notification that hei' son, Private 
Robert Fairbairn, Royal Scots, who was re- 
ported missing on 25th September last, was now 
reported killed on that date. At the time of 
enlistment Private Fairbairn was employed as 
a woolsorter in Tweedholm Mill. His brother 
Andrew, who previous t-o enlisting was employed 
as a grocer in Peebles Co-operative Society, was 
a member of the 3 /9th Royal Scots. 

Infantry attacks were taking place' on a con- 
siderable scale south of La Bassee. The British 
captured enemy trenches on a five mile front, 
and took the village of Loos and the mining 
works around it, and Hill 70. The British also 
attacked north of La Bassee, and drew strong 
reserves of the enemy towards these points. 
1700 prisoners were captured. 

Death whining down from heaven, 

Death roaring from the ground, 
Death stinking in the nostril, 

Death shrill in every sound : 
Doubling we charged and conquered — 

Hopeless we struck and stood. 
Now when the fight is ended 
We know that it was good. 


Cameron Highlanders. 
1915. September 26. 
Mrs Douglas, Beattie's Buildings, Walker- 
burn, received official intimation from the War 
Office that her husband, Lance-Corporal W. 
Douglas, Cameron Highlanders, who was re- 
ported missing on Sunday, 26th September, 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

1915, after the Battle of Loos, was now con- 
sidered as liaving died on that date or since. 
Lance-Corporal Douglas, who was 28 years of 
age, enlifted at the end of August, 1914. Since 
that time he had only been once home, four 
months later, and proceeded to France in July, 
1915. Previous to enlistment he was employed 
in the carding room of Tweedval© Mill (Messrs 
Henry Ballantyne & Sons, Ltd.), and was one 
of the players of Walkerburn Eugby Club. He 
was the youngest son of Mr David Douglas, 
Walkerburn, and son-in-law of Mr William 
Renwick, Traquair Road, Innerleithen. He had 
two brothers .serving in France. Richard 
Douglas, his brother, also fell. 

On the 26th September the weather had 
cleared, and a bright sky attended the second 
phase of the mighty contest. Opposite Fosse 8 
in the centre lay the 9th Division — a Scottish 
Division — of the New Army. It contained the 
26th Brigade under Brigadier-General Rit- 
chie. On the right lay the 15th Divi- 
sion under Major-General M'Cracken; it, 
too, was wholly Scottish, and belonged to 
the second of the New Armies. It had been for 
more than tlire© months in the trenches facing 
Loos. A brilliant advance was made by the 
15th and 17th Divisions, which resulted in the 
capture of Loos, and the shaking of the whole 
German northern front. 


" I with uncovered head 

Salute the .?acred dead. 
Who went, and who return not. Say not so ! 
'Tis not the grapes of Canaan that repay, 
But the high faith that failed not on the way : 
Virtue treads paths that end not in the grave : 
No bar of endless night exiles the brave : 

And to tlic saner mind 
We rather seem the dead that staved behind." 




1915. SrNDAY, Septrmbke. 26. 
Mr John Scott, employed at the Glen, 
Traquair, i-eceived official intimation that his 
wm, Private Robert Scott, in the Argyll & 
Sutherland Highlanders, had been missing after 
the Battle of Loos. No trnre of liim could bo 

obtained. He was aged 23. He was one of 
those patriotic lads who enlisted in September, 
1914. He had also two brothers serving. Dur- 
ing the brilliant advance on the 26th, the Lon- 
don Irish kicked off a football from the parapet, 
and dribbled it across a thousand yards to the 
first German line. Before eight o'clock they 
had joined hands with the Highlanders in the 
shattered streets beneath the twin towers of 
Loos. The Highlanders were not content ; their 
orders had been not only to take Loos, but to 
occupy tlie rising ground to the east, called Hill 
70. They streamed up the hill like hounds; the 
green tartans of the Gordons and the red of the 
Camerons mingled in one resistless wave. The 
garrison on the top surrendered, but the High- 
landers streamed onward down the eastern side 
till thejr were beyond the last German position. 
In less than three hours the Brigade had ad- 
vanced nearly four miles, and had passed be- 
yond all the German trench lines. The fate of 
Lille and all the plain of Douai trembled in the 
balance. Major Crichton, of the Gordons, and 
Major Barron, of the Camerons, tried to recall 
the van from their wild rush : both fell. The 
stragglers began to return, but it was a for- 
lorn hope, and few reached the British lines on 
the hill. All down the slopes, towards Lens, lay 
the tartans of Gordon and Black Watch, Sea- 
forth and Cameron like the drift on the shore 
when the tide has ebbed. Up to October 2 the 
British casualties were 45,000 men. The Black 
watch came out of action with a hundred men 
and one officer. 

Your ashes o'er the flats of France are scattered, 
But they hold a five more hot than flesh of 
ours ; 
The stainless Hag tliat llutlers, frayed and 
Shall wave a wreath lil;e Spring's iunnortul 
You die, but in your death life glows intenser ; 
You shall not know the shame of growing old : 
In endless joy you wave the holy censer, 

And blow the trumpet tliough your lips aro 
Life was to us a. of limitations; 

Death is a flash that shows us where we trod : 
You, falling nobly for the righteous nations, 
Reveal the Unknown, the niilio)ied-for face of 
After long toil your Inbours slnll not ])erisii ; 

Through grateful generations yet to come. 

Your ardent gesture, dying. Love shall cherish, 

And like a beac^m you shall guide us h(}tne. 

Private Kobeht Nichol, 



L'riva'ie Eocert Fairbairn, 


I'lilVA'IK licJljElfl- St'O'ir. 


Sue. T/iEtiT. Wm. Ballantynf,, 


)'|;IV\II (il.OI.'lll LlIKl 

'jdVA'I'l': '\\)M ItALIiMI'Sn, 

'J'l.'Ayi' mi;. 

Private AndrJ-\> J-im.iiii,, 

Tbooper John Ketchen, 

Sergeant Hugh Crawitord, 
Broughton and Stobo. 

Private William Henry DrudgEj 

LANCE-CoisroRAL George Sojiicrvillk, 
In nerl kithen. 


ConROKAL Gavin Semi'le, 

'i'UDDl'LH .lASlEti AndBUBON, 




County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



8i'u H.L.I., Transferred to 7th Royal Scots. 
1915. Thursday, September 30. 
News was received by his minister that Pri- 
vate J. T. Soott Bell, whose name is on the 
Roll of Honour of Broughton Parish, and whose 
parents lived at Wrae, had met his death in the 
Dardanelles. He enlisted in November, 1914. 
He was in the 8th Battalion H.L.I. , and trans- 
ferred into the l/7th Royal Scots. He sailed 
from Devonport on the I3th August for the 
Dardanelles. He was a most promising young 
man, and deep sympathy is expressed for his 
parents and brothers and sisters in their sad 
bereavement, but the example he has given of 
obedience to the call of King and country, and 
his brave stand, true till death, is cherished in 
admiring sympathetic hearts. The Chaplain on 
H.M. Hospital Ship " Nevash," writing to his 
parents, said : — 

" Private J. Bell was brought on board 
very badly wounded in the head. He never 
regained consciousness. At least it may be a 
relief to j-ou in your sorrow to know that his 
end was quite without pain. We buried him 
at sea, about ten miles west of Cape Helles ; 
committed to the deep in the sure and certain 
hope of resurrection to eternal life, when the 
sea shall give up her dead to our Lord Jesus 
Christ. May He in His infinite love and pity 
give you comfort in your great sorrow." 

From Loos the death-roll has shifted once 
more to the Dardanelles in this far-flung battle 
line. His brother John was to fall on June 1, 

" A fool ! Ala, no ! He was more than wise, 
His was the proudest part ; 
He died with the glory of faith in his eyes, 

And the glory of love in his heart. 
And though there's never a grave to tell, 

Nor a cross to mark his fall. 
Thank God ! we know that he fought right 
In the last great game of all." 


12th Royal Scots. 
1915. October 3. 
Private George Luke enlisted on 31sl 
August, 1914. He was wounded on 25th Sep- 
teinl^er, 1915, and taken prisoner then, and 
died on 3vd October, 1915. 

All these things they took; 
Ah, and I gave them, all things 1 forsook 
But that green blade ot wheat. 
My own soul's courage, that they did not 

■Since they have died to give us gentleness 
And hearts kind with contentment and 
quiet mirth. 
Let us who live give also happiness 
And love, that's born of pity, to the 



Black Watch. 
1915. Wednesday, October 13. 

On a Sunday, in the Parish Church, before 
the congregation sang O.xenham's " Hymn for 
the Men at the Front," the Rev. Mr Miller 
made reference to the death of Second Lieu- 
tenant William Ballantyne, intelligence of 
which was received from France the previous 
week. He said that many of the-m would be 
able to recall the bright-spirited, muscular boy, 
who a few years ago attended their Sabbath 
school and church with e.xemplary regularity. 
After serving an apprenticeship at Biggar, he 
went in the capacity of commercial traveller to 
London. On the outbreak of hostilities he joined 
the army, and his many excellent qualities soon 
brought him recognition, and he rose step by 
step until within the last few weeks he was 
honoured with a commission in one of thei finest 
of our Highland regiments. Like many another 
brave lad, he had fallen when leading others 
on to victory, and he had left behind him a 
noble example of duty performed at the price- 
of life itself. Although his life had not been 
long, his fame would long endure, and he would 
be remembered among them as one who brought 
the greatest possible credit to his parents, to 
their Sabbath school, and to the whole com- 
munity. They felt for his sorrowing relatives 
in their poignant grief, and they commended 
them to the God and Father of all consolation, 
who, by the power of His Holy Spirit the Com- 
forter could bring light out of darkness and 
turn all earthly sorrows into everlasting joy. 

His brother John was to fall on September 
30, 1918. 

William Ballantyne was the fourth son of 
Mr and Mrs J. Ballantyne, and likc' his brother 
was brought up in Newlands and Kirkurd. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

After serving his apprenticesliip in Biggar he 
proceeded to London. He was an enthusiastic 
member of the London Scottisl:, and on the 
outbreak of war he proceeded witli his battalion 
to France, taking part in several memorable 
engagements. He was wounded in November. 

1914, and invalided home, but rejoined his regi- 
ment in March, 1915. He was gazetted to the 
1st Battalion Black Watch in September, 1915, 
and fell in action at Hullach on 13th Octobei', 

1915. aged 25 yeaxs. 

Oh, may I join the choir invisible 

Of those immortal dead who live again 

In minds made better by their presence : live 

In pulses stirred to generosity, 

In deeds of daring rectitude, in scorn 

For miserable aims that end with self, 

In thoughts snblime that pierce the night like 

And with their mild persistence urge man's 


To vaster issues. 

This is life to come, 
Which martyred men have made more 

For us to strive to follow. May I reach 
That purest haven to be to other souls 
The cup of strength in some great agony. 
Enkindle generous ardour, feed pure love. 
Beget the smiles that have no cruelty — 
Be the sweet presence of a good diffused, 
And in diffusion ever more intense, 
So shall I join the choir invisible. 
Whose music is the gladness of the world. 



8th Royal Scots. 

1915. October 19. 

Quite a gloom was cast over Traquair di.strict 

when it was learned that Private Tom Dal- 

gleish, 8th Royal Scots (son of Mr Dalgleish, 

farmer, Traquair Mill), liad made the supreme 

sacrifioe in France. Private Dalgleisli enlisted 

in January, and was in France for sevei-al 

months. The sad intelligence was conveyed to 

lii.'i father in the following letter : — 

" France, Wednesday, 20th October, 1915. 
— It is with great regret that I have to in- 
form you that your .ion was killed last night 
at about nine o'clock, Tuesday, 19th October, 
We were working as usual just behind our 

own front line when a rifle grenade fell among 
several who were working together. It killed 
your son, besides killing another and wound- 
ing two. It will perhaps be some consolation 
to know that your son suffered no pain. Ever 
since he joined this Battalion we have known 
your son to be a willing worker and a cheer- 
ful comrade. He is much missed here." 

' 'It is with much regret that I write you this 
notei. There is no doubt that you will have 
leai'ned by this time of the death of your son. 
The parcel which you despatched on the 20tli 
reached us safe aaid sound, and w© only regret 
his absence in sharing the many good things 
we received from home. There were eleven 
of us in the billet ; now we are reduced to 
seven by two killed and two wounded. We 
miss them all very much. The following day 
was very quiet — there was an awful dullness 
amongst us. Tom was well liked among us, 
and the eleven of us lived together like 
brothers. He was a nice lad, and ever ready 
to lend a helping hand. He is buried in a 
nice little soldiers' burial-ground adjoining a 
small village not far from where he was 
killed. We held a nice little service, ad- 
dressed by our Battalion Chaplain. We all 
join in sending you our deepest sympathy in 
your sad bereavement." 

A shallow trend) for one so tall ! 

" Heads down " — no need for that old call 

Beneath the upturned sod. 

Safe lies his body, never fret. 

Behind that crumpled parapet. 

And over all this wind and wet 

His soul sits safe with God. 


12th Royal Scots. 
1915. November 4. 
Long after the dreadful Battle of Loos the 
mother of Private Andrew Ijowrie at Walker- 
burn received word that her son had died of 
wounds on Thursday, the 4th of November, 
1915. Before the war Andrew Lowrie had 
l)ccn a warehouseman in Twecdvale Mills. He 
oilisted in September, 1914, and in a year from 
that date was severely wounded at Loos. No- 
tiling was known of his fate for a long time, 
hut at length his mother received information 
tliat 1)0 had been taken prisoner wlien wounded 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


and had died in a Military Hospital in Ger- 
many, and his body was buried near Hullucli. 

No easy hojies or lies 

Shall brhig us to our goal, 

But iron sacrifice 

Of body, will, and soul. 

There is but one task for all — 

For each one life to give, 

Who stands if freedom fall ? 

Who dies if Britain live ? 
Though all we made depart. 
The old commandments stand : 
" In patience keep your heart, 
In strength lift up your hand." 



IIth Abgyll & Sutherland Highlanders. 
1915. November 10. 

Sergeant Hugh Crawford, Broughton, of the 
11th Ai-gyll & Sutherland Highlanders, was a 
man of soldierly bearing and experience, having 
served twelve years in the Ai'my, and had seen 
service in India and South Africa. Before the 
war he was employed on the Caledonian Rail- 
way. Before a great engagement in November 
he wrote his minister, Mr Baird, stating he was 
prejDaring for battle under his trusted officer, 
Captain Home, formerly H.M.I, of Schools, 
whose relatives are comrected with the district. 
He was afraid that it would b© his last letter, 
and that he had his soldier's New Testament, a 
gift from his church, which he greatly prized. 
He received severe injuries while burying a 
comrade, and died on Wednesday, the 10th 
November, 1915. His grave was in the Villers 
Cemetery, side by side with many of the gallant 
lads who had fallen before him, and was marked 
with a cross showing his name and date of 
death. Heartfelt sympathy was expressed for 
his widow and all his relatives. 

It seemeth death to tlio-s©' who stay below, 
When Christians leave the earth, 

But to the ones who meet them where they go 
It is not death but birth. 

The face of Death is toward the Sun of Life, 
His shadow darkens death ; his truer name 
Is onward, no discordance in the roll 
And march of that Eternal harmony 
Whereto the worlds beat time, thougli faintly 

Until the great hereafter. Mourn in hope. 


Lanarkshire Yeomanry. 
1915. novesiber 19. 
Trooper John Ketchen, eldest son of Mr and 
Mrs Ketchen, Yestermains, Gifford, and grand- 
son of John Ketchen, late of Parkgatestone, 
Broughton, was educated at Broughton School, 
joined the Lanarkshire Yeomanry, and was 
killed in action at the Dardanelles on Friday, 
19tli November, 1915. The following letter 
from the Sergeant of the Troop was received 
by his mother : — 

" It is with the deepest regret that I pen 
these few lines. I expect that by now you 
will have received official notification of the 
death in action of your son John, and I en- 
close the following ai'ticles, thinking that 
you would like to have them, also this note 
to give you a few details. 

" He was defending a tiench captured the 
previous day from the Turks. On the night 
of the 19th the enemy attacked us twice, and 
was repulsed, and it was during this engage- 
ment that Jack went down. He was a 
bomber, and was in advance of our trench, 
throwing bombs when he met his end. He 
was killed by an enemy bomb, death being 
instantaneous, therefore he suffered no pain. 
We carried him out and he was taken down 
to the rest camp next morning, and buried in 
the Divisional Cemetery. Our Major John- 
stone-Ferguson attended the funeral, also the 
Chaplain; and we intend as a mark of re- 
spect to put a small cross on the grave so 
that it won't be a nameless one. 

" Your son, Mrs Ketchen, was one of the 
best soldiers in the squad, and he was liked 
by both officers and men for his quiet, un- 
assuming manner and cheery nature, and we 
all mourn his loss as a pal and one of the 
best. As Sergeant of thei Troop, I can say 
he was alwaj's ready to do his duty cheer- 
fully, and he met his death facing the enemy 
and doing his duty to the end. 

" I must close' now as nO' words can re- 
compense you for the very great loss you have 
suffered. But you have one consolation that 
lie died doing his duty. " Greater love hath 
no man than he should lay down his life for 
Ills friends." The colour I cut from his tunic 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

is our regimental ribbon. The rest of the 
articles were in his breast pocket." 

Together lay them in one common grave, 
Tliese noble sons of Britain and of France, 
Who side by side did yesterday advance, 
And to their foes a dear example gave 
Of what a freeman's worth beyond a slave. 
Tlieir's was a noble fellowship in life, 
They breathed their lives out in one glorious 

strife ; 
Then let them lie, the brave beside the brave. 
And sleep with them, for evermore to cease, 
Sleep with the sleep which no awaking knows, 
The long contention of eight hundred years. 
While from their ashes the fair tree of peace 
Springs, under which two nations may repose 
In love which ancient discord more endears. 



8th Eotal Scots. 

1915. November 24. 

William Henry Drudge was born at Vent- 
nor, Isle of Wight, on the 28tli of June, 1895, 
and was educated at the Parochial Schools 
there. His first employment was in the gar- 
dens of St Lawrence Hall, the residence of the 
late Sir Charles Cayzer, Bart. Thereafter ho 
came to Peebles in order to fill a similar posi- 
tion in the gardens of William Cree, Esq., of 

In tihe month of November, 1914, William 
enlisted in tlie 8th Royal Scots, and thus be- 
came one of those brave " Contemptibles," 
who nobly served their country in the very 
beginning. His military life continued for 
one short year, as he fell on the 24th Novem- 
ber, 1915, on the Albert Front. His brother 
was .stationed at the time at Vignacourt, and 
as soon as he learned that William had been 
hit, he iiastened to the Casualty Clearing 
Station at VilJcrs Bocage, and was there in- 
formed that his brother was shot through the 
hhoulder, the bullet passing out through tlio 
abdomen. He had been repairing iho parapet 
of a trench. He died in hospital on the fol- 
lowing day, Wednesday, November 24, 1915. 

In Flanders fields the poppies bloon\ 
.\bove your lowly hallowed tomb. 
That your brave deeds may never die 
The torch of freechini lifted liigh, 
Sliall whine forever where you lie. 

No more in Flanders field will grow 
The Crosses, endless, row on row-. 
For crushed and conquered lies the foe. 
We kept the faith, we've seen it through. 
Our myriad Brave lie dead with you. 
In Flanders fields. 



7th Se.\forth Highlanders. 

1915. November 25. 

Lance-Corporal George Somerville, of the 7th 
Seaforth Highlanders, was the youngest son of 
Mr George Somerville, Marmion Cottage, In- 
nerleithen. He died of wounds in France on 
November 25, 1915. He had enlisted six 
months previously, and was formerly a member 
of the City of Edinburgh Police Force. His 
brother William was fated to fall on March 
28, 1918. 

Since the Canadians raided the enemy 
trenches south-west of Messines on November 
18, there had been no great fights for some 
days, but in the early days of November there 
had been much activity in the Champagne 

Well, to suffer is divine ; 
Pass the watchword down the line, 
Pass the countersign: " Endure!" 
Not to him who rashly dares. 
But to him who nobly bears. 
Is the victor's garland sure. 
Frozen earth to frozen breast. 
Lay our slain one down to rest, 
Lay him down in hopes and faith ; 
And above the broken sod. 
Once again to Freedom's God 
Pledge ourselves for life or death. 


Lanarkshire Yeomanry. 
1915. December 24. 
Corporal Semple, son of .James Scniple, 
larmcr, i'yelknowe, Kilbucho, was educated 
at Biggar. He joined the TvJinai'kshire Yeo- 
manry in 1913, and nidbilisfil with thtmi on the 
outbreak of war, Angust. 1914. He was 
.statiunetl at Cupar Fife until they were tx-'ut 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


out to Gallipoli in September, 1915, having vol- 
unteered for foreign service. He was killed in 
action at Gallipoli on Friday, 24th December, 
1915, aged 23 years. His officer wrote to his 
father : — 

" Dear Sir, — You will have learned before 
this of the sad newsi of the death of your 
son. It was caused by a sliell bursting in the 
part of the trench where he was sitting. 
Death was instantaneous, and he suffered no 
pain. He was one of the bravest and most 
promising of our non-commissioned officers. 
His death leaves a blank which it will be 
difficult to fill. He was buried in the Ceme- 
tery of the 52nd Di^•ision." 

From his diary one sees how keen he was 
from the notes on entrenching, the careful lists 
he kept, the troop roll, the names and ad- 
dresses of the next-of-kin. In the diary he tells 
of the regimental order for active service, 
equipment, the farewell, the gi'eat send-off 
from Cupar, the embarkation on the troopship 
" Arcadian " — the voyage to the East, for Gal- 
lipoli, passing Gibraltar, a view of the African 
Coast, aiTival at Valetta, reaching Mudros, the 
landing, the hillside burrowed out like a rabbit 
warren, Achi Baba, his intention to record 
each day in his diary the day's work ; we read 
of fatigue duty, men suffering from dysentery, 
his joy receiving home letters and parcels, the 
winter cold and blizzards, their moving up to 
Eski lines, the torrential rains, and then the 
record ends with a pathetic sketch entitled 
" Tlie Soldier's Dream." 

The soldier on guaxd in the trenches, with 
greatcoat, rifle and bayonet; the soldier's re- 
turn, the evening meal, the loved ones around 
the boaxd, a faithful collie getting a tit-bit, the 
soldier in the place of honour, the fire blinking 
bonnily, and the words " Home, Sweet Home." 

When the fatal shell burst in the trenches a 
comrade tells that Gavin was reading one of 
Burns' poems, thinking of the dear old country. 
Faithful unto death through the faith in the 
great Captain of our Salvation and Elder 
Brother, has he not found the eternal home 
and the assurance of the glad re-union ? 

" They cannot die whose lives are part 
Of the great life that is to be. 
Whose hearts beat with the world's gi'eat 

And throb with its high destiny." 



1st Lanarkshire Yeomanry. 

1915. December 25. 

The ancient fighting spirit of the Borders 
survives yet among the hopes and glens of 
Peeblesshire, and the toll exacted by the war 
from the sons of the shepherds and farmers of 
the Upper Borders will serve to demonstrate to 
unborn generations how these stalwart sons of 
Tweeddale, scions of those' who fell at Flodden, 
were not afraid to give up all, even life itself, 
for Scotland and the Empire. Tlie 1st Lanark- 
shire Yeomany specially distinguished them- 
selves. Many of its gallant members fell; 
others received decorations; many others de- 
served them, but did not survive to have their 
merits acknowledged. 

Trooper James Anderson, second son of 
George Anderson, shepherd, left the beautifully- 
wooded hillsides of Glenormiston at the be- 
ginning of the war and enlisted in the Yeo- 
manry. Bravely he fought in the disastrous 
expedition of the Dardanelles. He had all but 
won through, because the evacuation was de- 
cided upon, and had been proceeding for some 
days, when a Turkish sdrell laid him low on 
Christmas Day (Saturday), 1915. By the 10th 
of the following month the British had 
evacuated thie whole of Gallipoli Peninsula, 
leaving in its occupation the bodies of more 
than a hundred thousand heroes, who, although 
not attaining at the time their objective, which 
was Constantmople, yet in the end by their 
glorious self-sacrifice rendered succesisful the 
entry of the British into that historic city and 
also the victory of the war. Of these was 
Trooper James Anderson, who was a real hard 
worker, and very popular among the men. 

But now the day has com© along — 

With rifle, haversack, and pack. 
We're off a hundred thousand strong. 

And some of us will not come back. 
But all we ask if that befall 

Is this. Within your hearts be writ 
This single line memorial — 

" He did his duty and his bit." 



11th Royal Scots. 

1915. Friday, December 31. 

Died of wound, received on Dec. 12th, at 

Wharnecliffe War Hospital, Sheffield, L.-Corpl. 

Albei't Murray, 11th Royal Scots, son of Wm. 


County of Peebles Booi; of RemembrAxNce. 

jMurray, Holylee, Walkerburn. The interment 
took place in Innerleithen Cemeteiy, the body, 
draped with the Union Jack, being met at the 
tra^n by a firuig party, under Sergeant-Major 
Watson, and the Pipe Band of the 3/7th Royal 
Scots, under Drum-Major D. Ross. The cor- 
tege moved oft to the sad strains of " The 
Flowers o' the Forest." When the body had 
been committed three volleys were fired, and 
the " Land o' the Leal " was played on the 
pipes. The " Last Post " was sounded on the 
bugles, and the sad ceremony was over. He 
had been home on furlough a fortnight before 
he was wounded. He had a brother in the 
Army and another in the Navy. 

We who ai'e left how shall we look again 
Happily on the sun or feel the rain 
Without remembering how they who went 

Ungrudgingly, and spent 
Their lives for us, loved, too, the sun and 

rain ? 
A bird among the rain-wet lilac sings — 
But we, how shall we turn to little things. 
And listen to the birds and winds and streams 

Made holy by their dreams, 
Nor feel the heart-break in the heart of 
things ? 


(Stobo and Peebles) 
Royal Engineers. 
1916. January 5. 
Killed in action in France on Wednesday, 
5th January, 1916, Lieutenant Robert Norrie 
Jervis, Royal Engineers, aged 27 years, young- 
est son of the late Andiew Jervis, school- 
maater, Stobo, and of Mrs Jervis, Wemyss 
Place, Peebles. Lieutenant R. N. Jervis, who 
was killed in action in France, was a 
graduate of Edinburgh University, and held 
the degree of B.Sc. in Engineering. He served 
his engineering apprenticeship with the firm 
of Messrs Bertram, Scicnncs, Edinburgh, and 
was for a time in the employment of the Edin- 
burgh and District Water Trust. Lieutenant 
Jervis was ;iii cntliusiastic volunteer, and for a 
number of years was connected with the Queen's 
Edinburgh Rifles and the University O.T.C. 
Engineers. On the outbreak of war lie volun- 
teered for active service, and received a com- 
missdon in the Royal Engineers. He met death 
from a stray bullet while superintending niglit 
work near the front line on the evening of 5tli 
January. The following is fui extract from a 

letter received by Mrs Jervis from the 
Brigadier-General : — 

" Whilst Lieutenant Jervis had been at- 
tached to this Brigade for engineer work 1 
formed the highest opinion of him. He was 
always full of work and zeal, and never 
spared himself in cai-rying out his various 
duties. It is only about a month ago that I 
sent in a special report on the splendid way 
he had carried out all his work. The nation 
has lost a good and promising officer, whose 
whole heart was in his work." 

The Major of the Comj^any also writes : — 

" Lieutenant Jervis was a good officer, 
whose influence in the Company had always 
been for duty and efficiency, and I recom- 
mended him for promotion to Captain 
some months ago." 

Much sympathy was expressed by a 
wide circle of friends for Lieutenant Jervis' 
widowed mother and sisters and two brothers 

in their great loss. 

It is but crossing with a bated breath. 
And with set face a little strip of sea. 
To find the loved ones waiting on the shore, 
More beautiful, more precious than before. 
I camiot make it seem a day to dread 

When from this deai- earth I shall journey 
To that still dearer Country of the dead 
And join the lost ones so long dreamed 
I love this world ! Yet I shall love to go 
To meet the friends who v\'ait for me I know. 


8th Royal Scots. 
1916. February 24. 
Sergeant Edward Oliver, 2 /8th Royal Scots, 
Transport Section, was laid to rest with mili- 
tary honours on February 28, 1916, aged 23. 
Sergeant Oliver had contracted a cliill some 
wooks previously, which dovelopcd into inflam- 
mation of the brain, llo was taken to Falkirk 
Infirmary. News of his improvement in healtli 
followed his admission, but a relapse ended 
fatally on Thursday, Fobraary 24th. His re- 
mains wore brought to Innerleithen and taken 
f tlio house of liis ])a.rcnts at Aisle Croft. 'On 
Monday, the 28tli, the cortege proceeded from 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


the house, led by a firing party from the 3/7th 
Eoyal Scots, with the pipe band playing as a 
slow march " Scots wha hae." At the grave- 
side after committing the body three volleys 
were fired, and the " Last Post " was sounded 
on the bugles. Sergeant Oliver was of a quiet, 
amiable disjiosition. and was liked by his com- 
rades. Brothers — Tom Oliver, Camerons, twice 
wounded; A. Oliver, K.O.S.B., wounded. 

Edward Oliver was for four years a Terri- 
torial Volunteer, and when war was declared 
on the 4th of August, 1914, he bravely answered 
his country's call and re-enlisted. He was well- 
known in Peebles, being on the transport when 
the 2/8th Royal Scots were encamped on Kings- 
meadows in 1915, where his photograph was 
taken. He was a strictly temperate man, well 
loved by all who knew him. His mother had 
the comfort of being beside the bed of her 
beloved son at the end, when he clasped her 
hand and said — " Good-bye, dear mother; don't 
worry about me, I am quite happy; cheer up." 
He repeated the hymn, " Rock of Ages," also 
" Peace*, peace, perfect peace," and added, 
" Till we meet again." 

Oh, I saw you lying still, 
All so crumpled and so still, 
At the bottom of the hill, 
Comrades mine. 

In the twilight of the dawn, 
Of the rose and silver dawn, 
That brought in the battle morn, 
Comrades mine. 

And ye taught me how to die. 
How a soldier ought to die. 
Duty done without a sigh, 
Comrades mine. 

God of courage grant me grace, 
Grant me His especial grace, 
With you boys to see His face, 
Comrades mine. 


3rd Duke of Wellington's Regiment. 

1916. Thursday, March 2. 

Lieut. Joseph Maxwell-Stuart was born at 

Ascot, Berkshire, on the 22nd August, 1896, and 

was the fifth son of Mr and the Hon. Mrs 

Edmund Maxwell-Stuart of Batworth Park, 

Arundel. He was educated at Stonyhurst Col- 
lege, Lanes., which he left in 1914, and took up 
a position on the staff of the Midland Railway, 
and during his six months' service with them 
he gave great satisfaction to his superiors, be- 
ing earnest and energetic and most conscien- 
tious. He, however, felt a strong conviction 
that it was his duty to fight for his country, 
and consequently obtained leave from his em- 
ployers to join the army. He obtained a com- 
mission, and was gazetted as Second Lieutenant 
in the 3rd Duke of Wellington's Regiment, 
March 6th, 1915. After a period of training 
Lieut. Maxwell-Stuart went out to France. In 
December, 1915, he was wounded near Ypres 
and was invalided home for a time. In Feb- 
ruary, 1916, he rejoined his regiment in France, 
and on the 2nd of March he was killed instan- 
taneously by a shell near Ypres just as they 
were moving out of the trenches, his battalion 
having been relieved after a period of very 
heavy bombardment. He was aged nineteen. 
The sad news was received in Traquair with 
deep regret. Eloquent testimony to the regi- 
mental esteem in which Lieut. Maxwell-Stuart 
was held is expressed in a letter to his father 
from Captain Danby, the Adjutant, who vreites : 

" Dear Mr Stuart, — It is with the greatest 
regret that I have to tell you of your son's 
death. We had been in action for a long time 
and had had a really heavy bombardment, 
under which we had lost a lot of men, but 
had been i-elieved and were moving out behind 
the lines when he was killed. The Command- 
ing Oflicer wishes me to express his deep sym- 
pathy with you, and to say that he valued 
his services very highly indeed, and feels his 
loss very keenly. I can only say that he has 
shewn, himself to be a brave and gallant 
officer, who had by his courage and cheerful- 
ness endeared himself to every ofRcer and 
man who served with him. His body was 
brought down and will be given a proper 
burial, and I have arranged to have his gi-ave 
marked with a little cross to keep his memory 
fresh in our minds. May I as a brother 
officer and friend of his express my deep sym- 
pathy with you in your great loss." 

Tlie four song of this ancient house who fell 
were : — 
1916, March 2— Joseph Maxwell-Stuart, fifth 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

1916. April 26.— Edmund Maxwell-Stuart, 

third son. 

1917. October 9.— Harry Maxwell-Stuart, 

second son. 

1918. August 24.— Alfred Maxwell-Stuart, 

fourth son. 
Ah, Mary, pierced with sorrow, 
Remember, reach, and save 
The soul that comes te-mori'ow 
Before the God that gave : 
Since each was born of woman. 
For each, at utter iieed, 
True comrade and true foeman, 
Madonna, intercede 


10th Highland Light Infantry. 
1916. Saturday, March 18. 
In a letter from the Battalion Chaplain the 
sad news that Sergt. -Major Doherty, second son 
of Mr James Doherty, luggage porter, Inner- 
leithen, had been killed in action on 18th inst., 
was conveyed to his father. He was a well- 
known Innerleithen man, and before mobilisa- 
tion was an official of several of the public in- 
stitutions in the town. He took a great interest 
in the affairs of the Silver Band, being a mem- 
ber of committee. He was employed in Leithen 
Spinning Mill. When a young man he enlisted 
in the 2nd Battalion Highland Light Infantry, 
and on completion of eight years' service he 
resigned with the rank of sergeant. On mobili- 
sation at the commencement of the war he was 
posted to the 10th Battalion, and promoted first 
to Oompany Quartermaster-Sergeant and after- 
wards to Ckjmpany Sergeant-Major. He was 
drafted to France on 25th May, 1915, and 
was engaged with his regiment at the battle of 
Loos. Thereafter he was granted 72 liours' 
leave of absence, when he returned to Inner- 
leithen — the only occasion allowed him to visit 
his home since leaving for Franco. He was 32 
years of age, and left a widow (a daughter of 
Mrs Brunton, 62 High Street), and two child- 
ren, for whom great sympathy was felt in their 
sore bereavement. Sergeant-Major Doherty waa 
one of four brothers serving with the coloui-e — 
two of whom were stationed in England, and the 
third wa« with the H.L.I. in Mesopotamia. The 

following is the letter received by Mr James 
Doherty intimating his son's death : — 

" 18th March, 1916.— Dear Mr Doherty,— It 
is with the deepest regret that I write to 
inform you of the death to-day of your son, 
CSompany Sergeant-Major Doherty, C Com- 
pany, 10th H.L.I. I writei to you rather than 
to his wife, thinking it would make it a little 
easier for her if you broke the sad news to 
her. Sergeant-Major Doherty and his bat- 
man, Pte. Milligan, were both struck by the 
same shell about mid-day, and both instan- 
taneously killed. We buried them side by 
side to-night in a soldiers' cemetery behind 
the trenches. Crosses will be erected over 
their gi'aves in a day or two. All the graves 
are carefully registered by the Graves Regis- 
tration Commission, who are always ready to 
give information to friends. Sergeant-Major 
Doherty's death is very deeply regretted by 
all the officers and men of the battalion, 
and particularly by those of his own 
company. I have been much struck to- 
night by the general expressions of sorrow 
on the part of all the officers and men 
I have met. Personally I felt a deep 
sense of loss when I heard the sad news. 
I always found him most willing to 
help me in any way by leading the sing- 
ing and assisting at communion services 
when I required help. I had for him a warm 
esteem and regard, and shall miss him very 
much. We all feel deeply for his sorrowing 
widow and children. It is a very sore blow 
for her. May God comfort her and her little 
ones and comfort you all. Will you please 
break the sad news to her. I am asking 
much from you, but it will be easier for her." 

" Dear Mrs Doherty, — I have a most un- 
pleasant task to perform, and that is to in- 
form you of the death of your husband, which 
occurred yesterday about 12.25 noon. I will 
endeavour to describe as briefly as possible 
the circumstances. The Company grenadiers 
wei'e firing rifle grenades, and I had person- 
ally warned everybody to be on the lookout 
for the enemy's trench mortar bombs, your 
liusband being amongst the number. Unfor- 
tunately at the moment your husband was 
reading a message which he had received from 
Headquarters, and was so interested that he, 

Lieut. Eobekt Norkie Jeevis, 
Stobo and Peebles. 





sehgeant-arajob andrew doherty, 

I'nivATE Henry Ii'oiirest, 


Lieut. Edmund MaxweIjL-Stuart, 

ri;l\ All; K'liiii'i: i 1 1 1 mi,, 
Innkiii f,itiii-.n. 

J'lllVAIll AucnillAIJJ J;iCKBON, 
NEWr.,ANDa AM) l!liiiii(!llJ'ON. 

PmvATE Walter Claeke, 

i'juvATE Alexamjek Cosens Browx, 


Private James C, Thokburn, 

Captain Ian A. G. Ferguson, 

Batter John Bell, 

Privatk .To.SHT'A I'uiXCLlv 

I'lnvAii. Ii'oiii in TnKnTON, 
Manoii, Inn I'll Li;i'r'HKN. 

Sappki! Aiu'iiiiiA m) Ix(; 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


of course, failed to keep a sharp look out 
until too late to be of any real service to him. 
Still, he and his comrades who were with him 
heard it and looked up to see where it was. 
They evidently did see it, and ruslied to the 
neai-est cover, which was a bridge under a 
railway. Your husband evidently thought 
that the bomb was landing on the railway, 
and endeavoured to regain his own dug-out, 
which was only five yards away, when the 
bomb burst. He died in about two minutes. 
Had he stopped under the small railway 
bridge, I am afraid the result would have 
been the same, as of the men who stayed 
there, one, his own servant, was killed, and 
the other wounded. Had he reached his own 
dug-out he would have been safe, but we 
found him lying with his head towards the 
door, as if he was about to enter it. He died 
almost instantly, and I am sure felt no pain. 
He had a bad wound in the head, and a very 
bad wound in the right side. Please accept 
my sincere sympathy in your sad bereave- 
ment, not only from myself but also from my 
brother officers, from Colonel Stuart, com- 
manding, to his humblest comrade. I myself 
have felt it vei-y much, and although in a 
military sense our ranks were different, you 
must understand h© was my right-hand man ; 
him I fully trusted to do everything that was 
needed, and have never had any fault to find. 
He was a man who knew his duties thor- 
oughly, and carried them out in a most jovial 
way, both in the trenches and out of them. 
With always being in contact with him, I 
can say he was always fearless and did his 
work in a most efficient way. I have been 
with him under the heaviest of enemy's fire, 
and 1 never found him wanting. He always 
lent a helping hand to anybody who required 
it, and the Company wherein he served. All 
are very down-mouthed indeed ; it gave every- 
one a great shock when they heard about it, 
and they have really not got over it yet ; men 
who see the same thing every day are really 
knocked out of time. Really, Mrs Doherty, 
I cannot express my feelings fully. I wish I 
could, but I must leave it to your imagination 
to picture the sorrow of the Company in los- 
ing so good a man. Perhaps you would like a 
photo of his gi'ave; if so, would you please let 
mo know, and I will endeavour to procure 

one. Once again, please accept the sympathy 
of the whole Company, also of myself and 
brother officers." 

His cousin, Q.M.S. John Doherty, was to fall 
.ju March 22, 1918. 

. . . Then like grim warriors of old 

Let us glory in our scars. 
And read aright, my doubting wight, 

God's emblem of the stars : 
Our highest, best achieved — behold, 

A higher niche and sphere ! 
Nor deem the battle lost or won, 

There's something yet beyond the sun 
When our brief thread of life is spun, 

And sorrows disappear : 

.\ myriad suns beyond the sim. 

Serene, resplendent, clear ! 



Cameron Highlanders. 
1916. April 18. 
Mr Alexander Forrest, Tweedview, Walker- 
burn, received official notice from the District 
Piecord Office', Perth, that his son. Private 
Henry Forrest, Cameron Highlanders, had been 
killed in action on Tuesday, the 18th April. A 
letter also was received from the Captain of 
Private Forrest's Company, stating that he was 
killed instantaneously by the bursting of a shell 
which landed in his dug-out. Private Forrest 
was scarcely nineteen years of age, and enlisted 
on the 30th of March, 1915, being one of those 
gallant young lads who burned to fight in de- 
fence of their country. He proceeded to France 
on the 14th of July, and took part in an en- 
gagement on the 12th of October. At the time 
when he fell there was much fighting going on 
around Ypres. 

If I sihould fall upon the field, 

And lie among the slain. 
Then mine will be the victory. 

And yours the pain ; 
For this in prospect comforts me 

Against all saddening fears. 
That dying so I make myself 

Worthy your tears. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


(Newlands and Broughton) 

Black Watch. 

1916. April 22 

It is with deep regret that we have to place 
on record the death of Private Archibald Dick- 
son, Black Watch, youngest son of Mr Tliomas 
Dickson, forester, Dodhea.d, Macbiehill. In the 
Mesopotamia campaign, at the Battle of Kut, he 
was killed in action on Saturday, the 22nd April, 
1916 — a time of fierce fighting. The previous 
year he was seriously wounded at the Battle of 
Loos, so that his military career had been one 
of sufiering. He was only 21 years of age, and 
was a lad of a quiet, unassuming disposition, on 
whose countenance there invariably beamed a 
genial smile. Much sympathy was felt in the 
district for his aged father and for his brothers 
and sisters, who were left to mourn his pre- 
mature death in a distant land. 

" The Indian knows his place of rest, 
Far in the cedar shade." 

Mr Dickson has two other sons serving with 
the Colours — a commendable lecord in a pat- 
riotic family. 

Wlien Archibald Dick-son fell the British 
had been suffering a severe check on the way 
to Kut. The British experienced very severe 
losses, although not to the same extent as the 
enemy, who lost more than 3000 men. On 
April 23 the British attacked the Turkish 
position at Sanna-i-yat after bombarding it 
systematically for two days. Owing to floods 
it was found possi))le for one Brigade only to 
attack, and the result was a failure, despite 
tlie great gallantry of tlio British troops. 

He is buried ! Ckimrade, sleep ! 
A wooden cross at your brave liead will stand. 
A cross of wood ? A Oalvary !— The land 
For whoso sake you laid down sweet life, will 

Watch, lad, and ward tliat none may bring to 

That Name for which you died ! " What's in a 

Britain ehall answer ! you will lioar her cry : 
"Well done, my own! my son — good rest: 




13rH East Yorks Regiment and Royal 

Engineers, Tunnelling Coy. 

1916. Wednesday, April 26. 

He was born at Ascot on the 3rd October, 
1892, and was the third son of Mr and Mrs 
Edmund Maxwell-Stuart. He was educated at 
Stonyhurst College. He left College in July, 
1910, and in the following October he entered 
The Royal School of Mines at the Imperial 
College, London. His four years' course had 
been practically completed, and he could have 
become a fully qualified mining engineer when 
war broke out. Lieutenant Edmund Maxwell- 
Stuart already belonged to the College Corps of 
Electrical Engineers, but owing to the number 
of commissions in the Corps being limited, he 
was gazetted Second Lieutenant in the 13th 
East Yorkshire Regiment on the 10th November, 
1914. A year later he was transferred to the 
Tunnelling Company of the Royal Engineers, 
for which his professional training rendered him 
specially qualified. He soon went out to the 
Western Front, where liis pluck, his powers of 
endurance, and his hard work won the hearty 
commendation of his superior officers. In 
March, 1916, he wrote : — " I am in the death- 
trap known as the Salient, burrowing tiinnels 
under Hun trenches; in fact, looking for 
trouble. For five long shell-ridden months I 
have been here, and I feel ten years older than 
when I landed." When the turn of his Com- 
pany came to take a well-earned rest behind the 
lines, Lieut-enant Maxwell-Stuart along with 
one brother officer was elected to i-emain behind 
to instruct the relieving Company. This duty 
he willingly acceded to, and was temporarily 
attached to the Canadian Ttmnelling Company. 
Very soon afterwards, on April 26th, 1916, 
while standing at the door of hisi dug-out on 
duty, he was struck by a German shell and 
killed instantaneously. His Captain wrote of 
him : — 

" He was undoubtedly the favourite of our 
mess, with his unfailing good humour and 
generous courage. His name would have ap- 
peared in the next list of recommendations 
fi)i- ]n'omotion." 
Another : — 

" All who knew liim admired and loved 
l,im as a fine soldier and a true gontleman." 
(The CO. of the Canadian Tunnelling Coy,). 

County of Peebles Book, of Remembrance. 


He was the third son of Mr Edmund Max- 
well-Stuart of Batworth Park, Arundel (brother 
of Mr Herbert Maxwell-Stuart of Traquair and 
Terregles), by his marriage with his cousin 
Mary, one of the daughters of Lord Herries (the 
tenth). Mr Maxwell-Stuart's younger brother 
was killed on iNlarch 2. He was a cousin of the 
present Baroness Herries, Duchess of Norfolk. 

Be with them. Lord, iii camp and field. 

Who guard our ancient name to-night ; 
Hark to the cry that rises now. 

Lord, Lord, maintain us in our right. 
Be with the dying, be with the dead. 

Sore stricken far on alien ground. 
Be with the ships on clashmg seas. 

That gird our island kingdom round. 
Through barren nights and fruitless days 

Of wasting, when our faith grows dim, 
Mary, be with the stricken heart. 

Thou hast a Son. remember Him. 


9iH Royal Scots. 
1916. Wednesday, May 3. 
The sad news of another St Eonan's lad being 
killed in France reached Lmerleithen, a letter 
being received by Mrs Hume, Cauldhame, inti- 
matmg that her son, Robert, had been killed by 
a bullet. The deceased lad was a private in 
the 9th Royal Scots (Dandy Ninth), he having 
enlisted in the month of September previously. 
He afterwards went to Selkirk, and from 
there was drafted to France, and had only 
been on active service two months. Prior to 
enlistment, deceased was employed as vamnan 
with Mr J. Forsyth, and for some time was a 
member of St Ronan's Silver Band. He was 
eighteen years of age. He had an elder brother 
serving in France, in the Black Watch, and 
his father was in the 2 /8th Royal Scots, at 
present stationed at Chelmsford. The following 
is the letter received by Mrs Hume : — 

"It is with the deepest regret that I have 
to convey to you very bad news about your 
son in the 9th Royal Soots. He was struck 
last night by a bullet, and in spite of all we 
could do for him, he passed away within an 
hour. The bullet had got right into his side, 
and he lost consciousness almost at once and 
never regained it, so you may be sure he 
suffered little or no pain before the end. His 

loss is deeply regretted both by me, his 
platoon officer, and by his comrades in No. 3 
platoon. He was always a willing and con- 
scientious worker, whatever his task might 
be, and always a cheery companion among 
the men. I can realise what a blow the news 
will be to you and all his family, and you 
have our deepest and sincerest sympathy in 
your sorrow. He was buried in a little vil- 
lage just behind the firing line, where many 
a Scotsman lies who* has fallen, like him, in 
his country's cause, and our chaplain con- 
ducted the service. 

His elder brother John was fated to fall on 
July 22 of the same year (1916). He was in the 
Black Watch. 
The song of the man in the khaki coat. 

As he stands in the wet and snow, 
A smoking rifle in his hands. 

And his feet in the mud below. 
The tale of the charge and the man that fell. 

Of the tunic dyed with red, 
The tight-clenched teeth and the clammy 
And the stain where the wound had bled. 
! he groaned as he jolted to and fro, 

And wan, wan was his smile-a. 
But he grit liis teeth and he hummed 
" Cheer-o !" 
And he died at the end of a mile-a. 



Gordon Highlanders. 

1916. Tuesday, May 9. 

The sad news of another Innerleithen lad 
making the supreme sacrifice arrived in the 
town. A companion, writing to some friends 
in Innerleithen, conveyed the news that 
Private Walter Clarke liad been killed in the 
trenches on Tuesday, the 9th May. Intimation 
of the sad event was conveyed to his mother, 
Mrs Renwiok, Station Road, Innerleithen. He 
received his education at the Board School, and 
later worked as a baker with Mr Dalgleish, 
baker, Innerleithen, and latterly was employed 
in the Waverley Mills. Afterwards he was em- 
ployed as a warper in the Restalrig Mills, Edin- 
burgh. Shortly after war broke out he enlisted, 
and saw much active service in France, with the 
Gordon Highlanders — Pioneers. He was aged 
only 24 years, and was of a very amiable dis- 

Private Walter Clarke joined up 5th Sex^t., 


County of Peebles Book: of Remembrance. 

1914, went to Kent, then Salisbury Plain ; went 
to France July, 1915 ; fell May 9th, 1916. 

. . If there's any consciousness to follow 
The deeji, deep slumber that we know as death. 
If death and life are not all vain and hollow, 
If life is more than so much indrawn breath, 
Then in the hush of twilight I shall oome — 
One with immortal life, that knows not death 
But ever changes form — I shall come home ; 

Although beneath 
A wooden cross the clay that once was I 
Has ta'en its ancient earthy form anew. 
Bat listen to the wind that hurries by. 
To all the song of life for tones you knew. 
For in the voice of birds, the scent of flowers. 
The evening silence and the falling dew. 
Through every throbbing pulse of nature's 

I'll speak to you. 


BoYAL Scots. 
1916. May 12. 
Mrs Ferguson, 41 Polwarth Terrace, Edin- 
burgh, received intimation from the 'War Of&ce 
that her son. Captain Ian A. G. Ferguson, Eoyal 
Scots, was killed in action. Captain Ferguson, 
who was born on August 2, 1897, obtained his 
Commission as Second Lieutenant in September, 
1914, was promoted Lieutenant in June, 1915, 
went to the Front in July, 1915, and was 
gazetted Captain as from September, 1916, that 
is, just after the battle of Loos, which he went 
through as machine gun officer of his battalion. 
He had then just attained the age of 18, and 
was one of the youngest captains in the army. 
Captain Ferguson was a son of the late Eev. 
J. G. Ferguson, Episcopal clergyman, Inner- 
leithen, and a member of the family owning the 
business of Alexander Ferguson, confectioner, 
Edinburgh and Glasgow, he being a great- 
grandson of the founder. His elder brother. 
Lieutenant Duncan Ferguson, K.O.S.B., died of 
wounds in France a year previously on the 14th 
May, 1915. 

Fighting was t:i1ung place at \'erincllcs and 
Ploegsteert Wood wiien Captain Ian Ferguson 

" Bweet was life and buoyant breath, 

Lovely, too; but for a day. 

Issues from the house of death 

Yet more beautiful array : 

Hark, a whisper — ' Come away.' 

One by one they spin and fall, 
But they fall in regal pride : 
Dying, do they hear a call 
Eising from an ebbless tide, 
And, hearing, are beatified? " 



8th Eotal Scots. 
1916. May 21. 
News came and was confirmed that Private 
Alexander Brown, Eoyal Scots, had met his 
death in France from shell-fire. He was 
killed instantaneously. This was the first death 
of a native on active service, and it cast 
quite a gloom over the whole imrish. Private 
Brown was born there about tweaity-seven 
years ago, and was the youngest son of Mr 
James Brown, retired shepherd, Oliver. In 
civil life he was a postman. Possessed of 
many admirable qualities, of magnificent phy- 
sique, one of the best shots in the Miniature 
Eifle Club, and a leading member of the 
Bowling Club, he was held in high esteem 
by the little community, who einoereJy 
lamented his loss. A memorial service was 
held in the church on Sunday, when the Rev. 
W. S. Crockett spoke as follows: --As I re- 
turned from Edinburgh Inst night it was with 
a heavy heart I heard that one of our number 
— Alexander Brown — had paid the supreme 
price last Sunday evening. I am sure I am 
voicing the feelings of everyone of you when 
I say how deeply we regret the loss of that 
truly gallant soul, whom we knew so well and 
esteemed so highly. As I have looked on his 
splendidly-built body, his finely-knit muscu- 
lar frame, I have often thought and said that 
in our glen there was no better specimen of 
physical development. A''ou all know how 
faithfully he performed his duty as a post- 
man ; how careful, how punctual, how oblig- 
ing he was. Nor was he less a good soldier. 
His recent visit home made us all feel proud 
of him, for he was looking so fit, so healthy, 
■so handsome— all the better for his experience 
of trench-life, sjiite of the severe liardshiji 
and sacrifice. One is couil'ortod by the know- 
ledge that ho died instantaneously, that 
he suffered no jiain, tliat his passage 
was swift and -sudden from the ttu'rora 
of the battlefield to the serenity of God's 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


eternity. He is the first of our young men to 
fall— the first, may he be the last— of that 
noble band of our natives who are so man- 
fully upholding the traditions of Tweedside. 
I am sure that all our hearts go out this day 
in profound and reverent sympathy with the 
parents of our departed comrade. With quiet 
fortitude they are bearing their heavy cross. 
They are comforted by the remembrance that 
their brave boy surrendered his life in the 
noblest of causes— that he sacrificed himself 
for the sake of a world on which black ruin 
would have fallen but for the heroism of him- 
self and millions more. For many a long 
year we shall cherish his memory, and I hope 
that some suitable memorial will carry his 
name down as an example of courage and gen- 
erous sacrifice to those who will come after 
us here, when our places also are empty. He 
was a member of this church, a regular wor- 
shipper with us; and to-day we are not the 
poorer, but all the richer, even though he lies 
in a foreigii land, and we shall never see him 
again in his accustomed corner. For he has 
left behind him a legacy of kindliness, of 
genuine modesty, of sincere unafl'ectedness, 
and of sterling devotion to duty; all of 
which help to make his waygoing less lament- 
able, less clouded with the sorrow which 
death so often brings. He has fallen in the 
most glorious of causes — for king and for 
country, for honour and truth, for right and 
the liberty of nations, for the sake of the 
peace of the world. A man who falls thus 
can never lose his reward. Upon his brow 
the Lord of Mercy and of Might has placed 
the Crown of Victory. 

The parents of the late Private Alexander 
Brown received the following fine tribute 
from His Majesty's Postmaster-General: — " I 
desire to express my deep regret at the death 
of Mr Alexander Cosens Brown, who, after 
eleven years' faithful service to the State as 
an officer of the Post Office, has lost his life, 
while serving his c()untry in war.— Joseph 
Pease, Postmaster-General." 

" My good right hand forgets 

Its cunning now — 
To march the weary march 

I know not how. 
My half-day's work is done, 

And this is all my part; 
I give a patient God 

My patient heart." 



8th Royal Scots. 

1916. Mat 21. 

James Thorburn joined up early in the war 
and went to France in November, 1914, being 
a member of General French's "contemptible 
army." He was invalided home after some 
months, but returned again to France in the 
spring of 1915. He was home again only 
once, and met his death on Sunday, 21st of 
May, 1916. The soldiers had been billeted in 
a village, and were preparing to retire for 
tlie night, when the Germans began to shell 
the village, and before the company could 
leave their quarters a shell landed on their 
dwelling and killed seven outright, besides 
wounding many others. 

He was employed in Walkerburn prior to 
the war. Two of his brothers in the King's 
Own Scottish Borderers were spared to meet 
each other, and exchange congratulations on 
winning through the great attack at Gallipoli 
on July 12, 1915. 

For many days there had been terrible con- 
tests for Vimy Eidge. 

Receive him. Earth, unto thine harbouring 
shrine ; 
In thy soft tranquil bosom let him rest; 
These limbs of man I to thy care consign. 
And trust the noble fragments to thy 

This house was once the mansion of a soul 
Brought into life by its Creator's breath; 

Wisdom did onoe this living mass control; 
And Christ was there enshrined, Who 
conquers death. 

Cover this body to thy care consign'd; 

Its Maker shall not leave it in the grave; 
But His own lineaments shall bear in mind. 

And shall recall the image which He gave. 



Royal Engineers. 

1916. June 1. 

Sapper John Bell, son of John Bell, formerly 
at Wrae, Broughton, later at Harehead, Duns, 
was a ploughman at Caerdon, and soon after the 
outbreak of war volunteered for service, enlisting 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

in the 1st Cameron Highlanders in Jxovember, 

1914. He was transferred to the Eoyal 
Engineers Tunnelling Company on 1st May, 

1915, and met his death by mine explosion on 
Thursday, 1st June, 1916. His brother also fell 
in the War on September 30, 1915. The two 
brothers were much esteemed — cheerful, active, 
aud patriotic; they willingly gave themselves at 
the call of duty. Their memory is cherished 
both by their bereaved parents and the friends 
who appreciated their devoted spirit. 

Terrible and continuous struggles for Yimy 
\^ ere yet taking place with great sacrifice of life. 

" Greater love hath no man tlian this that > 
man lay down his life for his friends." 

" Nothing is here for tears, nothing to wail, 
Or knock the breast ; no weakness, no con- 
Dispraise or blame; nothing but well or fair. 
And what may quiet us in a death so noble." 


(Manor, Innkeleithen) 

12th Rotal Scots. 

1916. June 7 (Wednesday). 

He was the younger of two brothers who 
fell in the war. He joined up in September, 
1914. He was born at Pentland Mains iu 
Midlothian, and was aged twenty-one years 
when he fell. At the Battle of Loos he was 
severely wounded on September 26, 1915, and 
was invalided at home for four months. 

Eobert Preston had been a shepherd at 
JIanorhead. The family also had lived for 
some time at Caerlee, Innerleithen. 

The day before Eobert fell, the Battle of 
Ypres had begun again. The Germans were 
attacking fieixelj, and gained some ground at 
Hooge. During all those days, and long be- 
fore, the Frcncli were gallantly defending 
Verdun against overwhelming hordes of Huns. 

James Preston was to fall on April 24, 1918. 

" Never since day broke flowerlike forth of 

Broke suoh a dawn of baltlo. Deatli in 

Made of the man, whoso life was like lii<'. 


A imin more godlike than tlio lord of ligl'l-" 



Roy.AL Army Seevioe Coeps. 

1916. Juke 13. 

News of the illness of Private Joshua 
Pringle arrived at Innerleithen, and a cable- 
gram from the matron of the Military Hospi- 
tal at Salonica, was received intimating that 
Private Pringle had died of dysentery on 
Tuesday night. June 13. Private Pringle en- 
listed in the A.S.C. transport in 1915, and was 
for several months iu France, but for the last 
five months had been in Salonica. 

Deceased was 21 years of age, and before the 
war was employed by his father on the parcel 
delivery lorry. He was the youngest son of 
]\Ir George Pringle, contractor. Being of a 
genial nature, he was well liked by ail he came 
in contact with, aud before hostilities broke 
out he was much sought after as an enter- 

On the 3rd of June the British and French 
occupied all the public buildings in Salonica. 

They that gave 

Lives so brave 

Have found a grave 

In the haggard fields of No Man's Land, 

By the foeman's reddened parapet, 

They lie with never a headstone set, 

But their dauntless souls march forward yet 

In No Man's Land. 


(New Zealand and Walkeeduhn). 
191G. July 24. 

A letter was received from the Chaplain by 
Miss Inglis, Dalziel's Buildings, Walkerburn, 
stating that her brother. Sapper Archibald 
Inglis, New Zealand Engineers, had been 
killed in Action in France, having been shot in 
tlic stomach. Archibald Inglis was married in 
1908, but lost his wife iu the following year. 
He left for New Zealand iu 1910. 

On the outbreak of hostilities in August, 1914, 
he enlisted at once at Timaru, in the New 
Zealand l<jugiueers. lie was sent to Gallipoli, 
and served there all the time until its evacua- 
tion. There he was wounded in the head on 
the lOtli September, 1915. On returning from 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


Gallipoli, Sapper Inglis was sent to France, in 
April, 191G. He was mortally wounded on the 
23rd July, 1916, and died in the Casualty Clear- 
ing Station on the nest day (Monday), and was 
buried at Bailleul. He was aged forty-one. 

"While resident at Walkerburn he was a very 
keen angler, and spent most of his leisure on 
the river Tweed His two brothers fell later — 
William on March 22, 1917, and Eobert on 
September 18, i918. 

" It is with feelings of the deepest regret and 
sympathy that I have to inform you that Sapper 
Archibald Inglis of this unit was mortally 
wounded on the 23rd instant, and died next 
day in hospital. He was a sterling man in the 
company, and always carried out his work in 
an excellent manner and with credit to himself. 
His loss is deeply felt by the of&cers, N.C.O.'s, 
and Sappers, with whom he has been associated 
for some time. On behalf of one and all, I wish 
to extend to yoa the deepest sympathy in your 
sad bereavement." 

The chaplain of the 8th Casualty Clearing 
Station wrote to Mrs Peden as follows : — "Dear 
Mrs Peden, I am the Presbyterian chaplain 
here, and write to inform you of the sad death of 
your brother, iSapper A. Inglis of the New 
Zealanders. He was brought in here yesterday, 
wounded in the abdomen. I happened to be out 
at the time, but the other chaplain here saw 
him, and offered prayer with him. When I saw 
him this morning he was suffering a lot of pain. 
I offered prayer with him, for which he seemed 
very grateful. A short time after he died. 
Everything possible was done for him, but it 
was all of no avail. There was really no hope 
from the beginning. I can assure you of my 
deep sympathy with you in your loss. I was 
greatly taken with your brother from the little 
that I saw of him." 

We think about You kneeling in the Garden— 
Ah 1 God ! the agony of that dread Garden— 

We know You prayed for us upon the Cross. 
If anything could make us glad to bear it — 
'Twould be the knowledge that You willed to 
bear it — 

Pain— death— the uttermost of human loss. 

Though we forget You— You will not forget us— 
We feel so sure that You will not forget us— 

But stay with us until this dream is past. 
And so we ask for courage, strength, and 

pardon — 
Especially, I think, we ask for pardon— 

And that you will stand beside us to the last 


RoTAL Scots. 
1916. July 1. 

William Scott Weir was born in 1880 at 
Innerleithen, Peeblesshire, where his father 
was schoolmaster. After attending the local 
school, he proceeded to Watson's, where he 
remained for five years. He was a keen foot- 
baller, and played regularly for the School. 
On leaving School, he was apprenticed with 
Messrs Robertson & Dodds, S.S.C., at the same 
time attending the Law Classes at the Univer- 
sity. In 1803 he passed his final law examina- 
tion. He then entered the firm of Messrs 
Cuthbejt & Marchbank, S.S.C, and trans- 
ferred in 1905 to Messrs Tods, Murray & 
Jamieson, W.S., where he remained until he 
enlisted. He was regarded as a good lawyer, 
and one for whom a brilliant future was in 
store. In November, 1914, he enlisted in the 
Royal Scots, and proceeded overseas with his 
unit m January, 1916, taking part in much 
severe fighting. On Saturday, 1st July, at the 
Battle of the Somme, he made the supreme 

On the 1st of July a great Franco-British 
offensive began on a 25 mile front, north and 
south of Somme. The British captured Mont- 
aubon and Mametz, and broke through to- 
wards Bapaume. The French attacked to- 
wards Peronne, reached the outskirts of 
Hardecourt and Curlu; they took Dompierre, 
Becquincourt, Bussus, and Fay, along with 
5000 prisoners. 

" When I am dead, my dearest. 

Sing no sad songs for me; 
Plant thou no roses at my head, 

Nor shady cypress tree ; 
Be the green grass above me 

With showers and dewdrops wet, 
And if thou wilt, remember, 

And if thou wilt, forget. 

I shall not see the shadows, 

I shall not feel the rain ; 
I shall not hear the nightingale 

Sing on, as if in pain; 
And dreaming through the twilight 

That doth not rise nor set. 
Haply I may remember. 

And haply may forget." 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



Dtjeham Light Infantet. 

1916. Jtot 1. 

Killed in action on Saturday, the 1st July, 
1916, Corporal Andrew E. Wood, aged 27 
years, Durham Light Infantry, and formerly 
of Roxburghshire and Sunderland Constabu- 
laries, and son of William Wood, s;hepherd, 
Howford, Innerleithen. 

Corporal Andrew E. Wood, 913, Durham 
Light Infantry, 18th Batt., 93rd Brigade, 
joined H.M. Forces on 6th Sept., 1914, at Sun- 
derland, where he was a member of the con- 
stabulary, and was trained at Coughton 
Haugh and Eipon. From there he proceeded 
to Egypt, in Dec, 1915, when he narrowly 
escaped being torpedoed, a French boat im- 
mediat/ely preceding being the unfortunate 
victim. His army life in Egypt was long 
enoiigh to experience the discomforts of life 
in the desert, but many of the wonders of 
that land too were viewed and marvelled at 
in and around the Eiver Nile, About March, 
1916, he once more sailed the Mediterranean, 
to be landed at Marseilles, from whence he 
proceeded to the French front, and for the 
first time came under shell fire. From then 
on the battalion experienced many heavy 
losses, and with only short rests at long inter- 
vals, were always in the midst of the fight. 
On 1st July, 1916, the men received the order 
to get over the top, with the officer leading, 
but as he mounted the parapet he was 
wounded, as were also the N.C.O.s in their 
turn. As each man received his wound the 
one next succeeding him in rank took his 
place, until six in all were laid side by side, 
waiting the stretcher-bearers. But a shell 
dropped beside them, and Corporal Wood was 
one of those called on to make the supremo 
sacrifice. He was then 27 years of age. 

In one are all. We loved them ; we wei-e 
By virtue of their valour; and we knew 
That It their voice were silenced in mid- 
We must tal-o up the broken tune, sing 

March to Ihc load'H end, suffer and 
Howsoo'er the road were long. 



2nd Eotal Scots Fusiliers. 
1916. July 2 (SuND.^y). 

Private James Thomas Aitken, 2nd Batt. 
E.S.F., was reported missing at Somme, on 
2nd July, 1916, and presumed killed on that 
date. Aged 32 years. He was married, and 
leaves a widow and two children (one boy and 
one girl), who reside at Penicuik. His 
parents reside at Hall Street, Walkerburn. 
He enlisted from Walkerburn in December, 
1914, and was wounded and home on leave in 
November, 1915. He was employed with H. 
Ballantyne & Sons, Tweedholm Mills, Walker- 
burn, at the time of enlistment. 

The battle was raging on the Somme front. 
On this day the British captured Fricourt, 
and on the following day Serre. 

God of the golden days, 
God of the sunlit ways, 
God of the victor's bays. 
Pray for me. 

God of the laughing heart, 
God of light loves that part, 
God of the arrow's dart, 
Pray for me. 

God of tlie heart that sings, 
God of the s\\allow's wings, 
God of the "little things," 
Pray for me. 

God of the darkening days, 
God of the rain-drenched ways, 
God of the victim's bays. 
Pray for me. 

God of the eyes that weep 
And endless vigil keep, 
God of tired hearts that skop. 
Pray for me. 


King's Own Scottish Bordebiies. 
1916. Missing aftee Jult 12. 
Mr Harry Humo, 66 Tweedside Cottages, 
Walkorbiirn, received official intimation from 
Ihe War Ollico of the death in action of his 
Kon, I,ance-Corpo)'al George Hun\e, K.O.S.B. 
lie was 32 years of age, and was an old Terri- 
torial, rejoining at the outbreak of war, and 

l*uiVATE William Weir, 

PfiiVATE James T. Aitken, 




Lance-Coepoeal George Hume, 

I.OK.-lJwKl'OHAL (1. Jjl^NN, 

SV.RCiEAXT :i).VVil) .iolINSTdX, 

Lci?.-Coiu'oi!AL Thomai- 1!i im'i; \i\i, 

Sl:HOKANT (ilajKOK liKHlKA.M, 

i'mv.vTE William Bare, 
Skirling and West Linton, 

I'lavA'i'E John A. Walker, 

Pbivate To3i Wypee, 

PiiivATE Alexander D. G. Laurie, 

AtJSTi^ALiA a:5Jd Stobo. 

PiiivArE John Hume, 

Lii-:rT. OscAK 1'rank Morditz, 

L:(r,ii'(.'iiAr, Jfsi'.i'ii W . 1;uiiajiu;>i).n, 

liCE/Oli. Mai.ciii.m iiii'iii i: 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


left with his battalion in May, 1915, for Galli- 
poli. He was reported missing after the 
great charge of the K.O.S.B. on the 12th July, 
1916. He was employed with Gibson & Lum- 
gair at Selkirk. He was a very talented vocal- 
ist, and his services were in much demand, 
both in Selkirk and also in the place of his 

The long continued Battle of the Somme 
was raging yet. On this day the British com- 
pleted the capture of Mametz Wood. 

Sleep soft, dead! sweet dreamless quiet 
enfolding i 
Let not our sorrow on yoxir slumber 
We shall keep vigil, still in honour holding 
This land, made holier to us, for your 



12th Royal Scots. 
1916. Friday, Jtjly 14. 

Lance-Corporal G. Lunn was killed in ac+uion 
in France at the Battle of the Somme on July 
14, 1916. He was 28 years of age, and enlisted 
very early in the war, and went to Franrie in 
May, 1915. He was home on leave for a week 
in February, 1916. He was a tuner in Tweed- 
holm Mill, but for a few weeks thereafter he 
was employed in the N.B. Station at Edinburgh. 
His body was buried in Caterpillar Valley be- 
tween Montauban and Longueval. 

It was on July 14 that the British attacked 
the German second line of defences between the 
Somme and the Ancre. The British broke 
through on a front of four miles. Four men 
from Walkerburn and Traquair fell on the fatal 
14th in this dreadful battle. 

Whoever sinned in this, it was not he. 
While warriors of the tongue defiled our name, 
His was no casual service, nor shall be 
A casual fame. 

To-day let all philosophies be dumb, 
And every ardour pause a moment thus, 
To say of him, who back from deatli will come, 
" He died for us." 

Not lonely, and unnamed, battalioned deep 
With you are gliostly multitudes, who tell 
Nothing, nor claim. Together to your sleep 
Pass, and farewell ! 


(Manob and Traquaib) 

Royal Scots. 
1916. July 14. 

Mr and Mrs Bertram, who resided on the 
estate of Hallyards, in the beautiful valley of 
Manor, sent forth to the war five gallant sons — 
Robert, William, John, Harry, and George; 
also a son-in-law. Of this heroic band Sergeant 
George Bertram was the first tO' give his life 
for King and country. His employment was 
that of his father, he being employed as a gar- 
dener at the Glen at Traquair. He enlisted 
shortly after the outbreak of war, and rose to 
the rank of sergeant. He was killed in action 
on Friday, the 14th July, 1916, aged 23, at 

On that day the Britisih attack on the second 
line of the German system of defences began at 
dawn between the Somme and the Ancre. By 
ten o'clock Sir Douglas Haig was able to send 
the excellent news that our troops had broken 
into the hostile positions on a front of four 
miles, and had captured several strongly forti- 
fied positions. The furious fighting continued 
all day, as a result of which we steadily in- 
creased our gains, and at night were in possies- 
sion of the enemy's second position from 
Bazentin-le-Petit village to Longueval and the 
whole of Trones Wood. On the following day 
we penetrated at one point into the enemy's 
third line, and had also captured Delville 
Wood. It was in this prolonged and furious 
fighting that Sergeant George Bertram fell. 

Sergeant-Major Robert Bertram, the eldest 
son, of the 11th Battalion Argyll and Suther- 
land Highlanders, was in June awarded the 
Distinguished Conduct Medal for general brav- 
ery in the field. Before that he was Ctolour- 
Sergeant in Stirling Castle. He gained two 
medals for the South African War, and also 
obtained the Coronation Medal and Good Con- 
duct awards. Of the other brothers, William 
was in the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, 
and wag the next of the gallant family t-o fall ; 
he was then in the Black watch. John was in 
the Royal Flying Corps; Harry was a Govern- 
ment farrier at Bo'ne&s; and a son-in-law 
(Smith) was in the Mechanical Transport of the 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

AiTny Service Corps. His brother William fell 
on February 2, 1917. 

For right he battled ; in our fight falling — 

Finding ua force from ourselves to save — 
Now stilled be tumult ; let reason hearken 
To mercy's voice; nor old shadows darken 

The light that breaks from yon nameless 
grave — 

Listen ! The Reveil of Peace is calling. 


EoTAL Scots. 
1916. July 14. 

Died in Hospital on Friday, the 14th July, 
1916, of wounds received in action. Sergeant 
David Johnston, Eoyal Scots, eldest son of 
William Johnston, Tweedside Cottages, 
Walkerburn, and beloved husband of Annie 
Maule, Victoria Buildings, Walkerburn. 

Mrs Johnston received official notification 
of the death of her husband, Sergeant David 
Johnston, Eoyal Scots, from wounds, in the 
General Hospital Boulogne. He was severely 
wounded in the head on the 7th July. Prior 
to the war he was a woolsorter in Tweedvale 
Mills. He went to France with his regiment 
in May, 1915, and was in all the engagements 
in which his regiment took part until July 
7th, 1916, when he was wounded in the Battle 
of the Somme. He died in 13th General Hos- 
pital, Boulogne, on July 14th, 1916. 

On this day the British broke in upon the 
German second line on a front of four miles, 
from Bazentin-le-Petit to Longueval and all 
Trones Wood. 

Where honour leads we'll follow, 

When duty bids we'll die; 
Dear Britain, Mother Britain, 

Our watchword and reply. 
Dear Britain, Motlier Britain, 

Whatever skies beneath. 
Our glory and our gladness 

To serve thee to the death. 

The flag that floats above us 

Sheltered our sires of old, 
The prayers of those who love us 

Are wrought in every fold ; 
Where honour leads we'll follow, 

Where duly bids we'll die. 
Dear Britain, Mother Britain, 

Our watchword and reply. 



13th Royal Scots. 
1916. July 14. 

For some months it had been reported that 
Lance-Corporal Thomas Bertram, of the 12th 
Battalion Royal Scots, was missing, but no 
confirmation was to be had for a long time. 
Finally it was notified officially that he had 
fallen on Friday, the 14th July, 1916. He was 
twenty-seven years of age, and was the son of 
Mr and Mrs Bertram, East End, Walkerburn. 
Previous to enlistment he was a woolsorter in 
Tweedholm Mill. He was well known as an 
enthusiastic Rugby football player, and was a 
member of the Walkerburn Club. He was 
likewise a keen and successful angler in the 
fine stretches of the TAveed that flow past the 
village. He was a grandson of the late 
Thomas Bertram, who was for 45 years shep- 
herd at Cairnmuir, West Linton. He joined 
Kitchener's Army shortly after the outbreak 
of war, and went to France early in 1915. He 
was home on furlough not very long before 
he was missing. He had a brother also in 
France in the l/8th Royal Scots. 

On the day that was to be fatal to him, the 
British attack on the second line of the Ger- 
man system of defences, between the Somme 
and Ancre began at dawn. By ten o'clock Sir 
Douglas Haig sent word that our troops had 
broken into the enemy's position on a front of 
four miles, and had captured several strongly 
defended localities. The fighting continued 
furiously the whole day, and as a result we 
were at night in possession of the enemy's 
second position from Bazentin-le-Petit village 
to Longueval, and the whole of Trones Wood. 
It was at Longueval, Somme, that Thomas 
Bertram fell, another of the scores of Walker- 
burn men who gave themselves that we might 

How many women in how many lands — 
Almost I weep for them as for mine own — 
That wait beside the desolate hearthstone. 
Always before the embattled army stands 
The horde of women like a phantom wall, 
Barring the way with desperate, futile hand*, 
The first charge tramplea them, the firei of all. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



(Skieling and West Linton) 


1916. JuLT 1546 (Satubdat oe Sunday). 

News came on the 22nd July, 1916, that one 
of Skirling 's lads, William Barr by name, had 
made the supreme sacrifice. He was killed 
by shell fire in France doing his bit, fighting 
for the cause of righteousness. Private Barr, 
who was working in Lanarkshire previous to 
enlisting, joined the Argyll & Sutherland 
Highlanders shortly before the outbreak of 
war. His parents are comforted by the know- 
ledge that he had faithfully done his duty 
from the day he joined. He was buried where 
he fell, in the little graveyard of a simple 
mining village. " Greater love hath no man 
than this, that a man lay down his life for 
his friends," were the words read at his 
burial service. 

" It was my sad duty yesterday to officiate 
at the burial of your son. Private William 
Barr. He had been killed by the explosion 
of a shell between Saturday night and Sun- 
day morning. He was at work in the front 
line. Things had been getting pretty hot, 
and the sergeant had just suggested that 
they had better get to their dugout when 
the shell arrived and killed three outright, 
wounding other two, of whom one has since 
died. I cannot tell you with what feelings I 
stood by the open graves. It is all too 
awful; the sacrifice seems so great. But 
there remains to us the joy of their service, 
and the privilege of their death. When 
you come to think of it it is a great privi- 
lege and honour — "Greater love hath no man 
than this " — they were the words of Christ. 
I repeated them over your son's grave, and 
~God has thought your boy worthy of some- 
thing of the same sacrifice as Christ. 
It is comforting also to know that he went 
out in company with his friends. What a 
joyous awakening it would be for all of 
them. We prayed for you that when the 
cloud descended, as we knew it must, that 
He wordd be the Light in your darkness and 
help you to understand what it all means. 
We gave thanks that your boy had heard 
and answered the Call of Duty in the hour 
of the national danger, and prayed that it 
would be counted unto him for righteous- 
ness. He lies in a beautifully simple ceme- 

tery, not far from where he fell. Some day 
I shall be able to tell you where exactly it 
is. But we have left him in God's care, in 
Whose keeping he is safe." 

" I have the honour of commanding the 
company to which your brave boy belonged, 
and please accept my deepest sympathy in 
your great loss. Your son, from the day he 
joined, did his duty like a man, and now he 
has made the great sacrifice in this terrible 
war for Right against Might. In this the 
hour of your extreme sorrow, I sincerely 
trust that you may be comforted by the 
knowledge that your son was ever a good 
and brave soldier, and a good comrade, and 
that he bravely met his death facing his 
country's enemies. It was men of the type 
of your son who have made and upheld the 
splendid name and reputation of this regi- 
ment and otlier Highland and Scottish regi- 
ments, and so his name has now been added 
to the Roll of Honour. Assuring you of 
the deepest sympathy of all ranks of this 
Battalion, — I remain yours very sincerely, 
— Geoegb Gunn, Lieutenant-Colonel. 

Humbly, Scotland, we offer what is of 
little worth. 
Just our bodies and souls and everything 
else we have; 

But thou with thy holy cause wilt hallow 
our common earth, 
Giving us strength in the battle— and 
peace, if need, in the grave. 


8th Seafoeth Highlanders. 
1916. JxiLT 19 (Wednesday). 
Tom Wyper was one of those brave country 
lads who enlisted at the very beginning of 
the war, in August, 1914. He joined the 8th 
Seaforth Highlanders. He was aged twenty- 
three. One letter only was received from 
him. In a letter received from the chaplain 
it was stated that he was killed instantane- 
ously by the explosion of a shell. 

" The battalion has suffered severe casual- 
ties during the past week through more than 
usual bombardment of the trenches, and 
among several who fell was your son. His 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

loss is more keenly felt because ot his long 
association with the battalion, combined 
with his fine soldier-like qualities. He was 
among the bravest, and never flinched in 
the face of danger. Alas, I never see a 
young promising life like his cut short at 
the threshold of its promise without think- 
ing of the greater and more lasting sorrow 
of those at home. May the remembrance of 
the Christian Hope help to sustain you in 
the dark hour. Our sympathy goes out to 
you in your irreparable loss of such a gal- 
lant son. There is so little one can say save 
the bare facts." 

Another son, Willie, was missing on April 
10th, 1918. There was also another son who 
enlisted in September, 1914. He was in 
France and then in Salonika, and was in the 
fighting from start to finish ; he had nothing 
worse than a slight wound, and won through 
in the end. Of Tom, them is no photograph 
to be had. 

Lord, if there come the end, 
Let me find space and breath, all the 
dearest I prize 
Into Thy haud.s to commend; 
Then let me go, with my boy's laughing 

Smiling a word to a friend. 




1916. July 20. 
" I take the liberty of writing to you to 
inform you (in case you have not yet re- 
ceived official notice) of the death of youi' 
son John, who was killed in the advance on 
Thursday, the 20th July, 1916. He was 
struck in the head by a piece of shrapnel, 
and died in about three minutes, as we 
were taking shells to the guns. He had no 
suffering. I may say that all in the battery 
bend you their sincerest sympathy in your 
trouble, as ho was very much liked and re- 
spected by all. He was equally well liked 
by all the officers and men who were with 
liim on the gun, and I can assure you that 
your sad loss is ours as well, especially as 
to myself, having wrought beside him in 
Forth, and I learned to like him very much. 

He fell doing his duty courageously, and all 
the battery feel his loss very much." 

John Walker volunteered on the 11th Sep- 
tember, 1914, and was thus one of those gal- 
lant lads who came forward at the very begin- 
ning. He attained the age of fourteen years 
only on the 24th September of that year. He 
enlisted in the Scots Greys, and after a year's 
training at Knavesmyre, York, he transfer- 
red to the 7th Seaforth Highlanders at the 
end of June, 1915. He arrived " somewhere 
in France " on the 12th of August, 1915. He 
went through the dreadful Battle of Loos, and 
imniediately after that battle he said that he 
knew what it was to go over the top and face 
the Germans. '" Of course he never told ns 
anything, and the censor never required to 
obliterate a single word. He joined the 
trench mortar battery in the beginning of 
November, 1915, on which he served until he 
was killed by the bursting of a shell, when 
going forward to a new position at Longueval, 
Delville Wood. The date was not very cer- 
tain, as you will see by the letters from his 
officer and comrades. We received a field 
card written on tlie morning of his death, at 
least, it was dated one ot these dates. He 
never wrote a letter home but he put in that 
he was in the best of health and spirits, and 
he never made any complaints. George 
Hardy, who wrote one of these letters died of 
wounds in hospital in England, about the be- 
ginning of November of the same year, 1916." 
I may mention that his brother, Adam, volun- 
teered into the Cameron Highlanders on the 
5th December, 1914, and was discharged 
through bad knees in February, 1915. Then 
he volunteered for the Motor Transport, but 
was not accepted. He volunteered next for 
the Red Cross Motor Transport, and was with 
it in Fi-ance until February. He gave up a 
good situation with the late Lord Dewar, and 
is now out of employment. 

Oh happy! Generations have lived and died 
And only dreamed such things as we have 
.seen and known ! 
Splendour of uicn, death laughed at, death 
Round I he great world on the winds is 
their tale blown; 
Whatever pass, these ever shall abide: 
In memory's Valhalla, an imperishable 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 




30th Battalio.v, Australian Imperial Force. 
191G. July 19-20. 
He enlisted on the 5tli of August, 1915; he 
landed in France in June, 1916. He was kill- 
ed in action at Fleur-Baise, July 19-20, 1916 
(Wednesday-Thursday). He was the third 
and youngest son of Joseph E. Laurie of 
Invergorden, New South Wales; grandson of 
Alexander Laurie of Bonny Boon ; and great- 
grandson of the original Joseph Laurie. He 
was aged twenty-three. Thus briefly may be 
expressed the short but gallant record of this 
Australian lad's life history. He was one of 
the one score and six patriotic descendants of 
the patriarch, Joseph Laurie, who emi- 
grated from Stcho in Tweeddale to Australia, 
and became the head of a large and wealthy 
clan. This was one of the six who gave his 
life for the Empire. 

Lord, if it be Thy will 
That I enter the great shadowed valley 
that lies 
Silent just over the hill, 
Grant they may say, " There's a comrade 
that dies 
Waving his hand to us still." 


Black Watch. 
1916. July 22 (Saturday). 
Private John Hume, an Innerleithen lad, 
was reported as having died of wounds re- 
ceived in the Big Push in France. Mrs 
Walter Hume, his already bereaved mother, 
received a telegram on July 21 from the Black 
Watch Headquarters in Perth, stating that 
her son, John, had been seriously wounded. 
The intimation had been sent on from a clear- 
ing hospital at the front in France. A fur- 
ther telegram was received, intimating the 
death of Private Hume, but no particulars 
were given. Private John Hume, whose 
brother, Eobert, of the 9th Royal Scots, was 
killed less than a year previously, on the 3rd 
of May, 1916, was a son of Piper Hume, Eoyal 
Scots. He himself had been a playing mem- 

ber in St Ronau's Silver Band, and was em- 
ployed, previous to enlistment, in St Eonan's 

" Whom the gods loved they gave in youth's 

first flower 
One infinite hour of glory. That same hour. 
Before a leaf droops from the laurel, come 
Winged Death and Skep to bear the hero 



Royal ScOTg. 
1916. July 26 (Wednesdat). 
Private Shaw, who belonged to Walker- 
burn, ill writing to his friends there, reported 
that Acting-Sergeant Joseph Richardson had 
been killed by the bursting of a shell, which 
buried him in the trench in which he had 
been standing. Mrs Richardson later received 
word from the chaplain, which confirmed the 
sad intelligence. Corporal Richardson be- 
longed to Innerleithen, and had been a mem- 
ber of the Territorial Company. He rejoined 
the Eoyal Scots on the outbreak of the war, 
and went to France along with the local com- 
pany. Later he was transferred to another 
battalion of the Royal Scots. Going to France 
in November, 1914, he took part in a number 
of engagements, and was mentioned in 
despatches for bringing in his commanding 
officer, when wounded, to the Dressing 
Station. He would be much missed by his 
comrades, as he was of a very amiable disposi- 
tion, and a general favourite with those who 
knew him. His brother. Sapper E. W. Rich- 
ardson, was fated to fall on March 30, 1918. 
Corporal Richardson had been the companion 
of Private Shaw since his transference. As a 
civilian he worked as a yarn spinner in St 
Eonan's Mill. He was married. 

■■ I feel it my duty to write to you to ex- 
press my deep sympathy with you in your 
recent great loss. Your husband came out 
with me when I biouglit the company out 
well nigh two years ago now, and though 
when he met his death he was with a sister 
battalion, I know that he died as a gallant 
soldier and man. In fact, I gather that he 
gave his life in trying to save another. He 
received Christian burial out in front of the 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

lines, one of our chaplains officiating. As 
an N.C.O. he was of much assistance to me 
in tlie management of the company, and I 
.deeply regretted liis transfer to another 
unit. All miss him, oIFicers and men alilve, 
and unite in offering you their sympathy. 
His death was instantaneous, so it may be 
some consolation to you to know that his 
end was painless." 

Corporal J. Bichardson, 

7th Division, 8th Royal Scots. 

Your CO. and Brigade Commander have 
informed me that you have distinguished 
yourself by conspicuous bravery in the field 
on 16th May, 1915. I have read their re- 
ports, and have forwarded tliem to higher 
authority for recognition. Promotion and 
decorations cannot be given in every case, 
but I should like you to know that your gal- 
lant action is recognised, and how greatly 
it is appreciated. 

;Major-Goneral, commanding 7th Div. 

27th May, 1915. 

France, 1st August, 1916. 
" You will probably have heard already 
that your husband. Corporal Richardson, 
8th Royal Scots, was killed in the trenches 
on July 26th. He was attached to the 9tli 
R.S. when he was killed, and we have only 
to-day learned definitely of his death. He 
was buried near the place where he fell, by 
our senior chaplain. Major Sinclair, and the 
e.xact location of his grave will probably be 
intimated to you by the War Office in due 
course. I have only been chaplain to the 
8th R.S. for four weeks, and did not have 
the opportunity of raaldng your husband's 
acquaintance. But I know from what I 
hear of him, from liis officers and comrades, 
what a good soldier he was, and how faith- 
fully he did his duty. On my own behalf, 
and on behalf of the whole battalion, I wish 
to say how deeply we sympathise with you 
in your bereavement. Your husband will 
be sadly missed by all his comrades, but by 
you most of all. We think of you and pray 
that God may comfort you." 

" Death stands above me, whispering low 
I know not what into my ear; 
Of his strange language all I know 
Ifl, there is not a word of fear." 



Machine Gun Corps. 
1916. July 27 (Thxjrsdat). 
Second Lieutenant Moritz, the Machine Gun 
Corps, was born on March 21st, 1885. He was 
the fifth son of the late H. Moritz, Highgate, 
London, and was educated at Sherborne. He 
was called to the Bar (Middle Temple), but 
forsook the law for farming at Elibank. He 
joined the R.A.M.C. on the 5th September, 
1914, at the very beginning of the war, and 
soon obtained a commission in the Border 
Regiment, translerring thence to the Machine 
Gun Corps. He went to France in April, 191C, 
and saw much fighting on Vimy Ridge. He 
was reported wounded and missing after tiie 
heavy fighting at Delville Wood on Thursday, 
July 27th, 1916, when his section of the 
Machine Gun Corps lost every officer, killed or 
wounded. His body was recovered and buried 
some seven weeks later by an old schoolfellow. 
From the lath July there had been continuous 
fierce fighting at Delville Wood, the British 
had completed the capture of Ovillors, but on 
the 18th the German counter attacks on Del- 
ville Wood and Longueval had been partially 
successful. On the 20th there was a British 
success at High Wood, and by the 25th they 
had completed the capture of Pozieres. On 
July 27, the day on which Lieut. Moritz fell, 
and the day following, tlie British completed 
the capture of Delville Wood. 

" Yet men have we, whom we revere, . . . 
Whose lives, by many a battle-dint 
Defaced, and grinding wheels on tlint, 
Yield substance, though they sing not sweet 
For song our highest heaven to greet . . . 
Wherefore their soul in me or mine, 
Through self-forgetfulness divine, 
In them, that song aloft maintains." 


Royal Fusiliers 
1916. Jui,Y 27. 
Word was received by Mrs Riddell, Inner- 
leithen, that lier son, Lance-Corporal L'iddoll, 
of the Royal Fusiliers, was reported wounded 
and missing on Thursday, the 27th of July, 
1916, and must now be presumed dead. He 
was born at Lcithen Lodge, and was aged 34. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


He left the town about the year 1900, and had 
been employed as a gamekeeper in seveial 
places. Latterly he was at Cnrnock House, 
Larbert. He leaves a widow and iive chil- 
dren. Two brothers were in the Eoyal Scots, 
Cliarles and George, the former having been 
wounded, b\it later, able to proceed to India. 
Heavy fighting had been continuous from the 
1st of July, on a 25 mile front north and south 
of the Somme. The British had won ground 
at Thiepval, and made two successful raids on 
the Loos salient. There was much fighting at 
Ovillers, and the British penetrated Troues 
Wood. On the 12th July the British gained 
Mametz Wood, and on the 14th captured 
Longueval and Bazentin-le-Petit, and the 
whole of Trones Wood, thus ending the first 
phase of the Battle of the Somme. On the 
15th they captured Delville Wood, and on the 
ITtli they stormed and captured the German 
second line positions. The struggle on Longue- 
val and Delville Wood continued for the fol- 
lowing days, and on the 22nd the British 
attacked along the whole front from Pozieres 
to Guillemont. On the 23rd July the second 
phase of the battle began, and on the 26th the 
whole of Pozieres village was in our hands, 
and the British advanced towards Hill 160. 
On the 27th we had fresh gains at Delville 
Wood, and the fighting continued at Longue- 
val. On the 28th the whole of Delville Wood 
and Longueval were captured. 

" Beyond our life how far 
Soars his new life through radiant orb and 

While we in impotency of the night 
Walk dumbly, and the _path is hard, and 

Fails, and for sun and moon the single star 
Honour is left alone." 



Royal Scots Fusiliers. 

1916. Sunday, July 30. 

Mrs Stewart, Ballantyne's Buildings, 

Yvalkerburn, received intimation that her son, 

Alexander, had been missing since the 30th 

of July, 1916. He enlisted in March, 1916, 

and proceeded to France about the middle of 

June. Previous to joining up he was employ- 
ed in the pattern department of Tweedvale 
Mills. He was aged twenty when he fell. On 
the 29th July there had been hand to hand 
struggles north and north-east of Pozieres 
and High Wood. Two German attempts to 
recapture Delville Wood failed. On Sunday, 
the 30th, there was a combined Allied advance 
3!orth of the Somme, from Delville Wood to 
the river. The British made progress east of 
Waterlot farm and Trones Wood. This was 
the day when Private Stewart fell. 

" Solemn the drums thrill: Death august and 
Sings sorrow up into immortal spheres. 
There is music in the midst of desolation 
And a glory that shines upon our tears." 


15th Eoyal Scots. 

1916. -VUGUST 4. 

Mr and Mrs John Laidlaw, School Brae, 
Eddleston, received intimation from the War 
Office that their only son. Private William 
Laidlaw, Royal Scots, who was posted as miss- 
ing on the 4th of August, 1916, had died on 
that date (or since). Private Laidlaw (who 
was 23 years of age on the date mentioned), 
served his apprenticeship as an ironmonger 
with Messrs Scott Brothers, High Street, 
Peebles, afterwards going to Fort William, 
where he enlisted a year after into the Eoyal 
Scots. He was only six weeks in France when 
he was posted as missing. Private Laidlaw 
was a grandson of the late Mr John Laidlaw, 
butcher, Peebles. 

On the first four days of August there were 
frequent attacks by the Germans north of 
Bazentin-le-Petit, and on the High Wood the 
German attack failed also. On the 2nd the 
Gei'mans were again repulsed from Delville 
Wood, and on the 3rd the British gained 
ground west of Pozieres. On Friday, the 4th, 
when Willie Laidlaw fell (his 23rd birthday), 
the British gained the German second line 
system on a front of 200 yards north of 
Pozieres, and several hundred prisoners. And 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

on tlie Gtli of August the British made pro- 
gress towards ^lartinpuich. 

'' Light -Has my soal and my feet urged me on, 
On through the gray that cloaked the dis- 
tant flame; 

And all was brilliant with that blazing light 
Which dazzled me and filled my eyes with 

Till I was blinded and fell fainting down. 
Then cleared the clouds, and there was no 
more mist." 


(Newlands and Kikkued) 
8th Royal Scots. 

1916. AfGTJST 14. 

Died at Leicester Read Hospital, Man- 
chester, on Monday the 14th August, of 
wounds received ou the 1st of August, 1916, 
['rivate David Henderson Welsh, of tlie Royal 
Scots, aged 22 years, eldest son of James 
Welsh, Blyth Bridge, Dolphinton. 

He was another of those gallant lads who 
have made the supreiue sacrifice on behalf of 
truth and righteousness. He was one of the 
Territorials before the outbreak of war. He 
'.vent out to France with his battalion in the 
early days of the struggle (mobilised Aug. 1-1, 
1914), and had thus been nearly 2 years in 
the trenches, where he was a great favourite 
on account of his bright cheery and obliging 
disposition. He was wounded on the 1st of 
August, and after treatment was brought over 
to this country and taken to Leicester Road 
Hospital, where, notuithstanding the unre- 
laitting care of i!ie doctors and nurses, he 
passed away. He was a joiner to trade, and 
served his apprenticeship with the late Mr 
Ihomas Grieve. He was 22 years of age, and 
was a quiet steady lad. The esteem and re- 
spect in which he was held was manifested at 
the large attendance at his- funeral, which 
took place from the house of his parents to 
Newlands Churchyard. A party of Royal 
Scots was present at the grave, where also a 
1 ugler sounded the Last Post. 

Private David IL Welsh vras an original 
l/8th lioyal Scot, having joined the Terri- 
tcrial Force in the spring of 1914 On mohil- 
iaation liis b<itta)ion wont to Haddington, and 
proceeded to France early in November. Only 

those early campaigners themselves know the 
great hardships of maid and weather of the 
first winter in France, but David Welsh never 
complained. He was home on leave in Decem- 
ber, 1915, and despite all the hardships en- 
dured, and the loss of many a comrade, he 
was eager to be back again with his chums. 
He saw much heavy fighting again in the fol- 
lowing year, and at the beginning of August, 
when the 8tli B.S., being on their pioneer 
work to the Slst Division, were very heavily 
slielled, and lost many brave fighters, he re- 
ceived sore wounds from which he died in 
hospital in Manchester on the 14th of that 
month. His comrades tell that his native 
cheeifulness never left him, and when they 
laid him on a stretcher and bore him from 
the field, he smiled and belittled his wounds. 
One of the cheeriest lads that fought in 
France, he rose, and wrote, above the most 
depressing conditions. The features of his 
letters were brigJituess and intimate descrip- 
tions of the country, conditions and customs. 
He dearly loved the hills of Peeblesshire, and 
several times in letters to his minister he 
spoke of seeing, wherever he went, nothing to 
compare to his native glens. And he lies m 
the glen at Newlands— a cheery soul— open, 
kindly, brave and true. He was the elder son 
of ]Mr James Welsh, Blyth Bridge, and was a 
joiner with Mr Grieve there before the war. 


In Kirkurd U.F. Church on Sunday, August 
20, 1916, the Rev. D. C. Wiseman, M.A., after 
preaching on " The Saving Power of Hope," 
fro7ii Romans vii., 24, said: — "I have been 
led to preach on hope to-day, because that I 
have been led to believe with Job of old, that 
' there is hope of a tree if it be cut down that 
it will sprout again, and that the tender 
branch thereof will not cease,' because I be- 
lieve our Lord, when in the house of mourn- 
ing for a young girl dead, I hear him .say— 
' The damsel is not dead but sleepeth.' There 
is hope for one cut down if he believe in 
Christ that he will rise again. For Christ 
liath abolished death. For it, to those that 
believe in Him, He hath given a sleep, and 
iiirough that sleep of death He hath led the 
•way into newness of life. ' .\s Jesus Christ 
(lied and rose again, even so them also which 
sleep in Jesus will Ood bring with Him.' Men 
may live for Jesus, or they may die for Him, 

Private Alexander Stfaw Stewart, 


I'rivate David JI. Welsh, 
Newlands and Ktrkurd. 

Private William Laidlaw, 

Private John ftfACDONALD, 

SvB-LiETJT. Alexander D. Gibson Tarmichael, 
Skirling and Kirkued. 



I'llIVATK ('iiAIILKH M ' 1 . \( II I. A > 


I'llIVATK John lilTCHlE, 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


or they may do both. This last is out ideal. 
They that do so are the saints and martyrs. 
They share His throne. Some to-day are dying 
well that, measured by the common moral 
standards, did not live well. 'Tis not ours to 
know how it shall "be witli them; we are not 
told, and we may not judge. Colonel .Tohn 
Hay gives the type in his roiigh " Jim 
Bludso," and his judgment does seem fair — 

He seen his duty, a dead-sure thing, 
And went for it there and then ; 

And Christ aint a-going to be too hard 
On a man that died for men. 

We do not know. At best that is only nega- 
tive. Here is something positive; we do know 
how it will be with those that lived in the 
faith of Christ, and died in the work of God. 
They, waking from the sleep of death, shall 
hear their Captain say — 'Well done, good and 
faithful servant. Enter thou into the joy of 
thy Lord.' We believe it to be so with him 
we mourn to-day. The first member of our 
congregation here, slain on our behalf, David 
H. Welsh sleeps in his native parish after 
nearly two years of warfare in the blood- 
.■^oaked fields of France. His country needed 
him, and with his comrades, he went willing- 
ly. He bore the terrible hardships uncom- 
plainingly. He was a cheery companion and 
true. He fought bravely; and, wounded sore 
in chest and back, after a fortnight's cheerful 
endurance of mortal pain, he died gloriously. 
We honour his name. Folk in these parts 
shall ever revere his memory. He is listed 
with those who died to save the world from 
the shame and sorrow of the Prussian yoke. 
We in this church specially own him. Few 
young men attended more regularly than he. 
Indeed, he was. always in his place in the 
well-filled family pew. Professing his faith 
in Christ in May, three years ago — those quiet 
days that seem so far away — he took his seat 
at the Table of the Lord, and we are confi- 
dent that wherever the Master's cause needed 
support in the two past years of enduranca 
and endeavour, he was alivays quietly on his 
Master's side.>; Many wreaths were laid ou 
his bier on Thursday. To his memory we lay 
this tribute down. It is fitting too that we 
should mention here, not another member but 
a member's son. Just such another as Dave 
Welsh was Willie Chalmers. His parents 
Icsing touch with him last year in Gallipoli, 
in July, after many anxious months, when 

hope a thousand times did bloom and fade, 
have recently been told that they must count 
him dead. He sleeps, there seems no doubt, 
in an unknown grave, far from home. But 
he has been rewarded by the same Master, he 
has heard the same ' Well done.' We honour 
his name too. A quiet, bright, most lovable 
lad, most of lis knew him but slightly, but 
those who kiievf him best know that he was of 
that illustrioiis company who both lived well 
and nobly died. There is hope for such as 
these — cut down — that they shall sprout again. 
The tender branch of their life has not 
ceased. The lads are not dead, but sleep until 
He como again whom they served and fol- 
lowed, and receive them unto Himself that 
where He is there they may be also. Our sin- 
cere sympathy goes out to his parents and 
their family. We believe that they too have 
their reward. God is on their side." 

To the God in man displayed — 

Where'er we see that birth, 
Be love and understanding paid 

As never yet on earth. 
To the Spirit that moves in man, 

On Whom all worlds depend, 
Be glory since our world began 

And service to the end. 



2nd Eotal Scots. 
1916. August 18. 

Private John Macdonald, 2nd Eoyal Scots, 
joined up at Hamilton in 1816. He went to 
France shortly thereafter, and was there only 
for six weeks when he was killed at Guille- 
mont, near Albert, on the 18th August, 1916. 
Before enlistment John Macdonald was em- 
ployed as a chauffeur with Sir Duncan Hay at 
Peebles. In fact he had been connected with 
that family since he was seventeen years of 
age. His age was twenty-seven when he fell. 
He was the eldest son of the late Alexander 
I\Iacdouald, who was for upwards of thirty 
years engine fireman at Inverness, who died 
just three months before his son John. 

On Friday, the 18th, when Macdonald fell, 
the British were attacking along a front of 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

eleven miles between Tliiepval and Giiille- 
mont, when lliey cnptiirecl important posi- 

" Tliey won the greater battle, when each soul 

Lay naked to tlie needless wreck of Mars ; 

Yet, splendid in perfection, faced the goal 

Beyond the sweeping army of the stars."' 


(Skieling and Kiektihd) 
H.M.S. Princess Royal, also Subjiarikes. 

1916. Friday, August 18. 
Sub-Lieutenant Alexander David Gibson 
Carmichael, R.N., killed in a submarine, was 
the nephew of Lord Carmichael, Governor of 
Bengal, and formerly M.P. for Midlothian. 
He was born on February 10, 1894, the only 
son of Mr John Murray Gibson-Carmichael, 
Blairgowrie, Fleet, Hampshire, younger sur- 
viving son of the late Eev. Sir William Gib- 
son Carmichael, tenth Baronet, and heir pre- 
sumptive to the baronetcy, as his brother, 
Lord Carmichael, has no issue. The 
heir to tins baronetcy, created 1702, is now 
Sir Henry Gibson-Craig, fifth Baronet of Ric- 
carton. Though born in North Berwick, he 
spent much of his boyliood at Kirkurd, after 
the early death of his mother. There are 
many who recall the bright-faced spirited boy, 
who, after the example of one of his grand- 
uncles, chose as his profession the Royal 
Navy, in which he attained the rank of Sub- 
Lieutenant on board H.M.S. Princess Royal. 
Like many another promising young man he 
has yielded up his life in a noble cause, and 
his name has been added to tlie nation's im- 
perishable Roll of Honour. 

Alexander David Gibson Carmichael was 
born at North Berwick on the 10th of Feb- 
ruary, 1895. His father was John Murray, 
son of Sir William Carmichael of Castle Craig 
and Skirling, in the County of Peeblesshire. 
His mother was Amy, daughter of Frodericl. 
Archdale, ot Baldock, Herts. At the age of 
two, Sandy, as he came to be known by all 
bis friends, went willi his mother to Iowa, in 
.America, to join his father, who had at that time 
settled there. In 1899, when his mother died, 
Sandy and his two sisters camo back to thi-^ 
country, and spent the early years of their 
lives first at Castle Craig, and I.tIit on al 

i\Ialleny, in Midlothian, with tlieir uncle and 
aunt. It was when lie was about five that he 
made up his mind to go into the Navy, and 
from that time he never swerved from his in- 
tention. Even then he was an intelligent and 
companionable little fellow, very warm-heart- 
ed and affectionate, with unusual individual- 
ity of character, a great appreciation of fun, 
and a slow and humorous way of answering 
questions generally very much to the point. 
He was a sturdy boy with blue ej'es that 
looked steadily at you, and very rosy cheeks. 
He went to school early ; when he was 7^ 
his headmaster, Mr Thomas, writes : — " A. D. 
Gibson Cariuichael came to Cargilfield in 
Sept., 1903, and left (for Osborne) in Dec, 
1907." As a small boy he had even more than 
the average distaste for lessons, and his early 
relations with his masters may be gathered 
from his reply (in his first holidays) to the 
fxuestion— "Which do you like better, Mr A or 
Mr B ?" " Two of A's are worse than three 
of B's!" But the "two's" and "three's," or 
their nudtiples, had the desired effect, and 
Sandy's ability and increasing industry ulti- 
mately landed him in the top form in four 
subjects out of five, and secured his naval 
cadetship. The Osborne age limit in 1907 was 
lower than it is now, and he left school be- 
fore he was 13, too young to have won a place 
in the XI. or XV. He was a cheery, popular 
boy, generally to the fore in any "rag," tak- 
ing the rough with the smooth with the same 
nonchalance. But he left Cargilfield with a 
clean and honourable record, and the school 
is sadly proud to number him among its 124 
who made the great sacrifice. 

He passed his examination into the Navy 
easily, and if anything rather enjoyed it. He 
was very happy at Osborne and Dartmoutli, 
where he found his work more interesting 
than at school. " There is some meaning in 
the mathematics now," he said. They meant 
something connected Avith the ships in which 
ho w'as so much interested. He loved the 
workshops and the practical part of his work, 
especially the engineering. He had the repu- 
tation of taking his work easily, and of not 
exerting himself to the full. The fact was he 
was slow of growing and developing, and 
found it hard (a put forth his full powers. 
He loft Dartmouth in 1912, and joined the 
■ Exuiouth " for his trial trip as n midship- 
iiiOTi ill September, 1912. Tie was appointed 
to tlio " Piincess Royal " on the 14th Novom- 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


ber, 1912, to liis great delight. He was very 
proud of lier, and called her the " Triton 
among the iSIiuno\rs." Sandy was on the 
"Princess Eoyal" at the Battle of Heligoland 
and at the Battle of the Dogger Bant. At 
the latter he was made Acting Sub-Lieutenant 
and put in charge of a gun. Captain Brock, 
who commanded the " Princess Eoyal," and 
who, owing to her behaviour in this battle, 
was promoted to Eear Admiral, writes of 
Sandy : — 

" Alexander Gibson Carmichael served as 
a Midshipman and Acting Sub-Lieutenant 
under my command in the 'Princess Eoyal' 
for upwards of 2J years, including the first 
year of the war He was present at the 
action of Heligoland Bight on May 29th, 

1914, and Dogger Bank on January 21st, 

1915. He was an officer of great promise, 
with every prospect of rising in his profes- 
sion. He entered the Submarine Service 
with my full concurrence, and with the 
hope that it would give him further oppor- 
tunities of meeting the enemy and distin- 
guishing himself. In this he was not dis- 
appointed, and though I deplore his loss 
personally and to the service, I can but feel 
that he died as every British sailor would 
wish to die— in face of the enemy." 

During those 2^- years Sandy saw much and 
developed greatly. He grew into a big fine 
fellow over six feet, with a wide and interest- 
ing outlook on the world. He was still only 
20, but was wonderfully capable for his age, 
and though very modest of his achievements, 
seemed head and shoulders better than most 
boys of his age in capability and experience, 
and yet so gentle and considerate for others. 

When Captain Brock was promoted, most of 
the young officers who had served under him 
were dispersed to other ships. Sandy was ap- 
pointed on the 13th of June, 1915, to the 
" Africa,'' an old fashioned ship, much less 
interesting than the " Princess Royal,'" but 
he had set his heart on going in for submar- 
ines, and he persuaded his superiors to allow 
liim to go up for the necessary examination. 
He was unusually young for this and junior 
to the other officers who went up at the same 
time, but he came out second in the examina- 
tion. He was appointed to Submarine C24 on 
3rd November, 1915, with the " Vulcan " as 
his parent ship. He was not long in 024. He 
wrote to his aunt in December, 1915 — " I have 

had the best Xmas present I have ever had in 
my life, I hav« been appointed to Submarine 
The parent ship of E16 was the " Maid- 

ston," and her base was Harwich. Sandy 
joined E16 on January loth, 1916. She was 
commanded by Lt.-Commander Dufl' Dunbar, 
a brilliant young officer, who had served with 
Sandy and had been a great friend of his on 
the " Princess Royal," and who asked that 
Sandy should serve under him in E16. 
Admiral Brock writes of Lt.-Commander Dufi 
Dunbar, D.S.O. — " He was on the " Princess 
Royal" with me for 2 years, and one of the 
best officers I ever met, such a very nice 
chap." The third officer in the submarine 
was Sub-Lieut. M. G. Cameron, E.N.R. 

E16 had already done good service iir the 
IMediterranean, and had there di-stuiguished her- 
self. Her record is well known, and Sandy was 
full of hope at joining a vessel with such repu- 
tation. He was very happy during those few 
months in E16. Alas ! that they were to be so 
few. In the last letter which was received from 
Sandy before they were called out on their last 
and fatal cruise he enclosed a little photograph 
of himself and the two other officers taken on 
the conning tower of E16. They look full of 
fun and expectation, as :f they were starting off 
on some great adventure, as indeed they were 
— the last great adventure. 

We have very little record of what actually 
happened, but we know that the end came as 
they would have wished it to come — in action 
before the foe, attacking a force infinitely 
greater and more powerful than themselves. 
The following is the official despatch to the 
Admiidlty written by Captaui Bower, himself 
an officer in the same Elotilla : — " Submarines 
E58 and E16 left Harwich at 12.30 p.m. on the 
18th August, 1916, to cruise for two days to the 
North of Heligoland. E38 in the vicinity of 
Lat. 54° 25'N, Long. 7° 42'E, and E16 in Lat. 
54° 17'N, Long. 7° 42'E. E38 reports that E16 
being the faster boat was in sight about seven 
miles ahead at 7 p.m. on the 18th. At 4.20 on 
The 19th when in Lat. 53° 49'N, Long. 4° 49'E, 
five columns of smoke and the funnel tops of 
one cruiser were observed to the N.N.E., ap- 
parently proceeding fast to the S.W. E38 pro- 
ceeded west, but was unable to bring the hull 
above the horizon. At 5 a.m. a Zeppelin was 
seen to the northward steering W. At 6.15 
E38 came to the surface and proceeded. At 7 
p.m. in Lat. 53° 53'N, Long. 4° 50'E the smoke 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

of five cruisers was seen to the westward, ap- 
parently steering northerly. Two large splashes 
were seen close to the smoke of one ship. 
Course was altered to cut them off, but at 8.7 
a.m. they were out of sight to the westward, 
and E38 resumed her course." 

Tlie above is an extract from the despatch 
informing their Lordships that H.M.S. /M.E.16 
liad not returned from her patrol. The infer- 
ence is that the splashes seen by E38 were con- 
nected with an action between E16 and the 
enemy. That is all the official data we have, 
but I liave met two German officers who re- 
membered that — " At about the time the 
' Westfalen ' was tori^edoed our cruisers saw a 
periscope off our swept channel. They fired at 
it and sank the boat." " A periscope was seen 
that day attacking the ' jMoltke ' ; we were fir- 
ing at it when there was an e.xplosion. . . ." 
Of course firing at a periscope will not damage 
a submarine. I think it possible that E16 sti'uck 
a mine during her attack while under gunfire, 
but the stories of the German officers are vague 
and the evidence of E38's despatch inconclu- 
sive. I am sure that E16 did not break surface 
in an attack and expose herself to gunfire ; her 
captain and crew were too good for sucli a 
thing to happen. I met (in E42) E16 outward 
bound off Harwich. We exchanged signals, 
and I noted she was going at high speed. She 
was the fastest boat in the flotilla, and was 
probably well ahead of E38 on the morning of 
the 19th. If she did meet the enemy cruisers 
she would get home in her attack unless a mine 
or such an " act of God " stopped her. Duff 
Dunbar and Carmichael had got that boat to a 
state of efficiency which was acknowledged to 
be the state aimed at in our flotilla. 

We are proud to know by these %\ords) the 
esteem in which the officers of E16 were held 
by those in the same flotilla as themselves. All 
Sandy's letters and those from personal friends 
of his were lost— torpedoed, but the following 
ia one from a friend older than himself, not in 
the Service, but on© who saw a great deal of 
liim when on leave, and of whom he was very 
fond : — 

De,\r Lady Carmichael, — I am glad that 
some record is to be made of Sandy Car- 
micJiac'l's life. T knew him from his early 
childliood till the end. lie often stayed 
with my sistci' .ind myself, first in his school 
holidays and lati.i- during his leave. Al- 
though we aro old and Sandy was but u boy, 
tiie waimost and nwat affectiomite friendship 

■existed between us owing to his unfailing 
sympathy and consideration for the feelings 
of all those with whom he came in contact. 
His transparent honesty of character, his dir- 
ectness of purpose, and his obvious deter- 
mination to do what he considered right were 
combined with singular personal charm and 
a great sense of fun. All our friends who 
met him liked and admired him, and our 
household were devoted to him. Servants 
seemed to vie with each other to do him some 
service, and this was hardly to be wondered 
at when one recalls his pleasant greeting and 
sunny smile. We shall ever think of Sandy 
as a beloved friend, a boy of high ideals, and 
a sailor who in his life ajid by his death 
maintained the best traditions of the Service. 
— Yours very sincerely, 

CouRTAxiLD Thomson. 

There was something about Sandy which 
struck those who knew him even slightly. He 
liad a strong personality which one was not 
likely to forget, but he also had a deep reserved 
nature, and those who knew him well realised 
the steadfast faith which gave him a calm yet 
strong outlook on life rarely met with in one so 
young, and one which will live in the hearts of 
those who loved him. 

" And we will hew the holy boughs, 
To malie us level rows of oars. 
And we will set our sinning prows 
For strange and unadventured shores. 
Where the great tideways swiftliest run. 
We will be stronger than the strong, 
And sack the cities of the sun. 
And spend our booty in a song." 



Royal Scots. 

1916. August 19. 

A St Ronan's lad made tlio supreme sacrifice 
for King and country in the person of Private 
Charles M'Lachlan, who, as stated in a letter 
fiom one of the chajilains to his mother, was 
killed in action on Saturday, the 19th August, 
1916, aged 35. Charlie, as he was generally 
known, joined the Royal Scots shortly after war 
broke out, and alter training in England pro- 
ceeded to Franco in May, 1916. He received a, 
.short furlough at the beginning of the year, 
and about a month after returning to France 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


was slightly wounded, but not seriously enough 
to require being sent home. 

Before the outbreak of war he took a promin- 
ent part in the affairs of the Vale of Leithen 
Football Club, and for some time played the 
game. He was also a keen cricketer, being a 
member of the Innerleithen Cricket Club. He 
was very popular on the sports field, and being 
of a quiet, amiable disposition, was well liked 
by his comrades. Previous to joining the col- 
our's he was employed in the machiiie room of 
Tweedholm ilill. AValkerburn. 

" Shall we then mourn for the dead unduly, 
and forget 
The resurrection in the hearts of men ? 
Even the poppy on the parapet 
Shall blossom as before when summer blows 



August, 1916. 

He was originally an apprentice joiner 
with Adam Watt at Innerleithen. Having 
enlisted in the Cameron Highlanders, he 
fought throughout the Boer War, and came 
through all light. He continued for some 
time in South Africa, and, later, departed 
for Sydney, New South Wales. When the 
Great War broke out James Lennie enlisted 
there, and came over along witli the Austral- 
ians. Never before in our history had such 
an army been gathered, and never again 
would such an army be seen, as strained at 
the leash, behind tliat twenty-fivo mile front 
on the thirtieth of June, 191G. True; we 
launched greater armies and won greater 
victories in the two years tihat followed, but 
the very flower of a race can bloom but once 
in a generation. The flower of our race 
bloomed and perished during the four months 
of the first battle of the Somme. We shall 
not look upon their like again. It is to be 
doubted if any generation will— or any race." 

He fell in the month of August, 1916. 

Unknown to us, but known to God, 
Your spirit lives among the saints. 
Your heart lies 'neath the sod — 
Nobly daring, cruelly faring. 
The "via dolorosa" trod — 
Your soul was one that never faints : 
And but for yon and such as you 
Our doom were Ichabod (Thy glory hfis 


1916. September 1. 
John Ritchie enlisted in November 1914, 
and was therefore one of the heroes in what 
the German Emperor called, "General 
Frenchs contemptible little army.'' Since 
the date of the heroic retreat from Mons in 
the beginning of the war, it has been con- 
sidered a great honour to have been one of 
the "Contemptibles,"' and a special star was 
granted to all those who served in those 
early days. In the month of May 1915, he 
left Portobello after training, tor the Dar- 
danelles, but was sent to France instead. 
He fell in one of the battles in the Somme 
campaign, on the 1st September, a Friday, 
1916. The Germans were making an attack 
on High Wood but were repulsed by the 
British; in this engagement John Eitchie 
fell. "Across the ribbon of the Dardanelles, 
on the green plain of ^y, the most famous 
of the wars of the ancient world had been 
fought. The European shores had now be- 
come a no less classic ground of arms. If 
the banks of Scamander had seen men strive 
desperately with fate, so had the slopes of 
Achi Babi and the loud beaches of Helles. 
Had the fashion endured of linking the strife 
of mankind with the gods, what strange 
myth would not have sprung from the rescue 
of British troops in the teeth of winter gales 
and uncertain seas. It would have been 
rumoured, as at Troy, that Posidon had done 
battle for his children." 

They have no place in storied page, 

No rest in marble shrine : 
They are paist and gone with their bygone 

They died, and made no sign. 
But work that shall find its wages yet. 
And deeds that their world shall not forget. 

Done for the Love Divine — 
These were their triumphs, and these shall 

The crowns of their immortality. 


King's Own Scottish Borderers. 
1916. Septeheer 3. 
Information was received liy Mrs Tonnent 
that her son, William, had fallen. He en- 
listed six months previously and very soon 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

thereafter proceeded to France. For some 
time before tlien ihe liad worked in Iieithen 
Mills, but after the enlistment of his brother, 
William took up the milk business and drove 
the Innerleithen van. He was aged only 
nineteen when he fell. On the Somme front 
there was continued severe fighting; foxir 
German attacks on High Wood, however, 
failed. On Sunday, the 3rd, when William 
Tenuent fell, the British captured Ginchy 
and all Guillemont along with many prison- 
ei-s. The Frencli at the same time captured 
many villages. 

"Forgotten grave." This selfish plea 

Awakes no deep response in me. 

For though his grave I may not see. 

My boy will ne'er forgotten be. 

My real son can never die ; 

'Tis but his body that may lie 

In foreign (land, and I shall keep 

Kemembrance fond, forever deep. 

Within my heart, of my true son. 

Because of triumphs that he won. 

It matters not where anyone 

May lie and sleep when work is done. 


Royal Scots. 

1916. Septembee 15. 
Mr A. W. Biggar, Bold Cottages, Walker- 
burn, received word, from one of his com- 
rades, that his son, Private Arthur Biggar, 
Eoyal Scots, had been killed in action. Pte. 
Biggar, who was 19 years of age, joined the 
Innerleitlien Company of the Royal Scots a 
few months jjrevious to the outbreak of war, 
and was mobilised in August 1914. He pro- 
ceeded to France with the battalion in Nov- 
ember 1914, but, not being in a good state 
of health at the time, was invalided homo 
in three weeks. Owing to his ago he was 
not allowed to join the battalion in France 
again, but was attached to another battalion 
of the Royal Scots, with which he trained 
for eighteen months, and only proceeded to 
France for tlie second time with a draft a, 
iiionili liefore he fell. \t tlio ()ufl)roak of 
war he was omployeiJ <iii Bdld farm. V[iN 
fildor brother is Driver R. R. Biggar, R.G.A. 
A grcnt British advance l)6gnii on this day, 

the third phase of the battle of the Somme. 
The front extended to six miles, -ttdth a 
depth of 2000 to 3000 yards. Flers, Martin- 
puich, Courcellette and the whole of High 
W'ood were taken by the British. The new 
heavy armoured cars (tanks) were used now 
for the first time. 

Lord, hast Thou gone away.!" 

Once more through all the worlds Thy touch 

I seek. 
Lord, how can he be dead? 
For he stood here just this day 
With the live blood in his cheek. 
And the live light in his head ; 
Lord, how can he be dead? 

Dost Thou remember, Lord, the hearts that 

As down the shouting village street they 

The beautiful fighting-men? Tlie sunlight 

His keen young face up like an unfleshed 

blade ; 
O' God, so young. 


(Deumelzieb and Canada) 

Canadian Light Ineantey. 
1916. Septembee 17. 

Corporal Andrew Amo« Dove, Princess 
Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, a grand- 
son of the late Andrew Amos, blacksmith, 
Drumelzier, joined up in August 1914, and 
came across with the 1st Canadian Contin- 
gent in October and went to France in Dec- 
ember, going into action on January 6th, 
1915. He took part in the fighting around 
Yprcs at St Eloi. In March he was invalid- 
ed homo suffering from frozen feet; on re- 
joining his regiment ho was in action at 
.Vnnentiers, Frise and llooge. It was in tho 
battle of the Sommc on 17th September, 1916, 
when coming out of the trenches for a much 
needed rest that a piece of tho enemy's shell iu- 
slantanoously cut off a life so full of promise 
.it Uu> ago of 29. A non-com. (ifficer and 
"masonic lirolher," who associated with him 
from the lime llu<y joined up in Winnipeg, 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


writes that wbeu in tlie trenches with him 
he had the opportunity of seeing- his good 
qualities, as a soldier they were jiut to the 
test many a time ; but he proved himself to 
be a good and brave soldier, ever ready at 
duty's call to do the work required of him, 
and ever ready to help a fellow-soldier in 
distress ; and although of a very kind dis- 
position, his kind thoughtful ways made him 
many friends. He was employed as an en- 
gineer in the Canadian Pacific Eailway's 
workshops when war broke out. A native of 
Coatbridge, he served his apprenticeship in 
Murray and Paterson's there. But Peebles- 
shire, his mother's county, and the Tweed 
were ever dear to him. 

Courage came to you with your boyhood's 
Of ardent life and limb. 
Each day new dangers steeled you to the test 

To ride, to climb, to swim. 
Your hot blood taught you carelessness of 
With every breath. 

So vrhen you went to play another game, 

You could not be but brave; 
An Empire's team, a rougher football field, 

the end — Perhaps your grave. 
What matter .P On the winning of a goal 

You staked your soul. 

A brother fallen on the field- 
That valiant soldier, strong and true, 

Who iliid behind his dazzling shield 
A heart his comrades only knew. 

Farewell, kind heart ! thy battle's o'er, 
Thy spirit gone to Him who gave ; 

'Mongst honours paid thee many more. 
We lay a song upon thy grave. 


Military Medal. 


Scots Guards. 

1916. September 20. 

Died of wounds in France on Wednesday, 

the 20th September, Private Robert Melrose, 

Scots Guards, aged 23, dearly loved fifth son 

of Mr and Mrs William Melrose, Corriefeck- 

loch, Newton-Stewart, lute of Peeblesshire. 

For many years the family was located in 

the parish of Manor, at Glenrath, Posso, and 
Hundleshope. Young Melrose was a butcher 
to trade, serving his apprenticeship with the 
Peebles Co-operative Societjr. Finishing his 
apprenticeship in Peebles he found employ- 
ment at his trade in Gorebridge, where his 
death has been much regretted. He was 
working in Gorebridge when war broke out, 
and promptly answering his country's call 
he joined the ranks of the Scots Guards on 
the 9th September, 1911. After undergoing 
the usual military training he went to 
France in February 1915. Thereafter lie 
passed through much hard fighting, but 
escaped unhurt until March 1916, when he 
was admitted to hospital suffering from a 
wound in the right shoulder. He was highly 
recommended at this time for the Distin- 
guished Conduct Medal for ihis good work. 
Recovering from his vi'ound he went back to 
the trenches, where he remained until the 
20th September, when he died of wounds be- 
lieved to have been received in the great at- 
tack on the 15th September. Private Mel- 
rose was a bright and promising young man, 
23 years of age, and was loved by all who 
knew him. He was home on short leave of 
four days in November of 1915. In a letter 
the Sergeant-Major of his company, in speak- 
ing of Private Melrose, says that he was a 
brave man and a much loved comrade. He 
had done his duty with the faithfulness of 
a true British soldier, and it cast a gloom 
over the whole company when they received 
the news that Private Melrose ihad died of 
his wounds. 

"Now for the first time have I an op- 
portunity of writing to tell you of my own 
personal sorrow at the loss of your brave 
son. Private Melrose. As you will know, 
he was killed by shell-fire — five days after 
our great attack on loth September, and 
although he lingered wounded for some 
little time he would not suffer greatly, as 
in these cases the shock is so severe that 
little pain is felt. The senses are almost 
entirely paralysed. He was a lad I knew 
well. I remember liow his cheerful kindly 
nature endeared him to officers and men 
alike, and he was a favourite with all. 
Trustworthy and dutiful, he was a good 


County of Peebles Book, of Remembrance. 

soldier and good man. It is lie and such 
as he who will bring us to victory and 
peace. But what can I say to you who 
miss and mourn your dear lad? This — that 
he died a noble death. He gave himself 
for others in tlie fullest sense. He died 
as he lived— bravely. And this— that had 
it not been for j-ou and your mother's love 
and care for him he would not have been 
the fine man he was. He learned sacrifice 
and unselfishness at your knee. He has 
brought you great and lasting credit. And 
this further — He who gave His own Son 
to die for us all will not ever be far away 
from those who have given like gifts. He 
will watch over you and bless and comfort 
YOU. ^lay you have happy memories of 
your gallant son. We have. Accept my 
sincere and heartfelt .sympathy." 

In one engagement, at Hill 70, he was one 
of nine who survived, and at Loos he was 
one of those who gained the Military Medal. 
He seemed always to be happy. 

Tlie sun rises bright in France, 

And fair sets he; 
But he .has tint the blithe blink he had 

In my ain countree. 
Oh ! Gladness comes to many, 

But sorrow comes to me. 
As I look o'er the wide ocean 

To my ain countree. 
The bird comes back to summer, 

The blossom to the tree; 
But I win back, oh, never 

To my ain countree. 
I'm leal to the liigh Heaven, 

Which will be leal to me, 
And there I'll meet ye a' soon 

In my nin countree. 

"Say, what life woijUI theirs have been Ihat 
it should make you weep for them, 
A small grey world imprisoning the wings 
of their desire? 
Happier than they could tell who know not 
life would keep for them 
Fragments of the high rojnuncc, the old 
heroic fire. 
All tiiey dicamed of childishly, bravery and 
fame for them, 
flini'gc- :i( (111' caiinon'-i inniit.h. cnoniies 
Ihey HJew, 
Briglit arross the waking world, their 
romancea cutjie t'nr (ln^m; 


58th Canadians. 
(Innerleithen and Canada) 

1916. SErTEAIBEE 20. 

Mrs Eedpath, Glenone, Innerleithen, re- 
ceived official intimation that her !;on, James 
Kedpath, of the 5Sth Canadians, had been 
killed in action. Private Eedpath emigrated 
to Canada five years previously, and enlisted 
in June 1915. After undergoing a course of 
training he was transferred to England in 
November of the same year, and while in 
this country was home on furlough about 
Christmas, prior to being drafted to France 
in January. Deceased served his apprentice- 
ship as a warehouseman in Caerlee Mill, and 
was for nine years employed in March Street 
Mills, Peebles. He had two brothers, Andrew 
and William, serving' with the colours. His 
age was 32. During ihis short service in 
France he aways wrote home in the best of 
spirits. He was quickly promoted, and was 
content and happy to be able to eerve his 
country. He was killed on September 20th, 
1916, and was buried on the battlefield near 
North Albert. 

Salute the sacred dead. 

Who went and who return not — Say not so. 

We rather teem the dead, that stayed be- 

Blow, trumpets, all your exultations blow. 

For never shall their aureoled presence lack. 
They come transfigured back. 

Secure from change in their light-hearted 

Beautiful evermore, and with rays 

Of morn on their white shields of expect- 

. . . He leaves a white 

Unbroken glory, a gathered radiance, 

A width, a shining peace, under the night. 

These ai'e men who shed an everlasting glory 

on their beloved land. 
Death's dark cloud enfolds them, but being 

(lead, still they die not. 
Since from on High their valour honours 


How should he die? 

Seeing death hath no part in him anymore; 

no power 
Upon Ills head : 

IFe lias bought his oternily with h lilllo lioui-, 
\nd i. Hilt (lead. 


Private Williasl Tennent, 

C'oRPOEAL Andrew Airos Dove, 
Drumelzjee, and Canada. 

Private Arthur Biggar, 

1'eivate Eobebt ^NFelrosb, 

Innerleithen and Canada. 

Lieut. Douglas (3. Constable, 

1,1 KIT. Hon. riliWAItli \\ . 'ri;NNAN'J' 



Brouuhton and Twkedsmuir. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



Grenadier Giahds. 


1916. Sr:PTE:MBEn 22. 

We regr-et to anuoimce tlie death of the 
Hon. E. Wyndhnin Teunant, eldest son of 
Lord Gleiicoiiner, and the 55th heir to a 
peerage that has lost his life in the war. He 
fell in battle on September 22, aged 19. In 
a letter to his mother, dated just before go- 
ing into action, he wrote— 

"This is written in case anything hap- 
pens to me, for I should like yon to have 
just a little message from my own Tiand. 
Your love for me, and my love for you, 
have made my whole life one of the hap- 
piest there has ever been. This is a great 
day for me. ^igh heart, high speech, and 
high deeds 'mid honouring eyes.' God 
bless you and give you peace." 

Surely you found companions meet for you 

in that high place; 
You met there face to face 
Those you had never kno\vn_ but w.liom you 

knew — 
Knights of the Table Eound, 

And all the Very Brave, the Very True, 

With chivalry crowned : 

The captains rare, 

Courteous and brave beyond our human air ; 

Those who had loved, and suffered over much. 

Now free from the world's touch. 

Of the grandsons of the late Sir Charles 
Tennant of the Glen, five fell. The first to 
fall was Captain Lachlan Gordon-Duff, of 
the 3rd Battalion, Gordon Highlanders, in 
October 1914. The Honourable Charles 
Lister, eldest surviving son of Lord Ribljles- 
dale, fell on the 28th August, 1915. The Hon- 
ourable Edward Tennant, eldest son of Lord 
Glenconner of Glen, fell on September 22, 
1916. His cousin, Mark Tennant, of the 
Scots Guards, son of Francis John Tennant, 
Innes House, Elgin, fell in the same month, 
September 30, 1916. The last of the gallant 
five to fall was Henry Tennant, son of Har- 
old J. Tennant. 

The blitJhe lilt o' tliot air— 

"The bush abune Traquair"— 

I need nae mair, it'is enencli for me: 

Ower my cradle its sweet chime 

Cam' sughin' frae auld time — 

Sae tide what may I'll awa' and see. 


Grenadier Guards. 

1916. September 25. 

A wave of profound regret and deepest sym- 
pathy swept over Traquair. district when it 
became known that LieutGnaut Douglas Oli- 
phant Constable, Grenadier Guards — young- 
est son of Mr and Mrs G. W. Constable, 
Traquair Bank— had fallen in action on 25th 
September, and to very many the feeling was 
one of great personal loss 

Lieutenant Constable received the greater 
part of his elementary education at Traquair 
Public School, and gave early promise of a 
brilliant future. His teacher, the late Mr 
Menzies, often remarked that he was one of 
the brightest pupils he had ever had. At St 
Mary's School, Melrose, he was, in the Prin- 
cipal's words, "one among a thousand," and 
besides distinguishing himself in scholarship 
by being dux of the school, his noble qual- 
ities of heart and mind shone brightly forth 
among his scliool-fellows. Proceeding to Ed- 
inburgh University, he crowned a successful 
course by graduating M.A. at the age of 

The realm of literature had always a strong 
fascination for ihim, and with his keen per- 
ception of all that was best_ and his inlierent 
literary ability, it was almost safe to pro- 
phesy that he would rise high in his chosen 
career as a publisher. After gaining insight 
into the various departments of his profes- 
sion he was at the time of his enlistment 
with Mr T. N. Foulis, of London and Edin- 
burgh, and was entrusted with much impor- 
tant work. So excellently was this perform- 
ed that Mr Foulis looked forward with prid© 
to the certain success of his future. He was 
extremely happy in London— he lived in a 
world of books, as had ever been his in- 
clination and ambition — but at his country's 
call he nobly and unselfishly responded. The 
busy stir of camj) and the angry clasih of 
arms must ever hav© been abhorrent to one 
of his loving and sensitive nature, but from 
the day of his enlisting in the Inns of Court 
O.T.C. he threw his whole soul into his mil- 
itary training and his promotion was rapid. 
His commission in the Grenadier Guards — 
entirely unsought by him, but which the 
Colonel Commanding the O.T.C. urged upon 
him to accept— was ample evidence that his 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

cultured and gentlemanly bearing-, his great 
ability and thorough grasp of military mat- 
ters, had been noted. On joining his bat- 
talion at the front he received his baptism 
of fire almost immediately, and on many 
occasions shoTved his calm courage in tJie face 
of danger and death. 

Now his all too short career is ended. 
While acting as temporary Captain, gallant- 
ly leading his devoted men to victory, he 
died a hero's death on the field of battle- 
shot through the head. 

It was anno\inced in the "London Grazette" 
of the 13tli November that Second-Lieuten- 
ant Douglas O. Constable, of the Grenadier 
Guards, had been promoted to the rank of 
lieutenant. The puthetic words — "Since 
fallen in action," \sere, however, added. 
Lieutenant Constable was killed on 25th 

There has been placed on the south wall 
in Traquair Parish ChureJi a bras.s memor- 
ial tablet, on a panel of oak, bearing the 
following inscription in centre' : — "To the 
memory of Dotjglas Oliphant Constable 
(M.A.), Lieutenant, Grenadier Guards, kill- 
ed at the Battle of the Somme, September 
25th, 1916, aged 26 years. Commanding a 
Company, and 'most gallantly leading his 
men into action.' Laid to rest on the battle- 
field. A dearly loved sou and brother." At 
the left side of the tablet is engraved the 
Cross, with sword resting against it, and 
underneath the quotation — "In .short meas- 
ures life may perfect be." At the right 
hand side is the crest of the Grenadier 

And with you were the friends of yesterday, 
Who went before and pointed you the way; 
And in that place of freshness, light, and 

Where Lancelot and Tristram vigil keep 
Over their King''s long sleep, 
Surely they made a place for you, 
Their long expected, 
Among th© chosen few. 
And welcomed you, their ))rother and their 

To that companionship wliicli linth no end. 

Lieut<?nant Douglas Oliphant Constable was 
the youngest son of George W. Constable, 
factor, Traquair, and grandson of the Eev. 
D. Macalister, minister of Stichill and Hume. 
Roxburghshire, and a great grandson of the 

Eev. Wm. Countable, minister of St Martins, 
Perthshire. A month after going to France 
he rose from Second-Lieutenant, or, as it is 
styled in the Brigade, Ensign, to full Lieut- 
enant — was appointed Intelligence OflBcer and 
had various other special duties, being as- 
.sistant Adjutant at the time he fell in 
action. His nine months at the Front were 
almost continuously passed in the awful, and 
well-known-to-many, parts around and near 
Ypres. When the push of July 1916 began 
on the Somme his Battalion was moved there, 
though it was not brouglit into action till 
the end of August. Owing to the duties he 
had to perform of a special nature he had 
many opportunities of seeing far more than 
those actually engaged fighting. On Septem- 
ber 25th the O.C. of his company, having 
been wounded a few days previously, Doug- 
las Constable took over command of the 
company and fell, 6,hot in the forehead, in 
the words of the CO., " most gallantly lead- 
ing his men in the attack on the German 
trenches.'' His great companion and near 
neighbour, the Hon. Edward Tennant, fell 
three days before. '" Lovely and pleasant in 
their lives, and in death they were not 

A letter from a senior officer (killed later) 
to his parents states: — 

"I considered your ison the perfect type 
of officer, combining brains, of which he 
had more than his brother officers by far, 
and courage of a really dauntless kind, 
iinselfishness to a rare degree, and a love 
and sympathy for the men who were near 
him which they reciprocated in a way you 
seldom see in the army, ©specially in th© 
Guards, because of the discipline. He had 
their confidence as well as love. If you 
will let mc, Wihen the war is over, I will 
come and see you and tell you many more 
nice things about your splendid son." 

Eeferring to Douglas Constable in a notice 
in a paper, the writer naid, "lie readily re- 
sponded to the call to arms, sacrificing the 
prospects of a career which was most con- 
genial to him. From the environment of 
books he went to the battle zone, exchanging 
the pen for the sword— his sun set before it 
readied il-; zenith- his life liiii'sluul whilst 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance 


it was just, unfolding. When tlie final call 
came, it found him i-eady." His "runner," 
wlio saw him fall— lying wounded and dis- 
abled himself— wrote aud asked if he might 
have a photograph of him to reinind him in 
days to come of the best and bravest gentle- 
man he had ever known. In an article con- 
tributed to "Blackwood's Magazine," by a 
brother officer, on some aspects of war, he 
introduced the character of Douglas Con- 
stable, touching upon his equable tempera- 
ment and unselfishness and how he seemed 
to radiate happiness all around him. His 
Chaplain said, "He died nobly right in the 
front of a battlefield, which will thrill those 
who read history in the future" (adding) "I 
am thankful to have known and loved your 
son." He was buried along with 30 officers 
and 774 of the rank and file of the Guards' 
Brigade who were in action that day at Les 
Boeufs. Two years later he was removed 
to the Guards' cemetery there. The last 
line of the following verse is carved on his 

"It is not growing like a tree 

In bulk, doth make man better be. 

Or standing long an oak three hundred year 

To fall a log at last, dry, bald and sere. 

The lily of a day 

Is fairer far in May 
Although it fall and die that night; 
It was the plant and flower of light." 

"In small proportions we just beauties see. 
And in short measures, life may perfect be.'' 


Scots Guabds. 
(Broxjghton and Tweedsmuie) 
1916. September 25. 
He was one year and three months train- 
ing with the Scots Guards at Wellington Bar- 
racks. The last letter we received from him 
was from the Base, dated 16th September, 
1916; then we were notified that h© was post- 
ed missing on Monday, the 25th September, 
1916. The only information we received was 
from a chiim, and he saw James in the first 
German trench tliey took, but lost sight of 
him after that; no more news of him could 
be got. Age, 28 years; occupation_ shepherd. 
That day the British advanced between 

Combles aud Martinpuich. On the following 
day. ComblCiS and Thiepval were taken. 

Lord, how can he be dead.^ 

For he stood there just this morn 

With the live blood in his cheek. 

And the live light on his head. 

Dost Thou remember. Lord, when he was 

And all my heart went forth Thy praise tu 

(I, a creator even as Thou) — 
To force Thee to confess 
The little, young, heart-breaking loveliness. 
Like willow-buds in spring, upon his browi' 
Newest of unfledged things. 
All perfect but the wings. 
Master, I lit my tender candle-light 
Straight at the living fire that rays abroad 
Prom Thy dread altar, God. 
IIow should it end in night .p 
Ay ! see them as they sweep along 
Borne on an unseen wind to the far throne 

of God. 
And, mothers; see; 0' maidens, look 
How the world's Christ stoops down and 

kisses each. 
And listen now and hear their cry. 
As. lances raised, they greet their King — 
"There is no death. . . . There is no 

death. . . . 
No death. . . . '' and comfort you. 
When the leaves fall. 



Seaforth Highlanders and Scots Guards. 
1916. September. 

He was the second son of Mr Francis John 
Tennant, of Innes, Elgin. He bad been 
killed in action. He was born in 1892 and 
was educated at Eton. He went to South 
Africa and remained there for two years for 
reasons of health. On the outbreak of war 
he received a commission in the Seaforth 
Highlanders, and served with them for a 
time at the Front. While holding the rank 
of captain he transferred to the Scots Guards, 
in which he was a lieutenant, and in which 
his brother-in-iaw. Sir Ian Colquihoun, of 
Colquhoun and Luss, held a commission. He 
was a nephew of Lord Glenconner, and one 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

of the many grandsous of Sir Charles Ten- 
naut who fell in the war. 

Fenr no more the heat o' the sun, 
Xor the furious winter's rages : 
Thou thy worldly task hast done. 
Home art gone, and tn'en thy wages; 
Golden lads and girls all must. 
As chimney-sweepers, come to dttst. 

Fear no more the frown o' the Great, 
Thou are past the tyrant's stroke : 
Care no more to clothe and eat; 
To thee the reed is as the oak: 
The sceptre, learning, physic, must 
All follow this, and come to dust, 




12th Royal Scots and Cyclist Batt.vliox. 
1916. October 1. 

Private Wm. Telfer, second son of Mr John 
Telfer, Craigurd, Castlecraig, Dolpliinton, 
died of wounds in France on 1st October, 
1916. Before th© war lie was a plotighman 
in the employment of Lord Glenconner, at 
the home farm of Glen. He joined the 121 h 
Battalion Eoyal Scots a month after war 
broke out. Six months later he was trans- 
ferred into the Army Cyclist 'Corps with 
which unit he went to France in September 
1915. He saw much figlilnng, and was through 
the first battle of the Somme. He seems to 
have been severely wounded while on cycle 
despatch work, and when picked up he was 
dead. He was buried at Heilly Station Cem- 
etery, near Corbie, but his parents were 
never able to get any definite particulars of 
their gallant son's end. He was born at 
West Mains, Castlecraig, and was just twenty 
when he died. He was well known and high- 
ly thought of, both in his home district at 
Kirkurd and at Glen. 

Pulpit Eeference : — The Rev. D. C. Wise- 
man, M.A., Kirkurd United Free Cinirch. 
B.iid of him on October 22nd. 1916—" We 
mourn to-day the loss of nnollier of our lads, 
a yo\ing and very gallant lad. Willie, second 
Kon of our esteemed deacon, Mr John Telfer. 
A perfect guardsman in frame, more than 
once he was asked to transfer to the Guards, 
but he preferred the exciting work of de- 
spatch rider. More than n yeni' in I'raiue. 

he passed his 20th birthday there the other 
day. He has never been home on leave, and 
yester^iay his parents received intimlation 
that he had died of wounds, doing his ardu- 
ous and dangerous duty, on October 1st. 
Willie Telfer was a fine lad, ciuiet in dispos- 
ition, and reserved, ui^right and affectionate 
in his life, worthy of the home into which 
he was born. We honour his name. We 
sorrow for his departure, but we believe that 
Jesus Christ, when He comes, will bring him 
with Him. No lover of war— but a lover of 
honour in life and in death— of such is the 
Kingdom of Heaven." 

Thus should he stand, reminding those 
In less-believing days, perchance 
How Britain's fighting cricketers 
Helped bomb the Germans out of France. 

And other eyes than ours would see; 
And other hearts than ours would thrill ; 
And others say, as w© have said : 
"A sportsman and a soldier still." 

The ways of death are soothing and serene, 
-A-nd all the words of death are grave and 

From camp and church, the fireside and the 

She beckons forth— and strife and song have 


O glad and sorrowful ! with triumphant mien 
And radiant faces look upon, and greet 
This last of all your lovers; and to meet 
Her kiss; the Comforter's, your soul will 

lean — 
The ways of death are soothing and serene. 




1916. October 11. 

News was received by Mr John Robson, East 
End, Walkcrburn, that his son, Private Willia.m 
Robson, Camerons, had been killed in action. 
He joined up shortly after war broke out; and 
"nils badly wounded. On recovering, he was sent 
out to France, and joined a machine gun section. 
Ho was barely 20 years of age. He was em 
ployed at Tweedholni Mills. 

He passed through all the Somme battles in 
lOlfi, and was Killed on Wednesday, October 11, 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


1916, by a sliell -nhich killed nine others besides 
himself. Close to him there was another 
"Walkerburn lad standing at the time, who said 
afterwards that he did not know how he had 
escaped as they were standing side by side. The 
other lad, who joined up also at the very begin- 
ning of the war, came through it all without a 
scratch. Both lads had been together the whole 
time since they enlisted. 

Brave Cameron, shot like the sihaft from a bow 

Into the midst of the plunging foe. 

And with him the lads whom he loved, like a 

Sweeping the rocks in its foamy current : 
And he fell the first in the fervid fray, 
Where a deathful shot had shore its way. 
But his men pushed on where the work was 

Giving the German a taste of their stuff. 

Where the Cameron n^en were wanted. 

Then God go with you, fight for God, 

For all is well and shall be well. 

What though you tread the roads of Hell, 

Your Captain these same ways has trod. 

Above the anguish and the loss 

Still floats the ensign of His Cross. 


1916. October 12. 

At Hartfield House, Tain, Eoss-shire, on 
Thursday, October 12, 1916, Philip George 
Wolfe Murray, Lieutenant E.N.V.E., H.M.S. 

Alsatian," second son of Commander Philip 
Wolfe Murray, E.N., retired, and Mrs P. Wolfe 
Murray, from heart failure following typhoid 
fever, contracted while in discharge of his 
duties, aged 25. 

Philip George Wolfe Murray, second son of 
Commander Philip Wolfe Murray, E.N., and 
his wife Elli© Blanche d© Winton, and grandson 
of James Wolfe Murray of Cringletie, was born 
in Bermuda, 5tli July, 1891. He was educated 
at Bedford and Shrewsbury Schools, and Heidel- 
berg University. 

At the outbreak of war he was studying 
forestry at the Prussian State School of Forestry, 
Eberswalde, and only got out of Germany by the 
last train that British subjects could travel in. 
On his return home he volunteered his isevvices 
to the Admiralty, and was given a commission 
as Lieutenant E.N.V.E., and aiDpointed to 

H.M.S. " Iron Duke " on the personal staff of 
Admiral Jellicoe, having charge of the C. in C. 
private telegraph book, and being often em- 
ployed by him to carry important despatches to 
London, etc. After this, in order to make use 
of his fluency in French and German, he was 
attached to the Flag Ship of the 10th Cruiser 
Squadron, which blockaded the greater part of 
the northern seas, serving on the staffs of Ad- 
mirals De Chair and Tupper, in which difficult 
and dangerous service he spent about 18 months. 
In the spring of 1916 he contracted typhoid 
fever at sea, and he died on October 12th at the 
residence of his parents near Tain, Eoss-shire, 
and was buried in the cemetery overlooking the 
Dornoch Firth. 

His Admiral wrote of him : " He was a very 
popular officer, and always doing kind actions." 

The sailor keeps a clean soul on the seas untrod : 
There is room in the great spaces for the Vision 

of God 
Walking on the waters, bidding him not fear : 
He has the very cleanest eyes a man can wear. 

There's salt wind in Heaven and the salt sea- 

And the little midshipmen boys are shouting at 
their play. 

There's a soft sound of waters lapping on the 

The sailor he is home from sea to go back no 


Of all the thoughts of God that are 
Born inward unto souls afar. 
Along the Psalmists' music deep. 
Now tell me if there any is, 
For gift or grace, surpassing this — 
" He giveth His beloved sleep." 


(Inneeleithen and Canad.^) 

14th Canadians. 

1916. October 15. 

1916. Sunday, October 15. Died at Royal 
Herbert Hospital, Woolwich, Private James 
Aitchison, 14tli Canadians, formerly of Inner- 

These few words record the bare fact of the 
passing of this brave man. He had a wife 
and nine fine children. Add to this the fail- 
ure of health, the giving up of business, the 
loss of life itself, and one can realise though 
but faintly the immensity of his self-denial, 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

and the large gift he besto\Yed ou us that we 
might coutimie a free nation. While he lived 
in Innerleithen, at St Eonan's Mount, he 
carried on the trade of joiner. He continued 
at his business when he emigrated to Saska- 
toon, in Canada. He, like thousands of patri- 
otic Canadian. Scots, came over to the help 
of the Mother Country. In France he took 
part in many engagements, and was severely 
wounded at the Somme by shrapnel. He was 
apparently recovering from his wounds, when 
he was carried off by pneumonia, at the age 
of forty. 

The tall men of that noljie land 

Who share such high companionship. 

Are scorners of the feeble hand. 

Contemners of the faltering lip. 

When all the ancient truths depart. 
In every strait that men confess. 

Stands in the stubborn Tweeddale heart 
The spirit of that steadfastness. 

Wonderful battles have shaken the world, 
Since the Dawn-God overthrew Dis : 

Wonderful struggles of Eight against wrong, 
Sung in the rhymes of the world's great 

But never a greater than this. 

Bannockburn, Inkerman, Balaclava, 

Marathon's godlike stand: 
But never a more heroic deed. 

And never a greater warrior In'eed, 
In any war-man's land. 

This is the Ballad of Langemarck, 

A story of glory and might: 
Of the vast Hun horde, and Canada's part 

In the great, grim fight. 



10th Seapobths. 

191G. October 19. 

This gallant officer, son of the Rev. .Tames 
Boyd, minister of Innerlcitlien, although but 
a youth in yeans, was actually "an old Con- 
temptilile," having enlisted in 1914. He 
was one of those noble tons of the manso 
who carried the flag of Scotland into every 
corner of the world, and have made the 
name of Scottish Highlander to bo admired 
and dreaded by fchp cncraics of Britain. 
George Boyd was educated ,it I'cKos College, 

and soon after lea\ang in 1914, he enlisted 
as a private in th© lOtli Battalion Seaforth 
Highlanders In a few months after joining, 
lie obtained his commission as second- 
lieutenant, which was followed in a short 
time by promotion to the rank of lieutenant. 

While serving with his battalion near La 
Ba&see, he was wounded, and was treated 
at one of the base hospitals, from which he 
was too soon discharged, and sent into the 
trenches on the Somme. It was here tliat 
he contracted the dysentery to which he 
succumbed in a Boulogne hospital on Thurs- 
day, the 19th of October, 1916, in his 
twentieth year. His body was interred in a 
beautiful cemetery near Boulogne. 

He had two brothers serving iu the army, 
Lieut. James Boyd, E.A.M.C., and Captain 
Andrew Boyd, Seaforths. The former left 
a practice in New Zealand and came home 
and joined the Colours, when he was given 
charge of a hospital in France, where he 
was so highly commended for the able man- 
ner in which it was conducted; and was 
given the Distinguished Service Order. 

The sons of th© manse belonging to 
Peeblesshire who joined the army are :— The 
three brothers Boyd (Innerleithen), two 
brothers Martin (Peebles), two brothers Mil- 
ler (Kirkurd), Harry Taggart (Lyne), which 
represents the whole of the manses where 
there were sons. 

O it is sweet to think 

Of those that are departed. 
While murmured Aves sink 

To silence tender-hearted : 
While tears that have no pain 

Are tranquilly distilling, 
And the dead live again 

In hearts that love is filling. 

In the silence of the schoolroom, among the 
desks deserted, 
Ink-stnincd and marred by marks of many 
Through the windows in the moonlight by 
driving rain-clouds skirted. 
Come tlic visions of old bo,ys from many 
And quietly and nioiirnf\dly they take their 
well-known i>laops. 
And their books liw open by thein on the 
And they see, lus in n. inist-wi-aith, the old 
forgotten fa«©s 
With tlie scar-marks of the vvdrld's eternal 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



12th Rotal Scots. 
1916. October 20. 

rte. Part was a native of Walkerburn, anrl 
on enlistment at the end of August, 1914, was 
37 years of age. He, along with so many 
others in the village, responded at once to the 
urgent call for men. After a period of train- 
ing in and around Aldershot, he was at last 
drafted to France in May, 1915, and was 
severely wounded in October of that year, be- 
ing brought across to England, and tended for 
some time iu an hospital in Sheffield. On re- 
covering, he enjoyed a brief holiday at home. 
However, on reporting again at headquarters 
he was soon passed "as fit," and again cross- 
ed to France on the last day of 1915. He 
took part in much of the severe fighting in 
the Somme region, and notwithstanding the 
very trying times, his weekly letter to his 
mother made their hardships as fight as poss- 
ible, and were always very optimistic as to 
the ultimate result. A breakdown in health 
necessitated a few weeks' rest. He had only 
rejoined his company a few days, and was 
participating in the grim struggle as a 
stretcher-bearer, when he was killed by a 

In civil life he was employed as a drawer 
in the pattern department of Tweeddale Mills 
(Messrs H. Ballantyne & Sons, Ltd.), and was 
an enthusiastic member of the local Mini- 
ature Rifle Club, taking part very successfully 
in competitions, and was a very reliable 
team shot. 

His father was for over 30 years associated 
with the local company of Volunteers, being 
Quartermaster Sergeant. 

His captain, in writing to his mother, ex- 
pressing condolence, stated that Pte. Park 
had been with the company since Sept., 1914, 
and was one of the original No. 1 Platoon, 
with so many other Walkerburn and Inner- 
leithen men. — As a stretcher-bearer latterly 
he did good work, and was a good all-round 
soldier. He was well liked by everyone, and 
his death is much regretted in the company. 
He was killed instantaneously by a piece of 
shell on Friday, the 20th Oct., 1916. 

A comrade, in writing of him, stated he was 
a good chum and a capable soldier, held in 
high esteem by all the company. When he 

met his death, he was doing heroic work as a 

His brother, Sergeant John Park, was with 
the Royal Scots. 

It matters not where some men lie: 

If my dear son his life must give, 

Hosannas I will sing for him. 

E'en though my eyes with tears be dim. 

And when the war is over, when 

His gallant comrades come again, 

I'll cheer them as they're marching by. 

Rejoicing that they did not die. 

And when his vacant place I see^ 

My heart will bound with joy that he 

Was mine so long — my fair young son — 

And cheer for him whose work is done. 


Royal Scots. 

1916. OCTOBEE, 24. 

A letter was received by Mr William Wat- 
son, Dalziel's Buildings, Walkerburn, from 
Lance-Cpl. T. C. Laidlaw, D.C.M., in which it 
is stated that Mr Watson's son. Private 
William Watson, Royal Scots, had been killed 
in action on Monday, the 24th October, 1916, 
through being buried by the bursting of a 
shell, death being instantaneous. He was ai 
years of age, and was a Territorial before the 
outbreak of war. He left for France in Nov- 
ember, 1914, with his battalion, but was in- 
valided a short time thereafter, when he paid 
a short visit to Walkerburn. He again left 
for France, and was slightly wounded in July 
this year. He was employed in Tweedvale 

He had cnother brother in the Royal Scots, 
who was to fall on Aug. 2, 1917. 

On Saturday, October 21, the British had 
captured strong positions near Thiepval. 

Still I see them coming, coming 

In their ragged, broken line. 
Walking wounded in the sunlight. 

Clothed in majesty divine. 

For the fairest of the lilies. 

That God's summer ever sees. 
Ne'er was clothed in royal beauty 

Such as decks the least of these. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

Tattered, torn, and blood}- kliaki. 
Gleams of white flesli in the sun, 

Eaiments worthy of their beanty, 
And the great things they have done. 

Purple robes and snowy linen 
Have for earthly kings sufficed. 

But these bloody, sweaty tatters 
Were the robes of Jesus Christ. 



Royal Field Artillery. 
1916. October 27. 

Gunner George Cochrane, R.T.A., eldest 
son of the late William Cochrane, shepherd, 
Mossfennan, Broughton, was by trade a 
joiner before enlisting in R.E. in December, 
1915; attached to the E.F.A., he was trained 
at Luton and Woolwich, and drafted to 
France in August, 1916. Wounded in action 
about October 17th, 1916, he died of wounds 
in Boulogne Hospital on Friday, October 27. 

The Chaplain in his letter stated how high- 
ly Gunner Cochrane was held, how patiently 
he suffered, tenderly nursed, and peacefully 

He was laid to rest with full military hon- 
ours, " a brave man who had doue his duty," 
in Boulogne Cemetery, on Sunday, October 
29th, 1916. 

Much sympathy goes forth to his widowed 
mother at Eachan Mill, to his sister and 
brother Charles, who served with the Black 
Watch in France. 

'■ Duty impelled you and you never faltered— 
There was no need for her to whisper 
twice ; 
The end you saw not— no, nor would have 
altered ; 
Tou took the cross and made the sacri- 

Not as in the days 

Of earthly ties we love them: 
For they are touched with rays 

From light that is above them: 
Another sweelnerss shines 

Around their wcll-linown features: 
God with Ilis glory signs 

His dearly ransomed creatures, 



Royal Field Artillery. 

1916. MoND.^Y, November 13. 

On active service on 13th November, 1916, 
Bombardiea- Robert Lees, R.F.A., aged 33 
years, son of Mr and Mrs Lees, Sunnybank, 
Walkerburn. When war broke out he was 
stationed at Kirkee, Poonah, not far from 
Bombay, where he had been for a few 
years. After mobilisation his battery, 82nd 
R.F.A., was brought along with other three 
batteries and sent up the Gulf to Basra. 
From there they were sent up the Karun 
River to "Abohaz'' to protect the oil pipe 
line and drive back the Turks from that 
quarter. From th'^re the division was 
marched across the desert to the Tigris to 
join the advance on Bagdad. After the 
march commenced little was heard from 
him except that they were always advancing, 
driving the Turks before them. The div- 
ision, of course, was in all the fighting up 
to "Ctesiphon," whence the retreat to Kut 
commenced. From that time no more was 
heard from him until his parents received 
a postcard from Afium Kara Hisser, in Anat- 
olia, saying he was a prisoner there, and to 
send on parcels as usual. No more news 
came through, but they got word from the 
War Office that he died there on 13th Nov- 
em)5er, 1916. He enlisted in the E.F.A. at 
Edinburgh, was sent from there to Maryhill, 
transferred to the Curragh and Athlone. 
Transferred to 82nd Battery for service in 
India, first at Bellony and latterly at Kirkee. 
He had about 14 yearn service altogether, 
and was 33 years of age. 

On the 5th of April, there was a British 
success on the Tigris; and a relieving force 
was only twenty miles distant from Kut. 
On the 9th, the British attacked strong 
Turkish positions at Sanna-i-yat, at which 
there was much fighting. On the 12th, there 
was a slight British advance on the Tigris, 
and on th© 15th a slight British success; 
with a further success on the 16th. On the 
17th, the Turks counter-att.icked on the 
Tigris, and very heavy fighting followed. On 
ill© 23rd, tlie British failed to capture Turk- 
ish positions at Sanna-i-yat on the Tigris. 
And on the 24th the last attempt to relieve 

LiELT. Mark Tik^aist, 


Private Williaji Robson, 

Private William Telter, 


LiEiTT. Piniip GhORGE WolfejMiirray, 


I'te. Geokge Park. 

I,ri'.i;r. (ii.oidii'; I''. I'',. Hovi' 



Bi '.MnAuniKK KiiHhin J,, ks Walkekburn. 

WiIjLIAsi Young Scott, 
Newlanus and Canada. 


Pbivate Andrew Knapp, 


Peivate Hugh Wilson, 


I'luVATE Tom W. Bkhwn. 

Sai'I'ii; liditiKi' ()vm;.'ni)_ 

jNM'in.Hri'llHN AM) A I'S'l li \ 1,1 \. 

I'm V All-. 'I'u I'.i.iiii, 


County of Peebles Bog^: of Remembrance 


Kut failed. On the 29tli, Kut fell to the 
Turks, when General Townsend, with 8000 
men, surrendered to the Turks. 

The unknown Good who rest 

In God's still memory folded deep, 

The bravely dumb who did their deed. 

And scorned to blot it with a name. 

Men of the plain heroic breed. 

Who loved Heaven's silence more than fame. 

They are at rest : 

We may not stir the Heaven of their repose 

With loud-voiced grief or passionate request, 

Or selfish plaint for those 

Who in the mountain grots of Eden lie. 

And hear the fourfold river as it hurries by. 


Canadian Inpantet. 
1916. November 18. 
William Young Scott was the only son of 
the late John Young Scott, Esq., of Redford- 
hill and Deanshoi:ses, Leadburn, Peebles- 
shire, who died on 17th May, 1921, and had he 
survived he would have succeeded his father 
in the estates as next heir-of-entail. He was 
born in Edinburgh on 28th March, 1885. He 
was educated at Royal High School, Edin- 
burgh, and went to Canada in 1904 at the age 
of 20. He was engaged in ranching there when 
war broke out. He immediately volunteered 
his services, and joined the 56th Bn. of Cana- 
dian Infantry. In April, 1916, he came to 
England with his regiment, and in the fol- 
lowing Augiist crossed to France. He fell in 
action in the Battle of the Somme on Satur- 
day, 18th November, of the same year. 

little isle our fathers held for home, 
Not, not alone thy standards and thy hosts 
Lead where thy sons shall follow. Mother 

Quick as the north wind, ardent as the foam, 
Behold, behold the invulnerable ghosts 
Of all past greatnesses about thee stand. 

From this vast altar pile the souls of meo 
Speed up to God in countless multitudes; 
On this grim cratered ridge they gave their 
And, giving, won 
The peace of heaven and immortality. 

Our hearts go out to them in boundless 

gratitude ; 
If ours, then God's, for His vast charity 
All sees, all knows, all comprehends— save 

He has repaid their sacrifice ; and we ? 
God help us if we fail to pay our debt 
In fullest full and all unstintingly. 



16th (Sebvice Batt.) Royal Scots. 
1916. November 30. 
Born at Cowglen, in the parish of Dunferm- 
line, on 14th Novem))er, 1895, he completed 
his education at Possilpark Public School. 
Glasgow. He joined M'Crae's Battalion (16th 
R.S.) early in January, 1915, and went to 
France with the regiment on January 8th, 
1916. The first important engagement was at 
the Battle of the Somme, in July, 1916. He 
was killed accidentally by the collapse of a 
dug-out on 30th November, 1916. 

You played your part: you wrote your name 

Upon our simple annals clear. 
In field and form-room still the same, 

A knight without reproach or fear. 

Thou deathless hero, sleeping by the sea 
In thy forgotten grave. With secret shame 
I feel my pulses beat, my forehead burn. 
When I remember thou hast given for me 
All that thou hadst, thy life, thy very name. 
And I can give thee nothing in return. 


Royal Scots. 
1916. December 1. 

The sad news reached Traquair that Pri- 
vate Hugh Wilson, Royal Scots, had been 
killed in France on 1st December. Previous 
to enlistment he was employed as a plough- 
man at Traquair Knowe. For the last ten 
years he had resided with his mother in 
Traquair village. He was a quiet, conscien- 
tious, and hard-working young man. He 
saw much serious fighting during the nine 
months he was in France. From letters re- 
ceived it appears he was acting as one of a 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

bearer company, and wlieu exposed to shell 
fire was hit on the back of the head by part 
of a bursting shell — death being instantane- 
ous. Much sympathy was felt for his re- 

The Battle of the Ancre had been raging 
ever since November 13. This was the 
fourth phase of the Battle of the Somme. 
The British had captured St Pierr© Divion, 
south of the Ancre, and Beaumont Hamel, 
north of the Ancre, and 4000 prisoners. They 
captured next Beaucourt-sur-Anvre, and ad- 
vanced east of Butte de Warlencourt. They 
extended their line to the east, and ad- 
vanced north and south of the Ancre, reach- 
ing the outskirts of Grandcourt. Thereafter 
there was a sort of a lull until December 11. 

No more for liim the morning winds 
Will blow fleet shadows o'er the downs. 
No more for him the sunset red 
Will deepen o'er the Western towns. 

His patient hands no more may wrest 
Scant profit from the barren soil. 
No more his tired feet may tread 
The paths that marked his daily toil. 

The horse his kindly voice controlled 
(By loving tendance made his own), 
Will chafe beneath a stranger's touch 
And wonder at a stranger's tone. 

Eestless, with tlhrobbing hopes, with thwarted 

Impulsive as a colt, 
How do you lie here month by weary month 

Helpless, and not revolt? 
What joy can those monotonous days afford 

Here in a ward. 



R.A.S.C. MoTOE Transport. 

1916. Wednesday, December 6. 

He was born at Hearthstane, Tweedsmuir, 

November 8th, 1876. As he had trained as 

an engineer and wais anxious to go on active 

service as soon as possible, he joined tho 

M.T..\.H.C. as a private without waiting for 

a commission. He was sent out to Egypt at 

once and then to Salonica, from where he 

was invalided home and died on the 6th 

December, 191C. 

You wore your couiuge as you wore your 
With oarelessnes« and joy. 
But in wliat spartan school of discipline 

Did you get patience, boy? 
How did .you learn to bear this long-drawn 
Anil not complain? 



EoTAL Scots. 

191G. December 6. 

Killetl in action on 6th December, 1916, 
Private T. W. Brown, Eoyal Scots, beloved 
son of Mr and Mrs E. Brown, Traquair. 
Blessed ar© the pure in heart. A feeling of 
deep regret and sorrow was expressed all 
over the parish of Traquair when it became 
known that Mr Edward Brown, Kirkhoiise, 
had received the sad news that his second 
son, Tom, had been killed in France on the 
6th December, 1916. 

No young man in the district was more 
popular or more highly respected. Before 
enlisting in the Royal Scots, his duties 
brought him into close contact with very 
many of the parish, as for nine years he 
had been rural postman, liis round including 
such widely separated places as Cardrona 
and Glenlude. 

He had a cheery word for everyone, and 
an obligation had only to be asked to be 
conferred. He coTild be freed from his dut- 
ies only after the Christmas postal pressure 
of the year, so that less than 12 months' 
service was all that he was privileged to 
give to his country's cause. He received 
his military training in one of the Border 
towns, and on his few visits home, many l^e- 
marked on his fine soldierly bearing. He 
had been in France for nine months. 

On 2nd December he wrote tihat another 
Traquair lad, Private Hugh AVilson, of the 
same regiment, had been killed. And before 
the letter was received, he himself liad met 
with a similar fate from th(v Inirsting of a 

12 have now beon killed from 'I'rnquair. 

From D. C. McEwen, Second-Lieutpnant — 

The death of your son is a great loss to 
the company, and the battalion, as he 
was a good soldier and an exceedingly fine 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


fellow, and his loss is deeply regretted by 
us all. I was his platoon commander, 
and personally deeply regret liis loss. 

From a chum in France — 

Tom was a fins' lad in every way, gen- 
erous, cheery, and kind-hearted. I may 
say that he was known as svKih., not only 
by hi«, Init hj all who knew him. 

From Mr Easton, Postmaster, Innerleithen— 
What a loss he will be here. I was 
looking forward to the time when he 
would be back to duty. He was always 
cheery and obliging, and ready to do his 
utmost iu the performance of his duties, 
without a grumble even when the weather 
was at its worst. 

From Mr Mcintosh, Traquair, his school 
teacher — 

We shall long remember Tom's happy 
and cheery way, and his unfailing obliging 

Close his eyes; his work is done. 
What to him is friend or foeman. 
Rise of moon, or set of sun, 
Hand of man, or kiss of woman.'' 

As man may, he fought his fight. 
Proved his truth by his eudeavour. 

Let him sleep in solemn night. 
Sleep forever and forever. 

Great God, with tending hand 

Watch o'er our souls. 
Speeding from Mammon's land 

To other goals. 
And when the battlefield gives up her dead, 
Let each on angel's breast lay down his head. 

West liinton, and afterwards to Edinburgh, 
where he wrought for some time with Messrs 
Mackenzie & Moncur, Slateford Road. After 
working for several years in London, he 
sailed for Australia in 1912, and there he 
wrought on the Bathurst Railway. When 
the war broke out. Sapper Overend answered 
the call of the Motherland for help. He re*- 
ceived most of his training in Egypt, where 
he fought against the Turks. He saw six 
months' service in France before being 
killed. He was of a cheery nature, a keen 
sportsman, and well liked by all who knew 
him. He was married and leaves a widow. 
His elder brother, James, saw service in 
France, both with the Black Watch and 
Motor Transport service. His younger 
brother, John, saw service in France with 
the Canadian Imperial Forces, and although 
serving in France from 1915 to the Armistice 
was never wounded. 

Another friend has left the light of day, 
Has dropped life's many-coloured cloak, 
and fled ; 

Too silently his soul has slipped away. 
And ere we guessed him dying, he was dead. 

Ah, noble spirit ! thou hast found release 
From bondage under duty's shining etar. 

For, armoured in the panoply of peace. 
Thou wast a soldier in a holy war. 

Now hast thou paid the price, and earned 
the meed 
That great-hearts carry when they say 
farewell : 
A friend of man, a brother good at need, 
A hero soul flits with thy passing bell. 


(Innerleithen and Australia) 


Australian Imperial Force. 
1916. December 6. 

Sapper Robert Overeud, Royal Engineers, 
Australian Imperial Forc-es, second son of 
Mr and Mrs Overend, Chambers Street, In- 
nerleithen, was killed in action on 6l:h Dec- 
ember, 1916. 

Sapper Overend, who was 38 years of age, 
served his apprenticeship as a joiner with 
Mr Eckford, Innerleithen. He then went to 


(Walkebbuhn and Australia) 

Machine Gun Section. 

1916. December 24. 

" It is with the deepest regret that I have 
to inform you that your son. Will, is no 
longer with us. He was killed in action by 
a shell on Christmas Eve, and was decently 
buried in the cemetery of the military in 
the town behind our lines this afternoon. It 
is hard for me to speak a word of comfort 
at this time, dear lady, but I pray that you 
may be comforted by the thought that it was 
God's will, and that he died in the noblest 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

cause that we know— fighting for the freedom 
of his country. He suffered no pain, being 
killed instantly. I beg to extend to you my 
most heart-felt sympathy in your sad 

William Stirling belonged originally to' 
Walkerburn, where relatives reside yet. He 
himself had emigrated to Brisbane, where 
he carried on the business of contractor and 
electrical engineer. On the outbreak of 
war, he, one of those brave Tweeddale Scots, 
returned to Europe and fought in defence of 
the Mother of the Empire, and in so doing, 
gave \ip all that life holds dear, even life 
itself. In the end, the righteous cause for 
which he died, achieved victory over the 
powers of evil. 

Lean, brown lords of the Brisbane beaches. 

Lithe-limbed kings of the Culgoa bends, 
Princes that ride where the Roper reaches, 

Captains that camp where the grey Gulf 
ends — 
Never such goodly men together 

Marched since the kingdoms first made 
war : 
Nothing so proud as the Emu feather 

Waved in a Scottish wind before. 


9th Scottish Eifles. 
1916. December 30. 

Private Joihn Pretswell, ploughman, son 
of David Pretswell, formerly at Burnetland, 
now Coulter Haugh, joined the 9th Bat- 
talion Scottish Rifles on 10th May, 191G ; trans- 
fen-ed to 3/lct Lanarkshire Yeomanry; 
trained at Scone Camp; musketry training at 
Barry; then at Hawick and Catterick ; 
transferred to 5th Reserve Scottish Rifles 
at Catterick ; drafted to France, 4th October, 
and attached to 9th Battalion Scottish Rifles 
at the Base. He wont into the firing line < i 
25th December, and met his death at the 
end of the first i-etirement on 30th Decem- 
ber, 191G, and was buried in the town behind 
(ho liticH .it Fiiiiliourg D'Amicns Military 
< 'ciLK^teiy, Arrjis. 

A young man of [ironiise and ntlentive to 

duty, aged nineteen years, he is much miss- 
ed, and deep sympathy was felt for his 

" Not spilt like water on the ground : 
Not v\Tapt in dreamless sleep profound. 
Not wandering in unknown despair 
Beyond Tlij' voice. Thine arms. Thy care; 
Not left to lie like fallen tree, 
Not dead, but living into Thee.'' 

The journey is done and the summit attained, 

And the barriers fall. 
Though a battle's to fight ere the guerdoi^ 
be gained. 

The reward of it all. 
I was ever a fighter, so — one fight more. 

The best and the last. 


(Walkerbuen and Canada) 
Royal Scots. 
1917. January 7. 
Secpud-Dieutenant James McNaught, son 
of the late Mr Robert McNaught, Walker- 
burn, was born in Walkerburn, and received 
his education in the Public School there, and 
at Peebles Burgh and County High School, 
which he attended in 1895-97. He qualified 
as a solicitor in Edinljurgh, and in 190G 
went out to Canada, where he became one 
of the solicitoi>s of the C'aimdian Pacific Rail- 
way. In a letter from Mr W. R. Jeffrey 
(formerly of Haswellsykes, Manor), to Mr 
G. C. Pringle, M.A., the Rector of the High 
School, Mr Jeffrey says .— " I thought you 
would be interested in the enclosed cutting 
ironi the 'Monti-eal Gazette,' in connection 
with the death of James McNaught, one of 
the former High School boys. I have had 
considerable dealings with McNaught tiiuce 
I joined the Company five years ago, and I 
can aasuro you no young man over had bettor 
prospects. He was one of the soundest 
lawyers I over came across, giving his de- 
cisions with the greatest promptness, in 
which he was seldom, if ever, wrong. Ho 
gave up a position worth J;lO00 a year to join 
the ranks, and went across to the Old Coun- 
try to join up, to get sooner to the front 
than he would have done by joining n Can- 
adian regiment. Ilis place with llio Com- 
pany will be hard to fill." The cutting from 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


tbe "Moutreal Gazette" is as follows :— "The 
Canadian Pacific Railway has lost another of 
its valued servants at the front. Lieutenant 
Jame<s McXanght, a Scotsman by birth, was 
one of the Company's solicitors with ofiSce 
in Montreal, and his death is reported in to- 
day's casualty list. Lieutenant McNaught 
was one' of the most popular officials of the 
C.P.E. He came to Canada in 1906, after 
qualifying: as a solicitor in Edinburgh. 
Shortly after his arrival he joined the law 
department of the Company, and his abil- 
ities were quickly appreciated, and his 
efforts were rewarded by a promotion as 
assistant to solicitor in 1911. It was three 
years afterwards that Lieut. McNaught was 
made one of the solicitors of ttie C.P.E., but 
when the war broke out, like many other 
Scotsmen, he had the fighting fever. 

"He commenced his training with the McGill 
Battalion in the summer of 1915. On Nov- 
ember 17t,h the same year he went back to 
Scotland and enlisted as a private in the 
Eoj'al Scots. He trained all through the 
winter until June, 1916, when he was selec- 
ted to take an officers' training course. liieut. 
McNaught had no difficulty in qualifying 
and in October last he was appointed to the 
2nd Battalion Eoyal Scots, and went to the 
front about the beginning of December. He 
was on the Somme front, and was killed in 
action on Sunday, January Tth, 1917.'" He 
leaves a widow and daughter to mourn his 

Yea-, stubborn they stood, that hero band. 

Where no soul hoped to live; 
For five 'gainst eighty thousand men, 

Were hopeless odds to give. 

Yea, fought tihey on, 'twas Friday eve. 
When that demon gas drove down ; 

'Twas Saturday eve that saw them still 
Grimly holding their own. 

Sunday, Monday, saw them yet, 

A steady lessening band. 
With " no surrender " in their hearts, 

But the dream of a far-off laud. 

Where mother and sister, and love would weep 
For the hushed heart lying still; 

But never a thought but to do their part. 
And work the Empire's will. 

Ringed round, heninied in, and back to back. 
They fought there under the dark. 

And won for Empire, God, and the Right, 
At grim, red Langemarck, 



Black Watch. 

1917. Thursday, January 25. 

Died of wounds received in Prance, Private 
William Bertram, Black Watch, son of John 
Bertram, Hallyards lodge. Manor, dearly 
beloved and deeply mourned, in his 31st 
year. His brother George fell on July 14, 

From the 16th January there had been im- 
portant daylight raids by the Britisli west of 
Lens. On the 17th this was repeated, the 
enemy jjosts on a front of 600 yards being 
captured north of Beaucourt-sur-Ancre. 
About the time that Private Bertram fell, 
the British took a German position and 350 
prisoners near Le Transloy. 

Her boys are not shut out. They come 
Homing like pigeons to her door. 

Sure of her tender welcome home. 
As many a time before. 

Oh, not like lonely ghosts in mist, 
Her boys come from the niglit and rain. 

But to be clasped, but to be kissed, 
And not go out again. 

Light of Light, give us to see, for their sake. 
Light of Light, grant them eternal peace; 
-And let light perpetual shine upon them; 
Light everlasting. 


8th Royal Scots. 
1917. January 27. 

Born at Galashiels in the year 1880; edu- 
cated at Ladhope Bank School (Gala), was 
a keen Volunteer, and saw active service in the 
South African War, for which he held the 
Queen's Medal. Before enlistment he was em- 
ployed as a yarn clerk with D. Ballantyne, 
Brothers & Co., Ltd., Waverley Mills, Inner- 
leithen. Enlisted in 1914; trained at Had- 
dington, and later Recruiting Sergeant at 

Died in hospital in Edinburgh on Satur- 
day, 27th January, 1917. Survived by his 
widow and son, now residing at Traquair. 

Fold him in liis country's stars. 
Roll the drum and fire the volley. 

What to him are all our wareP 
What but death bemocking folly? 

Leave him to God's watching eye : 
Trust him to the hand that made him. 

Moital love weeps idly by; 
God alone has power to aid him. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


EoTAL AiE Force. 
1917. Febhuaey 11. 

Captain, R.G.A., volunteered into the E.A.F. 
Was pilot and Acting Squadron Commander, 
13th Squadron. On the 11th February, he 
was brought down by a Fokker behind the 
German lines, taken by surprise, the Huns 
dropping upon him from a cloud. He was 
reported missing, but his comrades in very 
sympathetic letters said he must be killed. 
One man said that his bus was brought 
down in flames. His Major, in a kind letter, 
8aid he had done very good work, and not 
to despair. The German Eed Cross reported 
from the German side that he was killed and 
buried in Eoeux Cemetery. He was married 
and left a son. His wife refused to believe 
him dead. In civil life he was a partner 
of Eobert Thorburn and Sons, builders, Ed- 

His brother William died on March 22, 
1915 ; succumbing to wounds at CraigleitJi 

After days of watching, days of lead. 
There came the certain news that you were 

dead : 
You had died fighting, fighting against odds, 
Such as in war the gods 
Aetherial dared when all the world was 

Suoh fighting as blind Homer never sung. 
Nor Hector nor Achilles ever knew : 
High in the empty blue. High, high, above 

the cloud.?, against the setting sun. 
The fight was fought, and your great task 

was done. 

Wak Ef.cord of Other Membijrs of 
Thorbukn Family, Tweedsmuie. 

Mary Mitohell Thorburn, R.E.C., 1st Class, 
Head Matron in Horton War Ho-spital, Ep- 
som, Surrey. This hospital was intended for 
2,000 rank and file, but was added to for 700 
officers. Site was trained in the Fever Ho.s- 
pitnl and Royal liifirmaiy. Edinburgh. Dur- 
ing an ej)ideiiiic she volunteered 1o nurse 
small pox patients. 

Jiobert : In tlic Boor War. Scrgl., liui)orinl 
Yoomanry, medal and five bars; Great War, 
Mercantile .Mniine. His vcisel took troops. 

etc., to German South West Africa from the 
Cape. Afterwards bis ship took stores to 
Salonika, and in tiie Government service went 
up and down the Mediterranean to Alex- 
andria and Malta, etc. 

John Middlemass : Mercantile Marine, Chief 
Ofiicer (passed Master). His vessel was com- 
mandeered at the beginning of the war, and 
after some service to Eosyth, his ship went 
to Baltimore, U.S., where he left her. Sthe 
(the S.S. Teviotdale) was torpedoed on the 
way home and all the officers drowned. He 
later served as a private in the 48th Eegi- 
ment, U.S. Army, in France. 

Vincent Dawson was gazetted from the 
O.T.C., George Watson's School, into tthe 
Forth E.G.A.T. Was ^ years in Batteries 
in the Forth district ; a weary vigil. Was 
promoted Lieutenant. 

Lastly, Thomas, was engaged building mun- 
ition works from the first. Ardeer and 
Irving, Ayrshire; Pembrey, 2, South Wales, 
and Bristol. 



Royal Scots. 

Machine Gun Corps. 

1917. February 22. 

John McFadyen, private. No. 37904, 136th 
Machine Gun Corps, 3rd son of the late Alex- 
ander McFadyen, and Mrs McFadyen, 113 
Comiston Road, Edinburgh. He was employ- 
ed as gardener by Mr Ballantyne, Stony- 
hill, Walkerburn. Enlisted in the Royal 
Scots. Was transferred to the Machine Gun 
Corps, and received his training at Grant- 
ham. He served with the Indian Expedi- 
tionary Force in Mesopotamia from Septem- 
ber, 1916, and was killed in action at Sanny- 
i-yat on Thunsday, 22nd February, 1917. 
Buried on the battlefield. 

No doubt by this time you will know that 
John had been killed in (he attack on Sann- 
i-yat on the 22nd Felnuary. 1 am writing 
this in the hope that it will be some con- 
solation to you to know that ho died as 
he would have wished, a good soldier's 
death, and in one of the greatest victories 
of this war. Jock was a special favourite 
among the boys of the section, who join 
me in sending their deepest sympathy in 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


your hour of trial. I would like to take 
this opijortunity of expressing to you my 
sincere syrapatihy in your great loss, and 
at the same time my appreciation for the 
great devotion your son always showed to 
his duty. John was the most cheerful and 
best of pals, and we who knew him and 
chummed with him in Grantham and after 
we came out here, miss him greatly. On 
behalf of my chums and myself, I wish 
to tender to you our sincerest sympathies 
in your bereavement. 

My shoulders ache beneath my pack 

(Li© easier. Cross, upon His back). 

I march with feet that burn and smart 

(Tread, Holy Feet, upon my heart). 

Men shout at me who dare not speak 

(They scourged Thy back and smote Thy 

I may not lift a hand to clear 
My eyes of salty drops that sear. 
(When shall my fickle soul forget 
The agony of bloody sweat). 
My rifle hand is stifi and numb 
(From Thy pierced palms red rivers come). 
Lord, Thou didst suffer more for me 
Than all the hosts of land and sea. 
So let me render back again 
This millionth of Thy gift. Amen. 



4th Royal Scots. 
1917. Febeuaet 28. 

I/ance-Corporal William Hall, nephew of 
Miss Hall, the Schoolhouse, Glenholm, son of 
the late James French Hall, volunteered 
shortly after the outbreak of war. He was 
out in France for only six weeks when he 
fell, instantaneously killed by a shell when 
out with a bombing party near Arras, on 
Wednesday, 28th February, 1917. His CO. 
said of him — "He was a good soldier and 
efiicient N.C.O." He was with Messrs Simp- 
eon and Lawson, W.S., Albyn Place, and 
had gone up for his final examination in law 
the year of the war. He was much appre- 
ciated in the office, and was a Sunday School 
teacher and guildsman, in St Andrew's 

Church, Edinlnirgh. His brother fell on 
June 28, 1915. 

"He being dead, yet speaketh.'^ 

" Carry on ! Carry on ! 
Fight the good fight and true; 
Believe in your mission, greet life with a 

cheer ! 
There's big work to do and that's why you 
are here. 
Carry on! Carry on! 
Let the world be the better for you ; 
And at last when you die, let this be join 
cry : 
Carry on, my soul ! Carry on" 



Royal Scots. 

1917. Maech 21, Missing. 

He was 25 years of age, and enlisted on 
September 1, 1914. He went to France in 
May, 1915, and was continuously in action 
except for two visits home; the latest eight 
weeks before he fell. He had been in Tweed- 
vale Mills. He( was well known in Border 
Rugliy football circles, and played for Wal- 
kerburn. He had two brothers serving. 

On the day previous, the British had ad- 
vanced towards Carabrai and St Quentin, and 
had occupied 14 villages. The Department ot 
the Oise was completely liberated. And on 
the 21st, the British advanced south-east and 
east of Peronne, occupying forty more vill- 
ages, and approaching St Quentin. Their 
progress towards Cambrai continued. 

Somewhere beneath the stars he lies. 
Whom earth has taken to her breast. 
Nor ever may our tear-dimmed eyes 
Behold where now he takes his rest. 
No cross records his well-loved name. 
No tomb in days to com© shall tell 
In golden letters of the fame 
That crowned him even as he fell. 



12th Royal Scots. 

1917. March 22. 

Enlisted in September, 1914. Left for 

France in May, 1915. Was invalided home 

in April, 1916 ; was reported missing, March 

22nd, 1917, and was presumed killed on that 

date. He was 32 years of age, and was un- 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

mariied. He also resided ■with his sister, 
Miss Eobina Inglis, at Jubilee Eoad. Wal- 

Oil tills day, March 22, there was greatly 
increased enemy resistance on the British 
front, from i,vest of St Quentin to the sonth 
of Arras. There were at the same time 
severe snowstorms which added greatly to 
the sufferings and hardships of the army. 
On tihe day following, there was more fight- 
ing on the British front between Arras and 
the Bapaume-Cambrai road. And on tlie 
2ith the Biitish took Eoisel, east of Peronne. 

"Somewhere in France," — we know not where 

he lies, 
'Mid shuddering earth and under anguished 

We may not visit him, but this we say : 
Though our steps err, his shall not miss 

their way. 
From the exhaustion of war's fierce embrace, 
He, nothing doubting, went to his own place. 
To him has come, if not the Crown and 

The kiss of peace—a vast, sufficing calm. 


(Teaqvaie and Australia and Newlands) 

Australian Imperial Force. 
1917. April 2. 

Killed in action in France on the 2nd 
April, 1917, Private Wm. W. Stevens, Aust- 
ralian Imperial Force, aged 33, beloved hus- 
band of Mary B. Burton, Perth, West Aust- 
ralia, and eldest .son of Wm. W. Stevens, 
Danderhall, Dalkeith, son-in-law of Alex. 
B. Burton, Kailzie Mains, deeply regretted. 
He was born at Blylha^, Newlands, on July 
19, 1884. 

The Britisli had captured Savy on the 
previous day, four miles west of St Quentin, 
and also Savy Wood. On April 2, when Pri- 
vate Stevens fell, the British advanced west 
and north of St Quentin, capturing three 
villages to the west; and on the north be- 
tween Arras and the Bapaume-Cambrai road, 
taking Croiselles and other five villages. 

There wa.s a man once loved green fields like 

Iff drew Ills Unowledge from the wild 

birds' Hongs; 
And he had praise for every beauteous 

And ho had pity tor all |)itPous wrongs. 

A. lover of eartli's forests— of her hills. 
And brother to her sunlight— to her rain — 
Man, witli a boy's fresh wonder. He was great 
With greatness all too simple to explain. 

We know it was for you who bear his name, 
And such as you that all iiis joy he gave ; 
His love of quiet fieldfi, his youth, his life. 
To win that heritage of peace you have. 


Eighth Eotal Scots. 

1917. April 9. 
Sergeant Dickson ^Maule was killed in 
action near Arras while leading his platoon 
on Monday, April 9th, 1917, and was buried 
in the Soldiers' Cemetery at Eocklincourt. 
He was called up with the 8th Eoyal Scots 
(Territorials) at the outbreak of war, and 
went to France with liia regiment at tJie 
beginning of November, 1914. He was pro- 
moted Sergeant on the Field. He was once 
wounded previously in November, 1916. He 
was home on one month's leave three months 
before he was killed. Previous to the war 
he was employed as a pattern weaver in 
Tweedvale Mills, Walkerburn. He was 25 
years of age, and was well known in Border 
Rugby circles as a member of the Walker- 
burn Club. 

There is a hill in Flanders, 
Heaped with a thousand slain, 

Where the shells fly night and noontide 
And the ghost^s that died in vain ; 
A little ihill, a hard hill 

To the souls that died in pain. 

There is a hill in Jewry, 

Three crosses pierce the sky, 
On the midmost He is dying 

To save all those who die; 

A little hill, a kind hill 
To souls in jeopardy. 



13TII RoTAL Scots. 
1917. Apkil 9. 
Private James Campbell was killed on Mon- 
day, 9th April, 1917. at the Battle of Arras. 
Ho was in America for six years before war 
broke out, and when he got word of his 
brother's death, he oame right home and joined 
up. He only got nine weeks' training on this 

Private William Stieling, 
Walkerbuen and Australia. 

Second-Lie iJTEN ANT James McNaught, 
Walkebburn and Canada. 

Private John Peetswiell, 

Private William Bertram, 

2 I 

Skroeant ^^'^.T,IA^\I Bell. 

Pte. John M'Fadyen, 

< Al'TAI.S .Ia.MIS 'ri(li|(l!L'l(N, 

liCi.;.-( I'l.. \Vii,LiAM IIakl, 


PtE. G. L". I.ITTLE^ 


Private W. W. Stevens, 


Pte. Wm Inglis, 

Sergeant Dickson j\Taule, 

r 1 

r . 

% * 







. • « - ^ 

Private James Campbell, 

Private George jNI. Douglas, 

Captain 'I^homaa AR'niuit Nelson, 

J. I Kill'. Alexander Inuljs, 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


side b^elore being sent to France. He was 36 
wars old. and was attached to the 13th Koj'al 
Scots. Private Campbell was on duty with 
his company on the morning of the 9th April, 
when a shell bxirst quite close to him, and 
fatally wounded him in the body. He was 
quite unconscious, and died in the field am- 
bulance a few hours later. 

His younger brother, Willie, fell on May 16, 

Private Campbell was one of those gallant 
patriots who, though exiled for six years in 
America, responded to the call of the Mother 
Country and gave their lives for the Empire. 
Before going to America he was secretary cf 
the Thistle Football Club, and worked in 
Tweedvale Mill. He went to America in 1908, 
and travelled over a good many States during 
his sis years in that country, until his 
brother, Willie, was killed, then he came 
home at his own expense and joined \ip to 
have revenge. But he was killed on the 9th 
April at the Battle of Arras, while on duty as 
a dispatch rider, the same bullet killing two 
of them. He is buried in Faughbury 
D' Amiens Cemetery, Arras. 

They are but fragments of Imperial splendour, 

Handfuls of might amid a mighty host, 
Yet I, who saw them go with proud surrender. 
May surely claim to love them first and 
They who had all, gave all. Their half-writ 
Lies in the empty halls they knew so well. 
But they, the knights of God, shall see His 
And find the Grail even in the fire of hell. 



1917. April 9. 

Killed in action on Monday, April 9, 1917, 
Thomas Arthur Nelson, of Ach-na-Cloich, 
Argyllshire, and St Leonards, Edinburgh, 
aged 40. Yeomanry. 

It was officially reported that Captain 
Thomas Arthur Nelson was killed on the 9th 
April. Captain Nelson was a director of the 
well-known publishing firm of Messrs Thomas 
Nelson & Sons (Ltd.), Edinburgh. On the 
outbreak of war he mobilised with the Yeo- 

manry, and he had been at the front for 
about eighteen months. He was transferred 
from his unit to take up special service, and 
was killed by a stray shell. Forty years of 
age, he was educated at Edinburgh Academy, 
and afterwards at University College, Ox- 
ford, where he was captain of the Oxford 
Rugby fifteen. In the international match 
against England in 1898 he played in the Scot- 
tish threequarter line. His death brings the 
number of Scottish internationalists either 
killed or missing up to 21. Captain Nelson 
married a daughter of Mrs Balfour of 
Dawyck, and leaves two sons and four daugh- 
ters. The deceased oflieer was greatly re- 
.ipected both in military and civil life. He 
took a sympathetic interest in the welfare of 
the workers employed by the fLi-m, one of the 
acts associated with his name and that of his 
brother being the granting of facilities for re- 
creation in the private park attached to the 
house for the use of the athletic club con- 
nected with the establishment. The firm, in 
deed, were pioneers in the matter of provid- 
ing for the health, comfort, and social inter- 
course of their employees, appointing a speci- 
ally qualified official, whose sole duty is to 
supervise the welfare of the workers. Cap- 
tain Nelson spent a considerable part of each 
year on his estate at Ach-na-Cloich, on Loch 
Etive, and was well known and exceedingly 
popular in the Oban district. 

One who from his earliest undergraduate 
days had a kind of genius for inspiring friend- 
ship and confidence. Coming up to Usniver- 
sity College from Edinburgh Academy, with 
a great reputation in Eugby football, Thomas 
Arthur Nelson played for the University from 
1898 to 19O0; and in 190O was captain of the 
Oxford fifteen. He played also as inside 
threequarter for Scotland. He was President 
of Vincent's, a post which demanded not only 
a distinguished athletic record, but a very 
special personal popularity. And indeed dur- 
ing his college days I think that if a poll had 
been taken for the best liked man in Oxford, 
Thomas Nelson would have headed it. He car- 
ried on the tradition of another member of 
his college, E. E. Balfour, whose sister he 
afterwards married, a tradition in which his 
pre-eminence in sport was less remembered 
than his singular gift for winning the devo- 
tion of all sorts of people. Even in these days 
he was singularly wise and mature, for with 
all his zest for amusement and adventure, ho 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

had granite commonsense, and a liigh notion 
of duty. He was a man to whom one turned 
naturally for help and counsel. 

He left Oxford to take his part in the great 
publishing house which bears his name. He 
worked hard at the business, and under his 
hands and those of his colleagues it grew to 
become perhaps the largest organisation of 
its kind in the world. But his life could not 
be narrowed to one interest. No employer 
over gave more thought to the wellbeing of his 
employees, and no master ever enjoyed a 
more wholehearted popularity. He had a 
deep interest in all schemes of social better- 
ment, and being too modest to preach, he was 
content to practise. He was a keen Yeo- 
manry officer, a pioneer of afforestation, an 
ideal West Highland laird. He was the best 
of sportsmen, not merely because he did 
everything well, and with imjnense gusto, but 
because he had in his bones the love of wild 
life and adventure and conquest. But his 
great endowment was his genius for friend- 
ship with all human classes and conditions. 
His kind, serious eyes looked out on the world 
with infinite friendliness and understanding. 
His death makes a bigger hole in the life of 
Scotland than that of any man of his years. 

There are some people whom one instinct- 
ively feels to have been born for this war, to 
have always been in training for it. It is 
true of the very young men who as platoon 
commanders and aviators have so wholly ful- 
filled the purpose of life. It is true perhaps 
of Thomas Nelson. His friends always felt 
that he was fitted for greater things than any 
they foresaw for him — greater than business 
or politics (which latter he hated, though it 
was said that he could have been elected for 
any Edinburgh constituency on whatever side 
he chose to stand). The war brouglit that 
greater destiny. His one thought from the 
first day was to give everything he possessed 
to his country's service. During the early 
montlis when lie was training with the Yeo- 
manry at home, he fretted at his inaction. 
He went to France in September, 1915, and 
presently as corps observation officer he was 
doing admirable work, for which, at the 
Battle of the Ancre, he was mentioned in 
despntclies. In liis last months he was with 
the Tanks, and enjoyed every moment of it. 
Always absurdly modest, he was immensely 
appreciative of his colleagues, and eager, ns 
he said, to make himself a good soldier. But 

a good soldier he was by nature, with his 
quick intelligence, his faithfulness, his un- 
f-liakeable good humour, and perfect cour- 
age. He died as he would have wished, in 
his country's triumphant advance toward 
that end for which he held no sacrifice too 

" Far other is that Battle in the West, 
Whereto we move, than when we strove in 

But he carried to his last fight the clean a-iid 
happy spirit that he had kept iindimmed 
from boyhood. 

You hear the solemn bell 

At vespers, when the oriflammes are furled 

And then you know that somewhere in the 

That shines far-off beneath you like a gem, 
They think of you, and when you think of 

You know that they will wipe away their 

And cast aside their fears : 
That they will have it so, 
And ill no otherwise •■ 
That it is well with them because' they 

With faithful eyes. 
Fixed forward and turned upwards to the 

That it is well with you, 
Among the chosen few. 
Among the very brave, the very true. 



Aeqyll and Suthekland Highlanders. 
1917. April 9. 

Killed in action on Monday, the 9th April, 
1917, George M'Plierson Douglas, Argyll and 
Sutherland Highlanders, beloved husband of 
Jessie Watson Lugton, Lion's Gate, Ford, 
llidlothian, and dearly loved second eon of 
the late Thomas Douglas, baker, Inner- 
leithen, and Mrs Douglas, Morningside, In- 
nerleithen. He was killed after getting over 
the parapet going in a cliarge at the battle 
of Arras. The' Chaplain said he was a faith- 
ful servant and was very brave. 

Official intimation received by Mrs Douglas, 
Morningside, that her son, Private George 
M. Douglas, Argyll and Sutiherland Highland- 

County of Peebles Book: of Remembrance. 


ers, was killed in action in France, on the 
9th April. Private Douglas had just com- 
pleted his time as a reservist when war 
broke out, but rejoined the colours under 
the Derby scheme and was called up with 
his class in April, 1916, going to France in 
July. While in the reserve he was employed 
in Glen gardens. After he married he was 
employed as gardener and lodge-keeper at 
Preston Hall, Pathhead, Ford. He was 33 
years of age. 

The battle of Arras began on this day, on 
a twelve mile front. The Canadians took 
Vimy Ridge, 5 villages and GOOO prisoners. 
The British also took 6 villages and entered 
Havrincourt Wood. 

Out of the flame-scarred night one came to me 
And whispered, "He is dead.'' But I, who 

The resurrection is in each noble mind. 
Thy soul in every deed of chivalry, 
I can but think, while lives nobility, 
While honour lights a pabh for human-kind, 
While aught is beautiful, or aught enshrined, 
Death hath o'ertaken, but not conquered 




8/10th Gordon Highlandees. 

1917. APEIL 11. 

Killed in action on Wednesday, April 11, 
Alexander Inglis, lieutenant, Gordon High- 
landers, aged 26, only son of the late Alex- 
ander Inglis and Mrs Inglis, 2 Eillbank 
Terrace, Edinburgh. He was educated at 
the Eoyal High School, Edinburgih, and was 
a private in the 9th Eoyal Scots when war 
broke out. He obtained his commission in 
the Gordons in the autumn of 1914. He 
was employed with Messrs Thomas Nelson & 
Sons, publishers, Parkside Works, Edin- 
burgOi. Lieutenant Inglis was a grandson 
of the late Mr Alex. Inglis, who for 47 
years was gamekeeper to Sir G. Graham 
Montgomery, Bart., Stobo Castle. His mat- 
ernal grandfather was the late Mr Adam 
Brown, farmer, Drochil Castle. 

He went to France in July, 1915, and was 
through the battle of Loos and Hill 70 in 
September, 1915, being in the 41th Brigade 
of the 15th Scottish Division. He was bomb- 
ing officer first for his battalion, then for 

the brigade, and latterly was acting Captain 
at the Divisional Bombing School, but was 
in command of the bombers of his brigade 
when he was killed. 

As in days of old, Lieut. Inglis and his 
Captain, Nelson, fell in the same battle of 
Arras, both in the same firm of Nelsons. 

Sleep on, sleep on, ye resting dead, 
The grass is o'er ye growing 
In dewy greenness. Ever fled 
From you hath care, and, in its stead. 
Peace hath with you its dwelling made, 
Where tears do cease from flowing. 

Sleep on. 

Sleep on, sleep on; ye do not feel 

Life's ever-burning fever — 
Nor scorn that sears, nor pains that steel 
And blanch the loving heart, until 
'Tis like the bed of mountain-rill 

Which waves have left forever. 

Sleep on. 

Sleep on, sleep on, your couch is made 

Upon your mother's bosom; 
Yea, and your peaceful, lonely bed 
Is all with sweet wild-flowers inlaid. 
And over each earth-pillowed head 

The hand of Nature strews them. 

Sleep on. 



7th King's Own Scottish Boedbeers. 

1817. Between 11th and 13th Apeil 

Private Thomas Scott, K.O.S.B., missing 
between 11th and 13th April. His brother. 
Lieutenant Andrew Scott, was killed on April 
18. He enlisted in September, 1914. 

Private Thomas Scott, 7/8th Battalion 
K.O.S.B., served his apprenticeship in the 
grocery department of the Walkerburn Co- 
operative Society, but for a few years previ- 
ous to enlistment he was employed as a for<i- 
man with J. & P. Coats, Ltd., Paisley. Ho 
enlisted in the 8t-h K.O.S.B. on September 4, 
1914, and received his training in England. 
Proceeding to France in July, 1915, the batta- 
lion, which formed part of the famous 15th 
Brigade, at once went into active service, and 
in September of that year, took part in the 
Battle of Loos, in which they were so badly 
cut up that they had afterwards to be amal- 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

gamated with the 7th battalion, whose losses 
had also been heavy. The battalion continued 
to take part in much severe fighting. Private 
Scott had several very narrow escapes, and 
previous to his fatality had been slightly 
wounded, and was also in hospital for a few 
weeks suflering from the effects of a gas 
attack. It was on April 11th. 1917, while en- 
gaged in the big advance, which started on the 
9th, that he was seriously wounded. A few- 
days later he was reported wounded and miss- 
ing, and later still came the report, presumed 
killed. In writing to his relatives at the 
time. Major Hart said — " During the fighting 
on the 11th, your son, who was my servant, 
and who was with me at the time, was I re- 
gret to say, seriously wounded in the foot. 
We were advancing, and I could not go back 
to see him, but I aiu told that he was at once 
dressed by the doctor, who fortunately was 
near by, and that in spite of having a very 
bad wound in the foot, he was carried out 
conscious and quite cheery. I expect he will 
liave already written to you, and possibly he 
is in Britain by this time. I can only say 
that he did his duty gallantly, and I regret 
his loss beyond measure, and I trust he will 
recover satisfactorily." He was unmarried. 

Receive him. Earth, into thine harbouring 
shrine : 
In thy soft tranquil bosom let him rest; 
These limbs of man I to thy care consign. 
And trust the noble fragments to thy 
This house was once the mansion of a soul 

Brought into life by his Creator's breath : 
Wisdom did once this living mass control: 
And Christ was there enshrined Who con- 
quers death. 



Royal Scots. 
I!(17. 'Thursday, Apkil 12. 
fjfficial intimation came to ihand that Pri- 
vate George Chalmers, Royal Scots, previous- 
ly reported wounded, died of woiinds, re- 
ceived at the battle of Arras. He was em- 
ployed in Tweedvale Mill. His mother re- 
sided in Montgomery Street, Walkorburn. 
He enlisted in August, 1911, and left for 
France in May, 191."). He was wounded iit 
Loo8, and was invMljdod Irom .shell shock. 

He has another brother serving in the 

The British gained great successes later 
around Arras, between April 23 and 28, on 
whicdi day there was continuous fierce fight- 

Nor is he dead. II© lives in Three Great 

Spheres — 
His soul is with Thee in Thy home above ; 
His influence, with friends of former years; 
His memory, with those he used to love ; 
He is an emblem of that Trinity 
With whom he lives in happy ectasy. 



Scottish Eifles. 

1917. Saturday, April 11. 

On April 10, 11, 12, and 13, in the year 
1917, the British were engaged in a great 
advance near Arras. A British attack on a 
big front had been successful from Lens to 
St Quentin. On the 12th and 13th, many 
prisoners were taken from the Germans, and 
imixirtant positions captured, including 
Lievin. On the 11th several other positions 
near Lens were seized by the British, and 
this was the day on which fell Private Mark 
Benson from the village of Eddleston. His 
body was buried near Heninel, 5 miles south- 
east of Arras. He left a widow and one 
daughter. Mark Benson was a Yorkshire 
man, who came to Scotland twenty years 
before, being employed for three years at 
Coldstream, and later, at Etal for ten years, 
and finally for seven years at Darnhall. In 
civil life he was greatly beloved for his quiet 
gentlemanly demeanour, and after he fell, 
hi.s Commanding Officer wrote stating how 
much he was esteemed for his Ijravey and 
unselfish willingness. 

He did not fall in vain, and the positions 
were all successfully captured on the day 
that cost liini his life. Ho was forty years 
of age. 

My days iiiuong I lie dead aro pa.'isod, 

Around mo I l)cliold 
Where'er these casual eyes are cast 

TMie miglily minds of old; 
My never tailing friends arc tlioy, 
\\\\\\ whom I converse day by day. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



(Walkehbubn and Canada) 


1917. Apkil 18. 

Lieut. Andrew Scott, 58tli Battalion Can- 
adians, serFed his apprenticeship in the ofiBce 
of Henry Ballantyne & Sons, Twe«dvale 
Mills, Walkerburn, and for a few years 
thereafter acted as wareliouseman in Nether- 
dale Mill, Galashiels. In 1911 h© emigrated 
to Canada, and held a good appointment in 
Trent Valley Woollen Mills, Campbellford, 
Ontario. In 1915 he enlisted and received his 
commission in the 139th Battalion, and came 
over to England in September, 1916. Receiv- 
ing a week's leave, he visited his parents in 
Walkerburn, and renewed acquaintanceship 
with many of his Border friends. Early in 
October, he was sent to France to join the 
58th Battalion on active service. In April, 
1917, he met his youngest brother who had 
been in France for about two years. Tihey 
had not met for nearly six years, and sad 
to tell, within the nest fortnight both had 
paid th© supreme sacrifice. He was a keen 
sportsman, and took an active interest in 
cricket, bowling, curling, and cycling, and 
was also a keen angler. He was also de 
voted to music, and had been a member of 
ahurch choirs since bis boyhood. 

He was in command of his company at 
Vimy Eidge, which was taken on 9tb April, 
but three days latex he was severely wounded 
by shrapnel, and died in General Hospital, 
Boulogne, on 18th April. He was 35 years 
of age, and leaves a widow and a son aged 
ten. In a notice of his death, the "Campbell- 
ford News," of April 26th, 1917, says :— 
"Lieut. Scott was one of the battalion's best 
officers, a general favourite with his fellow- 
officers and well liked by the men. His sor- 
rowing widow and young son have the sym- 
pathy of the entire community in the great 
loss they sustain in the death of a noble 
husband and father." 

His brother Thomas fell on April 13, 1917, 
five days before him. 

There, no more parting, no more pain. 

The distant ones brought near, 
The lost so long are found again. 

Long lost, but longer dear. 
Eye hath not seen, ear hath not heard, 

Nor iheart conceived that rest. 
With them, our good things long deferred. 

With Jesus Christ our best. 


Cameron Higklanders. 
1917. Aprh 20 (Friday). 
Mr Eobert Duffy, Strand, received official 
iutimation that his eldest son. Private Eobert 
Duffy, had been killed in action on the 20th 
April. Private Duffy joined the Cameron 
Highlanders, but was transferred to the Gor- 
dons, and at the time of his death was with 
the Eoyal Engineers. He had been in France 
since Nov., 1916, and was only 20 years of 
age. Prior to enlistment he worked in Caerle© 
Mills. At this time the British were making 
progress on the Aisne, and had a great suc- 
cess on the Scarpe. On April 23 we made a 
great attack near Arras, taking several posi- 
tions and 1500 prisoners. 

The world recedes: it disappears. 

Heaven opens on my eyes. My ears 

With sounds seraphic ring. 

Lend, lend your wings. I mount. I fly. 

Grave, Where is thy Victory? 

Death, Where is thy Sting? 



Eoyal Scots Fusiliers. 

1917. April 23. 

Killed in action in France on Monday, 
23rd April, 1917. Private John logie, E.S.F., 
in his 36tli year, beloved husband of Bessie 
Fleming, ,Burns|ide, Stobp. Official intima- 
tion was received that Private John Logie, 
of the Eoyal Scots Fusiliers, had been killed 
in action in France on the 23rd April. Logie 
came to Stobo from the North about ten 
years previously, to take up duty as a river 
watcher for the proprietors in the Stobo 
district. He made a wide circle of friends 
in tliis neighbourhood, being muc;h liked by 
all with whom he came in contact. He mar- 
ried a daughter of Mr James Fleming, for- 
ester, by whom and four of a family he is 
survived. When the call came Logie enlist- 
ed, and after some months training went to 
France in the latter part of 1916. One of Ms 
chums reported that he was missing after one 
of the recent engagements, and after some 
days of anxious suspense official notification 
of his death came. 

John Logie was born at Inchberry, Orton, 
Morayshire, on 29th November, 1880. He waa 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

educated at Inciliberry Scliool and helped his 
father, who was a farmer. But when his 
father died, John took to salmon fishing in 
the employment of the Duke of Richmond on 
his Morayshire estates. In 1909, he cam© 
south to take up the duties of river watcher 
on Tweed, when the trout fishing here had to be 
protected. This was a task which rocxuired 
rare qualities of patience, tact and good 
humour. For any rash word or act on his 
part in dealing with bands of miners and 
others who came «ither expecting to find the 
river fre-e as formerly or intending to defy 
the new restrictions, might too easily have 
had serious consequences. But John Logie'.s 
temper never failed. He did his work with 
strict fidelity and yet kept on amicable 
terms even with those whom he had to turn 
away. When the war broke out, he was a 
while in the Home Guards, and then joined 
the Highland Light Infantry on ICth June, 
1916. He went out to Franc-e on 1st October, 
1916, and was there transferred to the Royal 
Scots Fusiliers, and served through all the 
fighting about Arras. On the morning of 
23rd April, 1917, he was shot instantly dead 
by a sniper. His remains are laid in the 
cemetery of Cherisea. His mother and all 
the other members of the Logie family are 
now in Victoria, Canada. 

Wihat matter if no sign may show 

Where rests at last his honoured dust; 
Whose life and death have bid us know, 

Tlie strength of perfect love and trust? 
'Tis ours to bear before the world. 

Our part until the goal be won ; 
The banner that his hands unfurled 

Still flies triumphant in the sun. 



Boeder Regiment. 
1917. ApiiiL 23 (MoND.^Y). 

Robert Milne Ballantyne Welsh, Cai)taiii in 
llie 7tli Battalion The Border Regiment, re- 
ported missing, believed killed in action, 
April 23, 1917. 

Ca])tain Welsli waa at Loretlo for fivo 
happy years, and got his first training in tlie 
O.T.C. IJe loved his scliool, and iliougiil 
lliore was iinni' dllicr like il. Aftei-wards lie 
went an pupil to llir 'I'raquiiir lOslale Ollicv, 
tiecauHo Ik' l(ncd a couiidy lilo and Ills licallli 

required it, and was jnst finishing his second 
year there when, in September, 1914, he got 
his commission, and was ordered to join the 
7tli Borderers at their camp at Lulworth, Dor- 
set, on May 26, 1915. In the beginning of 
June, 1915, the Brigade was moved to Flower 
Down Camp, Winchester, and on July 14th 
v.-ent out from there to the front. Soon they 
were in the trenches at Ypres, and there in 
September Robin got his first wound, a slight 
one in the scalp. The winter in these awful 
trenches, with brief intervals for rest in cel- 
lars, was a severe trial to his health, and in 
February, 1916, he had to spend a week or two 
in a state of collapse, and with an abscess on 
liis fai^e, in hospital at Etaples. After that 
tiiey went to Armentieres, and later to the 
Somme ofi'eiisive, where, on July 7th, he was 
shot through the leg at Mametz Wood. 
Eventually he arrived, with many other 
wounded, at the 5th Northern General Hospi- 
tal, Leicester, and when fit got home to Inner- 
leithen on sick leave. While still limping he 
was in September passed for " light duty," 
and sent to Conway to the 3rd (Reserve) Bat- 
talion. Shortly after they moved for winter 
quarters to Barrow-in-Furness, and during 
his time there he had a course of instruction 
at Liverpool and one in machine guns at 
Grantham. He was sent back to France on 
the last day of December, 1916, and never got 
home again. According to reports from men 
of his battalion, he was killed instantly at the 
Battle of Arras at Monchy-le-Preux, but no 
trace of his body has ever been found. 

He had two brothers serving — Captain D. 
C. Welsh, R.A.M.C, and Lieut. H. Welsh. 

" Robin was such a good, straight fellow, 
and it was always a pleasure to see him, as 1 
am glad to say, I did quite frequently. . . 
It is hard to write to you on the loss of such 
a splendid son, but there is the supreme com- 
fort of knowing that this life is not every- 
lliing, and that there is the glorious and 
lullcr life across the other side whore part- 
ings are no more. 

" And for Robin's fianico, too, there will be 
the awful sorrow and loss; he often spoke to 
mo of her; please convey to her my deepest 
sympathy too. May God comfort you all with 
llio eon.solation wliich Ho alone can give." 

"Did inolluM' loll you of Rol)iirs o.vcepiional 
lirighl. and ol' liuw dovolrdly lio sorvod ami 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


read the Lessons in our little cliurch here ? 
Growing retarded his education, but we saw 
him develop, physically and mentally, into 
splendid manhood. He had other battles to 
fight, and sufifered much in his short life, but 
he held to his ideals and won through — white 
to the finish." 

" We all deeply regret his loss. He was a 
gallant and able ofiieer, and I had just recom- 
mended him for a permanent commission in 
the Indian Army, which he would have ob- 
tained in a few weeks if he had been spared." 

From Sergeant W. Carrol : — "It will be 
some consolation to you to know that he died 
like the soldier he was. I think that he was 
one of the most respected men in the Batta- 
lion. Everybody spoke well of him. He was 
a gentleman, and his loss will be felt keenly 
by all ranks. Now, in regard to the morning 
of the 23rd Captain Welsh was in command 
of D Company, and I was with C Company. 
We followed with 100 yards interval. When 
we got to the enemy's first line Captain Welsh 
halted for a few minutes to allow our barrage 
to go forward. I was standing beside him on 
the parapet, and he spoke to me. After wait- 
ing for about three minutes he gave the sig- 
nal to advance. He shouted, ' Follow me, 
boys,' and led off followed by his men, C Com- 
pany advancing close behind. After going for 
about three or four hundred yards, we got to 
the crest, and then came under the machine 
gun fire of the enemy. It was then that we 
began to have casualties. Men began to fall 
in dozens. I was close to Captain Welsh at 
this time. We only got about a hundred yards 
over the crest when Captain Welsh turned 
partly round to his men. Pointing to thj 
German lines with his stick, he was cheering 
his men on, when he was struck by a bullet. 
I only stayed with him for a minute or so 
after, because the men were in front without 
an offi-cer or an N.C.O., and I knew that I was 
needed there. But I did what I could in the 
short time before I left. It was a terrible 
day; the worst in the history of the 7th Bat- 

" On April 23rd, just before dawn, we 
attacked; it was a three Army Corps aifair, 
and our Battalion unfortunately was a first 
wave between Monchy and Scarpe. We went 

over with fifteen ofiicers, and of these twelve 
were posted ' missing believed killed,' two 
were wounded, and one returned." 

To Odin's challenge we cried Amen. 
We staid the plough, and laid ))y the pen. 
And we shouldered our guns like gentlemen. 
That the wiser weak should hold. 

Blood on the land, and blood on the sea, 
So it stands as ordained to be, 
Stamp, and signet, and guarantee 
Of the better ways we knew. 

Time for the plough when the sword has won ; 
The loom will wait on the crashing gun. 
And the hands of peace drop benison 
When the task of death is through. 

Then lift tJie flag of the Last Crusade. 
And fill the ranks of the Last Brigade. 
March on the fields where the world's remade. 
And the Ancient Dreams come true. 



13th Eotal Scots. 

1917. Apeil 25 (Wednesday). 

He was in the Edinburgh Territorials, 5th 
Eoyal Scots, and went through the landing at 
Gallipoli with this regiment in February, 
1915. He was wounded at Suvla Bay in June, 
1915, afterwards getting home to England, 
and later was sent to France in August, 1916, 
when he was transferred" to the 13th Royal 
Scots. He went through all the Somme 
battles, and it was during the Arras spring 
offensive of 1917 that he was struck, and died 
of his wounds. It was on a Monday morning, 
23rd April, that his regiment went over the 
top, and immediately on getting over his 
officer was killed, and I heard all particulars, 
that Sergeant Cole was leading the men, 
and while doing this he was shot in the leg. 
However, he managed to creep to a shell-hole 
with several others for shelter until they 
could be picked up, but while lying waiting 
shells were bursting all over them, and he was 
struck on the head by a piece of shell which 
caused his death. The fighting was so bad 
that a party could not be sent for them, and 
he lay for a day and night, and it was on the 
hospital train in France that he died on 25th 
April, 1917, The sister on the train wrote a 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

very nice letter telling of his death, and that 
he only lived a very short time after being 
brought on the train. His major, who was 
Major Mitchell, of Bannockburn House, 
Bannockburn, also wrote a beautiful letter, 
telling what a fine soldier Sergeant Cole made; 
keen in all his work, and a great favourite, 
being a great sportsman, and a leading 
member in their football team. 

We do not weep for all the wounds. 
And Death that comes to yours and ours: 
We do not fear the scythe that mows 
These fields of brave and precious flowers: 
For, on the Altars of each Race, 
Since time was young, we laid the price 
Of Honour and of Fearlessness, 
For the Commonweal — our Sacrifice. 



EoTAi, Engineees and Eotal Beekshiee 


1917. Apeil 28 (Satuedat). 

Private Lind enlisted in the Royal Engineers 
on the 30th June, 1916, and was at Aldershot 
for six months. From there he was sent to 
France. After he had been at the base for 
two weeks he was transferred to the Royal 
Berkshire Eegiment. He went into the 
trenches in the first week in February, and 
was in and out of them until he was killed on 
the 28th April, 1917, when he was reported 
missing, and a year after he was presumed to 
have been killed on that date, as nothing 
more was seen or heard of him. We do not 
know of any battles he was in, except the big 
push at Arras on the 9th April, and at the 
same place after. He was a jolly, good-heart- 
ed fellow, and a good husband and loving 
father to his five children, of whom two have 
died since. 

When you fell, at duty's call. 

Your fame it glittered high 
As leaves of the sombre Fall 

Grow brighter though they die. 
Men of the silent hands, 

Men of the lialf-told days, 
Lift up your sixictro Iiands 

And tuko our heart-bouquets, 


(Inneeleithen and Dolphinton) 

Eotal Scots. 

1917. Apeil 28 (Saturday). 

Other three St Eonan's lads are reported to 
have made the supreme sacrifice. The sad 
news of Private Robert Lawton's death reach- 
ed his grandfather at Caerlee Cottages on 
Sunday night. His companion, writing to his 
friends in Galashiels, said that he had been 
wounded by the bullet which caused Private 
Lawton's death. Prior to enlistment in Nov- 
ember, 1915, Private Lawton was a gardener 
on Garvald estate, Dolphinton. He joined the 
Eoyal Scots, and was trained in Selkirk, leav- 
ing for France in July, 1916. He took part in 
the Somme battle, and was afterwards in- 
valided home, suffering from a bad throat. 
On recovery, he was again drafted to France, 
and had only been in the trenches six weeks. 
He was killed on the 28th April, and was 20 
years of age. He was the son of the late Mr 
John Lawton, house painter. 

During the whole of March and April there 
was terrible fighting. On the 16th April had 
begun the Second Battle of the Aisne between 
Soissons and Eheims. A secondary battle at 
Moronvillers began on the 17th. On the 20th 
the British captured Gonuelieu, and on the 
following day gained ground east of Fampoux. 
On the 22nd and 23rd the British captured 
Trescault and the greater part of Havrincourt 
Wood, which marked the second phase be- 
ginning of the Battle of Arras. Severe figh<> 
ing followed from Croisilles to north of Gav- 
relie, which continued on the succeeding days. 
On the 28th when Privates Lind and Lawton 
and Mathieson fell, the British made a thrust 
east of Vimy, and captured Arleux, making 
further progress north-east of Gavrelle. 

It I am taken from this patchwork life 

By some swift out-thrust of an unseen arm — 

The death that strikes my comrades day and 

night — 
I pray you make of it no cause for tears, 
I beg of you grieve not for me overmuch. 
And for your comfort J would pen this 

thought — 
The joy you had of me in childhood's years 
When in your arms I played, or cried, or 

Will still remain with you when 1 am gone. 
It is so real now, that memory: 
Not death itself can rob you of your boy. 

i'KivATE 'iiio.\[AS Scott, 



Peivate George Chaljiers, 

Lieutenant Andrew Scott, 
Walkeeburn and Canada. 


Ts'ailzie and Thaquaik. 

LANCii-'l'oia'uuAi. Jajies ThuiMSUn, 


I'lllVAIl. AlJ'.XANJll.U Ami), 


i'i;i V A'l I'J 'I'liii < 'a.mI';i!iin, 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



16th Royal Scots. 

1917. Missing Since Saturday, April 28. 

Mr Thomas Matliison, Cliambers Street, 
Innerleithen, received news that his son, 
Private William Matliison, Royal Scots, had 
been missing^ since 28tih April. The sad news 
was sent by his Captain. Private Mathison 
enlisted in November, 1914. After training, 
he went to France in January, 1916, and was 
home on furlough at Christmas. Before en- 
listment, he served his time as a gardener 
at Glen, and was working at Carberry Tower, 
Musselburgh, Lord Elphinstone's seat. His 
brother, John, of the Argyll and Sutherland 
Highlanders, was in hospital at Woking, 
Surrey, suffering from gun-shot wounds in 
the right leg, received in action in France 
on the 12th April. John was also wounded 
in July, 1916. He saw considerable active 
service since joining the colours in Septem- 
ber, 1914, and was drafted to France in 
May, 1915. Before joining up he was em- 
ployed as a gamekeeper on Glen estate. 

" We both had a great regard for William 
Mathison. He served my husband very de- 
votedly always, and when the war should be 
over, my husband hoped that he would still 
continue in his service. William was most 
loyal and trustworthy, and he and my 
husband went through many hard times to- 
gether. I have had much sorrow in this 
dreadful war, and I feel very much for you 
who have lost your fine son, and I know that 
you must hav© been very proud of him. 
Like my husband, .he also has laid down his 
life for his country and that our homes may 
be kept safe from the enemy. 

No, let me taste the whole of it, fare like 
my peers, 
The heroes of old. 
Bear the brunt, in a minute pay glad life's 
Of pain, darkness and cold. 
For sudden, the worst turns the best to the 
The black minute's at end. 


(Manor and Stobo) 

Royal Scots. 

1917. May 1 (Tuesday). 

He was aged twenty when he fell, and was 

born at Wester Happrew in Stobo. The 

British had captured German trenches south 

of Oppy, east of Vimy Ridge; and on May 

Day two heavy enemy counter-attacks south 

of Moronvilliers failed. 

Fighting for the Pride of Old Folk, and the 

people that you know: 
And the girl you left behind you (ah the time 

is passing slow). 
For the proud tears of a sister : come yon 

back, or never come. 
And the weary Elder Brother looking after 

things at home — 
Fighting hard. You lucky Devils. 
Fighting hard. 


(Kailzie and Traquair) 

King's Own Scottish Borderers. 

1917. May. 

Killed in action in France, Private Thomas 
Henderson, K.O.S.B., aged 19 years, Kailzie 

On the 2nd of May the enemy raids in the 
Champagne and Moronvilliers region were 
beaten back. On th© 3rd of May the British 
made a great attack east of Arras on a twelve 
mile front and broke through the Hinden- 
burg switch at Qiieant; progress was made 
also at Cberisy and Fontaine Wood. During 
April, almost 20,000 prisoners were taken by 
the British. 

Life. We've been long together. 

Through pleasant and through cloudy 

weather : 
'Tis hard to part when friends are dear — 
Perhaps 'twill cost a sigh, a tear : 

Then steal away, give little warning, 

Choose thy own time : 

Say not Good-night— but in some brighter 

Bid me Good Morning. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



Royal Scots. 

1917. May 6. 
Private Alexander Aird was aged 39 when 
he fell in action near Arras, on Sunday, the 
Ctli of May, 1917. His body was interred at 
Duisans, four miles from Arras. 

His family belong to Walkerburn, which 
place he left seventeen years before he fell; 
he being employed in Tweedholm Mill there. 
After leaving that place, Alexander Aird 
went to the Scottish Co-operative Wholesale 
Society at ShieUlhall, where be lield the 
position of foreman in the despatch depart- 
ments. He enlisted under the Derby Scheme, 
and was called to the army on the 9th of 
August, 1916. After three months' training 
at Glencorse he crossed to France on Nov- 
ember 13, and went into action on Decem- 
ber 5. Nothing is known as to the various 
engagements in which he took part, as no 
communications arrived either from com- 
rades or officers. Official intimation came to 
his wife that he had died of wounds on the 
6th of May as mentioned above. His age 
was 39. He left a widow and two children. 

Strong men fast asleep 

With coverlets wrought of clay, 
Do soft dreams o'er you creep 

Of friends who are here to-day .^ 
Do you know, O men low lying 

In the hard and cliilly bed, 
That we, the slowly dying. 

Are giving a day to the dead? 
Do you know that sighs for your deaths 

Across our heart-strings play. 
E'en from the last faint breaths 

Of the sweet-lipped month of May? 


1917. Wednesday, May 9. 
His parents had received official intimation 
that he was killed on May 9, 1917, in a night 
bombardment. He was an apprentice 
plumber with Eumnn & Co., Innerleithen. 
He joined in July, 1916, and after a few 
months' training, went to France. He had 
seen much active .service and had been in 
many eng<igements. He had an elder and a 
younger brother serving. They resided at 
Hall Street, Wiilkerl)urn, before coming to 
Innerloitlien. lie w;i« liiglily ros])octed by 
officers and iiicii, ami ici-eivcd his promolioii 
in France. 

On the previous days, there had been 
iierce counter German attacks, by which some 
ground gained by the British had been re- 
taken by the enemy. And on the 9th, when 
Corporal Thomson fell, a German attack on 
the Chemin des Dames, as well as on Craonne 
and Corbeny failed 

Nature deals with us, and takes away 
Our playthings one by one, and by the hand 
Leads us to rest so gently, that we go. 
Scarce knowing if we wish to go or stay ; 
Being too full of sleep to understand 
How far the Unknown transcends the what 
we know. 



5th (Lochiel's) Cameeons. 

1917. Friday, May 11. 

This gallant young soldier passed away on 
the 11th of May, 1917, in the Seventh Can- 
adian Hospital in France, as the result of 
wounds. He was a-ged 23 years, and was the 
son of Donald and Thomasina Cameron, who 
lived formerly at Barns and at Neidpath. 
He was one of the patriotic " Contemptibles'' 
who enlisted early in August, 1914, in the 
5th Battalion (Locliiers) Camerons. On 
three occasions he was wounded ; the last 
resulting in the loss of his arm, from the 
effects of which he passed away at Staples. 
He was highly esteemed, both by his em- 
ployers and comrades; he was a member of 
the Church of Scotland and of the Young 
Men's Guild. When Tom Cameron fell, 
there had been a great deal of fighting 
around Arras, with much giving and taking. 
On the 11th, ground had been lost and re- 
taken, but on til© 12th, there were British 
successes with much ground and many 
prisoners taken. 

And wild and high the " Cameron's Gather- 
ing " rose, 
The war-note of Locliiel, which Albyn'r; hills 
Have heard, and heard, too, her Saxon 

foes — 
How in the noon of nigiht that pibroch 

Savage and shrill. Hut willi the breath 

which fills 
Tlicir niountaiii-pipo, tO fills tho mountaineers 
With tile fierce native daring which instils 
The .stirring .memory of a thousand years. 
And Hvan's and Donald's famo rings in each 
clansman's ears. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 




RoTAL Scots. 
1917. Mat 11 (Friday). 
I'rivate Irvine Scott, of the 12th Batt. 
Royal Scots, joined up in the year 1914. He 
went to France in 1915, and was wounded 
twice. He was invalided home and returned 
in 1917 to the front. He was again wounded 
on the 28th April from which wounds he died 
on 11th May, 1917, at General Hospital, 
Dannes-Causers. He is interred at Etapl^ 
Militarj' Cemetery, Boulogne. He was the 
son of Mary Scott, Jubilee Road, Walkerburn, 
and served his time with James Dalziel & 
Co., Walkerburn, as a powerloom tuner. He 
was 24 years of age. 

Christ leads me through no darker rooms 

Then He went through before: 
He that unto God's Kingdom comes 

Must enter by His door. 
My knowledge of that life is small. 

The eye of faith is dim: 
But 'tis enough that Christ knows all 

And I shall be with Him. 

(Richard Baxter). 


Seafoeth Highlanders. 
1917. Mat 13. 
On April 24, 1917, the Germans captured 
Villers-Bretonneux. and advanced towards 
Kemmel Hill, near Ypres. On the 26th they 
captured Kemmel Hill. On the 9th of May 
the Germans were repulsed at Vormezeele, 
south-west of Ypres, and on the 13th of the 
same month they again suffered a severe de- 
feat at Kleine Vierstraiat, also near Ypres ; 
and on that day died of wounds received 
in action on April 25, Private John Brun- 
ton, Seaforth Highlanders, youngest son of 
the late Thomas Brunton, who lived at Ship- 
law, Eddleston, and of Mrs Brunton, Brown- 
ligg. North Berwick. He joined the Argyll 
and Sutherland Highlanders in March, 1916, 
and went out to France in August, 1916. Id 
March, 1917, he was transferred to the Sea- 
forth Highlanders; and on the 25th of April 
he was admitted to hospital suffering from a 
serious shrapnel wound in the chest, and 
thrombosis in the left foot. All efforts to save 

the foot were tried, but it was found neces- 
sary at last to amputate. He gradually grew 
worse, and passed away on Sunday, the 13th 
of May, 1917. He was always of a bright and 
cheerful disposition, and he maintained his 
happy disposition to the last day. 

0, Earth, so full of dreary noises ! 
men, with wailing in your voices ! 
delved gold, the wallers' heap ! 
strife, curse, that o'er it fall! 
God makes a silence through you all— 
And " giveth His beloved sleep." 


(Pebbles and Newlands) 
Royal Scots. 
1917. May 14. 
No. 351381, Pte. Alex. W. Lockie, 16th Batt. 
Royal Scots, previous to enlisting was employed 
as a roadman in the Noblehouse district of New- 
lands Parish. He enlisted in Nov., 1915, with 
the 9th Royal Soots, and went to France in 
March, 1916. He was wounded in October, 
1916, and sent to Bellahouston Hospital, Glas- 
gow. He returned to France in March, 1917, and 
transferred to the 16th Batt. Royal Scots. He 
was wounded and taken prisoner on 28th April 
of that year, and officially reported to have died 
on Monday, 14th May, said to be caused by the 
loss of his right arm, in the prisoners' of war 
Hospital at Charleroi, Belgiiim, and to have 
been buried in the cemetery at that place. He 
was 22 years of age; born at Peebles Oct., 1894. 

Oh 1 The bitterness accruing 

To our women's hearts. 
King and Country still remember 

Graves in foreign parts, — 

Far beyond the Cross of Weeping 

And the burning heart. 
God of Battles. Jesu Mercy. 

God of Life Thou art. 


(BROuanTON and Skirling) 

Black Watch. 

1917. May 16 

Sgt. -Major Thos. Henshilwood, fourth son of 

the late Geo. HensJiilwood, Skirling, and of 

Mi's HeiiBhilwood, Moissfemian Cottage, Brough- 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

ton, was born in Skirling, and educated there 
and at Biggar High School. 

He commenced his apprenticeship as a gar- 
dener at Castlecraig, then occupied and owned 
by Lord Carmichael. Afterwards he acted as 
gardener at Bonnington House, Dalkeith 
Palace, and Dysart House. 

He joined the 10th Black Watch in Septem- 
ber, 1914, and during training was speedily pro- 
moted to Sergeant. In November, 1915, he was 
sent to France with a draft, and after opera- 
tions in the Somme Valley proceeded to Salonica, 
He was promoted Coy. Sergt-Major, and was 
offered a commission, which he did not accept. 

All went well with him until June, 1917, 
when a letter was received from Lieut. Phillips 
saying that he greatly regretted having to send 
information fhat Coy. Sergt. -Major Henshil- 
wood was reported missing after an attack on 
the enemy lines on a night in May. 

When he was last seen he was doing his duty 
nobly, encouraging his men on. Unfortunately 
" A " Company was in the firing line, and lost 
very heavily, including the Company Com- 
mander, Capt. Niool, who was with the Sergt.- 
Major when Lieut. Phillips saw him last. 

This is ^ great loss to the Company, where 
his services were highly appreciated by both 
officers and his brother N.C.O.'s. 

Other information was sent through a Scots- 
man who was in the same company to the effect 
that the Bulgarians came down on them un- 
awares in a mist, and on retreating Sergt. -Major 
Henshilwood was seen lying wounded in the 
leg, his Commander lying dead beside him. On 
returning to pick up the wounded it was found 
that the Sergeant-Major was gone. 

Deep sympathy is felt for his widowed mother, 
who also mourns the loss of her son-in-law, 
Private George Ireland. 

Ah I Seek them not where sleep the dead, 

Ye may not find their trace : 
No graven etone is on their bed. 

No flowers their slumbers grace. 
But wild and unknown is their silent grave, 
It may be the woods, or the cold sea-wave. 

Or a lonely desert-place : 
For they needed no prayers, and no mourning 

'iheir louib is the earth that Ihoy served so well. 



EoYAL Scots 
1917. Ma-x 19 (Saturday). 
Efe belonged originally to Ettrick, and was a 
shepherd. Three years previously he came to 
Talla reservoir as a workman there, and 
early in 1915 he volunteered for service 
abroad with the Royal Scots. A quiet, kind- 
ly, steady lad, he had many friends in the 
district, who are grieved to hear the sad news 
from the trenches. 

John Goodfellow, true to his name, was one 
of those gallant Border shepherds who, after the 
tradition of the Tweeddale Highlands, was 
eager for the foray. All the more did he thirst 
for the fight when the existence of the Empire 
and of his beloved Tweeddale was threatened by 
the Hun. He left his crook and his sheep by 
Ettrick and Talla, and exchanging the plaid for 
the khaki, set forth to do his bit. In the end 
he did his all 1 

Eest on your battle-field, thou brave, 
Let the pines murmur o'er your grave. 
Your dirge be in the morning wave — 
We call you back no more. 

Oh, there was mourning when you fell. 
In your own vale a deep-toned knell, 
An agony, a wild farewell — 

But that hath long been o'er. 

Eest with your still and solemn fam© : 
The hills keep record of your name, 
And never can a touch of shame 
Darken the buried brow. 


(Drumelzier, Tweedsmoir, Broughton) 

EoYAL Scots. 

1917. May 25 (Saturday). 

He was the son of Mr Benjamin Wilson, 
shepherd, Kingledoors. 

He was educated at Tweedsmuir Public 
School, and was in course of training as an 

In his 18th year he joined the Eoyal Scots, 
and at 20 has given himself heroically for his 

An anxious scholar and a dutiful eon, exhi- 
biting ideals of life not always to be four(d in 
one sa young, Jolm Wilson was a general 
favourite with his fellow-pupils, a<a well as with 

^.. naw 

Private Ibvine Scott, 

Peivate Alex. W. Lockie, 
Peebies and Newi-ands. 

Private John Briinton, 

Company Sergt. -Major Thomas HENsniTAvoori, 
Broughtox ani> Sk:;->.t,ing. 

Pbivate John Goodfellow, 


Private John Law Wii-son, 
DHUjrELZiEK. Tweedsmttit;, BkOT'GHTOX. 









Ckivati; I(oi:i 1(1 MrnNS I,mm(ii-: 

StoISO and ArsTHAMA. 

SlCONl)-! .1 KITKNANT llhiNltY 'PkNN ANT. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


those who were his seniors; and the announce- 
ment of his death on the field of battle evoked 
yreat regret and deep sympathy for his parents, 
of whom he was their only child. 

Killed in action on the 25th May, 1917, Pri- 
vate John Law Wilson, Eoyal Scots, aged 20, 
only ison of Benjamin and Mrs Wilson, Kingle- 
doors, Broughton. 

This gallant young lad joined the army at the 
beginning of the war, on the 10th December, 
1914, and would net have been eighteen years 
of age until the 28th of January, 1915. He 
went into the offensive on Easter morning, 
the 9th of April, 1917, and engaged in two very 
severe battles at that time. The third battle 
that he fought in was less severe, as his very 
last letter stated. It was dated the 23rd May 
(two days before he fell), and in it he 
said — "Still in the trenches, but having an easy 
time." On coining out of his second battle, 
there were left but three only out of the draft he 
went out with. Referring to his last engage- 
ment, his of&cer eaid that John was killed in- 
stantaneously by a shell while gallantly fighting 
on the Scarpe, near to Arras, and that his loss 
was keenly felt by all his comrades. He was a 
machine-gunner in the Second Ninth Eoyal 
Scots. " My boy was a good boy, loved and 
adored by all who knew him, and his death was 
a great blow to his parents, as he was our only 
boy." He did not fight long, only from the 9th 
of April, 1917, until the 25th of May. 

So be my passing. 
My task accomplished and the long day done. 
My wages taken, and in my heart 
Some late lark singing. 
Let me be gathered to the quiet West, 
The sundown splendid and serene, 


(Stobo and Australia) 

35th Battalion (9th Brigade), Australian 
Imperial Force. 

• 1917. June 12. 
He was the great-grandson of a Stobo man, 
the late Mr Joseph Laurie, who was born 
at Stobo Quarry, and whose son became the 
pioneer of the town of Laurieton, N.S.W. 
Robert Burns Laurie was the third to fall 
of the patriotic Stobo-Australian clan. Mr 
J. B. Itaurie, of Laurieton, North Coast, re- 
ceived word from the military authorities 

that his son, Priviate Robert Burns Lawrie, 
died at No. 2 Clearing Station (Australian) 
from gunshot wounds in the head on Tues- 
day, 12tih June, 1917. 

He was in his 20th year, and was born in 
Laurieton, and lived there all his life. He 
was a grandson of the pioneer of the town, 
Mr Joseph Laurie, who was the first man to 
introduce New South Wales hard woods in- 
to overseas markets in 1888. 

Before enlisting he was a student at the 
Teachers' College. He ©nlisted on Empire 
Day, 1916, and had been three months in 
France when he met his death. He spent 
part of his furlough in Peebles before going 
to the front. Mortally wounded at Messines, 
aged 20 years and 9 months A tree in mem- 
ory of him has been planted in Main Street, 

Private Robert Burns Laurie was a great 
grandson of Joseph Lawrie, who left Peebles- 
sihire with his wife and six sons for Aust- 
ralia in the year 1838; his daughter, Mrs 
J. Higgins, having preceded them a year 
previously. Joseph Laurie, the late soldier's 
grandfather, after a fairly successful career, 
chiefly in timber pursuits in New South 
Wales, paid a visit to Peebles in 1886, and 
again in 1888. The latter visit was for the 
purpose of introducing Australian hard woods 
into the British and Continental markets, 
thus becoming the pioneer of the large and 
lucrative trade in tlhat commodity now being 
carried on with those countries. 

Private Laurie was a son of Joseph Laurie, 
who now resides at Laurieton, the eawmill- 
ing town named after his father, and was 
born at that place. 

Shortly after hostilities coimmenoed, he 
expressed a desire to go to the front, but 
failed to gain his father's consent on ac- 
count of his youth. He afterwards passed 
examinations admitting him into the Public 
Instruction Depot as a school teacher. After 
a period of training in the Teachers' Col- 
lege, he again heard the call of duty, and 
once more approached his father, and suc- 
ceeded on that occasion in gaining consent. 
He sailed for the front early in October, 
1916, but did not arrive in England until 
January, the voyage occupying thirteen 
weeks, owing to the danger from submar- 
ines. On arrival in England, he obtained 
four days' leave, two of which were spent in 
Peebles, with the family of Mr J. S. Thorn- 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

son, who are relatives. In a letter to his 
father, he stated that the two happiest 
days of his life were those spent in Peebles, 
where, in company of Mr Thomson, he visit- 
ed many of the places so dear to his fore- 
fathers. It was his great wish and inten- 
tion, if he had lived to see the end of the 
war, to pay an extended visit to Ayrshire, 
the home of that great Scotsman whose 
name he was so proud to bear; but a high- 
er power has decreed otherwise. Although 
a young Australian of the second generation, 
and twelve thousand miles of ocean divided 
his birth-place from that of his fathers, he 
was always proud of his Scottish descent, 
and like the great race from which he sprung, 
patriotism and intense love of country were 
his strong points. All who knew him were 
unanimously of the opinion that it was no 
mere love of adventure which prompted 
him to offer his all for his country, but a 
stern sense of duty. 

Private Laurie finally left England in 
April, 1917. After being engaged in several 
minor engagements in France, he proceeded 
to Messines, where he went into the 
trenches for the last time on June 5th. 

After the firing of the great mine, which 
almost shook France to its foundations, he 
went over the top on the morning of the 
6th. This battle was one of the fiercest in 
which Australians were engaged during the 
war, and lasted for five or six days. Private 
Laurie's battalion had been fighting almost 
continually for the whole time, when on 
the 11th a long range shell exploded in a 
shell hole in which he and three comrades 
were sheltering. Two were killed outright, 
and Private Laurie was so severely wounded 
that he died in the clearing station the fol- 
lowing day, at the age of 20 years and 9 
months. The sole surviver of the four was 
Private J. Montgomery, also a native of 
Laurieton, who sent particulars of bis son's 
death to his father, and who has since also 
paid a visit to Peebles. The late soldier's 
remains were laid to rest in "Trois Artres," 
British Cemetery, France, with full mili- 
tary honours on June 13th, 1917. 

The battle of Arras was now drawing to 
a close. On Sunday, 3rd Juno, our out- 
posts were attacked. On the 5th, we won 
the power station .south of the Souclicz 
river; on tlic Gdi, wo look a mile of the en- 
emy position north of the Scarpo. On the 

evening of the 6tli June, ninteen mines were 
wiEtiting for zero hour. From Hill 60 in the 
north, to the edge of Messines, nineteen 
volcanoes suddenly leaped to heaven on the 
7th June. Then every British gun opened 
on the enemy. Terrible fighting ensued, with 
great gains to us, which we cleared up on 
the 8th. By the 14th of June the whole of 
the German positions north of the Lys had 
fallen into our hands. These operations, ex- 
tending over many days, constituted the 
battle of Messines. On the 14th, we carried 
the enemy lines on the crest of Infantry 
Hill south-east of Arras. On th© 15th, we 
took a sector of the Hindenburg line north- 
east of BuUecourt. On the 24th, the North 
J\[idland Division carried Hill 65, soutJi-west 
of Lens. On the 26th, the Canadians took 
La Coulotte, and on th© morning of the 
28th, were in the outskirts of Avion. We 
gained all our objectives. 

You seek a boy.'' For all the millions dying. 
Who drown at sea, or landwiard fighting 
The winds have heard th© voice of women 
" Where is my love who, dying, takes my 

When kings and captains die, the world 
regrets them ; 
My boy was proud to serve the self same 
State ; 
Proud though he died, and all but I forget 
I will not grudge him, for the cause was 


Dragoon Guards and Egyal Flying Cori's. 
1917. Mat 27. 
Socond-Lioutcnanl Henry Tennant, Dragoon 
Guards and Royal Flying Corps, who was killed 
on the 27th of May, 1917, aged 19, was the 
eldest son of Mr H. J. Tennant. He was 
educated at Eton, and leaving school on 
tlie declaration of war, he entered Sand- 
hurst; was afterwards gazetted to the Scots 
Greys, and joined the Royal Plying Corps 
in 1915. On May 27tli, 1910, ho was serious- 
ly injiuod in a flying accident, luit on re- 
covering in January, 1917, ho rejoined the 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance 


R.F.C, and after acting for a sliort period 
as instructor, lie left for the front on Easter 

His squadron Commander wrote of him : — 
" He was getting: on splendidly and had 
carried out some most successful artillery 
observation. He w;is very keen, and we 
were all fond of him.'' 

The Colonel commanding the Greys wrote : 
— "I was specially proud of him, for his 
squadron commander and all his brother 
officers in the Flying Corps spoke so very 
highly of his courage, ability, and person- 
ality. The sergeant major of the squadron 

. . . told me that the whole squadron 
looked upon him as one of the most promis- 
ing officers they had. He has died a credit 
to his country, and the Greys and I can 
give no man a higher testimonial than 

He has out^soared the shadow of our night : 
Envy and calumny and hate and pain, 
Aiid that unrest which men. miscall delight 
Can touch him not and torture not again : 
From the contagion of the world's slow stain 
He is secure, and now caix never mourn 
A heart gi'own cold, a head grown grey in vain : 
Nor, when the Spirit's self has ceased to burn. 
With sparkless ashes load an unlamented urn. 



12th Heavy Battery, Eoyal Gareison 

1917. July 12 (Thursday). 

Andrew Stewart was employed with Mrs 
Clark Cooper, Orchard Mains House, Tra- 
quair, Innerleithen, as head gardener for 8i 
years prior to enlistment in June, 1916. 

Official particulars are as follows : — Regi- 
mental No. 95273; rank, gunner; name, An- 
drew Stewart; regiment, 12th Heavy Battery, 

He was killed in action on the 12th of 
July, 1917, and buried in Belgian Battery 
Corner, Military Cemetery, one mile south- 
west of Tpres. 

For some days there had been heavy 
fighting on the Aisne, but the German at- 
tacks were repulsed. The British line was 
then stlightly advanqed on the Messines 
front. On the 10th, after intense bombard- 
ment, the Germans gained ground to the 

east of the mouth of the Yser (Nieuport), 
and cut off and destroyed parts of two Brit- 
ish battalions, taking over a thousand prison- 
ers. But the British counter attack drove 
the Germans from the advanced positions 
gained near Lombaertzyde. In the follow- 
ing day the German attacks were repulsed. 

So lone and cold they lie; but we. 
We still have life; we may still greet 
Our pleasant friends in home and street; 
We still have life, are able still 
To climb the turf of Cademuir hill. 
To see the placid sheep go by. 
To hear the sheep-dog's eager cry. 
To feel the sun, to taste the rain, 
To smell the autumn's scents again 
Beneath the brown and gold and red 
Which old October's brush has spread. 
To hear the robin in the lane, 
To look upon the Scottish sky. 


King's Own Scottish Bordeeees 
(Attached Royal Flying Corps) 
1917. July 13. 
Lieutenant Archibald William Buchanan 
Miller, K.O.S.B. (att. R.F.C), formerly re- 
ported missing, Friday, July 13th, 1917, now 
believed killed (says the "Court Journal"), 
was the younger son of the Rev. T. D. and 
Mrs Miller, of Kirkurd, Peeblesshire. He 
was educated at Fettes College, where he 
acquitted himself with distinction, and 
played in the 1st XI. and the 1st XV. He 
entered Sandhurst in 1914, and was gazetted 
to the 1st Battalion of the King's Own Scot- 
tish Borderers. On attaining his nineteenth 
year, June 21st, 1915, he was sent as Sec- 
ond-Lieutenant in command of a large draft 
to the Dardanelles, and was promoted full 
Lieutenant. After the evacuation ho served 
with his regiment in France as adjutant. 
In 1916 Lieutenant Miller received a com- 
mission in the Eoyal Flying Corps. A fellow- 
officer writes of him : — " We used to love it 
when he came ' stunting ' over us either at 
work or in the evening. We all thought him 
extraordinarily courageous, and he could 
do almost anything with the machine. I 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

suppose you know tliat lie was recommended 
for the Military Cross for doing several good 
things over the line." Another officer writes : 
— " His career in the infantry was very mer- 
itorious, his career in the Flying Corps was 
brilliant. He is a great loss to all who 
knew him." " All who knew him say as a 
soldier and an airman he was absolutely 
fearless." Lieutenant Miller was a grand- 
son of the late Thomas Miller, Esq., LL.D., 
r.R.S.B., Eector of Perth Academy, and of 
the latei Alexander Grant, Esq., of Monks- 
town, Co. Cork, and a grand nephew of the 
late General Sir Archibald Galloway, K.C.B., 
Chairman of the Honourable East India 
Company. His elder brother, Lieutenant 
Thomas Alexander Grant Miller, 1st Bat- 
talion, K.O.S.B., fell at the landing on 
Gallipoli, on April 25, 1915. 

You had died fighting, fighting against odds, 

Such as in war the gods 

Aetherial dared when all the world was 

Such fighting as blind Homer never sung. 
Nor Hector nor Achilles ever knew; 
High in the empty blue. 
High, high, above the clouds, against the 

setting sun. 
The fight was fought and your great task 

was done. 

A soaring death, and near to Heaven's gate; 
Beneath the very walls of Paradise. 
Surely with soul elate. 

You heard the destined bullet as you flew, 
And surely your prophetic spirit knew, 
That you had well deserved the shining fate. 


RoTAii Scots. 
1917. July 1G (Monday). 
Intimation reached Mrs Pairbairn, Cross- 
houses, Manor, from Prance, that her hus- 
band, Private Peter Pairbairn, Royal Scots, 
had died from pneumonia. He was a dyker 
on Barns estate. He leaves a widow and 
three children. Died 16th July, 1917, at 55th 
Casualty Clearing Station, France. Buried 
at Tincourt, 4J miles east o{ I'eronno. He 
enlisted 15tih Juno, 1910, and was nine 
munthu in France. His age was 40 years. 

The breezy call of incense-breathing morn, 
The swallow twittering from the straw- 
built shed. 
The cock's shrill clarion, or the echoing 
No more shall rouse them from their low- 
ly bed. 

For them no more the blazing hearth shall 

Or busy housewife ply her evening care; 
No cihildren run to lisp their sire's return. 

Or climb his knees the envied kiss to share. 


(Stobo and Australia) 

SOth Battalion, 5th Division, A.I.F. 

1917. July 19. 

Great grandson of Joseph Laurie, of Raw- 
donvale, Gloucester. Reported missing on 
the 19th July, 1917, at Fromelles, Fleur- 
baix, France, aged 20 years. Son of Tliomas 
Lavers Higgins of Heatherdale, Gloucester. 
Who is a son of John Higgins, Jnn.; a son 
of John Higgins, sen. ; and his wife, Janet, 
a daughter of Joseph Laurie, the patriarch. 

This is another of the band of 26 gallant 
Stobo-Australians who came over and fought 
in defence of the Mother Country and Em- 
pire. He is one of the heroic six who did 
not return. All were descendants of Joseph 
Laurie, who left Stobo in 183qp-> 

Of all your brave adventures this the last 
The bravest was and best; 
Meet ending to a long embattled past, 
This swift, triumphant, fatal quest, 
Crowned with the wreath that never 

And diadem of honourable death; 
Swift death aflame witdi offering supreme 
And mighty sacrifice. 
More than all mortals dream. 


Royal Scots. 
1917. July 22 (Sunday) 
Sailed for Salonika about the beginning of 
September, 1916, and then reiwrted missing 
on the 22ad July, 1917, after an early morn- 
ing raid on a village among the hills. 
Other five men were reported missing along 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


with ihim. Except for a letter from the 
Chaplain that is all the information we 
could get. He was a ploughman by occupa- 
tion. He was always in places up to eleven 
years, when tis father died, and then he 
was required at liome. He was a great fav- 
ourite in his own village, as he always had 
a kind word for old and young. He is great- 
ly missed. 

At dawn on the 31st of July the whole 
Allied front broke into flame. Under cover 
of such a barrage as had not yet been seen, 
the infantry crossed the parapets, and tihe 
battle began. The whole of the German 
position fell at once — Steenstraate, Mai-tin- 
puiche, and Feuchy, all fell. By nine, the 
whole of the second position, north of West- 
hoek, was in the Allies' hands. St Julien 
was entered ; and Pommern Eedoubt was 
won. By the evening we had carried the 
whole of the German first line ; and had 
gained the whole of the first ridge. We had 
taken parts of the German second line, and 
had gone beyond it north of St Julien. For 
the first four days and nigihts of August, 
rain fell without intermission. This entire- 
ly frustrated our well-laid plans, and great- 
ly assisted the enemy. The misery of our 
troops in waterlogged shellholes and trenches 
cannot be pictured. For a fortnight we had 
to hold our hand. We had to withdraw 
from St Julien, but reoccupied it on 3rd 
August. On 10th August we took tlie whole 
of Westhoek. In the middle of the month 
there was a short break in the storm, wihich 
permitted Sir Douglas Haig to renew the 
attack, on a line running from the Lens- 
Bethune Road to the Bois Hugo. On the 
15th of August the Canadians swept over 
Hill 70, which we had given up after the 
battle of I</oos, and -captured many positions. 
The next day, the 16th August, saw the sec- 
ond stage of the Ypres battle. Desperate 
fighting continued over many days, and the 
month ended in one long down-pour of rain. 
On the 19th, 22nd, and 27th, we made a 
few small gains. This second stage of the 
battle was a serious British clieck. W© had 
not yet been able to cope with the new 
German defences, called piU-boxes, concrete 
No gate of pearl, no branch of palm I merit, 

Nor street of shining gold. 
Suffice it, if, my good and ill unreckoned, 
And both forgiven, through Thy abounding 


I find myself by hands familiar beckoned 

Unto my fitting place. 
Some humble door among Thy many 

Some sheltering shade where sin and striving 

Ami flows forever through Heaven's green 

The river of Tthy peace. 
There from the music round about me 

I fain would learn a new and holy song. 
And find at last, beneath Thy trees of 

The life for which I long. 


Royal Scots. 
1917. July 31 (Tuesday). 
Authoritative information came to hand 
that Private George Dargie, of the Royal 
Scots, had been killed in action in France. 
Hs was collector in Innerleithen for the Pru- 
dential Insurance Coy. He was in the act of 
leaving the trenches when a shell came over 
and struck him, and from the wounds thus 
caused, he died shortly afterwards. He was 
attended by his only brother in his last 
moments. He was aged 31. This brother also 
was serving with the colours. He belonged 
to Ardler, and left a widow and two children. 
He joined the Royal Scots in December, 1915, 
and went to France in July, 1916. 

dearest Dead. To Heaven 

With grudging sighs we gave you 
To Him— be doubts forgiven — 

Who took you there to save you. 
Now get us grace to love 

Your memories yet more kindly : 
Pine for our homes above. 

And trust to God more blindly. 


Scots Gtjards. 
1917. Jtily 31 (Tuesday). 
Lee. -Corp. John W. Scott, Scots Guards, en- 
listed in June, 1915, and went to France on 
August 25, 1916. He was killed by shell shock 
on July 31, 1917. John was the second eldest 
son of the late Gfeorge and Agnes Scott, and 
George was the youngest. Their brother. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

James Scott, had been in France with the 
Canadians since September, 1916. 

His brother, George, was to fall the same 
year on November 30. 

During the whole month of July there had 
been continuous heavy German attacks on 
British positions, and heavy artillery bom- 
bardments in Flanders. But there were also 
numerous raids by British and Canadians. 
On the 25th there were intense artillery battles 
going on in Flanders. On the following days 
there were repeated German attacks north of 
the Aisne. On the 29th and SOth the artillery 
battles around Lens and in Flanders 
were furious. On the 31st when Corporal 
Scott fell, the Third Battle of Ypres began. 
There was a British and French attack on a 
fifteen mile front in Flanders; 12 villages 
were taken and 5000 prisoners captured. 

Now, God be thanked Who has matched us 
with His hour 
And caught our youth and wakened us from 
With hand made sure, clear eye, and shar- 
pened power 
To t\Trn, as swimmers into cleanness leaping. 
Glad from a world grown old and cold and 
Leave the sick hearts that honour could 
not move. 
And half-men, and their silly songs and 
And all the little emptiness of love. 

Dear Dead, they have become 

Like guardian angels to us: 
And distant Heaven, like home 

Through them begins to woo us. 
Love that was earthly, wings 

Its flight to holier places: 
The Dead are sacred things 

That multiply our graces. 



Lanarkshiee Yeomambt 

(Attached Scottish Riflks). 

1917. August 1 (WisjJNKSuATf). 

Mr and Mrs David JfMartin, 15 Elcho 

Street, who hud not heard for some weeks 

from their youngest son at the fremt, Private 

John M'Martin, of tlie Scottisli Rifles, made 

enquiry, and a coinrado wrote in reply as fol- 

lows : — "I received jour letter asking for any 
information concerning Private John M'Mar- 
tin. He was wounded on 1st August, and is 
now posted missing. He was left by the 
stretcher-bearers on their way to assist an- 
other man, and nothing has been heard of 
him since. The stretcher-bearer who was 
with him, and who is now beside me, thinks 
he was taken prisoner. If that is so, no doubt 
the War Office will inform you shortly." 

Later, official information reached the par- 
ents, informing them that the body of Priv- 
ate M'Martin had been found in " No Man's 
Land,'' iiear Ypres. It would appear that 
Private M'Martin had lived for some time 
after being wounded, as he had written a 
message in his pocket book. Private M'Mar- 
tin was an apprentice butcher with the Co- 
operative Society when he enlisted in the 
Lanarkshire Yeomanry in September, 1914. 
He went out to France in December, 1916, 
when he was transferred to the Scottish 
Rifles. He was 21 years of age. 

Other two brothers were on active service — 
William, a lance-corporal in the Argyll and 
Sutherland Highlanders, who was awarded 
the Military Medal for bravery on the field in 
France, and David, a private in the Cheshire 
I-legiment, who saw service at Salonika. 

No volleys break the stillness now. 

The Din of Death is o'er: 
His harvest 'neatli the stony brow 

Is God's for evermore. 
Oh, Comrades, in this fleeting life 

Give one short hour to dreams 
Of our Dear Dead who fell in strife 

Where the Ancre gleams. 



13th Royal Scots 
1917. August 1 (Wednfsdat). 
Mrs Keith, Morningside, Innerleithen, re- 
ceived a letter froiu France containing a 
photo, a disc, shoulder strap, and testament 
belonging to her husband. Private Fred 
Keith, who was reported missing on 1st 
August, 1917. The writer was digging at the 
back of some old trenches near Ypres, when 
ho came upon the remains, to which he gave 
reverent burial. He belonged to Walkcrburn, 
and worked in Caorloe Mills. He joined in 
April, 1916, and went to Franco in Juno, 1917, 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


The brave fellows at this time were falling 
in the Third Battle of Ypres. The Germans, 
on August 1, retook St Julien, and regained 
some iwsitions on the Ypres-E-oulers Railway. 
These, however, were retaken by the British 
on August 2, and St Julien and Infantry Hill 
on the 3rd. 

Child of the Forest, profound is thy sleep. 
The valley that loved thee awakes but to 

When our fires are rekindled at dawn of the 

Our griefs burn afresh, and our prayers are 

forlorn ; 
The night falls disconsolate, bringing no 

No hope for our dreams, for our sighs no 

release ; 
In vain come the true hearts and look from 

the door, 
For thou wilt return to fair Tweeddale no 




Lanaekshiee Yeomaney. 
1917. August 2. 

At Alexandria, Egypt, on Thursday, the 
2nd August, 1917, of diphtheria. Private James 
Fairbairn Watson, Lanarkshire Yeomanry, 
eldest son of Mr and Mrs William Watson, 
Dalziel's Buildings, Walkerburn, and grand- 
son of the late Jaiaes Fairbairn, Darnhall, 

His brother, William, fell on October 24, 

Thou art gone to the grave, but we will not 
deplore thee. 
Though sorrows and darkness encompass 
the tomb, 
The Saviour hath passed through its portal 
before thee. 
And the lamp of His love is thy guide 
through the gloom. 

And so for me there is no sting in Death, 
And so the grave has lost its victory : 

It is but crossing with a bated breath 
And white set face, a little strip of sea 

To find the loved ones waiting on the shore, 

More beautiful, more precious than before. 


( Innerleithen ) 
9th Royal Scots. 
1917. August 6. 

Mrs Brown, Miller Street, Innerleithen, 
received official intimation that her husband, 
Lance-Corporal Thomas Brown, Royal Scots, 
died of wounds on Monday, 6tli August, 
1917. He was 23 years of age, and was mobil- 
ised as a Territorial at the outbreak of 
hostilities. He was in the Gretna Disaster, 
and among other injuries lost the sight of an 
eye (the right). He left for France in Jan- 
uary, and was slightly wounded in April. 
He was employed as a mechanical engineer 
in Carberry Pit, Musselburgh. Interred in 
Mendingham British Cemetery on August 5. 

The Germans regained a footing in Hol- 
lebeke, but were driven out that day and 
the next. 

Who, while the mortal mist is gathering, 

His breath in confidence of Heaven's ap- 
plause ; 

This is the happy warrior, this is he 

Whom every man in arms should wish to be. 

In our heart of hearts believing 

Victory crowns the just. 

And that braggarts must 

Surely bite the dust, 
Press we to the field ungrieving 
In our heart of hearts believing 

Victory crowns the just. 

Hence the faith and fire within us, 

Men who marcih away 

Ere the barncocks say 

Night is growing grey. 
To hazards whence no tears can win us; 
Hence the faith and fire within us. 

Men who march away. 


King's Own Scottish Boedeeers. 
1917. August 9. 
Private John Shannon was born at Hod- 
dom Bridge Cottage, Parish of Cummertrees, 
Annan. He was working as a gardener at 
Stobo Castle when he was mobilised on the 
4th August, 1914. He went to the Dardan- 
elles with his regiment, l/5th K.O.S.B., Dum- 
friesshire Territorials, in May, 1915, where 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

he saw some very heavy fighting. He came 
home in 1916 as medically unfit for further 
service. He died on Thursday, August 9th, 
1917, after a lingering illness, following en- 
teric fever, age 27. 

Their hearts were woven of human joys and 

Washed marvellously with sorrow, swift to 

The years had given them kindness. Dawn 

was theirs. 
And sunset, and the colours of the earth. 

These had seen movement and heard music ■ 

Slumber and waking; loved, gone proudly 

friended ; 
Felt the quick stir of wonder ; sat alone ; 
Touched flowei-s and furs and cheeks. All 

this is ended. 



17th Eotal Scots. 
1917. August 11. 

Private George W. Hunter, son-in-law of 
Wm. Thomson, Dreva, Craigend, educated 
at Biggar, was a plasterer, and joined the 
Colours at Hamilton on 26th March, 1916, 
being attached to the 17th Royal Scots. 

Trained at Chelmsford, he went to France 
on 13th Januai-y, 1917, and was in various 
engagements, the last being the Somme ad- 
vance, where he was mortally wounded with 
gunshot wounds in head and spine, dying of 
wounds on Saturday, llfch August, 1917, and 
was laid to rest in Tincourt Military Cem- 
etery. He leaves a widow, who received the 
following letter from the Chaplain, the min- 
ister of Kirkmahoe. 

Dear Mrs Hunter, — Probably you have 
already heard the distressing news of the 
death of your gallant husl)and, who was 
brought to No. 55 Casualty Station suffer- 
ing from a severe wound wliich left him 
quite helpless. Fortunately he did not suffer 
much pain, and the end was quite peace- 
ful. I saw him often during the three 
or four days of weakness. He asked me 
to write to you and send a kind message. 
He specially said— "I'ell my wife I .send 
my love to her." Indeed he thought nioro 
alwub you than about himself and wlas 

quite comforted when I promised I would 
write. I have written my friend, your 
minister, the Eev. Mr Duncan. Perhaps 
some day I may call on you if you are in 
the Biggar or Broughton district, and tell 
you everything I can about these days. 
His loss will be very hard to bear, but I 
am confident that in justice to your devoted 
husband you will mingle your grief with 
pride that he was willing to lay down his 
life for home and country. You may also 
have some consolation in knowing that 
during his last days on earth you were so 
much in his thoughts. We laid him rev- 
erently to rest with full military honours, 
in Tincourt Military Cemetery, where al- 
ready a cross bearing his name, number, 
regiment and date of death marks the 
spot. — Kindly accept my deepest sympathy, 
yours faithfully,— John M. Forbes, Chap- 

The first to climb the parapet 
With bombs in either hand; 
The first to vanish in the smoke 
Of God-forsaken No Man's Land; 
First at the wire, and soonest through. 
First at those red-mouthed hounds of hell— 
The Maxims; and the first to fall— 
They do their bit and do it well. 
" Life is but brief at best, and death's 

Extends not over the heroic soul ; 

Immortal garlands crown such brows as 
these ; 

They are the dead who rot in selfish ease." 


(Eddleston and South Africa) 
1917. August 16 (Thursday). 

Alan Gray, the subject of the following re- 
cord, although residing all his life in South 
Africa, had a close connection with Eddleston 
and Peebles. His grandparents wore long 
associated and highly respected in business in 
Eddleston ; the brother of his father was well- 
known in Peebles, where he spent the whole 
of his life, and the many sisters of hie father 
were all happily married, some in Peebles, 
others in various parts of Scotland. 

Alan Tlicodore Oniy was ))orn in Pretoria, 
November 21.(h, 1898, and bapti.sed in St 
Andrew's Presl)yteriau Church on Christ- 


I'h.ivati! I'f.ter Faibbairn. 

Lieut. Archibalb B. jNIiller, 


]'n.ivA'j'E William Bruce HmciNP 
Stobo AND Australia. 

I'll. W ii.i.iA.M A i/ii:sox, 

Lcr.,-Cri.. John W. Scoxt, 
Ma NOB. 

LOK.-Ci'L, GixjuoE I)ai!Oii.;, 


i^TH. .). M 'Martin, 


1'te. Fredtikick Xeith, 

LcE.-(JpL. Thomas iinowN, 

Tkoopeii James Faujbaiun Watson, 
Walkeebuen and Epdleston. 

Pte. John Shannon, 

I'lMVATIO (llidKcJ-, W. II LN'IHl; 

l'i;iVATi.. 'I'iidiMAS Swan, 


I'l.niiiT Si i;-l,ii.i T. Ai.AN 'I'll,mii.. Hh.vv, 
i;i;l)l.l,HTON ANI' SijiTII AiriUCA. 

I'l; I \ \'l K t 1 KdliCiH I '. S.M AUT, 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


mas Day, by 'Rev. Andrew Brown of Fords- 
burg. Before he wag a year old the Anglo- 
Boer War broke out, and he spent the early 
part of his life in Natal as a "refugee," ex- 
iled from Pretoria, while his father served 
as chaplain to the Eoyal Scots Fusiliers, to 
the Scottish Rifles, and later was attached 
to many hospitals in Pretoria. In June, 
1901, Alan and his mother and two sisters 
returned from Natal to Pretoria. He was 
first taught at the Pretoria High School, from 
6i years to 10 years. Then his father moved 
from Pretoria to Grahamstown, Cape Pro- 
vince, to be the minister at Trinity Church. 
In Grahamstown Alan attended the Victoria 
High School from ten years of age until he 
was seventeen, and then entered Ehodes 
University College to take the engineering 
course. H© was a keen Boy Scout, and 
later was a patrol leader; he was a cadet 
and was very much interested in the drill 
and the camp life. He was naturally in- 
clined to be "bookish," and was often drawn 
away from his books by ihis mother and 
sent out of doors, as it was feared that he 
read too much. He was fond of singing, 
and was ever ready to help the choir and to 
give a good rousingi song. He was a boyish 
lad, full of faults, full of nonsense, and 
found this life was a very busy and a very 
ihapi^y one for the most part. 

Nearly all the men of his class in college 
decided to join the forces and do their "bit." 
All felt Alan was too young, and when he 
spoke to his father, the answer was, "When 
you are eighteen you may talk of going. 
Meantime go on with your studies." But 
Alan was doing all he -eould to get "fit," 
and quietly worked away to see if tliere 
would not be an opening without having to 
wait. At last a comrade iirged him to join 
him, and he went to his parents, begging 
to be allowed to go, and though not quite 
eigihteen, they saw how eager he was and 
consented. The voyage was full of interest, 
and he soon became happy and at home in 
London, where he made many friends. First 
and foremost he sought to get into touch 
with the military authorities, and was dis- 
appointed that he could not enter Wool- 
wich or Sandhurst, because of being too 
young. The Hon. W. P. Schreiner advised 
his entering the Royal Naval Air Service, 
which he did on December 10, 1916, with his 
comrade and warm friend, Leslie Philip. 


Alan was at the Crystal Palace, at Ching- 
ford, at Sleaford, at Friestown, and at Lin- 
coln, and on July 16, 1917, he passed as a 
pilot and being second in his exams, ob- 
tained two months' seniority. He went over 
to Franc© early in August, and was soon 
stationed in the Naval Aerodrome at Bail- 
leul. His log book shows heavy work and 
two close offensives. On August 16, 1917, he 
was reported "missing." It was a bright, 
though cold, season in Grahamstown. His 
parents were sitting together on the 17th 
August and his father seemed reluctant to 
have his wife leave him, and as he read the 
afternoon paper — "Heavy offensive in the Air 
Service. Thirteen machines missing" — a 
dread came over him. At four o'eloek a 
cable was brought— "Regret to say, August 

16, Flight sub-Iieut. Alan T. Gray missing." 
This was dated on the 17th and cam© quick- 
ly. "I have feared this," his father said. 
Soon the little town knew, and, oh, the let- 
ters and wires of sympathy and tenderness. 
On October 9 came a cable from the High 
Commissioner— "Am gratified to inform 3'ou 
your son is a prisoner of war and unwound- 
ed." This was confirmed later by his Squad- 
ron Commander and his ohum, Leslie Philip, 
and by other cables. But from that day on 
no other news had ever come— though every 
German camp, every Red Cross Society, 
e\e!:y available place in the Netherlands, 
France, Smtzerland, and Italy has been 
sought ! American authorities, Spanish auth- 
orities, Italian authorities have been impor- 
tuned to join in the search. 

In his home are huge piles of letters and 
telegrams relative to this vain quest. On 
September 16, 1918, the Admiralty wrote that 
as nothing had been heard, and as "a crash- 
ed plane and unidentified pilot on August 

17, 1917, were reported by German author- 
ities," it was "presumed that Flight Sub- 
Lieut. Alan T. Gray had been killed in 

Carefully and kindly were his handbag, suit 
case and kit bag packed and safely returned 
to the Manse, and their coming brought 
comfort, showing that high home ideals had 
ever been preserved, although the loneliness 
and the mourning for a dear and only son 
were changed from bitterness and pain only 
by God's grace and love and constant pres- 

It was hoped that Alan would have had 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

a more and useful and ihappy life. But who 
can doubt but that just such loving, gal- 
lant souls are serving God "day and night" 
■with highest endeavours, gladsome service 
and purest joy in a better world? 

" The recruits of the air were young, some 
of them no more than boys. Their training 
lasted only a few months. They put their 
home life behind them, or kept it only as 
a fortifying memory, and threw themselves 
with fervour and abandon into the work to 
be done. Pride in their squadron became 
part of their religion. The demands made 
upon them, which, it might reasonably have 
been believed, were greater than human 
nature can endure, were taken by them as 
a matter of course; they fulfilled them, and 
went beyond. They were not a melancholy 
company; they tad sometliing of the light- 
ness of the element in which they moved. 
Indeed, it would be difficult to find, in the 
world's history, any body of fighters who, 
for sheer gaiety and zest, could ihold a 
candle to them. They have opened up a 
new vista for their country and for man- 
kind. Their story, if it could ever be fully 
and truly written, is the Epic of Youth." 

For you soared onwards to that world wihich 

Of clouds, like tattered flags. 
Concealed; you reached the walls of 

The mansions white; 

And losing all, you gained the civic crown 
Of that eternal town. 
Wherein you passed a rightful citizen 
Of the bright commonwealth ablaze beyond 

our ken. 

A soaring death, and near to Heaven's gate; 
Beneath the very walls of Paradise. 
Surely with soul elate, 

You heard the destined bullet as you flew, 
And surely your prophetic .spirit knew 
That you liud wi^ll deserved that Bliiniiig 



.1th Kino's Own Scottish Bobdeej^bs, 

1917. August 20. 

I'rivate ThoriiaH Swan, l/.lth K.O.S.H., was 

•■iMployed as a ploughman when ho enlisted at 

Dumfries on 16th June, 1916. After training 

at Duddingston and Hawick he proceeded to 
France on 27th March, 1917, taking part on 
Easter morning at Vimy Eidge and at Pas- 
chendaele. After five months' service in 
France he was severely wounded on 19th Aug- 
ust 1917, at the Ypres front, and died next 
day, Monday. He left a widow and three 
children, residing at Kilbucho Place Cottages. 

The following letter was received by his 
widow from the Chaplain: — 

" Dear Mrs Swan,— You will have heard of 
the death of your husband from wounds. 
There is really nothing I can tell you as he 
never recovered consciousness; and I could 
not write to you before, as I have had so 
many hundreds of letters to write. 

We laid your husband's body to rest in 
Brandlock Cemetery, and a cross has been 
placed at his grave. 

I can only pray that God may grant you a 
right judgment so as to bear your sad loss 
without resentment, knowing that though the 
will of the enemy has caused the destruction 
of the earthly tabernacle, yet it is the will of 
God to " Save the life out of destruction," 
and to clothe it and house it anew ; neither 
does God allow any brave loving soul to be in 
any way a loser by migrating from a world of 
sti if e and sorrow to a life of progress and en- 
lightenment, where men evermore rejoice in 
God's holy comfort; and I pray that you also 
may find joy in that same comfort. 

With deepest sympathy with yourself and 
all your husband's dear ones." 

For all we have and are. 

For all our children's fate. 
Stand up and meet the war. 

The Hun is at the gate. 
Our world has passed away 

In wantonness o'erthrown. 
There is nothing left to-day 

But steel and fire and stone. 
Though all we knew depart. 

The old Commandments stand: 
" In courage keep your heart. 

In strength lift up your hand." 

One who never turnotl his back but marched 
breast forward. 
Never doubted clouds would break, 
Never dreamed, though right wore worsted, 
wrong would triumph; 
Held we fall to rise, are baflled to fight 
better, slfeep to wake. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 




IdvB. Royal Scots. 
1917. Atjuvst 22 (Wednesday). 
Mrs Smart, Buccleiich St., Innerleitlien, re- 
ceived a letter from a chaplain in France, in- 
timating that her son, Private George Smart, 
lioyal Scots, has been killed in action by gun- 
shot. He was a most promising youth. Nine 
years ago he was dux boy of the school after- 
wards attending Peebles County and Burgh 
High School for three years. Later he was 
for a few years in the Town Clerk's office. 
Hb was afterwards in the wool store of Caer- 
lee Mill. When war broke out he was attend- 
ing technical classes at Galashiels, and was 
giving promise of a very successful career. 
He joined up in March, 1915, and had seen 
considerable active service. He had five 
brothers serving, one of whom had been a 
prisoner of war for three years — six gallant 

His brother, William, was to pass away on 
August 4, 1918. 

And I, I watched them working, dreaming, 
Saw their young bodies fit the mind's desire, 
Felt them reach outward, upward, still obey- 
The passionate dictates of their hidden fire. 
Yet here and there some greybeard breathed 
" Too much of luxury, too soft an age. 
Your careless Galahads will see no vision. 
Your knights will make no mark on 
honour's page." 
No mark ? Go ask the broken fields of 
Ask the great dead who watched in ancient 
Ask the old moon as round the world she 
What of the men who were my hope and 


ISiH Royal Scots. 
1917. August 22 (Wednesday). 
No. 331201 Pte. Adam Peden, 13th Royal 
Scots, enlisl-ed April 19, 1917 ; left for France, 
July 17, 1917; reported missing on 22nd Aug- 
ust, presumed killed on that date. He was 

20 years of age and resided with liis father 
and mother at Jubilee Road, Walkerburn ; 
was employed as a spinner at Tweedholm 
Mills, Walkerburn. He was a very keen 

As there were two Adam Pedens who fell 
in the Royal Scots, his regimental number 
is specially quoted. On this day there was 
heavy fighting on the Ypres front; the Brit- 
ish line was advanced 500 yards on a one- 
mile front. It has advanced also half a 
mile on a two and a ihalf mile front. Lens 
being the objective. 

" Not Angles merely, but Angel stock, 
These boys blue-eyed and shining from the 

Which like a silver girdle belts their home. 
Not slaves, but souls, not tools to use, 
But men to love and lead and save for 

Who made them ; and for that great King 

who died 
The death of shame and glory on the 


Michael's army hath many new men. 
Gravest knights that may sit in stall. 

Kings and captains, a shining train. 
But the little young knights are dearest of 

Paradise now is the soldiers' land. 

Their own country its shining sod, 
Comrades all in a merry band. 
And the young knights' laughter pleaseth 



King's Own Scottish Bordeeers. 

1917. August 25 (Saturday). 

Mrs Williamson, 84 High Street, Inner 

leithen, received official intimation that her 

eldest son. Private William Williamson, 

K.O.S.B., was killed in action on 25th Ang- 

ust, 1917. He was aged 27 and enlisted in 

April, 1916. After training for a year he 

was drafted to France. Before enlisting he 

was a laundryman with his brother in Chapel 

Street. His brother was also serving. 

On the 24th the British lines were forced 
back from positions gained on the 22nd, 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

and on the 2otli the enemy recaptured some 
of their positions lost on the 19tih, but were 
drawn out later in the day. 

Then let's have faith; good cometh out of ill; 
The Power that shaped the strife shall end 

the strife; 
Then let's bow down before the Unknown 

Fight on, Ijelieving all is well with life; 
Seeing within the worst of war's red rage 
The gleam, the glory of the golden age. 



16th Eotal Scots. 

1917. August 26. 

Private Thomas Somerville, Hartree Square, 
joined the 16tli Eoyal Scots on 9th Decem- 
ber, 1915, and was trained at Glencorse and 

He went to France on 1st December, 1916, 
and was in several engagements. On Sun- 
day, 26th August, 1917, h© was killed by 
shell fire whilst acting as a stretcher-bearer. 
He was buried at a point south-south-west 
of Hargicourt and south of Epehy. He left 
a widow, who resides at Hartree Square, 
Kilbucho, and for whom much sympathy is 

On this day the British recaptured enemy 
positions east of Hargicourt, in the west of St 
Quentin on a front of over a mile, and half 
a mile deep. 

" So far with me, no further now ! 
Our journey all so brief is done; 
Thou goest on thine unseen way, 
And I must tread my path alone. 

They two went on; and we have been 
Through Bethel's plain and Jordan's flood, 
Then one went back to serve and wait 
And one soared up to dwell with God. 

We two went on, ali, not alone'. 
And though no gleam of light I see; 
There walks with me the Holy On© 
And Clirist, the living God, with thee." 

They healed sick hearts till theirs were 

And dried sad eyes I ill lliciis lost li^^lii. ; 
We ehali know at lust by ft certain token 

How they fougiht, and fell in the fight; 

Salt tears of sorrow unbeheld, 
Passionate toils unchronicled. 
And silent strifes for rights 
Angels shall count them, and earth shall 

That she left her best children to battle and 




1917. September 6 (Thursday) 
A singularly bi-ight and winning personal- 
ity has gone from us in Tommy Bartleman, 
than whom, as a schoolboy, or F.P., there 
was no more patriotic Watsonian. The 
younger son of Mr J. Bartleman, 1 Merchis- 
ton Park, Edinburgh, he entered the school 
in 1901, the youngest pupil in it for the 
time being. He early joined the O.T.C Band 
as a piper, was present as a representative 
of the corps at the Windsor Eeview, and as 
one would expect from his radiant person- 
ality, was the leader of a group of kindred 
spirits, full of clean mirth and boyisii en- 
thusiasm. He played football in his house 
team, Preston; was in the cricket XL for 
1914, and upheld the honour of his house 
at tihe shooting range, being in the winning 
Pie^ton team for 1913. He had left us for 
a post in the City Analyst's office, but at the 
"cry for men," he joined the Fifth Royal 
Scots in November, 1015. His skill as a 
piper won him a place in the band, Init 
he subsequently transferred to iihe ranks, 
and was sent to a cadets' .school to train for 
a conunission. Gazetted to the Fifth Sea- 
forths in April of this year, he wont over- 
seas on the 1st of June. Tn an onslaught on 
the enemy trenoh (Otii Sopteinlier), his men 
were held up by machine gun fire. In a gal- 
lant attempt to rush the hostile gun in a Ger- 
man pill-liox, ho and his sergeant fell side 
by side. Though he had been but a, short 
time witJi them, he was beloved by his men. 
Our .sympathy with the bereaved parents is 
all thq deeper in that by his loss, "their 
homo is left imto them desolate." 
][is bixjtlior William fell on May 2, 1015. 
Koport on raid carried out by l/5th Sea- 
lorth lliglilandors, relating to Lieut. T. E. 
Bartleman : — 

I'alVATE AUA.M i'jlDEN, 




Phivate AViLi.iAM Williamson, 

Second-Lieutenant Thomas Edwaku liAUTLV.MAN, 



Inner LKiTiLEN anb Australia. 

i'mVAXE il'KANClli (JrEEN, 


I'|(I\AIK Wll.l.n.M lOcMlPllI 


I 'l! I \ M I (I I lllli;i'; lliK.l.ANll. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


" The party g«t to within 30 yards of 
Pheasant Trench, under Lieut. Bartleman, 
but, owing to maahine gun fire, rifle fire, 
and bombs, the party was held up, and Sec- 
ond-Lieutenant T. E. Bartleman, while en- 
deavouring to work round the blockhouse, 
was shot through the head. Tihe leading of 
the raid left nothing to be desired. Lieut. 
Bartleman shewed the utmost courage and 
bravery. I wish specially to mention tihis 
officer."— Lt.-Col. l/5th Seaforth Highlanders, 
B.E.F., 8th September, 191". 

Dear Mr and Mrs Bartleman, — I cannot 
say how sorry I am to tell you that your 
dear son Tom was killed instantaneously 
on the morning of the 6th inst., during a 
raid by my company on the enemy's 
lines. Tom joined fhis company a week 
after he joined the battalion, and I was 
fortunate enough to get him. He was 
adored by his platoon, and no wonder, as 
he always set them a glorious example. I 
have had to censor numerous letters from 
men in his platoon, and each one of them 
remarks on the fine officer they have lost. 
I am left alone in my company, as I went 
up the line with three others, and Tom was 
killed and Macleod and Lundie wounded. 
They and their men did splendid work, 
however, and I hope to be able to get 
the official report sent on to you. Of course, 
you will understand this is private, and 
must not be published, but I have got 
permission from the Colonel to send you 
one to keep. Tom was shot through the 
head and was fortunate in getting the most 
merciful death a soldier could wish to get. 
He and his sergeant, Eoss, died about three 
yards from one another, and almost up at 
the enemy's trench."— J. Coebigall, Capt. 
and Company Commander. 

From "Gordon," D Coy., 3rd Gordon High- 
landers, School, Aberdeen, September 14 
1917: — 

" I am utterly at a loss to know what to 
write or how to write. I only want to say 
that my heart is right sore for you, and 
with you both. I shall come and see you if 
I may, when I get my leave, and I hope 
then to be able to say the things I want to, 
and cannot now, and to hear all the sad 

May the loving, tender Jesus Christ be 
your comfort and stay, dear kind friends 
who have been so kind to me. How glad I 
am that I have had the privilege of 
Tommy's heart friendship— and how great 
is our treasure becoming in Heaven ! 

When I go out myself, I shall come speci- 
ally for your benediction, that I may fight 
as nobly and as splendidly as they did, and 
that I may go forth as from you. 

Dear Tommy — amidst all the pain and 
bitterness is there not a note of triumph ? — 
he played the game. (You remember how 
Billie and he would set that fine idea of 
' playing the game ' before everything, on 
the field at Myreside, and in the larger field 
of life), and the dear kid did not turn back. 
How well I remember him going low to save 
his side from being scored against. 

Thank God for the life of Tom— clean, 
eager, loving and Christian. I shall pray 
for you both for I love you, as I have loved, 
and still love, the ' pals.' 

Ever with my warmest love and earnest 
prayers, yours affectionately, 


From Captain Aymer D. Maxwell: — 

" I feel like I have known Tommy since 
his childhood, and I have always loved him 
like a young brother. To my great delight 
I met him out here at the end of June, and 
even then I felt a lump in my throat at the 
thought of his actually being out here and 
engaged in this infernal business. I have 
seea him often since, and on the 8th or 9th 
of last month, he came across to shake my 
hand as we iwer© marching past his camp on 
the night we were relieved in the trenches. 

I only heard yesterday that he had died 
most gallantly on the German parapet, and 
I went straight across to his colonel, whom 
I have known for a long time, and he just 
told me he had lost one of the finest officers 
in his battalion. I went over again to see 
his company commander, and he was most 
awfully upset, but he said — 'Well, if he had 
pulled through, he eould not have got less 
than a Military Cross.' 

I just give you that as a very slight con- 
solation in your great sorrow, and as liber- 
ally believe that you and Mr Bartleman 
will understand that my grief and sym- 
pathy cannot be expressed in a letter, I will 



County of Peebles Book of Remembrance 

only add that I have lost a great friend and 
a very gallant comrade." 

From the Eev. W. P. Young, Chaplain. 9th 
September, 1917: — 

" I joined the battalion as chaplain on 
Friday, and the first news I got was _ that 
your son had been killed the night before. 
I knew him at Eipon when he was there, 
and I knew friends of his at Schoolboy 
Camps. He was a fine boy, and he had 
done well out here. One of the men in his 
letter home to-day, says how sorry they all 
are to lose their oflBcer, as fine a one as ever 
they had. 

I have been out myself as a combatant, 
and I personally have learnt in the war 
only a very strong and sure belief that 
death is only the entrance to fuller and 
better life, and I have no thought else of a 
fine boy like your son ; but I know what a 
grief it must be to you, and a sense of loss 
you must have. This, hardest for those at 

His captain is writing you fully of the 
details, which I dont know through arriv- 
ing only the day after, but may I send you 
my own, and the sympathy of all the ofiicers 
here who knew him." 

. . . . One of quiet mould 

Gazed long at those school chronicles that 

Of honours that the stately school had known. 
He read the names, and wondered if his own 
Would ever grace the walls in letters bold. 

He knew not that he for the School would 

A greater honour with a higher price — 
That, no long years of work, but bitter pain 
And his rich life, he was to sacrifice- 
Not in a University's grey peace. 
But on the Battlefield his earthly life would 



(Innerleithkn and Australia) 
1st Australian Tunnelling Compantt. 
1917. September 14. 
Killed in action in France on Friday, the 
14th September, 1917, Sapper Norman Rolf 
Shicllci, Australian Contingent, beloved son of 
Mr and Mrs Gilbert vShiells, Mima, Austra- 
lia, lato of Innerleithen, 

He enlisted in May, 1916, sailed from Mel- 
bourne on the 25th October, 1916, and was 
killed on the 14th September, 1917, at Ypres, 
and was buried there. He was born at Hob- 
art, Tasmania, in the year 1896. He was only 
aged four years when the family came to live 
at New South Wales, and was twenty years 
and nine months old when he fell. Before 
enlisting he worked in the coal mines, and 
was well respected by all who knew him. He 
had never been away from home before join- 
ing the army, and was the youngest of the 
family. He was of a bright and happy dis- 
position, always " singing very loudly of his 
home and people." Wherever he went he was 
ever well liked. His chum who buried his 
body paid a visit to his parents, telling them 
that Norman never shirked his duty, and was 
every ready to do a good turn for anyone. 
He lived an honourable and clean life while 

War is declared in Britain, such is the news 

and true; 
Now that the Mother's smitten, what will her 

litters do? 
Volunteers, all come forward, stand to your 

arms like men. 
Let the Germans know that where'er they go. 
If at home, or here, they will meet their foe 
When they come to the Mother's den. 

The soldier said, as he lay a-dying, 

"I am content. 

Send word to my mother who lives in the 

And to my beloved who dwells in a cot. 
So they may join hands and pray for my 


The soldier is dead. His sweetheart and 

Have joined tlieir hands, and prayed for his 

'J'hey digged his grave on the field of the 

The earth where they hud him was reddened 

with blood: 
And the sun said, as he witnessed the nccno, 
" I too am content." 
Tlie flowers have grown on his grave, 
Each flower contented to blossom, 

(From the French). 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



Highland Light Infantbt. 
1917. Septembee 16 (Sunday). 
Mr and Mrs Eckford, Greenhead, received 
an official telegram, intimating that their 
son, Private William Eckford, H.L.I. , had 
died in a military hospital at Araara, Meso- 
potamia. He v(ras admitted to iliospital a few 
weeks before, siiffering from intestinal in- 
flammation, and he died on the 16tli Sept- 
ember. Private Eckford joined the K.O.S.B. 
early in 1915, and was trained in Dudding- 
ston. He was afterwards transferred to the 
H.L.I. , and was drafted to Mesopotamia 
about "Christmas, 1916. In civil life he v?as 
a hewer to trade, but latterly worked in St 
Ronan's Mill. He was for some time la play- 
ing member of the Vale of Leithen P.C., 
and was 37 years of age. Two brothers are 
with the Colours in France. 

Extract from letter, written July 31st, 
1917 :— 

This is a terrible country for heat, and 
it takes a lot of sticking. There is not 
much scenery here and some parts a tree 
isn't to be seen. Nothing but a desert 
stretching for miles, with the Tigris flow- 
ing down the centre. There are very wild 
sand-storms now and again. I wish the 
day was here when we will all be return- 
ing home. 

He was a keen cricketer and played for In- 
nerleithen, Haddington, and eoaohed at 
George Watson's College. He excelled as a 
bowler, and often won the prize for the best 
bowling analysis at the end of the season. 

He was of a quiet, genial disposition, and 
his favourite pastime was a day up the 
Leithen with the rod. 

This be our epitaph— "Traveller, south or 

Go say at home we heard the trumpet call 
And answered. Now, Iseside the sea we rest. 
Our end was happy if our country thrives; 
Such was demanded. Lo, our store was 

small — 
That which we had we gave— it was our 


They left the fury of the fight, 

And they wer© very tired; 
The gates of Heaven were open quite, 

Unguarded and unwired. 
There was no sound of any gun 

The land was still and green; ' 
Wide hills lay silent in the sun, 

Blue valleys slept between. 

They saw far off a little wood 

Stand up against the sky. 
Knee-deep in grass a great tree stood. 

Some lazy cows went by. 
There were some rooks sailed overhead. 

And once a church-bell pealed. 
" God, but it's Scotland," someone said, 

" And there's a football field." 



goedon highxandees. 

1917. Septembse 17 (Mondat). 

Mr and Mrs Green, Station Road, Inner- 
leithen, received official intimation that 
their son, Private F. Green, Gordon High- 
landers, had been killed. The chaplain wrote 
details to them. He was leaving the trenches 
for a rest when he was knocked down by shell 
fire. He was aged 23, and joined in May, 
1915. He was trained in the A. & S., and was 
transferred to the Gordons when he went to 
France. He was employed in Tweedvale 
Mills, Walkerburn. He had two brothers in 
the army. 

The second phase of the Third Battle of 
Ypres had begun on the 15th. On the 16th a 
German attack on Apremont Forest at St 
Mihiel failed. 

There's traffic in the worlds immortal. 
For many souls are flying home. 

Striving and pushing at the portal 
For sight of glorious things to come. 

What rout of things against the sunset? 

What rosy plumes the dawning bar ? 
Heaven's stormed with gay and happy onset 

Of youngling things home from the war. 

Though the old nests be sad, forsaken. 
The cotes of Heaven are yet unfilled: 

In trees of Heaven as yet untaken 
The immortal Loves lift hearts and build. 

Land. Land. 

For all the broken-hearted. 

The dearest herald by our fate allotted. 

Beckons, and with inverted torch doth stand 

To lead us with a gentle hand 

To the Land of the Great Departed, 

Into the Silent Land, 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



Labour Battalion. 

1917. September 20 (Thuhsdat). 

Private George Ireland, gardener to Mr 
Welsh, Mossfennan, joined the army in May, 
1915, and was sent to France in July, 1917, 
being attached to the Labour Battalion. He 
was killed by a stray shell, death being in- 
stantaneous, and was buried beside bis com- 
rades at Tpres. He leaves a widow and four 
children, for whom much sympathy was felt. 
Private Ireland was a quiet, unassuming man, 
and generally esteemed. 

The third phase of the battle of Ypres be- 
gan on October 9, with Franco-British at- 
tacks on Houlthuest Forest. At one o'clock 
a great advance began on Passchendalle 
■Ridfre. 2000 prisoners being taken. On the 
12th, the British attacked north-east of Ypres 
on a six-mile front to Ypres-Eoulerg railway. 
And on the 17tli there was great artillery 
activity north-east of Soissoins, and on the 
Aisne front on the 20th. On the 23rd there 
was a great French victory on fhe Aisne. 

It is my sad duty to have to inform you 
of the death in action of Private George 
Ireland on the 20th September, 1917. It 
may be a source of satisfaction to you to 
know that he was killed outright, and that 
he would therefore suffer no pain. He now 
lies buried beside many of his comrades, 
who, like him, died on the field of honour. 
May God comfort you in your sore bereave- 
ment, and all who loved him and sustain 
you with the thoiight that he did not die 
in vain, but like the Saviour he gave his 
life that others might live." 

I am after getting back from hospital, 
and am exceedingly sorry to hear of the 
death of your beloved husband, Private 
George Ireland, and I write ag a pal of his 
to tender you my heartfelt sympathy in 
your .sore bereavement. Poor George and a 
few more of the boys were killed by a 
shell, and I learn from one of tlie^hai>- 
lains that they were buried together at 
the British Soldiers' Cemetery nt Ypres. 
If it will be possible for me, I shall visit 
the cemetery hjeforo leaving the district. 

I miss poor George very much, as we were 
fast friends. Two nights before the bat- 
talion left for Belgium, he came to the 
hospital with my mail, and little we 
thought that we would not see each other 
any more. But I pray that God may sus- 
tain and comfort you in your sore bereave- 

I, that on my familiar hill, 
Saw with uncomprehending eyeg 
A hundred of thy sunsets spill 

Their fresh and sanguine sacrifice, 
Ere the sun swings his noon-day sword 

Must say good-bye to all of this— 
By delights that I shall miss, 

Help me to die, O Iprd. 

Hush, my Soul. And vain regrets, be stilled. 
Find rest in Him, who is the complement 
Of what so'er transcends your mortal doom 
Of broken hope and frustrated intent; 
In the clear vision and aspect of whom 
All wishes and all longings are fulfilled. 



Royal Scots. 

1917. September 20. Missing. 

Previously reported missing on 20th Sept- 
ember, 1917, now presumed killed on that 
date. Private John Taylor Ellis, Royal Scots, 
aged 22 years, eldest son of Mr and Mrs 
Ellis, The Crossings, Glenormiston, Inner- 
leithen; deeply regretted. 

Mr and Mrs Ellis, The Crossings, CTlen- 
ormiston, had received official intimation 
that their eldest son, Private J. Ellis, of 
the Royal Scots, had been missing since 20th 
September. Private Ellis joined up almost 
at the beginning of hostilities, on 30th Aug- 
ust, 1914, in Kitchener's Army. Drafted to 
France in the Royal Scots in May, 1915, he 
saw much active service in the Ypres sec- 
tion and Somme battles. He was twice home 
on sick leave. He was 22 years of age, and 
before enlistment was engaged as a railway 

Private .Tdhn Taylor Ellis, 


Private Thomas Yellovvlees, 
'I'wkedsml'ie and Ettrick. 

Corporal James Shaw, 
Walkers URN. 

Privatio George Kebk, 



Sapper Thomas Fullerton, 

SK('<>Ni»-l/ri'.r'ri'.NAN'i' II \iMM 

'I'll MJI'AIK. 

\1 AXW 1:1,1, 

r'AUKIKK iCllHriiU \l, DoN.M.Ii M'tll.ASHAN, 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


goods porter at Innerleithen station. He liad 
one brother in training. 

In a thousand years 

It will all b© the same 

Which of us was to blame? 

What will it matter then? 

Over the sleeping men 

Grass will so softly grow. 

No one would ever know 

Of the dark crimson stain. 

Of all the hate and pain, 

That once had fearful birth 

In the black secret earth. 

Into the Silent Land. 

Ah, who shall lead us thither.? 

Clouds in the evening sky more thickly 

And shattered wrecks lie thicker than the 

You lead us with a gentle hand 
Thither, O thither. 
Into the Silent Land. 



9th Eotal Scots. 

1917. September 23. 

News was received by his sister, Miss Mary 
Sliaw, Tweed View, Walkerburn, of the 
death of her brother, Corporal James Shaw, 
Eoyal Scots. He was wounded in the left 
leg by shrapnel on aSrd September, and lived 
only a few hours after admission to hospital. 

Corporal Shaw joined up on the day of 
mobilisation, having done seven years' ser- 
vice in the Volunteer and Territorial Force. 
He did not go out to France in 1914 with 
the Sth Eoyal Scots, but he went out in 
July, 1915, coming home at the end of the 
year on special leave owing to bereavement. 
In 1916, Corporal Shaw was drafted to the 
9th Royal Scots, with whom he spent some 
months, seeing some severe fighting at Beau- 
mont, Bamel, and other places. He was 
home again at the beginning of 1917 for four 
weeks being time expired, but before he 
went out again )he spent 3 months in hos- 
pital in Edinburgh. Going to France again 
m July, he was dangerously wounded on 
22nd September and died the following day 
after having a leg amputated. Before war 
broke out, Cpl. Shaw was employed in the 
yarn department of Tweedvale Mills (Messrs 

Henry Ballantyne & Sons, Limited). He was 
a prominent member of Walkerburn Rugby 
Club, being a three-c^uarter of no mean 
order, being possessed of a rare turn of 

But we will go to Zion, 

By choice, and not through dread. 
With these our present comrades 

And those our present dead; 
And, being free of Zion 

In both her fellowships. 
Sit down and sup in Zion — 
Stand up and drink in Zion, 
Whatever cup in Zion 

Is offered to our lips. 

Confident as a child that turns. 

When tired, on a lonely road, 

To nestle on his father's arm, 

Feeling in love a sure abode. 

So dwelled he in Iris Maker's care. 

Resigned no longer here to roam. 

And when he bade ihis friend farewell. 

Said: — "Mate, I am going Home." 



Black Watch. 
1917. Septembee. 28 (Feiday). 
It is wiih deep regret that we record the 
death of Private Thomas Yellowlees, Black 
Watch, who was " killed in action " on the 
western front on the 28th of September, 1917 
In obedience to the orders of his superior 
officer, Yellowlees, with five other men, was 
holding an advanced post of danger and im- 
portance on that day. The position was be- 
ing subjected to an intense bombardment. A 
shell burst, blowing in the post, and all six 
men were instantaneously killed. Our young 
friend died as every good soldier would wish 
to die, taking no thought of self, but simply 
doing his duty. He had just completed three 
years of strenuous and honourable service 
with the colours. In the very first month of 
the war he was quick to see where his line of 
duty lay, and at a time when volunteers from 
this and the neighbouring valley were com- 
paratively few, he volunteered and enlisted 
as a trooper in the Scots Greys. Being eager 
and anxious to get into the fighting line and 
see active service at the earliest possible 
moment, he transferred into the Black Watch 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

and shared in the honours, dangers, hard- 
ships, and heroic achievements of that his- 
toric regiment during the nest two and a 
half years. He was severely wounded at Loos 
on the memorable 25th of September, 1915, 
and, after an all too brief period of conval- 
escence, he rejoined his battalion, and was 
wounded again some months later. Now, at 
the age of twenty-two he has been called upon 
to make "the supreme sacrifice," and rests 
from his labours. In the death of Tom 
i'ellowlees Tweeddale mourns the loss of one 
of the bravest and manliest ol' her younger 
Kons. In offering this humble tribute to his 
memory I cannot do better than quote a 
single sentence from a letter of sympathy, 
written to his mother by the officer of his 
platoon: "Your son was a splendid soldier, 
and I could have spared almost any other 
man in the platoon rather than your son." 
We will never cease to think with pride oi 
the tall, handsome, kindly, lovable lad, who 
was the first of our local contingent who has 
been privileged to give his life at the call of 
duty in the service of his country and king. 
We give God thanks for the memory of such 
a life and such a death. With a proud sor- 
row we leave him in the company of the kin- 
dred and heroic dead who, like him, sleep 
their last sleep on the field of honour in the 
sure and certain hope of a glorious resurrec- 

In September, 1917, the front of the Second 
Army was extended northward, and Sir Her- 
bert riummer took over the attack upon the 
southern portion of the enemy front on the 
Menin road. Our artillery tactics were re- 
vised in order to cope with the German "pill- 
boxes." In the early days of September the 
sodden soil of the salient began slowly to dry. 
The new eight mile front of attack ran from 
the Ypres-Staden Eailway north of Lange- 
marck to the Ypres-Comines Canal north of 
Hollebeke. At dawn on the morning of the 
20th September the attack was launched. The 
most remarliable achievement was that of the 
Scottish and South African Brigades of (ho 
9th Divinion, which won their final objectives 
in three hours. The crux of the battle lay in 
the area of the Second Army, and the vital 
point was the work of its centre along the 
Menin road. The Australians by mid-day 
had cleared and secured the wliolc wcstprn 
half of Polygon Wood. This cracked the Ker- 

nel of the German defence in the salient. The 
battle of 20th September was a proof of what 
heights of endurance the British soldier may 
attain to. From the 21st to the 25th Septem- 
ber the Germans made furious counter- 
attacks upon our lines ; but made no progress. 
We struck again on the 26th September. In 
the centre we took the ruins of Zonnebeke 
village; aad further south the Australians 
carried the remainder of Polygon Wood. On 
30th Septemlier the Germans renewed their 
attacks, and continued until the 3rd October 

They went with songs to the battle, thoj 
were young. 
Straight of limb, true of eye, steady and 
They were staunch to the end against odds 
uncounted ; 
They fell with their faces to the foe. 

We are quite sure, 

That He will give theui back, bright, pure, 

and beautiful ; 
We know He will bui keep 
Our own, and His, until we fall asleep. 
We know He does not mean 
To break the strands reaching between 
The Here and There. 



Black Watch. 

1917. Monday, October 1. 

On 1st October, at Horton War Hospital, 
Epsom, of wounds received in action. Private 
George Kerr, Black Watch, fourth son of 
John Kerr, Traquair Road, Innerleithen. 

Another St Ronan's lad made the supreme 
sacrifice for his King and Country, in the 
person of Private George Kerr, yomigest son 
of Mr John Kerr, Station Road. When war 
broke out, Private Kerr was working in 
Lcithcn Mills. He joined Kitchener's .\rmy 
at the very commencement of hostilities, and 
after a few months' training with a bat- 
talion of the Royal Scots he was drafted to 
France. On September 25, 1915, 111© was 
wounded at the battle of Loos. He was 
afterwards transferred to a Cycle Ck)rps, and 
liiially attached to the Black Watch. II© was 
wounded in the head by fragments of shell 
at (ho battle of Vimy Ridge, on (he Aiins 
front, on the 9lh April, and ttius been more 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


or less in and out of hospital ever since. It 
api>ears that fragments of shell were still in 
his head, and it was thought they would 
ultimately work out, but he died somewhat 
suddenly in a hospital at Horton, Epsom. 
He was 29 years of age, and of a very quiet 
disposition. He had three brothers serving— 
Lance-Corporal James in the K.O.S.B., Lance- 
Corporal Colin in the Machine Gun Corps, 
and Corporal Walter, 8th Eoyal Scots (twice 
wounded). The deceased's remains were 
brought home and interred in Innerleithen 

" Who would be raised among his friends 

to fame. 
And do brave deeds till light and life are 

He who has thus wrought himself praise 

shall have 
A settled glory underneath the stars." 

" Sleep soft, beloved,'^ we sometimes say, 
But have no tune to charm away 
Sad dreams that through the eyelids creep ; 
But never doleful dreams again 
Shall break the happy slumber, when 

" He giveth His beloved sleep." 



Aegyll and Sutheeland Highlandees 
1917. OcTOBEE 2 (Tuesday). 

Captain George Hugh Freeland Bartholo- 
mew, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders 
(died of wounds), was the second son of Dr 
and Mrs Bartholomew, of Cardon, 4 Morton 
Hall Eoad, Edinburgh, and Merlindale, 
Broughton. He was educated at Merchiston 
Castle School, and was entered for Corpus 
Christi College, Oxford, when war broke out. 
From the Merchiston O.T.C. he got a com- 
mission in the Argyll and Sutherlands, and 
went out to the front in June, 1916. He re- 
ceived his captaincy in May this year. The 
many lettei-s from his fellow officers are a 
tribute to the affectionate regard and esteem 
in which he was held by them, as well as by 
the men of his company. 

His Colonel wrote: — 

" As an officer I always considered him 
one full of promise; he was one of my best. 
As a boy I had a great admiration for him, 

apart from his work, and I miss him very 
much indeed He was much loved by the 
men, and extremely popular with his 
brother officers. You have every reason to 
be proud of him; his battalion is." 

A Colonel commanding the battalion previ- 

^)usly wrote: — 

" He was one of the youngest officers I 
had when I took over the command of the 
14th A. & S. Highlanders, but I soon learn- 
ed that he had the coolness and qualifica- 
tions of an older person. . . Well do I 
remember the gallant work of reconnais- 
ance which your boy carried out at the 
' Double Grassier ' — an evil spot near Lens, 
on a dark night, right into the German 
trenches, and the clear and useful sketch 
he made next day — a piece of work on 
which he was complimented by the General. 
I have heard no particulars, but am quite 
certain that he quitted himself as a gallant 
and brave soldier right up to tbe last. He 
was a credit to his family, and to his 

Captain Hugh Bartholomew was mentioned 
in despatches in the New Year lists after his 
death. He fell October 2nd, 1917. 

Capt. Dickie's article in the " Dud " is 
appended : — 

" Eight back in the early days of the bat- 
talion he joined us, fresh from scholastic and 
athletic triumphs — on the threshold of his 

Possessing personality and combining school- 
boy enthusiasm with remarkably sound judg- 
ment, he early attracted attention ; and one 
felt that he was the ' right stuff,' and given 
his chance, Lieut. Bartholomew would go far. 

And how well founded our forecasts were. 

A born soldier ! — in his commission we were 
privileged to see him in his proper setting. 

With that calm demeanour, begotten of 
self-reliance, he was always ready to tackle 
an awkward situation with the best advant- 
age, and at the same time inspire confidence 
in others 

Courageous to a degree, he set an example 
of supreme indifference to personal danger 
that was peerless. 

Eminently loyal and endowed with excep- 
tional abilities, his assistance and co-opera- 
tion were simply invaluable. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

Never self seeking, the interests and wel- 
fare of others were ever his chief concern. 
Always ready to help, no one in troulile ever 
sought his aid in vain. 

On first acquaintance, his innate modesty 
gave rather the impression of a certain re- 
serve of manner, but get behind that curtain 
of shyness and you found what a truly great 
sold he was. 

Essentially genuine, he loathed eye-wash, 
and the public parading of good qualities on 
occasions — day in and day out his work bore 
the hall mark of excellence. Through his 
whole life ran the undercurrent of sincerity. 

No fair weather friend was he— when the 
day was at its blackest you instinctively felt 
you had him close at your back to support 

In his death, as in his life, he was heroic 
To such a cheery comrade as ' Barty ' one 
cannot say * good-bye ' without feeling a 
mighty pull at one's heart strings." 

To such a tribute one appends the words of 
our Poet-Laureate— 

" Eejoice, ye dead, where'er your spirits 

Rejoice that yet on earth your fame is 

bright ; 
And that your names, remembered day and 

Live on the lips of those that love you well, 
Ye are the world's creators, and thro' 

Of everlasting love je did e.Kcel. 
Now ye are starry names, above the storm 
And war of Time, and nature's endless 

Ye flit, in pictured truth, and peaceful 

Wi'ig'd with bright music and melodious 

The flaming flowers of hca\cn, making May- 
In dear Imagination's rich pleasance." 




1!)17. OcTOBKn D (Tuesday). 
Second-Lieutenant Ifarry T. Maxwell Slii- 
art, l>orn at Ascot on .luly 21st, 1887, was the 
Bocond son of Mr and Mrs Mu-xwelJ Stuart, 

and was educated at the E.G. College of 
Mount tSt Mary's, Chesterfield. He was the 
third to fall out of four. After leaving col- 
leg© he went out to British Columbia and 
worked as land surveyor for a few years. 
Subsequently Mr H. M. Stuart joined the 
British Soiith African Co. in Rhodesia. On 
the outbreak of war the Rhodesian Rifle 
Corps was formed and with them Mr Max- 
well Stuart served for a year and over. 
Eventually the Corps was disbanded and he 
returned to England and soon obtained a 
commission and was gazetted as Second- 
Lieutenant to the 3rd Battalion Coldstream 
Guards in June, 1916. In the following Oct- 
ober Lieut. H. M. Stuart was sent out to 
France and for a time took part in railway 
construction work. He subsequently rejoined 
his regiment, where he was a general favour- 
ite and known as a hard-working and efficient 
officer. On October 9th, 1917, just as the 
Guard's Brigade were commencing their ad- 
vance against the German position, Lieut. 
H. M. Stuart was killed instantaneously by 
an enemy shell. He was buried where he 
fell near Logdeudrift, about three miles 
north-east of Langemarck, by a Roman 
Catholic priest, and a cross was erected 
marking his grave. 

The following are extracts from letters re- 
ceived : — 

" The regiment can ill afford to lose boys 
like your son. Ho was a soldier of great 
promise, which was amply fulfilled when 
he joined his battalion in France." 

"The success (of Ihat particular portion 
of the advance) was in no small measure 
due to that gallant band of heroes w:ho 
laid down their lives on the 9th day of 
October, 1917." 


" He did excellent work when on railway 
construction, was always cheerful and hard 
working, and popular with all." 

There were lean Caesars from the glory 

With heart that only to a .sword-thrust yields; 
And there were Generals decked in pride of 

I'od scab)i:ird swinging from the weary flunk; 
And slender youtlis, who wore the sons of 


Private Joun M'-XForran. 

Private Thoivias Armstrong Hume, 

Gunner, John Burton, 
Peebles, Manor, and I^vtnerleithen. 

Private Harry ^Mjrtle, 

Lance-SkrCtT. Willie Tait, 




RiFLEJiAN David John Mackay, 
Newlands ANn Skirling, 

."•rucT. HonicHT French, M.M. 

Privatk William. M'Intosh, 
Innhrleituen and Canada. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


And Barons wiHi their sixteen quart«rings. 
And while the nobles went with haughty air, 
The courteous sentinel questioned : " Who 

go«s there?" 
And as each came, full lustily he cried 
His string of titles ere he passed inside. 

God gave ray son in trust to me ; 
' Christ died for him, and he should be 
A man for Clirist. He is his own, 
And God's and man's; not mine alone. 
He was not mine to give. He gave 
Himself that he might help to save 
All that a Christian should revere, 
And what enlightened men hold dear. me by the Cross be warded, 
By the death of Christ be guarded, 

Nourished by divine supplies. 
When the body death hath riven, 
Grant that to the soul be given 

Glories bright of paradise. 



EoTAL Engineers. 

1917. October 11 (Thursdat). 

Died of wounds received in action on the 
7th October, 1917, Sapper Thomas Eullerton, 
E.E., beloved husband of Isabella Hogg, 
Carnbo, Kinross, and fifth son of William 
Fullerton, Tweeddale Burn, Gorebridge. 

He was severely wounded "somewhere" in 
Belgium on October 7, 1917, and died in hos- 
pital at St Omar on the 11th of October. 
He left a widow and a son aged 3. 

On the 4th the British advanced on an 
eight mile front, and took 3000 prisoners. By 
the 5th the total number of prisoners 
amounted to 4,446. Prom the beginning of 
the month there had been constant German 
attacks and furious fighting on the Ypres 

From miry clefts of the wintry plain 

He leapt with his platoon. 
The morion on his forehead. 

And the soul of him at noon. 
With head high to the hurricane 

He walked, and in his breast 
He knew himself immortal. 

And that death was but a jest. 
A smile was on his visage 

When they found him where he fell. 
The gallant old companions. 

In an amaranthine dell. 

Soldier, rest. Thy warfare o'er. 
Sleep the sleep that knows not breaking. 
Dream of fighting fields no more, 
Morn of toil nor night of waking. 



Royal Field Artillery. 

1917. October 12 (Friday) 

Killed Ijy a shell on the 12th October, Far- 
rier Corporal Donald M'Glashan, E.F.A., 
youngest son of the late Donald M'Glashan, 
Eddleston, and husband of Emma Ellis, 23 
I.adyloan, Arbroath. 

He fell at Ypres, his body was buried at 
the village of Popperain. His nephew of the 
same name fell on June 23rd, 1915. The 
nephew's father lived at Eosebery Eeservoir, 
and the nephew wrought at Rie forges at 
Eddleston and at Ayton. 

Sapper Fullerton, at Tweeddale Burn, and 
Farrier M'Glashan, at Eosebery, were near 

Weak with our wounds and our thirst. 
Wanting our sleep and our food, 

After a day and a night — 

God, shall we ever forget. 
Beaten and broke in the fight. 

But sticking it, sticking it yet. 
Trying to hold the line, 

Fainting and spent and done, 
Always the thud and the whine. 

Always the yell of the Hun. 
Northumberland, Lancaster, York, 

Durham and Somerset. 
Fighting alone, worn to the bone. 

But sticking it, sticking it yet. 

. . . In the pauses of the sound 

I hear the children's laughter as they roam. 
And then their mother calls, and aU around 

Eise up the gentle murmurs of a home. 
But still I gaze afar, and at the sight 

My whole soul softens to its heartfelt 
" Spirit of Justice, Thou for whom they fight. 

Ah, turn in mercy, to our lads out there.'' 


KoYAL Scots. 
1917. October 19 (Friday). 
Private John McMorran, formerly shepherd, 
Kilbucho Mill, enlisted at Glen corse Bar- 
racks on 24th May, 1915, and joined the 
Eoyal Scots. He was trained at Edinburgh, 
Selkirk, Masham Draycott, and Larkhill. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

He was sent to France on 30th January, 
1916, wounded on 9tli March, 1917, and re- 
turned to the front on 1st August, 1917. 
Died of wounds received in action on 19th 
Octoljer, 1917. The Jledal for Meritorious 
Service was awarded on 2nd January, 1917, 
which his widow, who resided with her 
family at Sinallburn, Muirkirk, received after 
bis death. 

The following letter was received by his 
widow : — 

Dear Mrs McMorran,— It is with deepest 
regret that I have to inform you about 
your husband. He was wounded on the 
19th, and we hav© just had information 
that he heis succumbed from his wounds 
on that date. He will be greatly missed 
by everyone in the Company, including my- 
self, as he was always so cheerful and 
happy and always had such a pleasant face. 

And when the burning moment breaks, 

.4nd all things else are out of mind, 
And only joy-of-battle takes 

Him by the throat, and makes him blind, 
Through joy and blindness he shall know. 

Not caring much to know, that still 
Nor lead nor steel shall reach him, so 

That it be not the Destined Will. 
The thundering line of battlel stands, 

.4nd in the air death moans and sings; 
But day shall clasp him with strong hands, 

And night shall fold him in soft wings. 

Light green of grass and richer green of 

Slope upwards to the darkest green of fir; 
How still. How deathly still. And yet tihe 

Shivers and trembles with some subtle stir, 
Some far-off throbbing, like a muffled drum, 
Beaten in broken rhythm over sea. 
To play the last funeral march of some 
Who die to-day that Europe may be free. 

when they had resided for about a year in 
Innerleithen. Gunner Alexander Burton, the 
third son, was fated to go next, in six months. 
Such were the sorrows ot parents in the 
Gr6at War. Gunner John Burton was en- 
gaged as a ploughman at Boghill, Braehead, 
in Carnwath, when he enlisted in January, 
1915, and fought in France for fifteen months. 
Five weeks before he fell he was home on 
leave. His age was twenty-three. His body 
was buried in a cemetery near Ypres. 

Between October 9 and 12, there had been 
a great British and French attack before 
Ypres, when three thousand prisoners were 
taken from the Germans. Several objectives 
were captured as a result. On the 22nd the 
British made another advance near Ypres, at 
Poelkapelle. On the 19th, in the midst of 
these operations. Gunner John Burton fell. 

His brother-in-law, George Dick, was one of 
the earliest Peebles men to fall, leaving a 
widow and young family. 

His mother bids him go without a tear ; 
His sweetheart walks beside him, proudly 

" No coward have I loved," her clear eyes 
The band blares out and all the townsfolk 

From each familiar scene his inner eye 
Turns to far fields by Titans rent and torn ; 

For in that struggle must hig soul be born 
To look upon itself and live— or die. 

Eemember me when I am gone away. 
Gone far away into the Silent Land; 
When you can no more hold me by the hand, 
Nor T half turn to go, yet turning stay. 
Remember me when no more day by day. 
You tell me of our future that yo\i planned- 
Only remember me: you understand 
It will be late to counsel then or prnj 


(Peebles, Mange and Innerleithen) 

Royal Field Artillery. 

1917. OoTOBKR 19 (Friday). 

Of Mr and Mrs John Burton's two sons 

who were doomed to fall at the front, the 

youngcHl son, John, was the first to make tho 

great sacrifice on the 19th October, 1917, 


(Inneeleithi n) 
Eoyal Scots. 
1917. Ootobbu 22 (Monday). 
Mr Hume, Leithen Crescent, Innerleithen, 
received official intimation that his son, Pri- 
vate Thomas Hume, Royal Scots, had been 
reported missing since the 22nd October. 
Private Hume, who was 23 years of age. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


joined up in 1916, and went out to France 
early in the year, but was invalided home 
sliortly afterwards, and went out again later. 
At the time of his enlistment he was a wool- 
sorter in Leithen Mills. 

"I now take the liberty of writing to you to 
let you know under what circumstances your 
brother was struck. Well, we left our bil- 
lets on Saturday night, the 20th October, to 
go up to the front line to relieve a battalion 
there, and as your brother and I were in 
the same platoon we were quite near each 
other going, and a long weary tramp we 
had, though I can tell you he was in the 
very best of spirits. We arrived at our 
position some time on Sunday morning, and 
on arriving there had to dig ourselves in, 
and it was while we were doing that job 
that your brother was struck. There were 
only six or seven of the whole platoon left, 
including your brother, when we did arrive 
up in our position, and we had only to dig 
a big enough place to hold the lot of us, 
about three or four yards long. I was dig- 
^ging about the middle, and your brother 
was at one end (I think there were just two 
chaps between us), and suddenly one of them 
said to our officer, " Hume is struck." 
Well, we lifted him up out of the bottom of 
the hole we were digging, because the water 
was coming into it, and I am sorry to say 
he was past all human aid, so I may tell 
you straight that he suffered no pain, 
neither did he speak, for he was dead when 
we lifted him up. When Ave saw that he 
was dead, we lifted him right up out of the 
trench we were in, for if we had left him 
in it he would have sunk, it was so marshy, 
and also we knew that if we had a success- 
ful advance on the Monday morning, his 
remains would be found and would receive 
a proper burial. On the Sunday afternoon 
we had to leave that place we were in, for 
the water went over our waists, and we had 
a chance of getting drowned ; but we went 
only fifty yards away, and your brother's 
body was still where we left it. It was on 
the Monday morning that I got struck, and 
I dont know how the boys that were left 
got on, so that these are the best details of 
your brother's death that I can give you. 

It was up on the left of Ypres that it hap- 
pened, on the Langemarck sector." 

Then praise the Lord Most High 

Whose strength hath saved us whole. 
Who bade us choose that the Flesh should die 

And not the living Soul. 
To the God in man displayed — 

Where'er we see that Birth, 
Be love and understanding paid 

As never yet on earth. 

To the Spirit that moves in Man, 

On Whom all worlds depend. 
Be Glory since our world began 

And service to the end. 



12th Eoyal Scots. 

1917. October 22 (Monday). 

Private Harry Mirtle, Eoyal Scots, killed 
along with Willie Tait and Robert French, 
both of Walkerburn, by a shell from an 
aeroplane. His wife resided at Marmion 
Cottage, Innerleithen. He was aged 31 and 
enlisted at the outbreak of war. He went 
to France in. May, 1915, and was on active 
service up till his death. He was a baker, 
and had also been in Caerlee Mill, and was a 
goalkeeper in the Vale of Leithen Associa- 
tion Club. 

He enlisted on the last day of August, 1914, 
and trained at Aldershot and at Bramshott. 
He was engaged in a great deal of heavy 

Daisies leaping in foam on the green grasses. 
The dappled sky and the stream that sings 

as it passes; 
These are bought with a price, a bitter fee, 
They die in Flanders to keep these for me. 

We rose, and greeted our brothers, and wel- 
comed our foes. 

We rose; like the wheat when the wind is 
over, we rose. 

With shouts we rose, with gasps and incred- 
ulous cries. 

With bursts of singing, and silence, and 
awestruck eyes, 

With broken laughter, half tears, we rose 
from the sod. 

With welling tears and with glad lips, 
whispering, " God." 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



Royal Scots. 
1917. October 22 (Monday). 

Word was received from an Innerleithen 
lad in France of the death of three local 
men in the Royal Scots throug'h the bursting 
of a bomb dropped from an aeroplane on 22nd 
October, 1917. They were Lance-Sergeant 
William Tait, whose friends resided in Vic- 
toria Place, Walkerbiirn; Private Hari-j 
Mirtle, whose wife resided in Marmion Cot- 
tage, Innerleithen ; and Sergeant Robert 
French, whose wife resided in Hall Street, 

Lance-Sergeant Willie Tait enlisted on 
August 31st, 1914, and was first into the 
12th Battalion of the Royal Scots on its for- 
mation. After training at Aldershot he went 
to France with the battalion early in May, 
1915. He was wounded in December, 1916, 
and was three months in hospital. After be- 
ing discharged from hospital, he was sent 
back to the 12th Battalion Royal Scots and 
was with them up to the time of his death 
on 22nd October, 1917. He waa killed along 
witli other eight by a bomb from an enemy 
aeroplane landing on their tent, while sit- 
ting at supper, preparatory to moving into 
the trenches. He is buried in an authorised 
British Military Cemetery at Duhallow, one 
mile north of Ypres. 

Tait was aged 22, and enlisted at the out- 
break of war on August 31, 1914, and went 
to France in May, 1915, and had been ever 
since continually on active service. 

He was in Tweedvale Mill, and was a 
member of the Rugby Club of Walkerburn, 

Hark ! 'Tis the rush of the horses, 
The crash of the galloping gun. 

The s-tars are out of their courses; 
The hour of doom has begun. 

Leap from the scabbard, sword. 

This is the day of the Lord. 

Prate not of peace any longer, 
Laughter and idleness and ease. 

Up, every man that is stronger. 
Leave but the priest on his knees. 

Quick, every hand to the liilt, 
Who .strikcth not— his the guilt. 

For Hawthorn wreath, for bluebell glade, 
For miles of buttercup that shine, 

For song of birds in sun and shade 
That' fortify this soul of mine, 

For all May joy beneath a Scottish sky. 
How sweet to live — how glad and good t( 



Royal Scots. 
1917. October 22 (Monday). 

Killed along with Willie Tait and Harry 
Mirtle by the bursting of a shell from an 

He won the Military Medal for meritorious 
work between April 9 and 12. He went to 
France in May, 1915. He was employed in 
Tweedval© Mill. His father was for 19 
years Colour-Sergeant in the C'ameronians, 
Scottish Rifles, and Sergeant-Major of the 
6tli Royal Soots. 

I regret that I cannot give you much 
information, as I was only with his Bat- 
talion about six months out here. He was 
my Sick Corporal in the battle of Loos, 
and there acted with the utmost bravery 
and coolness under fire. I was not with 
him when he won his M.M., nor am I 
certain where or in which engagement it 
was. I know it was for collecting wound- 
ed under machine gun fire. I may add 
tliat I always had a very high opinion of 
the late Sergeant French, and found him 
of the greatest assistance in my work with 
the Battalion. 

Copy of Reconrmendation for Military 

During operations east of Arras on 12th 
April, 1917, this man did excellent work 
when in charge of stretcher-bearers and 
went through licavy machine-gun fire to 
collect reserve stretcher-bearers to replace 
o;isualties. For over two and a half 
years he has done really good work as n 
stretcher-bearer. (Signed), 

Col. Ritson. 

" It was with deep degret that I heard 
yesterday of the death of your husband. 
I lx>g to offer you and your family my deep 
sympathy. I alway.s looked on your hus- 
band as a real friend and had hoped to re- 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


new his acquaintance after tli© war, but 
it was not to be. He was a faithful helper 
to me always, and one of the coolest and 
bravest men under fire I ever met. I was 
delig-hted to see that his good qualities had 
been recognised, and he was awarded a de*- 
coration. We spent a lot of time together, 
and he helped me a great deal." 

" Ha%"ing known and worked side by side 
with your husband for the past two years, 
I find I have at this time a painful duty 
to perform. It is with the deepest regret 
I have to relate to you that I now stand 
bereft of a comrade who was more to me 
than I can ever hope to put into words. 
I can (honestly assure you that your hus- 
band's decease is the hardest blow yet 
dealt me and I send my heartfelt sympathy 
for your great loss. As a comrade, I can 
speak of your husband as being a man of 
courage, calm and steady, even under the 
most trying circumstances. As a soldier, 
"duty'^ was his watchword, and as such, 
ihe was held in the highest esteem by all 
who knew him. His loss, not only by me, 
but by the whole Battalion, is keenly 
felt. We were a short distance behind tlie 
line in the vicinity of Tpres, when your 
husband met his fate on the night of the 
22nd inst. A bomb dropped by an enemy 
aeroplane landed near to our calnp, and I 
can certify that his end was quite pain- 
less, as I was on the spot immediately 
after the unfortunate occurrence.'' 

" Th© hardest part of it is, that after 
coming through so mucii, to be killed by a 
bomb, which knocked out five sergeants 
and three privates, all old Battalion men. 
He was well liked and thought of by 
everybody who had anything to do with 
him, as he was always so cheery and ob- 

It must be sweet to slumber and forget; 
To have the poor tired heart so still at last ; 
Done with all yearning, done with all regret. 
Doubt, fear, hope, sorrow, all forever past; 
Past all the hours, or slow of wing or fleet. 
It must be sweet, it must be very sweet. 

The elements rage, the fiend-voices that rave, 

Shall dwindle, shall blend, 
Sihall change, shall become first a peace out 
of pain , 
Then a light, then a breast, 
O, thou Soul of my Soul, I shall clasp thee 
And with God be the rest. 


(Newlands and Skieling) 

Aetists' Rifles. 
1917. OcTOBEE 30 (Tuesday) 
David John Mackay was the elder son of 
Mr Donald Mackay, gamekeeper on Lord 
Carmichael of Skirling's estate, and late 
of Biggar, and he was born at Toftcombs, 
Biggar, on August 14th, 1891. He was 
cbaufleur to a gentleman in I/iverpool when 
Wiar was declared, and he speedily returned 
home and joined the A.S.C.M.T., and pro- 
ceeded to France in January, 1915. He ser- 
ved with the Motor Transport for two years 
and eight months, and was twice home on 
leave. Shortly after returning to France the 
third time at the end of August, 1917, he 
was transferred to the infantry, and after 
brief training behind the lines, he weis at- 
tached to the l/28th Battalion the London 
Regiment (Artists' Rifles). With this bat- 
talion at the end of October he went into 
his first action on the awful slopes of Pas- 
schendaele, and it proved to be his last. With 
many a gallant comrade of the Artists' — 
oflicers and men — he went forward to storm 
that stubborn ridge, and fell. The battalion 
must have been sadly decimated. Some 
time afterwards in the London Press were 
found these memorable lines : — "To' the glor- 
ious memory of the oflicers, N.CO.'s, and 
men of the Artists' Rifles, who, fell at Pas- 
schendaele on October 28th, 29th, and 30th, 

" Forget them not, O Land for which they 

May it go well with England, still go well ; 
Keep her bright banners without blot or 

Lest they should dream that they have died 

in vain." 

Private Mackay was a very regular writer 
to his home, and when nothing for three 
weeks followed a field post card, dated 26th 
October, his parents were in a measure 
prepared for the Lieutenant's letter which 
bore the news that he was missing and be- 
lieved to be killed. The Lieutenant said : — 
"I can assure you that Private Mackay, and 
indeed all hi& comrades, were very brave 
men that morning, and it may be some slight 
consolation to his parents to know that he 
died doing his duty to his country." Private 
!&fackay was a young man of proved and 



County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

sterling worth, and he had many friends, 
particularly in Biggar and around, who 
mourned him greatly. If the care that a 
man has for his mother, and the undisguised 
esteem in whioh he holds; her, be an index 
to his worth— and who will deny it? — then 
clearly David John Mackay was a man such 
as only the mothers that have lost them can 
adequately appraise. The war's deepest 
wounds have been their's. In Kirkurd U.F. 
Church, when Private Mackay was missing, 
the Eev. D. C. Wiseman, M.A., made ap- 
preciative reference to him : — "Away from 
his home for some years before the war, he 
worshipped only occasionally with us here 
as a visitor. But during the war he had 
come to regard this church as his spiritual 
home, a place where fervent prayer on his 
behalf was wont to be made. We mourn 
for him as for the others of our company 
like him where he is, and we honour his 
name with theirs." 

We think about you kneeling in the garden— 
Ah, God, the agony of that dread garden — 
We know You prayed for us upon the Cross. 
If anything could make us glad to bear it, 
'Twould be the knowledge that You willed 
to bear it, 
Pain, death, the uttermost of human loss. 

Sweet be your rest. Our task is done; 
The tramp of armies, boom of gun 
And furious cry of savage Hun 
Are silent now. The victory's won. 
Peace to your souls. The victory's won 
In Flemders fields. 


(Innerleithen and Canada) 
1917. OcTOBEB 30 (Tuesday). 
Mr Wm. M'Intosh was informed that his 
son, Private Wm. M'Intosh, Canadians, who 
was missing in October, 1917, was now pre- 
sumed killed. Private M'Intosh, who was 83 
years of age, emigrated to Canada from Sel- 
kirk about five years previously. He was 
formerly employed as a pattern weaver with 
Messrs Gibson, Lumgajr & Co., Selkirk, at 
which place he was well known in associa- 
tion football circles. He enlisted early in 
1916, and came over to this country in 
September of the same year. 

I have made all enquiries possible and 

can find no further news of him. I am 
really distressed to have so poor informa- 
tion for you, for I know only too well the 
terrible anxiety you sisters, mothers and 
wives suffer. However, there may be hope 
that he has been taken prisoner. In my 
experience I have known men positively 
sworn to as killed, by men who thought 
they had seen them lying dead ; others as 
having disappeared as if spirited away by 
some means, and yet these have turned up 
as prisoners. I know it is a slender hope, 
I wish I could strengthen it. But I can say 
this much, that your brother was very 
highly thought of by his ofiBcers, and they 
all express regret that he is not with them 
still. Mr Lyall just said he was a splendid 
fellow. Had I known I would have writ- 
ten before, but I was in hospital myself 
when the battle occurred, and therefore 
out of touch with the battalion. Should 
I hear more I will write. 

It seems like waste to others, but to you 
And the thronged heroes who have paid the 

Yourselves, your hopes, and all you dreaimed 

and knew, 
Were counted as a puny sacrifice; 
You knew, with keener judgment, all waa 

If honour at the last shone still miBtained. 

Never a message of hope. 

Never a word of cheer. 
Fronting Hill TO's shell-swept slope, 

With the dull dead plain in our rear. 
Always the whine of the shell, 

Always the roar of its burst. 
Always the tortures of hell, 

As waiting and wincing we cursed — 
Our luck and the guns and the Boche, 

When our corporal shouted, "Stand to." 
And I heard some one cry, "(Hear the front 
for the Guards." 

And the Guards came through ! 



EoTAL Scots. 

1917. NovEMBEB 2 (Feidat). 

Killed in Palestine on Friday, November 

2, 1917, Private James Dickson, Royal Scots, 

youngest son of Mr and Mrs Jamee Dickson, 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


Ironstone Cottages, Lamancha, aged twenty- 
four; deeply regretted. 

Private Dickson was one of those public- 
spirited lads who joined the twenty-three 
patriots forming the West Linton Sec- 
tion of the Peeblesshire Territorials in the 
Spring of 1914. In November of that fate- 
ful year 1914 he went along with the l/8th 
Royal Scots to France. Early in 1915 he 
was wounded in the forehead by a sniper, 
while acting as Trench Sentry. Again in April, 
1915, he was wounded in the right arm and 
chest at Festubert. In November of the Bame 
year he fell a victim to enteric fever and re- 
covered. In 1916 he was stationed at Peebles, 
where he was in touch with his relatives. Thei-e- 
after he was drafted in the l-7th Royal Soots to 
Egypt. In April, 1917, he was engaged in the 
first battle of Gaza, and fell in the second battle 
of Ga^a on the 2nd November, 1917. Death 
was instantaneous), and he sufiered no pain. 
James Dickson was an honest, upright, cheer- 
ful lad, greatly beloved. 

Sleep on, sleep on, ye resting dead : 
The grass is o'er ye growing 
In dewy greenness. Ever fled 
From you hath Care : and, in its stead, 
Peace hath with you its dwelling made, 
Where tears do cease from flowing. 

I cannot feel that thou art far. 
Since near at need the angels are : 
And when the sunset gates unbar, 
Shall I not see thee waiting stand. 
And white, against the evening star, 
The welcome of thy beckoning hand ? 



Royal Scots. 

1917. November 2 (Fribay). 

Word was received that Private Thomas 

Mathieson, Royal Scots, had been killed in 

action in Palestine on 2nd November. Prior to 

enlisting in the 4th Royal Scots (Q.E.R.V.B.), 

on the outbreak of the war, he was employed 

in Stobo Castle gardens. The deceased, whose 

parents resided at 1 Tinto Place, Bennington 

Road, Leith, was about 50 years of age. 

The late Private T. B. Mathieson, 201155, 
l/4th Royal Scots, Lewis Gun Section', was 
killed in action in Palestine on November 

2nd, 1917. After he left Stobo Castle he 
was foreman gardener at Ardoch, Braco, and 
Strathallaji Castle and Kilfauna Castle, when 
he joined up in November, 1915. 

On November 1 we defeated the Turks neaj 
Gaza, having captured Beersheba on the pre- 
vious day with 1800 Turks and 9 guns. On 
November 2, when Private Mathieson fell, we 
captured positions to the north of Beersheba. 

" He was killed instantaneously by a bullet 
on Friday morning, 2/11/17, while making a 
gallant attempt to bring his Lewis gun into 
action. He was a good soldier, and his cheery 
nature made him very popular with his com- 
rades. I shall certainly feel his loss greatly.." 

" Tom was a most exemplary young man, 
and was very w«ll liked by every one here. 
Personally, I had a great regard for him, and 
it is very sad to think that he is now no more. 
I heard about him from time to time. What 
a number of sad homes there are all over the 
country. ' ' 

" He was a nice lad, and I can safely eay 
one of the finest fellows I ever had the plea- 
sure of meeting. While he was with me I 
always felt I could go and leave the place in 
safe hands, and I don't think I ever had a 
man I was so sorry to lose, although he went 
only to- better himself, and I know that the 
man he went to was as highly pleased with 
him. This war has indeed taken toU of the 
finest. There is nothing I can say to you that 
will heal the wound for you, only it must be 
a satisfaction to have had such a son." 

When Death ha® crossed my name from off the 

Of dreaming children, serving in this war : 
And vrith these earthly eyes I gaze no more 
Upon dear Scotland's face — perhaps my soul 
Will visit streets down which I used tO' stroll 
At sunset-charmed dusks, when cities' roar 
Like ebbing surf on some Atlantic shore 
Would trance the ear. Then may I hear no toll 
Of heavy bells to burden all the air 
With tuneless grief : for happy will I be. 
What place on Earth could ever be more fair 
Than God's own presence? Mourn then not 

for me. 
Nor write, I pray, " He gave," upon my clod, 
" His life for Scotland," but " his soul to God." 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



Black Watch. 

1917. NovEsiBEE 6 (Tuesday). 

Dalgleish. — Killed in action, in Egypt, on 

the 5th November, Pte. Walter Dalgleish, 

Black Watch, aged 18 years, deai'ly beiloved 

eldest son of William and Annie Dalgleish, 

Hilton, Markinch, Fife, late of Kailzie Mains, 

Peebles. Very deeply mourned. 

The midnight stars are gleaming 

On Egypt's sultry plain ; 
It's there our gallant laddie 

Lies numbered with the slain. 

His father's pride, his mother's joy — 
0' dearly did we love our boy; 
Sisters and brothers sadly mourn 
A brother dear who'll ne'er return. 

On the morning of the 5th November, 1917, 
the Battalion was ordered to attack a strong 
Turkish position, defended by trench redoubts 
and stone " sanquars." The advance extended 
over several miles under a very hot fire from 
artillery, machine guns, bombs, and rifles, and 
as the country consisted of open rolling plains 
of brown earth there was practically no shelter 
for the attacking forces. Walter passed through 
it all safely till well on in the afternoon, when 
there only remained a few more positions to 
take. Then he was hit in the forehead by a 
bullet and died very soon afterwards. He was 
buried with other fallen, comrades in a Turkish 
trench about seven miles north of Beeraheba. 
It was 24th September, 1917, when he landed 
in Egypt, so he was little more than six weeks 
out when he was killed. 

Tliy dear brown eyes which were as depths 
whei'e truth 
Lay bowered with frolic joy, but yesterday 
Shone with the fire of thy so guileless youth. 
Now ruthless death has dimmed and closed 
for aye. 

Tliose sweet red lips, that never knew the stain 
Of angry words or harsh or thoughts unclean, 

Have .sung their last gay song. Never again 
Shall I the harvest of their laughter glean. 


(Innkrleithen and Canada) 


1917. novkmdhr 12. 

Died of wounds, on November, Private 

T. S(, .1. Htol)ic, Canadians, son of the late 

William Stobie, Esq., solicitor, Innerleithen, 

and grandson of the Eev. Jardine Wallace, 
minister of Traquair. He was wounded in the 
head and never regained conscioasness. On this 
day there was heavy .shelling on the Ypres 
front, and after the Canadians had captured 
Passohendaele on the 6th, there had been con- 
tinuous iGerman artillery attacks, especially on 
Nov. 10, 11, and 12. 

Christ in 1'landees. 
Though we forgot You, You will not forget us — 
We feel so sure that You will not forget us, 

But stay with us until this dream is past. 
And so we ask for courage, strength and pardon, 
Especially, I think, we ask for pardon. 
And that Y'ou will stand beside us to the 

" They shall not grow old, as we that are left 

grow old ; 
Age shall not weary them, nor the years 

At the going down of the sun and in the 

We shall remember them." 

" As the stars that shall be bright when we are 
Moving in marches upon the heavenly plain, 
As the stars that are starry in the time of 
our darkness. 
To the end, to the end, they remain." 


(Royal Scots) 
1917. November 12 (Monday). 
Died of wounds received in action in Pales- 
tine, 12th November, 1917, Pte. John Y. Clark, 
Royal Scots, in his 28th year, beloved eldest sou 
of Andrew and Mary Clark, 9 Ingliston Street, 
Edinburgh (late of Skiprig, Portmore, Eddle- 
ston) ; deeply mourned. 6th August, 1015 — Left 
Peebles for Dardanelles; 15th September, 1915 
—Landed at Qallipoli; 15th Nov., 1915— 7th 
Royal Scots make attack ; 19th Dec. 1915 — 7fch 
Royal Scots relieve the R.S.F.; 4th July, 1916 
—Left Qallipoli for Mndros on board the 
' ICrmino " ; transferred in mid-ocean to the 
"Campinella" ; arrive in Mudros 2Gtli Jany. ; 
left on 30th Jany. on board the " Cardigan- 
shire " for Alexandria; arrived in Alexandria 
on tth Feb., ]!)16. Wont to nclioiwlis, thence to 
Baltah. 1st March, moved to El Kantara, to 

PinvATK Ja:«es Dickson, 
, Newlands. 

I'lMVATE Walter ]Jalgleish, 

Private Thomas Mathieson, 

Private T. St J. Stobie, 
Inneeleithex and Canada. 



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( "ll MSTIll'ILKR I I UNTEl!, 

I 'I- I \ All. .Ia.mks AI'JKKN, 


TlUVATIO Wll, 1.1AM liAKlHll' 


ruivATE Geokge Scott. 


Captain 1*ati!ick J)ic'ic Booth. D.S.O. jM.C'. 


Pkivate William Souter, 

Warrant Oefri:k John Liii.LESriE, 



Private Wii,i.iaji H. Walker, 

I'liivATK John Fouans, 


I'lllVATM Will, 1AM lll'N'IKl!, 

'I'liAcir VIII. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


Mohendyia; 12th June left El Kantara 
to go home. Eecalled on 1st August for 
Eomani operations on 4th August ; left 15th 
Sept. for furlough home. Arrived home 4th 
October, 1916. Left home 13th March, 1917, 
for E5:ypt again ; arrived 1st April in time for 
operations on 17th April, 1917. Killed Novem- 
ber l'2th, 1917, and buried November 13th at 
Esdud (Ashdod of the Bible). 

Sometimes at the dead of night 

I see them come — 
The darkness is suffused with great light 
From that radiant, countless host : 
No face but vrhat is triumphant there, 
A flaming crown of youth imperishable they 

A thousand years that passed have gained what 

we to-day have lost, 
The splendour of their sacrifice for years to 




(8th Eoyal Scots) 
1917. Nov. 13 (Tuesday). 

Private James Aitken, formerly gardener at 
Humbie, joined the 3/8th Royal Scots in May, 
1916, went to France in September the same 
year, being attached to the 1st Battalion Eoyal 
Scots Fusiliers ; missing 13th November, 1916 ; 
reported killed in November, 1917. 

He left a widow and two children, who reside 
at Whitslade, Broughton. 

"To live in hearts we leave behind is not to 

Theije w^as hostile artillery active east of 
Ypres, and skirmishing activity around Ypres, 
also at Arras. On Nov. 6 the Canadians cap- 
tured Passchendaele. This ended the third 
battle of Ypres. Successful raids near Presnoy 
and Armentieres followed. For several days 
thereafter there was much shelling by Germans 
of Ypres and Passchendaele salient. 

" He struggled for a while, then dimly smiled, 
Wrapped in the comradeship of happy things, 
Before he entered like a wondering child 
The heritage of Kings." 

All that a man might ask thou hast given me, 

Yet grant thou one thing more : 
That now when envious foes would spoil thy 

Unversed in arms, a dreamer such as I, 
May in thy ranks be deemed not all unworthy, 
Scotland, for thee to die. 



(4th Eoyal Scots) 
1917. NovEMBEE 17 (Satdeday) 

Christopher Hunter joined the Eeserve Bat- 
talion of the 4th Eoyal Scots when they were 
stationed at Loanhead about the end of 1915 or 
beginning of 1916. After a period of training 
he was selected for the draft, and was sent out 
to Egypt at the end of 1916. He was in most 
of the figliting in the advance on Gaza, and was 
killed on the 17fch November, 1917, in the 
second battle of Gaza. He was aged 40 years. 

Christopher never held any rank. He was 
offered promotion as an N.C.O. several times 
and recommended for commission rank, but pre- 
ferred to remain a private. 

He was the youngest son of the late David 
Hunter, J. P., D.L., of Blackness, Forfarshire, 
and was born at Portobello. 

He was educated at the Edinburgh Institu- 

He was good at all games, but golf was the 
game in which he shone most. He was a 
scratch player in the 'Uoyal Musselburgh 
Golf Club. 

Private Hunter was a brother of David 
Hunter of Macbiehill. 

Cast away regret and rue. 
Think what you are marching to. 
Little live : great pass 
Jesus Christ and Barabbas 
Were found the same day. 
This died ; that went his way. 

So sing with joyful breath. 
For why? You are going to death. 
Teeming earth will surely store 
All the gladness that you pour. 

They had so much to lose : their radiant laughter 

Shook my old walls — ihow short a time ago. 
I hold the echoes of their song hereafter 

Among the precious things I used to know. 
Their cup of life was full to overflowing. 

All earth had laid its tribute at their feet. 
What harvest might we hope from such a sow- 

What noonday from a dawning so complete? 



(Highl.4nd Light Infaktry) 

1917. November 30 (Peiday). 

In November, 1917, the British were fighting 

in the neighbourhood of Cambrai. On the 20th 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance 

they took part of the Hindenburg Line, captur- 
ing 11,000 prisoners and 138 guns. Upon the 
24tli and 25th there was much heavy fighting 
at Borlon village, near Cambrai. On 30th 
November the Germans made a great attack at 
Cambrai, and the British were forced back with 
considerable loss. But on 1st December the 
British recaptured Gonnelieu, near Cambrai. 

Private William Baigrie, of the 5th Battalion 
of the Highland Light Infantry, was engaged 
in all this heavy fighting. He fell on St 
Andrew's Day, 1917, on the Cambrai front, after 
five months' service abroad. He was born in 
Elcho Street, Peebles, on the 2nd December, 
1889, and was aged 27 when he fell. His wife 
was Agnes Dickson, Gowanlea, West Linton. 

Still I see them coming, coming. 

In their ragged broken line. 
Walking wounded in the sunlight, 

Clothed in cnajesty divine. 

For ihe faii-est of the lilies, 

That God's fairest summer sees. 

Ne'er was clothed in royal beauty 
Such as decks the least of these. 

Tattered, torn, and bloody khaki. 
Gleams of white flesh in the sun, 

Eaiment worthy of their beauty. 

And the great things they have done. 

Purple robes ind snowy linen 
Have for earthly kings sufficed. 

But these bloody sweaty tatters 
Were the robes of Jesus Christ. 



Scots Guards. 

1917. November 30 (Friday). 

Killed in action by a shell on November 30, 
1917, Private George Scott, Scots Guards, 
youngest son of the late George Scott, Glack, 
Manor, aged 22 yeare. 

Private George Scott, 15793, Scots Guards, 
was rejected in June, 1915; accepted in June, 
1916; wemt to France February, 1917; killed 
on November 30th, 1917, by shell fire. 
His life for his country he nobly gave. Thie 
was on the Cambrai Front. The enemy were 
attacking the salient at 'Vendhuille, Bourlon 
Wood, and MoBuvres, penetrating th© British 
position as far a.s Dii Vacquario and Oouzeuu- 
court. The British counter-attack regained La 

Vacquarie. On this day fell George Scott of 
the Scots Guards. George was the yoamgest of 
the Scotta. His brother John fell on July 31, 

How should I grieve? His life inspired in me 

A joy that shall outlive eternity, 

Wrought out, complete, unsnared by time and 

His jewelled past my priceless heritage. 

In cheerful agony, with jest and mirth. 
They shared the bitter solitude of Christ 
In a new Garden of Gethsemane, 
Gethesemane walled in by crested earth. 


1917. December. 

Amongst the men who have fallen while fight- 
ing for their country on one or other of the 
many Fronts, we have now to add the name 
of William Souter. He was employed with Mr 
Fleming, blacksmith. West Linton, and lived 
with his brother-in-law, Mr Niddrie, at Bog- 
house. An obliging lad, hia death was much 
regi'etted by a large number of friends. 

After the great attack by the Germans on 
the Cambrai Front on the 30th November, 
Gonnelieu was recovered, but the British with- 
drew from the Masnieres salient. The enemy 
attacked heavily at Bourlon Wood, and claimed 
4000 prisoners and 60 guns. On the day fol- 
.owing the enemy tried in vain to recover high 
ground about La Vacquarie. There was further 
fighting north of Pa<ssohendaele. Gn^ the 3rd 
the Briti&li gained some ground south-west ol 
Polygon Wood, Ypres. 

Who hath a soul that will glow not. 

Set face to face with the foe? 
" Is life worth living?" I know not : 

Death is worth dying I know. 
Aye, I would gamble with hell. 
And — losing such stakes — say " 'Tis well." 

ii;3teeming less the forfeit that he paid 
Than undislionoured that his flag might 
Over the towers of liberty, he made 

Hia breast the bulwark and liia blood the 

Obscurely sacrificed, his nameless tomb. 
Bare of the sculptor's art, the j>oct'a lines, 

Summer shall flush witli pojipy-fields in bloom. 
And Autumn sliall yellow with matunng 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


D.S.O., M.C. 


EoTAL Field Aetillert. 
1917. Decembeb, 1 (Sattoidat). 

Previously reported wounded and missing, 
December 1, 1917, now officially reported died 
the same day. Captain Patrick Booth, E.F.A., 
D.S.O., M.C., aged 31, only son of Mr and 
Mrs Patrick Booth, Aligarh, Liberton. 

He was a grandson of the late Eev. Patrick 
Booth, minister of Innerleithen. He was a 
graduate of Edinburgh University, and re- 
ceived a commission in September, 1914. He 
was severely wounded at the landing at Galli- 
poli, but was able to rejoin in time for the 
28|th June, on which day he won the Military 
Cross, and did work that caused him to be 
mentioned in despatches. He was 31. 

Captain Booth, R.F.A., D.S.O., M.C., was 
killed at Cambrai on the 1st December, 1917, 
in his 31st year. He was a Peeblesshire man 
through and through. His paternal grand- 
father was the late Rev. Patrick Booth, M.A., 
minister of Innerleithen. His grandmother 
was Eobina Williamson, daughter of Alex- 
ander Williamson, writer, and Town Clerk 
of Peebles. His mother's father was the Eev. 
John Dick, minister of Tweedsmuir, and he 
was born in the house of his aunt, Mrs 
Tweedie Stoddart, of Oliver, Tweedsmuir. He 
began his education at Bonnington School, 
Peebles, and afterwards was a student and 
graduate of Edinburgh University. He was 
keenly interested in gunnery, and while a 
student was an efficient member of the Edin- 
burgh University Battery. Starting his 
career as a surveyor in Canada, hig qualities, 
personal and professional, secured him a 
practice and reputation that seldom fall to 
one so young. For some time previous to the 
war he held a commission in the Royal Ar- 
tillery, Canada, and on that day fateful for 
the world— the 4th of August, 1914-he cabled 
home that he was coming home to volunteer. 
He was on board the ship before night. After 
undergoing training on this side, he joined 
the 29th Division, and took part in the land- 
ing at Gallipoli. He commanded the first two 

guns that were brought ashore, and there he 
received his first wound in the service of the 
King. His gallantry and devotion to duty in 
this campaign brought him mention in 
despatches and the decoration of the Military 
Cross. In France, the same soldierly quali- 
ties brought him rapid promotion. In the 
end, as it happened, he fell not among his 
own men, but where he was most sorely need- 
ed, leading the infantry on what was one of 
the hottest and most critical days of the 
whole war — when the Germans came over on 
the Cambrai front. 

On the 30th November Captain Booth along 
with a machine gunner of — Division, held 
the ridge opposite the — Brigade gun posi- 
tions for several hours against the enemy ad- 
vancing to the attack in dense formation. 
He succeeded in holding the Germans back 
until such time as some sort of organised de- 
fence could be arranged. 

On the 1st December the enemy succeeded 

in capturing . A party of infantry 

was sent to clear the enemy from the village. 
Captain Booth joined this party, led them 
along the street, captured five of the enemy, 
and cleared the whole north end of the vill- 
age. He then led the infantry to clear the 
south end of the village, and walked right 
into a party of the enemy, some twenty 
strong, armed with bombs. Captain Booth's 
party immediately fired with good effect, but 
the enemy dropped three bombs, wounding 
Captain Booth mortally. He lay in No Man's 
Land for ten minutes before he wag rescued, 
and carried back to that part of the village 
held by our troops, and was bandaged up and 
taken immediately to the dressing station, 
but nis injuries were so severe that he sur- 
vived only for a few hours. Captain Booth 
died regretted by all, from the General to the 
youngest gunner — for, in the words of tie 
chaplain, he " was the best loved officer in 
the brigade." For his splendid services at 
Cambrai he was awarded the D.S.O. He 
made the supreme ungrudging sacrifice, 
faithful to the end. enduring hardship, a good 
soldier of Jesus Christ. He fought a good 
fight, and kept the faith. Truly a splendid 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

record, of which lus sorrowing relatives may 
well be proud. 

Blow out, you Bugles, over the rich Dead. 
There's none of these so lonely and poor of 

But, dying, has made us rarer gifts than gold. 
These laid the world away: poured out the 

Sweet wine ot youth : gave up the years to be 
Of work and joy, and that unhoped serene, 
That men call age: and those who would 

have been. 
Their sons, they gave, their immortality. 

When kings and captains die, the world 
regrets them : 
My boy was proud to serve the self-same 
Proud though he died, and all but I forget 
I do not grudge him, for the Cause was 


1917. Decembeb 17 (Monday). 
Died in hospital on December 17, 1917, of 
Black water fever while on lacttive service. 
Join Gillespie, C.E, aged 38 years, eldest 
son of Mr and Mrs Gillespie, Eddleston 
^choolhouse. He was of the Nyassaland 
Volunteer Reserves. He was a native of 
Eddleston and educated at tlie public school 
there, and at Watson's College, Edinburgh. 
He joined the Engineers' Staff of the N.B. 
Railway as a draughtsman, and afterwards 
proceeded to South Africa, where he waa 
engaged on the Central South African Rail- 
ways, and assisted in the construction of 
tlie Port Sudan railway, and similar under- 
takings in Rhodesia. Since the outbreak of 
war, he was employed in Government work 
in British Central Africa, and responding to 
the call of his country, he joined t(he Vol- 
unteer reserve in Nyassaland, and took part 
in the campaign in German East Africa. 
Ho was speedily promoted to the rank of 
Warrant Officer, and though he escaped 
the bullets of the enemy, and saw that colony 
fall into the hands of the British, he was strick- 
en with fever and removed to hospital. It 
was hoped that his constitution would pull 
him through, as he was a man of splendid 
physique, but that hope was not realised. 

for he succumbed to the disease on Decem- 
ber 17. His brother is an officer in the 
Scafortlh Highlanders, for whom and his 
parents and two sisters, much sympathy is 

" Tliie King commands m© 'to assure 
you of the tnie sympathy of His Majesty 
and the Queen in your sorrow." — Secretary 
of State Colonial Office. 

The Rev. R. H. Stevenson (locum tenens) 
said :— 

" He volunteered his services in a coun- 
try where the soldier runs as much risk 
from the climate as from the enemy, and 
now, when the country has been cleared 
of the enemy, and his parents were look- 
ing forward to seeing their son after an 
absence of ten years, he has fallen the 
victim of an illness, which was probably 
brought on by liis strenuous work as a 
despatch-rider in so deadly a climate. He 
has fallen in the service of his country; 
he has fallen in the defence of those 
Christian principles for which our country 
is contending, and we know that his par- 
ents could wisih for their son no nobler 
death than this. They must be proud of 
the part which he had taken in the Great 
War ; of the work which he had accom- 
plislied, and of the great sacrifice which 
he has made, and yet we know that their 
hearts must be broken at the thought of 
the life which, has been cut off in its 
prime, and at the thought that never again 
will they see tlie face of him who was so 
dear to them. Our thoughts are with them 
to-day in their sorrow, and our hearts go 
out in sympathy Avith them, and with 
their family in the great loss which they 
have sustained." 

Beyond the flight of time, 

Beyond tliis vale of death, 
There surely is some blessed clime 

Where life is not a breath ; 
Nor life's affections, transient fire 
Whose sparks fly upwards to expire. 

This is thy hour, Soul, Uiy free flight into 

the wordless, 
Away from books, away from art, tlio day 

erased, the lesson done. 
Then fully forth emerging, silent, gazing, 

pondering the themes thou lovest beat, 
Night, sloop, death, and the stars. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 





1917. December 25 (Tuesday). 

Died at a Casualty Clearing Station, 
France, on Christmas Day. from bomb 
■Wounds, received on 23rd December, 1917, 
Signaller G. Jamieson, Argyll and Suther- 
land Highlanders, aged 36, dearly beloved 
husband of Isabella Work, Foresthill, Ed- 

Signaller 6. Jamieson joined up on July 
25, 1916, from Foresthill, Eddleston. 

Signaller G. Jamieson, 7tih A. & S. H. (51st 
Division), went to France on June 14th, 
1917. He saw much heavy fighting in Sept- 
ember up near Tpres and was shell-shocked 
on 19th of the same month. He also saw 
severe fighting at the Cambrai front, where 
the signallers suffered very heavy losses. 
They lost their captain there and all their 
officers about the 23rd of November, 1917. 
The Specialist Section was on their way out 
for a rest after their hard struggle at Cam- 
brai when he met his death. He was wound- 
ed on Sunday, 25th December, and died at 
No. 3 CCS. on Christmas Day. In a letter 
from his Commanding Officer, he stated that 
tihe eiiemj aircrafti had followed them 
wherever they went, and that night, just as 
they had Iain down to rest, a big raiding 
party came over and dropped a big amount 
of bombs. A great many of the section 
were killed and wounded. All spoke with 
the higihest praise of Signaller G. Jamieson, 
and one officer said he was loved by all 
who knew him. 

He was a mason to trade before coming to 

In the Gates of Death rejoice. 

We see and hold the good — 
Bear witness, Earth, we have made our 

With freedom's brotherhood. 

Then praise the Lord Most High, 
Whose strength hath saved us whole, 

Who bade us choose that the flesh should die 
And not the living soul. 

If death come, 

And take thy dear one, be thou dumb. 

Nor gratify with suppliant breath 

The attentive insolence of death. 

Suffer thy dear one to depart 

In silence; silent in thy heart, 

From this forth, be thy dear one's name. 

So I, that would not put to shame 

So dear a memory dead, repeat 

No more the sweet name once too sweet. 

Nor, from that buried name, remove 

The haughty silence of my love. 


(Eddleston and Canada) 


1918. Janttaet 15 (Satuedat). 

Died in hospital, on 15th January, Private 
John Eobert Forgie, Canadians, youngest son 
of the late John Forgie, gamekeeper. Cringle, 
tie, Peebles, and Mrs Forgie, Dalswiniton, 
Dumfries, in his 25th year. 

His father used to be gamekeeper at Cring- 
letie. He succumbed in hospital after an 
operation on his arm. His mother and sister 
were employed at Dalswinton House, Dum- 
friesshire. They sustained a great shock as 
they had not known that he was ill. Pre- 
vious to going to Canada, he was employed 
by James Robertson, grocer, Peebles. He 
wag in his 25th year. 

On the 12tih December the British made 
a successful raid at I,oos and dispersed four 
German raids south of Lens and east of 
Monchy. On the 13th, there was a raid by 
Canadians north of Lens, which was repeat- 
ed by the Britisih on the following day, the 
14th. On those days also the British were 
successfully bombing various German cities. 

The least touch of their hands in the 

I keep it by day and night; 
Their least step on the stairs at the doorway, 
Still throbs through me, tho' ever so light. 
Their least gift that they left to my child- 
Far off, in the long ago years. 
Is now turned from a toy to a relic, 
And seen through the crystals of tears. 


County of Peebles Book; of Remembrance. 



Third Royal Scots. 
1918. Janltabt 22. 
William H. Walker enlisted in tlie 3rd 
Royal Scats in January, 1917. He was draft- 
ed to France in March of the same year, and 
■was reported missing on Tuesday, tihe 22nd 
January, 1918, when with the 13th Battalion 
Royal Scots. He was the son of Mr Wm. 
Walker, Traquair, and was employed in the 
carding-room of Caerlee Mills, Innerleithen. 
He had a brother, John, in the Black 
Watch in Prance. 

Life. We've been long together 

Through pleasant and through cloudy 

weather ; 
'Tis hard to part when friends are dear. 
Perhaps 'twill cost a sigh, a tear; 
Then steal away, give little warning. 
Choose thine own time; 

Say not. Goodnight, but in some brighter 
Bid me, Good-morning. 



1918. (Beginning). 
Private William Hunter joined the 6th Sea- 
forth Highlanders in the summer of 1916. 
but was soon transferred to the 4th Seaforths. 
He went to France in 1916, but in the spring 
ot 1917 was back in hospital in Aldershot, 
suffering from scarlet fever. He returned to 
France in the beginning of September, 1917, 
and was in and out of the trenches until 
November, when he was wounded at Cambrai 
during a German counter-attack. He was re- 
ported officially as wounded on November 
22nd, 1917, and a few months later as wound- 
ed and missing from that date. After that 
no trace of him could be found, though all 
enquiries were made. He was then only 
twenty years of age. Before joining the 
army, he was employed on the Glen Farm, 
under tho late Lord Glenconner. 

Out of the roar and tumult. 
Or the black night loud with pain, 

Sorno face comes back from tlio fiery track 
And looks in our eyes again. 

And the love that is passing woman's. 
And the bonds that are forged by death. 

Now grip the soul with a strange control 
And speak what no man saith. 

His was the proudest part — 

He died with the glory of faith in his eyes, 

And the glory of love in his heart. 

And though there's never a grave to tell 

Nor a cross to mark his fall, 

Thank God ! we know that he ' batted well ' 

In the last great Game of all." 


Royal Gaeeison Aetilleey. 
1918. Febbuaey 18 (Monday). 
Bombardier R. Douglas, Y3 Trench Mortar 
Battery, E.G.A., B.E. Force, France, was 
accidentally killed by a faulty shell on the 18th 
of February, 1918, and is buried in Bozelles 
Military Cemetery, 5i miles south of Arras. 
Bombardier E. Douglas, who was 12 years 
with the colours before the war, rejoined on 
the 16th of August, 1914, into the E.G.A., and 
went to France with a trench mortar bat- 
tery on November, 1915, and was there till 
the day of liis death. He was always such a 
willing and cheerful worker that his loss was 
deeply regretted by officers and the men of 
his battery, as he had such long experience 
on the field. 

Hear our prayers, ! gentle Jesus, 
Send Thine angels down to ease us 
From the pains of Hell that seize us. 

From our burning, yearning thirst. 
We are broken, we are battered. 
Bodies twisted, crushed and shattered 
By the shells and bullets scattered 

On this strip of land accurst. 

God in Heaven, canst Thou hear ns? 
Mary Mother ! Dost Thou fear us ? 
Stretcher-bearers are you near us? 

Give us water or we die! 
But a dreadful shadow's creeping 
With his cruel scythe a-rcaping 
Weary Souls which fall to sleeping 

In a soothing, gentle sigh. 

So fine a spirit, daring, yet serene- 
He may not, surely, lapse from what has 

been : 
Greater, not less, liis wondering mind must 

Ampler tho splendid vision he must see. 
'Tis unboliovablo ho fades away — 
An uxhulution at liio dawn of day. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 




KoTAii Tlting Corps. 
1918. March 12 (Tuesday). 

Reported missing on 12th March, 1918, now 
reported killed on that date, John Wallace 
Muir, 2nd lieutenant, E.F.C., age 19, young- 
er son of Mr and Mrs John Muir, Fairnilee 
Farm House, Galashiels, and grandson of 
the late Rev. Jardin© Wallace, of Traquair. 

John Wallace Muir, born 17th February, 
1899, at Dryhope, T.arrow, Selkirkshire. He 
was the younger son of John Muir, Fairni- 
lee Farm House, Galashiels. He went to 
Edinburgb Academy in 1914, was captaiin of 
the shooting VIII. 1916, 1st XV. 1916. He join- 
ed the Eoyal Flying Corps in April, 1917, 
at the age of 18. Was made Cadet-Sergeant 
in April, 1917; gazetted Second Lieutenant 
in July, 1917; received his "Wings'' in Oct- 
ober, 1917; went to France in November, 
1J17. He wag posted to 46 Squadron E.F.C., 
and saw much active service. In February, 
1918, "^A'' Flight, in which he was, made 
the higihest score in aerial gunnery of any 
squadron in France, and won General 
Trenchard's prize. At the beginning of 
March, 1918, the enemy offensive was expect- 
ed. On the morning of 12th March, "A" 
Flight went out at dawn ^\ath 4 20 lb. 
bombs on each machine. They blew up a 
German bridge, and then attacked German 
cavalry and infantry. All the machines were 
flying low, .and each pilot divedl in turn on 
the enemy dropping bombs and firing his 
machine guns, killing numbers of men a:id 
horses. It was at this time that lieut. J. 
W. Muir's machine became damaged, and a 
little (time later came down in flames and 
exploded east of Queant between Cambrai 
and Bapaume. 

This morning's work of "A" FligM was 
considered as among the most gallant at tihat 
time. The Chaplain wrote that one of the 
mechanics of his Squadron had said :• — "Lieut. 
Muir wa.s one of the best we ever had in 
the Flight.'^ 

He was 19 years of age when he was 

You that swept onward through the skies, 
When death screamed past you with an 
inch to spare. 
That found a man's clean joy in deeds of 
And all the high adventure of the air. 
That gave your native land a love undying, 
Knowing her honour it was yours to keep. 
Can this be you, indeed, that here is lying 
Wrapped in your last long sleep? 

Through all those' years of strife your high 
Knew nought of pride of place or lust of 
The light of ihonour was your beacon ever, 

And duty done was all you caredl to claim. 

Never was gentler knight for burial shrouded 

Than you, to whom to-day all things are 


A Bayard of our time, your sliield unclouded. 

Without reproach or fear. 

Mournful the Dead March wails, but yet 
your story 
Ends but with us on earth, and faith 
The certain promise of a greater glory 

Of service in that host which is the Lord's. 
splendid prodigal, tha.t joyed in spending 
Your golden youth to do your Master's 
Your soul, new freed, shall know a joy 
In love and service still ! 


8th Eotal Scots. 
1918. March 21 (Thttrsdat). 
Private Gordon Tait enlisted in August, 
1914, and was therefore one of the original 
members of what the German Emperor 
styled "French's contemptible army," thence- 
forth a designation of honour, for which lie 
earned the Mons Star. He went through the 
whole of the war until 1918, when he fell. 
He was half brother to Dickson Maule. His 
brother, William Tait, also fell. 

It was on this day, March 21, that the 
Second Battle of the Somme began. It was 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

initiated by a great German offensive on a 
fifty mile front, between Sensee and Oise 
rivers. The British positions were penetrat- 
ed at various points, especially near St 

Now my nights are filled with flowered 

Of singing warriors, beautiful and young; 
Strong men and boys within whose eyes there 

The triumph song of world's unknown, 

unsung ; 
Grim death has vanished, leaving in its steaa 
The shining glory of the Living Dead. 

My thoughts are with the dead, with them 

I live in long-past years. 

Their virtues love, their faults condemn. 

Partake their hopes and fears. 

And from their lessons seek and find 

Instruction with an humble mind. 



King's Liveepool Eeoiment. 

1918. Maech 21 (Thtjesdat). 
Sec. Lieut. John Grierson was killed in- 
stantaneously while leading his platoon on 
the 21st March, 1918, at Henin, being with 
the 13th King's Liverpool Regiment. He was 
mobilised with the Innerleithen company of 
the 8th U.S., and went to France with them 
in November, 1914, being C.Q.M.S. of B Coy., 
8th E.S. He was wounded on the 4th July, 
1916, and came to England to Catterick 
Camp. He spent four months in Bath with 
the O.T.C., and was gazetted 2nd Lieutenant 
in the 3rd King's Liverpool Regiment in 
October, 1917, and was stationed at Cork till 
1st March. He left for France on the 6th 
March, and wont up the line to join his 
Battalion on the 13th. In one letter he tells 
us his company " is in a support trench, 
which was very clean and dry." In a letter 
written on the 20tli March, 1918, he says: — 
" To-day and yesterday it is raining a lot, 
and the trenches are very muddy and sticky. 
I am wet tluo'Ugh wading up and 
down from 4 a.m. till 8 o'clock where my pla- 
toon was working, covered from head to feet 
in mud. I quite enjoyed myself, and it was 
j<<i()(l luri. (Jl^, the men .swore a bit, 
hut tliey ore real good fellows in my com- 

pany. The battalion hag been in the trenches 
for a long time, and may go into rest billets 
within the next fortnight. I am going out to 
work in the evening again, making advanced 

At the outbreak of war he was employed in 
Waverley Mill, Innerleithen. His brother was 
Sec. Lieut. Charles P. Grierson (wounded). 

I dreamed that overhead 

I saw in twilight grey 
The Army of the Dead 

Marching on its way. 
So still and passionless. 

With faces so serene. 
That scarcely could one guess 

Such men in war had been. 

No mark of hurt they bore. 

Nor smoke, nor bloody stain: 
Nor sufiiered any more 

Famine, fatigue, or pain: 
Nor any lust of hate 

Now lingered in their eyes — 
Who have fulfilled their fate. 

Have lost all enmities. 

I see them walking in an air of glory, 
Wihose light doth trample on my days; 

My days, which are at besit but dull and 
Mere glimmering and decays. 

Dear, beauteous Death, the jewel of the just. 
Shining nowhere, but in the dark; 

What mysteries do lie beyond tihy dust, 
Could man outlook that mark. 




8th Eoyal Scots. 
1918. March 22 (Friday). 
Private Ritchie was a native of Traquair, 
having been born at The Glen. He enlisted 
on the day he became nineteen on the 18th 
December, 1914, and was therefore one of the 
i'riginal gallant lads wilio earned theMons Star. 
He was trained at Peebles, joining the 8th 
Royal Scots. In July, 1915, he went to 
France and became attached to the Fifty- 
First Division. In July, 1917, he was wound- 
ed and invalulod liouiC', but returned to 
France in February, 191S, and fell on March 
22 during (ho groat Gorman oflonsiv© some- 



I'EIVATR floHlXlN 'I'AI'I', 

Sec-Ltetji;, John Wallace Mijib, 
p TuAguAiB 

SEC.-raET^T. John fiRIERSON, 


TrIVATE '1'hi:MAS lillVHIE, 


r^iJNNER John Alexander MArT^ENNAN. 

I'liivATK Ikteh MacDonald, 


Private Ai.rx. Kelly, 


Q..M.S. John Doheri'v:, 

1'hiva'J'R Tom: J. ALukdik, 
Innerleithen and Peebles. 

Private James Renwick. 


Private .1 Wat.shx, 

'^v » 

Cfl,. Wir.r.lAAf SoiMERVILLE, 


Pte. J. CoLi.rjin, 


Sm-I'II! I;. W, I.'pII mi liSON, 

Inj^mu.ei rill N. 

I'll: .1 uiKs ('\i,iiif,n,, 

MlalilKI' ANI> I .1 NE, 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


where in the neighbourhood of Cambrai. He 
■was of a very kindly and obliging disposition 
and was a general favourite with officers 
and men. 

" For two days his company bad splendid- 
ly held at bay greatly superior numbers 
of Germans, and during the critical time, 
your son behaved with great courage and 
coolness, deliberately shooting at the ad- 
vancing enemy, and ihelping Ms comrades 
whenever possible. Finally, it became nec- 
essary to withdraw to a new position. 
This manoeuvre had to be performed tinder 
heavy shell-fire, and it was a-t tbis moment 
that your son was hit by a shell. Deatih 
was instantaneous and he did not suffer 
at all. I need hardly say how deeply I 
sympatliise witb you in this great sorrow 
that lias so suddenly befallen you. I per- 
sonally had a great regard for Private 
Ritchie, and have many times had occa- 
sion to complement him on the excellence 
of his work, while I always appreciated 
his steadiness and reliability, and tihe ex- 
cellent influence he had on his comrades. 
Would that there were more like him." 

Their beads are lifted. As they pass 
They look at Christ's red wounds and smile 
In. gallant comradeship ; they know 
Golgotha's terrible defile. 

They too have drained a bitter gall. 
Heart's Calvary they know full well, 
And every man, or old or young. 
Has stared into the deeps of Hell. 

Yet brave and gay that spectral host 
Goes by. Like Christ, on bloody sod 
They gladly paid a price, like Him 
They left the reckoning to God. 



13th Botal Scots. 
1918. March 22 (Friday). 

Private Peter McDonald joined up in 
Octobler, 1914, iat Innerleithen, wben aifc 
Glen Gardens, at the age of 16 in the 13tb 
Royal Scots. He went to France witb them, 
I think, on July 15 witb the 9tb Division. 
The report we got was that tIhe great Ger- 
man offensive began on 21st March, and the 
13th Royal Scots were forced to retire, but 

the detiermined nesistence |of the troops 
saved Arras. On 28tb March it was reported 
that barely any of A and D Coys, got back. 
They were just in front of Arras. He was 
in A Coy. He was through all the offensives 
that his battalion took part in, being one/ of 
the bomb throwers. He had never been 
wounded, and was through it all until the 
last great German effort to break through. 
He was reported missing on 22nd March. 

On the 22nd of March the Germans were 
generally held on the northern part of the 
battle front, but the British defences were 
broken through west of St Quentin, and the 
troops both here and in the adjoining sec- 
tors retreated hastily. The Germans claimed 
16.000 prisoners and 200 gTins. 

Passing out of the shadow 

Into a purer light. 
Stepping behind the curtain. 

Getting a clearer sight. 

Laying aside a burden — 

This weary, mortal ooit; 
Done with tbe world's vexations. 

Done with its tears and toil. 

So young he was, so strong and well, 

Until the bitter summons fell; 

Too young to die. 

Yet there on foreign soil he'll lie. 

So pitiful, with unseeing eye, 

-4.nd limbs all tumbled anyhow; 

Quite finished, now. 

On every ieart, lest we forget. 

Secure at home, engrave this debt 




RoTAL Garrison Artillery. 

1918. March 22 (Friday). 

Killed in action on the 22nd March, John 

Alexander Maclennan, signaller, R.G.A., 

younger son of the late William Maclennan 

and Mrs Maclennan, Princes Street, Inner- 

leitben, aged 28. 

John Alexander Maclennan was born at 
Innerleithen on the 19th day of May, 1889. 
He went to Innerleithen Public Scbool, then 
served his apprenticeship as a joiner with 
Scott Bros., Innerleithen. H© left the dis- 
trict to better himself, and after working 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

for a time with several firms finally went 
to America. He left a good post in Hart- 
ford, Conn., and came across to join the 
British Army. H© enlisted into the E.G.A., 
and after training as a signaller and tele- 
phonist at Spike Island, Queenstown, was 
sent to France. He was killed on March 
22nd, 1918, on the second day of the great 
offensive near Hauteville, north-west of 
Arras, and is believed to be buried at a 
place named the Slag Heap, between Buyul- 
conrt and Hermies, although no official in- 
timation of the location of his grave was 
ever received by his people. He was tlie 
younger son of the late William Maclennan 
of Innerleithen, and grandson of the late 
Peter Walker, police constable, West Linton. 
He had a brother in the Eoyal Scots. 

What do we give to our beloved? 

A little faith, all undisproved, 

A little dust, to overweep, 

And bitter memories, to make 

The whole Earth blasted for our sake — 

" He giveth Hig beloved sleep." 

So this body made of dust. 
To earth we once again entrust, 
And painless it shalj slumber here, 
Until the Last Great Day appear. 

God breathed into thig house of clay 
The spirit that hath passed away, 
Christ gave the true courageous mind, 
A heart more brave one cannot find 


9th Eotal Scots. 
1918. Maech 22 (Feiday). 
I'te. Kelly was Tvounded on March 21st, 
1918, at Mezieres. He was severely wounded 
by a bullet through the body, and he was 
left on the ground in a shell hole, and prob- 
ably picked up later by the Gerinans. He 
was Scottish. Private Kelly joined up at 
the beginning of the war with the Terri- 
torials, and went to France in July, 1916, be- 
ing reported "missing" on March 22nd, 1918, 
iigod 21. lie belonged lo tbe 9tli Jfoyal Scots. 
Ho was employed in Caerloo Mills. 

Into the Silent Land. 

To you be boundless regions 

Of all perfection. Tender morning visions 

Of beauteous Souls. The Future's pledge and 

You who in Lite's battle firm did stand 
Shall bear Hope's tender blossoms 
Into the Silent Land. 

They are all gone into the world of light. 

And I alone stay lingering here. 
Their very memory is fair and bright 

And my sad thoughts do clear. 

I see them walking in an air of glory. 

Whose light doth trample on my days: 
My days, which are at best but dull and 
Mere glimmerings and decays. 

— Vaughan. 


5th Seafokth Highlandees. 
1918. Maech 22 (Feidat). 
Quartermaster Sergeant John Doherty, 
banker, was paymaster in Elgin at the begin- 
ning of the war. Later, in 1916, he went 
to Norwich, and from there he was drafted 
to France in 1917 in October, and fell on 
March 22nd, 1918. He was the eldest son ot 
Mr J. A. Doherty, 15 Victoria Eoad, Elgin. 
He had a brother in the R.A.M.C. a prisoner 
of war for nine months. 

Andrew Doherty, Innerleithen, a relative, 
fell on March 18, 1916. 

Now earth hath hid him from our eyes. 
Till God shall bid him wake and rise. 
Who ne'er the creature will forget. 
On whom His image He hath set. 

Ah, would that promised day were here. 
When Christ shall once again appear: 
When He shall call, nor one be lost. 
To endless life. Earth's buried Lost. 

Tlie Doorkeepers of Zion, 

They do not always stand 
In helniot and whole armour, 

With halberds in their hand: 
But, being su7-o of Zion, 

And all her mysteries, 
Thoy rest awhile in Zion, 
Sit down and smile in Zion: 
Ay, even jest in Ziou: 

In Zion, at thoir ease. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 




11th Eoyal Scots. 

1918. March 28. 

Eenwick, James, Private, No. 43849, Qth 
Platoon, C Company, lltli Royal Scots— Re- 
ported missing- when on outpost duty near 
Albert on 28tTi Marcli, 1918, and not since 
heard of. Any information regarding: him 
from former comrades or repatriated prison- 
ers of war would be gratefully received by 
his parents, Mr and Mrs Eenwick, Fingland, 
Tweedsmuir, Broughton, Peeblesshire. 

Presumed Killed.— The parents of Private 
James Renwick, Fingland, received official 
notice presuming the death of their son in 
March, 1918, or thereabout. Private Renwick 
joined the Royal Scots and was stationed 
at Peebles for a time. He went to France 
in 1916, and saw considerable service there. 
He was on outpost duty during the night of 
23rd March, and has not been heard of 
since. It was hoped he had been taken 
prisoner, but such does not seem to have 
been the case, and now after the lapse of 
fifteen months all hope was abandoned. Pri- 
vate Eenwick, like his forefathers, followed 
the occupation of shepherd, and was thus 
engaged at Tweedhopefoot when he joined 
the army. H© was a quiet, kindly, some- 
what shy lad, devoted to his work, in which 
he gave every promise of excelling, like the 
race from which he sprang, who, it may be 
said, belong to the sam© stock as James 
Renwick, the Covenanter, and the last of 
Scotland's martyred men. Private Eenwick 
was the ninth soldier from Tweedsmuir who 
has given his life for his country. 

On the 23rd of March the Germans took 
Monchy-le-Preux, crossed the Tortille river 
between Bapaum© and Peronne, they cap- 
tured Peronne and Ham. This enabled them 
to reach the line of the Somme. French 
troops entered the battle on the British 
southern wing. Paris was bombarded by a 
long range gun, 74 miles. 

Enough it is that this is one 

Of that great Army of oiir glorious dead 

Who surely, though by mortal eyes unseen. 

Follow with ghostly tread. 

Rank upon rank our unknown warrior's bier. 

And every prayer for him, and every tear 

That falls, are theirs, and theirs the undying 

To which his soul is heir, whose very name 
Is lost in that great glory which they share. 

This was a simple shepherd of the hills, 

This was a hewer in the deepest mine, 

A toiler in the clamour of the mills, 

A scion of an old and honoured line, 

A lad whose eager feet were scarcely get 

On manhood's threshold, and a warrior grim 

Scarred in an hundred fights, who left his 

In that dark hour, nor knew one vain regret 
For all that he had yielded. Yea, in him 
Each mother knows her son, each widow 

Her long-mourned husband, and the maid 

Her lover. So when reverent hands shall 

That narrow yet that all-embracing grave 
In the dim, pillared twilight of the nave. 
How shall we call him yet our unknown 


We cannot know how much a dead man 

What awful music of the distant spheres. 
But you may linger still, you may not be 
Too far from us to share the ecstasy 
Of all the birds that nest upon our hills. 
Or misg the flowering of the daffodils. 

A shadow flits before me. 

Not thou, but like to thee; 

Ah, Christ, that it were possible ^ 

For one short hour to see 

The souls we loved, that they might tell us 

What, and where they be. 


(Innerleithen and Peebles) 

Royal Scots. 
1918. March 24 (Sunday). 

Reported missing on 24th March, 1918, now 
ofiicially presumed to have died on that date 
or since. Private Tom Murdie, Royal Scots, 
aged 20, younger son of George and Janet 
Murdie, Caerlee Cottages, Innerleithen. 

Tom Murdie was born at Peebles, and was 
educated at the Burgh and County High 
School. He became a clerk in the oifice of 
Leithen Millg Spinning Co. In August, 1914. 
he enlisted, and was one of the gallant band 
who left Haddington for France on Novem- 
ber, 2, 1914 He returned home but once dur- 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

ing the war. He was posted as missing on 
March 24, 1918, aged 20. 

On March 21 the day Tom Murdie fell, the 
Germans were held iu desperate lighting 
round Bapainne, crossed the Somme between 
Peronne and Ham, and took Nesle and 
Peronne. Further south tihey captured Guis- 
card and Chauny. They now claimed 30,000 
prisoners and 600 guns. 

K that high world, which lies beyond 

Our own, surviving love endears; 
If there the cherished heart be fond. 

The eye the same, except the tears — 
How welcome those untrodden spheres. 

How sweet this very hour to die. 
To soar from Earth and find all fears 

Lost in thy light — Eternity. 

When love has from our longing arms been 
What boots it if the empty world we grasp ? 
To those who this siipreme bereavement 
It little matters what woe follows fast. 
The worst that fate can do already borne. 
The very meaning of such dread is past. 



8th Eoyal Scots. 
1918. March 24 (Sund.iy). 

John Watson was the oldest son of Mr 
Thos. Watson, now of 1 Castle Street, Sel- 
kirk, and was born at Innerleithen in 
January, 1890. He was employed at Waver- 
ley Mills, Innerleithen, also with Lowe, Don- 
ald & Co., Peebles, and at the time of enlist- 
ing was head warehouseman at Waverley 
Mills, Innerleithen. He enlisted in the 3/8th 
Royal Scots on 28th February, 1916; was 
transferred to the ]/9th Royal Scots in Decem- 
ber, 1916, and drafted to France. He was in- 
valided home with septic poisoning in April, 
1917. He was drafted again to France in 
July, 1917, and was wounded with shrapnel in 
September, 1917; was acting as stretcher- 
bearer in March, 1918, and was reported 
wounded and missing in the engagomont of 
2'Uli MarcJi, 1918, and not since reported. 

On the 25th the Gennan.s carried Bapaume 
in a night attack ; later, their advance, 
though less rapid than on the previous t^o 

days, continued on the whole front from 
Ervillers (north of Bapaume) to the Oise. 
From the beginning of the attack the Ger- 
mans claimed 45,000 prisoners. 

The goodly harvest of thy laughing mouth 
Is garnered in ; and lo ! the golden grain 

Of all thy generous thoughts, which knew no 
Of meanness, and thy tender words remain 

Stored in my heart; and though I may not 


Thy peerless form nor hear thy voice again. 

The memory lives of what thou wast to me. 

We knew great love . . . We have not 

lived in vain. 

We laid him to rest with tenderness: 
Homeward we turned in the twilight's 

We thought in ourselves with dumb distress — • 
All the story of Earth is told. 

A beautiful word at the last was said: 
A great deep heart like the hearts of old 

Went forth: and the speaker had lost the 
Or all the story of Earth was told. 

The dust hung over the pale dry ways 
Dizzily fired with thei twilight's gold. 

And a bitter remembrance blew in each face 
How all the story of Earth was told. 



Black Watch. 
1918. March 28 (Thursday). 
Mrs Somerville, Leithen Road, Inner- 
leithen, received word that her son. Corporal 
Wm. Somerville, Black Watch, had been kill- 
ed in action. Corporal Somerville, who was 
36 years of age, joined up in June, 1916, and 
went out to France in April, 1917. He was 
for a long time employed at the St Ronan's 
Wells, but at the time of his enlistment was 
in the eTuployment of the Edinburgh United 
Breweries Co. He wag well known in Border 
Association football circles as goalkeeper for 
the Vale of Leithen, while he was also a pro- 
minent member of St Ronan's Brass Band. 
His wife resided at St Leonard's Street, 
Edinburgh. His brother George, who was in 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance, 


the Edinburgh Police Force, fell on Nov. 28, 
1915, and his brother James was also serving. 

" It is with sincere regret and tender 
sympathy that I write to inform you of the 
death of your husband. Corjioral W. Somer- 
ville, of the 9th Black Watch. I am sorry 
that I cannot furnish you at present with 
any very definite particulars as to how he 
fell, save to say that he was killed in ac- 
tion while bravely doing his duty during 
the hea%'y attacks made against our lines 
on the 28th March. It is believed that 
death was instantaneous. 

" His loss is ver\' keenly felt by us all, 
especially by the officers and men of his 
own company. I did not know him person- 
ally, as I have only recently joined this 
battalion, but from what I have heard of 
him I can assure you of the great regard 
and respect in which he was held. He was 
one of the brightest and best of the non- 
commissioned officers. All our hearts go 
out to you in real sympathy, and we trust 
that the needed and promised strengtli will 
be given you to bear .vour sore trial. May 
the Saviour Hini.self Who died for us and 
rose again be very near to you in these days 
to comfort and uphold yoii. God always 
bless and help you and yours." 

On March 26 the British made a stand 
north of the Somme, but lost Albert and 
Bray. There was very heavy fighting south 
of the Somme. The Germans captured 
Lihons, Chaulnes, Eoye, and Noyon. On 
March 27 the Germans advanced on both sides 
of the Somme in a night attack reaching 
Sailly-le-Sec, twelve miles from Amiens. But 
they lost ground in British counter-attacks. 
The Germans afterwards failed in attack 
from Bucquoy to Rosieres, ami were checked 
near Lassigny and Noyon, but they took 
Montdidier after a rapid advance, 

why, to-day, o'er gcatter'd sleeping-places. 

Those ghostly bugles sound the morning 


Why, at salute, pride on their war-worn 


The dead upstand — a world-encircling wall? 

Lo ! one of them — his name from memory 
Save in some heart that listens for him 
In tall grey town his fancy fondly cherish'd, 
Or straw-roof'd home upon some seaward 

Goes past, through fields of Flanders, shadow- 
Out of the Land of Sorrow, seeking rest. 
In slumber folded, deep in peace enshrouded. 
Close in Love's keeping, on his Empire's 

The grey dawn shimmers, o'er the low hills 
creeping ; 
The far-off ghostly bugles throb and die : 
The misty columns fade, till stirs their sleep- 
The last Revally -God's own rallying cry. 



RoTAii Engineebs. 
1918. March 30. 

Mr R. W. Richardson, The Strand, re- 
ceived a letter from a major of the Royal 
Engineers intimating the death of his son. 
Sapper E. W. Richardson. Sapper Richard- 
son was 26 years of age. He enlisted in 
June, 1915, and went to France in August, 
1916. Prior to enlistment, he worked as a 
tuner in Caerlee Mills (Messrs D. Ballan- 
tyne & Co.). He played centre forward for 
the Vale of Leithen Football Club, and was 
prominent in golfing circles. 

He enlisted into the City of Edinburgh 
Royal Engineers in June, 1915. He went to 
France in August, 1916, and was badly 
bruised, being buried by a shell in Janu- 
ary, 1917. He was in hospital a good length 
of time; being so badly shell-shocked he waB 
sent far back from the firing line until Jan- 
uary, 1918, and on March SOtih, 1918, he was 

His brother, Cpl. J. W. Richardson, fell 
on July 26, 1916. 

On March 28 there had been a great Ger- 
man attack on a wide front north and south 
of the Scarpe River, whioh was defeated 
with very heavy loss to the Germans. Be- 
tween the Somme and the Avre rivers the 
Germans advanced, reaching Hamel. On the 
29tih there was no heavy fighting north of 
the Somme. Between the Somme and the 
Avre the Germans continued to advance, tak- 
ing Hamel, Mezieres, and Demuin. On the 
30th, Demuin was retaken by the British. 
Heavy German attacks 'iroke down. Inde- 
cisive fighting followed in the Luce and 
the Avre valleys. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

From the hills and valleys, earth 
Shouts back the sound of mirth, 
Tramp of feet and lilt of song 
Ringing all the road along. 
All the music of their going. 
Ringing, swinging, glad song-throwing, 
Earth vdll echo still, when foot 
Lies numb and voice mute. 

On, marohing men, on, 

To the gates of death with song. 

Sow your gladness for earth's reaping. 

So you may be glad, though sleeping. 

Strew your gladness on earth's bed. 

So be grateful, so be dead. 

Father and Lord of friend and foe. 

All-seeing and all-wise. 
Thy balm to dying hearts bestow, 

Thy sight to sightless eyes. 
To the dear dead give life, where pain 

And death no more dismay, 
Where, amid Love's long terrorless reign, 

All tears are wiped away. 



17th Royal Scots. 

1918. April 7 (Sunday). 

Mr Collier, 73 High Street, Innerleithen, 
received official information that his soil- 
Private J. Collier, Royal Scots, had died of 
wounds at Rouen, after having his leg am- 
putated, after wounds received in action on 
Marcih 28. Private CoUieT, who was only 
20 years of age, joined the Roya] Scots along 
with his brother David, who hag since been 
discharged, in October, 1915, and went out 
to France early in 1916. He had been pre^ 
viously wounded, and was home on leave 
from France just three weeks previous to 
meeting his death. Previou.s to joining up 
he was employed in the millhouse of the 
Waverley Mill. 

On this day there had been heavy artil- 
lery attacks on the Oise, and between the 
Somnip and Arraentiferes; twio ,aittacks on 
Bucquoy were repulsed. 


On the 1st April, 1918, the British won 
back .some high ground. On the lOtli April 
the Germans took Morisel, and were within 
two miles of the Paris railway. On Friday 
the 5th, the attack was renewed on the 
Bouthern front. By tlie 7th of April the 
French had fallen back south of Cthauny. 
The second battU of the Somme was at an 

end, and the battle of the Lys had begun. 
The Alliied front had been re-establiahed, 
and the road to Amiens closed. 

On Sunday, 7th April, 1918, an intense 
bombardment began, with gas shells, and 
continued during the 8th. On Tuesday, the 
9th, a furious preparation began, in which 
gas was mingled with high explosives. At 
7 a.m., the full weight of the German in- 
fantry assault fell on the 11th and 15th 
Corps. This was the battle of Armentieres, 
and the whole British centre was penetrated. 
Bethune and Givenchy were centres of dread- 
ful fighting. On the 10th the Germans 
captured Ploegsteert. 

On Wednesday, 10th April, the House of 
Commons passed; a Bill raising the limit of 
military age to fifty years, and giving the 
Government power to abolish ordinary ex- 
emptions. Conscription was also extended 
to Ireland. Within a month, other 355,000 
men were sent across the Channel. On the 
11th April, the British evacuated Armentieres. 

On this same day, the llth of April, 1918, 
Sir Douglas Haig issued the following omin- 
ous order of the day : — 

" There is no other course open to lis 
but to fight it out. Every position must 
be held to the last man ; there must be no 
retirement. With our backs to the wall, 
and believing in the justice of our cause, 
each one of us must fight to the end. 
The safety of our homes, and the free- 
dom of mankind, depend alike npon the 
conduct of each one of us at this critical 


At the end of February, 1918, the Eastern 
front had gone out of existence owing to 
the collapse' of Russia. The Allies therefore 
had now; to face the onslaught of a mighty 
engine of war whose strength could be 
directed to a single front. The German gen- 
erals promised the Reiohstag complete and 
absolute victory in the field before autumn. 
One of their generals, in a lecture, said of 
General Hindenhurig— "Hie' stands in the 
West with our wliole German manhood for 
the first time united in a .single theatre of 
war, ready to strike with the strongest army 
the world has ever known." On the morn- 
ing of tlie 21st March, the many thousand 
guns of the Germans were released against 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


the British positions, accompanied by clouds 
of poison gas, and every other offensive of 
powerful destruction. The advance was upon 
a fifty mile front; the British line was 
broken. On the 24th March the Gtermans 
captured Bapaume and Peronne, and took 
30,000 prisoners. On the 25tih March, the 
Germans reached the German line of 1916. 
On the 26th, Greneral Foch was appointed 
to the supreme command of all the Allied 
armies. The situation south of the Somme 
was desperate; and the Commander-in-Chief 
might soon have no armies to command. On 
the 28th, the Germans began to set them- 
selves steadily to tihe capture of Amiens. 
This was a critical day everywhere from 
Arras to the Oise. Great German weight 
was brought against Arras. The effort was 
a complete and disastrous failure. On the 
29th March, the Germans were within twelve 
miles of Amiens. On Easter Sunday, the 
last day of March, the situation was very 

No easy hopes or lies 

Shall bring us to our goal. 
But iron sacrifice 

Of body, will, and soul. 
There's but one task for all — 

For each one life to give. 
Who stands if freedom fall.^ 

Who dies if Britain live? 

Death seems but a covered way 

Which opens to the light^ 
Wherein no blinded child can stray 

Beyond the Father's sight. 
And so the shadowg fall apart. 

And so the west windg play, 
And all the windows of my heart 

I open to the day. 


(Megget and Ltne) 
Aegtll and Sutheeland Highlakdbes. 

1918. April 9 (Tuesday). 
Mrs Calder, Cappercleuch, Megget, receiv- 
ed official information that her husband, 
Private James Calder, Argyll and Sutherland 
Highlanders, had been killed in France on 
the 9th April. Private Calder joined the 
army about eighteen months previously, and 
had been in France about three months. His 
officer wrote a letter of sympathy to Mrs 

Calder, at the same time expressing the re- 
grettable loss his company had met through 
the death of her brave husband. His death 
was instantaneous. In civil life. Private 
Calder was the policeman of Megget, where 
he had been stationed for many years, and 
was highly esteemed both in public and pri- 
vate life. In his leisure hours, he interested 
himself in gardening, and his garden was 
looked upon in the district as a model of 
neatness and usefulness. Before the close of 
divine service at Lyne on Sunday, Mr Tag- 
gart, in paying a high tribute to Private 
Calder's memory, said he was the most regu- 
lar attender at Megget Church, and bore a 
very exemplary character. He is the first 
member of the congregation to fall in the 
war. The minister also expressed sincere 
sympathy with Mrs Calder and her family in 
their sad bereavement. 

His life at the front was not of long dura- 
tion. He went to France in September, 1917, 
and was sent home in November, 1917, suffer- 
ing from septic poisoning. He sailed again 
for France on March 30th, 1918, and was 
killed on the night of April 9th, 1918. He 
was left to be buried by the Germans. At 
home his great hobby was his garden, and 
all through his training he never lost his in- 
terest in his home and garden. He was look- 
ing forward to coming home, but when the 
German rush started he said he would have 
liked home to have seen the boys, but the 
German tide had to be stemmed. Luck was 
against him, and he was a small item at the 
stemming of the German tide. 

Lord, keep me faithful to the trust 

Which my dear spouse reposed in me : 
To him now dead preserve me just 

In all that should performed be. 

For our being man and wife 

Extendeth only to this life. 
Yet neither life nor death should end 
The being ot a faithful friend. 

why should the hills last, that never were 

Unperishing stars in the heavens be hung: 
Be constant the seasons, undrying the stream. 
And he that was gallant be gone like a 

dream ? 
Brave songs will be singing in Isles of the 

But he will be silent who sang them the best: 
The dance will be waiting, the pipes will 

But he will return to Megget no more. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


(Peebles, Manoe, Ikneeleithen) 
Royal Garrison Artillery. 
1918. April 10 (Wednesday). 

John and Annie Burton had lost their 
youngest son on October 19, 1917, they were 
now to lose their third son, also a Gunner, 
Alexander, in the Royal Garrison Artillery, 
six months later. 

He passed away at A'o. 9 General Hospital, 
Rouen, on the lOhh April, 1918, from wounds 
received in action on the 21st March. He 
was the beloved husband of Margaret Wil- 
son. A son-in-law, George Dick, of Mr and 
Mrs Burton fell early in the war, leaving a 
young family and widow. 

On March 21 a German offensive began 
against the British Third and Fifth Armies 
on a fifty mile front. Forty German divi- 
sions were pitted fourteen divisions 
in the British Fifth Array. The Germane 
brokte through, compelling tihe Brit|ish to 
withdraw with very heavy losses. On that 
day fell Gunner Alexander Burton. 

Christ With Our Men. 
Now, we remember, over here in Flanders — 
(It isn't strange to think of You in 
This hideous warfare seems to make things 
We never thought labout Ylou much in 

But now that tve are far away from England, 
We have no doubts, we know that you are 

Yes, he is here with ws to-day ; 

A thousand things his touch reveal. 
Sweet evidence, no cumbering clay, 

No unknown sepulture conceal. 
In many a heart his grave is green 

And sweet with flowers we planted there; 
Dear memories of what has been, 

A wealth of fragrant blossom bear. 



2nd Royal Scots Fusiliers. 

1918. April 10 (Wednesday). 

He enlisted in the 2nd Royal Scots Fusiliers 

in August, 1917. He went to France, and 

•woB Tnlssing on April 10. 1918 (Wednesday). 

No trace of him vvai* ever obtained. His 

brother Tom fell on July 19, 1916. Another 
brother was in the war from start to finish 
in France and in Salonika, and won through 
in the end. 

Who is the Happy Warrior.^ Who is he 
That every man in arms would wish to be? 
It is the generous spirit, who, when brought 
Among the tasks of real life, hath wrought 
Upon the plan that pleased his childish 

thought : 
Whose high endeavours are an inward light 
That makes the way before always bright. 

There is a world above. 

Where parting is unknown: 
A whole eternity of love. 

Formed for the Good alone. 
And faith beholds the Dying here 
Translated to that happier sphere. 


8th Royal Scots. 
1918. April 10 (Wednesday). 
Pte. James Burnett was killed on the 10th 
April, 1918, and all the information received 
was that he was killed in action and buried 
in Mont-Bernonchon Churchyard. He was a 
Lewis gunner. From information received, 
I was informed they were on the Bapaume- 
Cambrai road He was born at Innerleithen 
on the 12th April, 1897 The family consists 
of his father, mother, and two sisters. Pte. 
Burnett joined up on the 4th September, 
1914, in the 6th Royal Scots, and went to 
Egypt on the 4th September, 1915. From 
there he went to France, and was wounded on 
12th January, 1917. He returned to France on 
June 8th, 1917, and was attached to the 12th 
Royal Scots, and was again wounded on 20th 
September, 1917. He again returned to 
France on the 21st February, 1918, and was 
killed on the 10th April, 1918. Pte. Burnett 
was attached to the 8th Royal Scots, 51st Div., 
when he was killed. 

One with another, soul with soul, 

They kindle firo from fire: 
Friends watch us who have touched the goal: 

They urge us, " Come up higher." 
With them shall rest our waysore feet, 

Witii tliem is built our home, 
With Christ. They sweet, but He most sweet, 

Sweeter than honeycomb. 

CiUNNJ5l<, Ar-EXAN])HU HuilTON, 

I'l'K. J. Buii.NETT, 


Pte. Willie Wyper, 

Pte. \Vm. Brown, 

I'KiNA! n \i. ilircHia.r, 
iIi;Nui';i;i,AND, JNJudciiiT, and Link 

Saw'Hu Thomas Bienik 

Wi;ii(1i;am J. W. M'(!i.asson 


'IK Antiiiinv McCu'i'ciiKiiN 'rruNiii hi. 
Walk I' liiiintN 

L'te. WiLLiAjr Keen. 
Inneuleiuien and New Zealand. 

Pte. IUiber'i: Hamilton, 
Broughxon and Peebles. 

Px.i. Jajies Preston, 

Pte. John Paterson, 

riMY.vrn ]voj)i:in' IJlaikij), 

I'lMV.vri: Thomas Ohmistiin. 

I'lllV Al 1. |)ill(ll,AS 'I'lLI'lll. 
liliil 1,11'ION, 

(liiimn; lii.Aivi:, 
I NNi',i!i,i''.rnii';N 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



King's Own Scottish Boederers. 
1918. April 11 (Thubsdat). 
William Brown was born at Tlie Harrow, 
Stobo, on 9th June, 1882. He was the son of 
Andrew Brown, the highly esteemed beadle of 
Stobo Ivirk, and his wife Catherine Thom- 
son, both ot them Stobo people-. 
Willie wa^- educated at Stobo School, 
and learned the trade of carpenter 
with Mr James Milne, Newhouses. After be- 
ing for some time with a firm of hothouse 
builders in Edinburgh, he returned to Stobo 
as one of the estate carpenters, married 
Euphemia Purves Linton and took up house 
at the Cless. When iihe war broke out he 
drilled with the Volunteers until he was 
called to enlist in the King's Own Scottish 
Borderers. He was otfered employment in 
the army at aeroplane building. At this safe 
work he would have been most useful; tor he 
was a remarkably neat-handed workman. But 
he had agreed to go along with his chum, 
Kobert Cairns. He therefore declined the 
aeroplane service, and went to the war. Pre- 
sently his friend was transferred to the Royal 
Scots Fusiliers, and they never saw one an- 
other again. On the 11th April, 1918, in the 
course of the strenuous fighting of those days, 
Willie was reported missing. He has never 
since been heard of. Probably he was car- 
ried down by the river, the bridge over which 
he was defending when last seen. His loss is 
mourned by his wife and five children, his 
widowed mother, his brothers, sisters, and all 
the many friends who held him dear. 

God, I am travelling out to death's sea, 

I, who exulted in sunshine and laughter. 
Thought not of dying— death is such waste 
of me. 
Grant me one comfort : Leave not the here- 
Of mankind to war, as though I had died 
not — 
I, who in battle, my comrade's arm linking, 
Shouted and sang— life in my pulses hot, 
Throbbing, and dancing. Let not my sink- 
In dark be for naught, my death a vain 
God, let me know it the end of man's fever. 
Make my last breath be a bugle-call, carrying 
Peace o'er the valleys and green hills for- 


(Hendebla-nd, Megget and Lyne) 

8th Eotal Scots. 

1918. April 11 (Thursday). 

He was born on 20th April, 1884. Previous 
to joining the army, he assisted on the farm 
of Bleaton, Blairgowrie, for a number of 
years, and I believe was held in very high 
esteem by all wiho knew him in that dis- 
trict. He was wounded in September, 1917, 
and was posted missing on the above date, 
viz., 11th April, 1918. He joined the 8th 
Battalion Royal Scotg at Peebles, and ser- 
ved with them continuously, and for a con- 
siderable time acted in the pioneers, where 
he was serving at his death. 

" He joined up ait Peebles in December in 
the 3/ 8th Royal Scots, got his training there, 
wag transfen-ed to France in the beginning 
of August, 1915, and served in a Pioneer 
Battalion until he became a stretcher-bearer 
in April, 1917, and served as such until he 
was officially posted missing on 11th April, 
1918. Shortly after that date we got word 
from a -comrade that he was killed, having 
been shot through the head. Some time 
after the Bed Cross Department in London 
sent a card that they had heard he was a 
prisoner of war, but never found out his 
whereabouts or in what -condition he was. 
Later w© (had a letter from the War Office 
stating that they could find no trace of him 
and that circumstances did not look favour- 
able to his being alive, but did not official, 
ly state tihat he was dead. I had a slight 
gleam of hope after hearing from the Red 
Cross, but now a month has passed since 
war was stopped and still no word of bim, 
so I do not expect he will ever turn up " 

God knows, my dear, I did not want 

To rise and leave you so. 
But the dead men's hands were beckoning, 

And I knew that I must go. 

The dead lueu's eyes were watching, lass, 

Their lips were asking too ; 
We faced it out and paid the price — 

And we continued true. 

But you'll forgive me yet, my dear, 

Because 1 went you know ; 
I can look my dead friends in the face, 

As I couldn't two months ago. 

Our little hour— how short it is 
When love with dew-eyed loveliness 

Raises her lips for ours to kiss, 
And dies within our first caress. 

Youth flickers out like wind-blown flame. 
Sweets of to-day, to-morrow sour. 

For time and death relentless claim 
Our little hour. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance 


( Innerleithen) 
EoYAi Scots Fusiliers. 
1918. April 12 (Friday). 

Mrs J. W. M'Glasson, Damside, received 
official intimation tihat her husband. Ser- 
geant J. W. M'Glasson, who had been post- 
ed as wounded and missing on the 12th 
April, had been killed in action in France 
on or about that date wliidh the Commander 
of Corps verified by intimating his burial. 

He was aged 26. Sergeant M'Glasson was 
the eldest son of Bandmaster M'Glasson, and 
left Innerlelithen with the Territorials at 
the outbreak of war. He was a Territorial 
in the 8th Eoyal Scots; was transferred to 
the 2/ 9th owing to his being a bandsman, 
his father, also being Band Sergeant in the 
same battalion. Went to France in 1916 and 
was transferred into the E.S.F. ; saw muoh 
service there; came home a time-expired 
man in February, 1918, and went back to 
France on the 26th of March of the same 
year; was promoted Sergeant, and fell in 
action on April 12th, 1918. We can only add 
that he was a most loving and dutiful son, 
and very steady, never having tasted strong 
drink in his life. He had been employed in 
the machine-room of Ballantyne Bros. 

With thee were the dreams of my earliest 
Every thought of my reason was thine; 
In my last humble prayer to the Spirit 
Thy name sliall be mingled with mine. 
Oh ! Blest are the lovers and friends who 
shall live 
The days of thy glory to see; 
But the next dearest blessing that Heaven 
can give. 
Is the pride of thus dying for thee. 

They are more our own, 

Since now bhey are God's only, 
And each one that has gone 

Has left our lieart less lonely. 
He mourns not seaeong fled. 

Who now in Him possesses 
Treasures of many dead 

In their dear Lord'a careasee. 


Eoyal Engineers. 
1918. April 14 (Sunday) 
Official intimation wa,s sent the parents of 
Sapper Thomas Birnie that he had died from 
wounds received in action on the 12th April, 
1918, which proved fatal the following day. 
Sapper Birnie was a twiner in Caerlee Mills 
before he enlisted in 1915. He was sent to 
France early in 1917. He was 28 years of age. 
He had one brother serving — James, who was 
wounded. He enlisted on the 12th June, 1915. 
On the 12th of April, 1918, there had been 
strong enemy pressure at Bailleul and Wulver- 
ghem Neuve Eglise and Messines were pene- 
trated by ithe Germans. On the 13tli the 
British re-occupied Neuve Eglise and repelled 
further attacks. There was continuous fighting 
around Wulverghem, Bailleul and Meteren, and 
also at Festubert. On the 14th Neuve Eglise 
was taken by the Germans. Seven attacks in 
Merville sector were repulsed. Near Bailleul 
the British line was penetrated, but the position 
was restored. It was on this day that General 
Foch was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the 
Allied Armies. 

Earth that never doubts nor fears, 
Earth that knows of death, not teare, 
Earth that bore with joyful ease 
Hemlock for Socrates, 
Earth that blossomed and was glad 
'Neath the cross that Christ had. 
Shall yet grieve and blosisom too 
When the bullet reaches you. 

Wherefore, men marching 

On the road to death, sing. 

Pour gladness on earth's head. 

So be grateful, so be dead. 

Glory of thought and glory of deed, 
Glory of Hampden and Runnymede : 
Glory of ships that sought far goals, 
Glory of swords and glory of souls. 
Glory of songs mounting as birds. 
Glory immortal of magical words : 
Glory of Milton, glory of Nelson, 
Tragical glory of Gordon and Scott : 
Glory of Shelley, glory of Sidney, 
Glory transcendent that perishes not — 
Yours is the story, yours be the glory. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



2nd K.O.S.B. 
1918. April 15 (Monday). 
Before enlistment Anthony Turnbull was em- 
ployed with Messrs Henry Ballantyne & Sons, 
Walkerburn, as an apprentice clerk. He at- 
tested when he was 18 years of age, and joined 
the army in Nov., 1916, when 18 years and 9 
months. He was sent out to France on the 
26th January, 1917, and he was in the midst of 
the fighting up till December, 1917, when he 
was sent to Italy along with his regiment. He 
came back to France on the 7th of April, 1918, 
and he was killed with a British shell, which 
fell short and buried him in his dug-out, on the 
15th of April, 1918, only 8 days after his coming 
back to France, during which he and his bat- 
talion had a very hot time of it trying to stop 
the German advance. He was killed at Neippe 
Forest near Merville, and he is buried in Haver- 
ekerque Cemetery (British), 3J miles to the west 
of Merville. In a letter which was received 
after he was killed, his officer said that he had 
been a brave lad, as he had done service both in 
the line and out of it as signaller. He was 20 
years of age at the time of his death. 

Many a youthful shoulder now ie gay with an 
And the hand that was deft with a cricket bat 
is defter with a sword. 
And some of the lads will laugh to-day where 
the trench is red and wet. 
And some will win on the bloody field the 
accolade of the Lord. 

Good-bye. No tears nor cries 
Are fitting here, and long lament were vain, 
Only the last, low words be softly said. 
And the last greeting given above the Dead : 
For Souls more pure and beautiful our eyes 
Never shall see again. 


(Inneeleithen and New Zealand) 
New Zealand Forceb. 
1918. Apeil 21 (Sunday). 
He was bom at St Ronan's Cottage, Cauld- 
hame, Innerleithen, on the 29tli of Novem- 
ber 1895. He went to school there until he 
left with his parents for New Zealand in 
November, 1902. After completing his ednca- 
tion, William entered an office, wliere he re- 
mained until ihe was 21 when he, like so 

many more, volunteered for active service. 
Joining in November, 1916, he left for the 
front in April. 1917. 

After taking part in engagements at Warne- 
ton on August 1st, 1917, Abraham Heights in 
October, Paschendaele in the same month, 
Mailly Mallet on March 28, 1918, he was 
fatally wounded at Courcelles on April 20tih. 
His brother was some 200 yards away when 
he fell. 

The official report .says :— " Wounded in 
action in the field on 21st April, 1918, he 
was admitted to No. 2 New Zealand Field 
Ambulance with a shell wound in his left 
side, rigiht) leg. and back. Admitted to 3rd 
Canadian Stationary Hospital, lie died there 
the same day.'' 

His parents received information that he 
was buried at Doullens. Two of his brothers, 
Henry Keen and George Thorbum Keen, were 
also in France, the former being invalided 
home after coming through the Somme en- 
gagement. His father was employed in 
Messrs Beckett and Robertson's mill at In- 
nerleithen for over 19 years, prior to his 

Comfort, content, delight. 

The ages' slow-bought gain, 
They shrivelled in a night 

Only ourselves remain 
To face the naked days 

In silent fortitude. 
Through perils and dismays. 
Renewed and re-renewed. 
Though all we made depart 

The old Commandments stand, 
" In patience keep your heart. 

In strength lift up your hand." 

Saint George he was a fighting man ihe's 

here and fighting still. 
While any wrong is yet to right, or dragon 

yet to kOl; 
And faith, he's finding work this day to suit 

bis war-worn sword. 
For he's strafing Huns in Flanders to th» 

glory of the Lord. 
Saint George he is a fighting man, but when 

the fightings past. 
And dead among the trampled fields the 

fiercest and the last 
Of all the dragons earth has known beneath 

his feet lies low, 
Oh, his heart will turn to Britain, 
He'll come home to rest in Britain, where 

the golden willows blow. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


4 /5th Black Watch. 
1918. April 24. 

He enlisted in Jvine, 1916 and was killed 
on April 24th, 1918, Wednesday. He was a 

In the whole of March and April there 
had been continuous terrible fighting, and the 
British were (hard pressed all the time. On 
April 24 there were violent attacks on the 
junction of the British and French on the 
Amiens sector south of the Somme. Villers 
Bretonneux was lost. The .battle was very 
severe at Hangard, and the Germans finally 
captured the village. Attacks were beaten off 
east of Robecque and north-east of Bailleul. 
There was heavy artillery fire in Woevre. 

I think that death has two sides to it, 
One sunny and one dark, as this round Earth 
Is every day half sunny and half dark : 
We on the dark side call the mystery death. 
They on the other, looking down in ligiht, 
Wait the glad birth witli other tears than 

We who are left, how shall we look again 
Happily on the sun or feel the rain, 
Without remembering how they went 
Ungrudgingly, and spent 
Their all for us, loved, too the sun and rain. 

A bird among the rain-wet lilac sings 
But we, how shall we turn to little thinge 
And listen to the birds and winds and 

Made holy by their dreams, 
Nor feel the heart-break in the heart of 


Thursday, April 25th, 1918, and nothing fur- 
ther has been heard. 

He was a good shepherd, attentive to duty. 
Deep sympathy is felt for his parents. 

The following letter from the Captain was 
received by his father : — 

" Dear Sir. — With reference to your letter, 
dated, Jnne 17th, 1918, I am very sorry to say 
that I can give you very little more in- 
formation than you have already. What 
actually happened was that he was on a 
hill, which I am afraid must remain un- 
named, which was surrounded by the en- 
emy. Practically all the officers who were 
in it have since been reported prisoners of 
war in Germany so there is every pos- 
sibility that he is also a prisoner. In 
which case you will he tihe first to hear. — 
Yours faithfully, 

H. C. Vivian Thomas, 

Some montlis later, on lOtli December 1918, 
in answer to enquiry. Captain Thomas 
writes : — 

"I nm very sorry that I can give no 
further information than I did some month.'; 
ago. The only suggestion that I can make 
to you is to enquire through the War 
Office if anything been henrd of him. 
As prisoners are being sent home daily 
from Germany it is quite possible that you 
will hear something. I am afraid there 
are n© other officers who can give you any 
information as I am the only one left from 
that time. The hill I referred to was 
Kemmel Hill. 


(Bhoughton and Peebles) 
Scottish Rifles. 
Machine Gun Section. 
1918. April 25 (Thuesday). 

Private Robert Hamilton, son of .T. Ham- 
ilton, shepherd, Standalane, Peebles, prior 
to enlisdng w;is employed as shepherd at 
(>)rfitane. .Joined the forces 3rd April, 1917, 
at, being attached io the Scottish 
Rifles and transferred to the Infantry 
M.iohine Gun Section. Proceeding to France, 
November. 1917, he took part in the great 
offensive at Cambrai, was reported raifwingon 

" He is gone, 
I do not understand : I only know 
That as he turned to go and waved his 

In his young eyes a .sudden glory sdione 
And I was dazzled hy a sunlike glow." 

Ye sleepers, who will sing .youP 

We can but give our tears. 
Ye dead men who shall bring you 

Fame in the coming years? 
Brave souls . . . but who remembers 
The fame that fired your embers P 
Deep, deep the sleep tliat holds you 

Who at one lime liad no peers. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 




12th RoTAi Scots. 

1918. April 25. 

My boy has been a prisoner of war since 

April 25th. 1918, and so I have not" he.ard 

othenvise: I am still expecting him home 


M. Pateesqn. 

I am sending you a photo of my son Pte. 

John Paterson. 12th Royal Soots, which you 

asked me for a while ago. He was nineteen 

years of age. I have been t«ld that he died 

of starvation while a prisoner of war in 


O look, my son, npon yon sign 
Of the Redeemer's grace divine : 

0. think on faith and bliss. 
By many a death-bed I have been, 
And many a soldier's parting seen_ 

But never augiht like this. 
The war that for a space did fail. 
Now trebly thundering, swelled the gale. 

The sunset fades along the shore, 

And faints behind yon rosy reach of sea. 
Night falls again, but oh, no more, 

No more, no more. 

My love returns to me. 
The lonaly moon builds soft and slow 

Her silver bridge across the main. 
But him who sleeps the grass below 

Love waits in vain. 
Ah no ah no, 

He never comes again. 



Royal Scots. 

1918. April 26 (Friday). 

Mr and Mrs Blaikie Holylee, were in- 
formed officially that their son. Private 
Robert Blaikie, Royal Scots, had fallen in 
France. He was their only and beloved son. 
He was born at Holylee and was aged twenty- 
three when he fell. Private Blaikie was one 
of those gallant lads of Tweeddale wlho 
joined up in 1914, the only son of his parents. 
His employment at the time was that of 
chaufieur. His sweetheart mourns his loss. 
He fell at Kemmel Hill. 

On that day tihe Germans had occupied 

Kemmel Hill and village. They gained also 
Uranoutre after very severe fighting. Locre 
vvas lost, but was retaken by the French. 
The Allied line had to fall back on Ypres- 
Comines Canal. But at Voormezeele (Ypres) 
heavy fighting resulted in the repulse of the 
Germans. On the following day the place 
was twice attacked by the Germans without 
result. There was much local fighting astride 
Ypres-Comines Canal. In the Luce Valley 
and at Givenchy the fighting was to the ad- 
vantage of the Allies. Hangard Wood was 

You seemed so young, to know 
So little, those few months or years ago. 
Who may by now have disentwined 
The inmost secrets of the Eternal Mind. 

Yours seemed an easy part. 

To construe, learn some trivial lines by heart : 

Yet to your hands has God assigned 

The burden of the sorrows of mankind. 

Here, in the marshland past the battered 
One of a hundred grains untimely sown. 
Here, with his comrades of the hard-won 
He rests unknown. 

His horoscope had seemed so plainly drawn. 
School triumphs, earned apace in work and 
Friendships at will then love's delightful 
And mellowing day. 

Paradise now has many a knight. 

Many a lordkin, many lords. 
Glimmer of armour dinted and bright. 

The young knights have put on new swords. 
Some have barely the down on the lip, 

Smiling yet with the new-won spurs, 
Tlfeir wounds are rubies, glowing and deep. 

Their scars are amethyst— glorious scars. 


Highland Light Infantry. 
1918. April 27 (Saturday). 
Notification was received that Private 
Thomas Ormiston, in tihe Highland Light 
InfantnTT, had been reported officially as hav- 
ing fallen in France on the 27th April. He 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

was unmarried and aged thirty-seven when 
he fell. He worked as a roadman in the 
employment of the Peeblesshire County C!oun- 
cil, and thereafter was with the Peebles CSo- 
operative Society. He was a native of Loan- 
head. Private Ormiston joined up in 1915. 
and was wounded and gassed in 1916. He 
Wiis employed at West Loch and Hatton- 

It was on this day that so much terrible 
fighting occurred astride the Ypres-Comines 

Not long did we lie on the torn, red field of 
We fell, we lay, we slumbered, we took rest, 
With the wild nerves quiet at last, and the 
vexed brain 
Cleared of the winged night-mares and the 
Freed of the heavy dreams of hearts afar, 
We rose at last under the morning star. 

If I die to-morrow 

I shall go happily. 

With the flush of battle on my face 

I shall walk with an eager pace 

The road I cannot see. 


Royal Scots Fitsiliers. 
1918. Apeil 28 (Sttndat). 
Private Douglas Telfer Hartree, was ser- 
ving as a grocer in Biggar when Tie joined the 
Scottish Eifles on 19th February, 1917, and 
was transferred later to the Eoyal Scots 

After a period of service in France he was 
invalided home for some time. Returning to 
France he met his death on Sunday, the 28th 
April 1918, at the age of nineteen and a 
half years, and was buried somewhere in 

" Yet the thought comes thrilling through 
all my pain ; how wortliier could he die? 
Yea, a loss like that is a glorious gain, and 

pitiful, proud am I. 
For peace must be bought with blood and 
tears, and the boys of our hearts must 


And so in our joy of the after years, let ua 
bless them every day. 

And though I know there's a hasty g^rave 
with a poor little cross at it's head, 

And the gold of his youth he so gladly 
gave, yet to me he'll never be dead." 

On the day that Douglas Telfer fell the 
Germans again attacked at Locre, but were 
repulsed. There was great artillery activity 
in the Luce Valley and south of Lassigny. 
Further attacks on Hangard Wood were re- 



2nd Royal Scots (attached Royal 

1918. May 2 (Thursday). 

He had had twelve years' service and was 
in the army all through the war in SoTitih 
Africa for which he held medals, both the 
King's and Queen Victoria's. He was em- 
ployed in the mills at Innerleithen, and died 
there, aged 4.6. leaving eight children. 

He had been in the TerritorialB for more 
than 5 years and was mobilised one year. 
He re-enlisted in 1914, and was in the British 
Expeditionary Force for over 147 days. He 
obtained the Mons Star. 

At the front the battle of the Lys had now 
come to an end, having raged with awful 
ferocity since the 9tli of April. 

W© that have seen the strongest 

Cry like a beaten child, 
The sanest eye unholy. 

The cleanest hands defiled. 
We that have known the heart blood. 

Less than the lees of wine, 
We that have seen men broken. 

We know man is divine. 

May I reach 

The pure.=;t Heaven, be to other souls 
The cup of strength in some great agony. 
Enkindle generous ardour, feed pure love, 
Beget the smiles that have no cruelty. 

So shall I join the ohoir invisible 
Whose music is the gladness of the world. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



(Innerleithen and Buenos Ayebs) 

Railway Operating Division : 

EoYAL Engineers. 

1918. May 20 (Monday). 

Died in hospital from heart failure, 20th 
May. Corporal W. Aitken, 218762, E.O.D., 
E.E., late of Los Talleres, Buenos Ayres, 
youngest brother of Mrs Eobert Wilson, 4 
Bond Street, Innerleithen. 

Ck>rporal William Aitken began Ms public 
life with the Arniston Colliery Company. 
Thereafter he proceeded to India, where 
lie was employed as a driver in the Govern- 
ment railways. On the 6th of January, 1906, 
he went to Buenos Ayres in the Argentine, 
and became locomotive inspector under the 
Great Soutliern Railway Company. But with 
the Mother C^juntry at war, William Aitken 
wais not the man to continue apart in her 
hour of need. Although tlien of middle 
age, he set out at once for home. He ar- 
rived in December, 1916, and joined up in 
the Eoyal Engineers on the 4th of January, 
1917. As is well-known, the work at the 
front was strenuous, continuous and ex- 
hausting. William Aitken was now aged 
46, and after seventeen months of con- 
scientious duty, he succumbed to heart fail- 
ure in an hospital in France, on the 20th of 
May, 1918. 

"His death is greatly regretted by all his 
comrades, who know that they have lost in 
him a loyal friend. He was respected by 
all who knew him and his officers recog- 
nised in him a conscientious and trust- 
worthy man, who never failed in the per- 
formance of his duty. In coming home 
from South America as he did, to serve 
his country, he set a noble example, and 
proved himself to be a loyal and worthy 
citis^^n." (Extract from letter rteceived 
from his officer.) 

Our world has passed away. 

In wantonness o'eithrown, 
There is nothing left to-day. 

But steel and fire and stone. 
Though all we knew depart. 

The old Commandments stand ; 
" In courage keep your heart. 

In strength lift up your hand." 

In each other's faces 

Looked the pioneers ; 
Drank the wine of courage. 

All their battle years. 
For their weary sowing 

Through the world wide; 
Green they saw the harvest. 

Ere tlie day they died. 

But the grey, grey company 

Stood every man alone. 
In the chilly dawn-light. 

Scarcely had they known 
Ere the day they perished 

That their beacon star 
Was not glint of marsh-light 

In tlie shadows far. 


Seaeorth Highlanders, 
1918. May 26 (Sunday). 

In loving memory of Hugh Hutchison 
Young, Lieutenant, 6th Seaforth Highland- 
ers, who was killed in action in France, 
26th May, 1918, the very dearly beloved son 
of Mrs Young, Traquair Arms Hotel, In- 

Lieutenant Young was an analyst, and 
some months previous to the outbreak of 
war had oome home after terminating an en- 
gagement with the Burmah Oil Company in 
India. His brother. Jack, held a commis- 
sion in the Royal Scots, and was in Prance, 
while his brother, James, was a Major in 
the Royal Engineers, and was at that time 
serving in India. 

He joined the Lovat Scouts in 1914 in the 
September of that year, and the following 
September went on active service ; first in 
Gallipoli at Suvla Bay, where he formed 
one of the rearguard at the evacuation there, 
and afterwards in Egypt and Salonika. 
After two years' continued service abroad, 
he came home to take a commission, and 
was gazetted to the Seaforth Highlanders in 
January, 1918. He went to Franc© in April, 
and was theie only six weeks, being killed 
on 26th May. His Colonel wrote:— 

" Just previous to his death he had been 
on patrol doing excellent work. Shortly 
after his return from this work a trencih 
mortar bomb landed in the part of the 
trench which he was occupying, killing him 
instanfcaneously. Hie was bujied in a 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

military cemetery about one mile from 
Fletre. He had not been with ns very long, 
but he was looked upon as a most promis- 
ing officer and is much missed." 

His Captain also wrote : — 

"Previous to his death he had been out 
in ' No Man's Land ' on patrol duty for 
an hour and a half. He came back with 
some very useful information, but, unfor- 
tunately, no sooner had he regained our 
own lines than the enemy opened fire with 
a heavy barrage. He was hit almost im- 
mediately, and was killed instantaneously. 
Everybody in the company was very upset 
at the terrible news and no one regrets 
his death more than I do. It didn't take 
very long to find out that he was going 
to be an excellent officer. He was very 
painstaking and conscientious and in every 
way devoted to his duty. He will be 
missed, not only as a veiy capable officer, 
but as a very good friend.'' 
His servant also wrote, saying how well 

liked he was both by officers and men of 

his battalion. 

Sleep well, heroic soul, in silence sleep, 
Ifeipped in the circling arms of kindly death. 
No ill can vex your slumber, no foul breath 
Of slander, hate, derision, mar the deep 
Repose that holds you close. Your kinsmen 

The harvest you have sown, while each man 

saith : 
" So would I choose, when danger threaten- 

Let my death be as his." We dare not 


There the grape-pickers at their harvesting 
Shall lightly tread and load their wicker 
Blee-sing his memory as they toil and sing 

In the slant sunshine of October days. 
I love to think that if my blood should be 
So privileged to sink where his lias sunk, 
1 shall not pass from earth entirely. 
But when the banquet rings, when healths 
are drunk, 
And faces that the joys of living fill 
Glow radiant with laugliier and good 
In beaming cups some spark of me shall 
Brim toward the lips that onco I held bo 


(KiBKURD, Newlands, West Linton) 

DuBHAM Light Inpantbt. 

1918. Mat 27 (Mondat). 

Reported killed in action, on 27th May, 
Major Robert Dickson, D.C.M., Durham 
Light Infantry, aged 26, son of Mr and 
Mrs James Dickson, Blyth, Dolphinton. "To 
memory ever dear." 

Official intimation was received by Mr 
James Dickson, ploughman, Blyth Farm, 
Dolphinton, informing him that his son. 
Major Robert Dickson, D.C.M., Durham 
Light Infantry, had been killed in action 
in France on 27th May. Only three weeks 
ago there was recorded the deceased officer's 
promotion from the rank of Captain to 
that of Major, and there was given a brief 
outline of Major Dickson's rapid promotion 
during the present war, from when he was 
mobilised as a Territorial private. 

Major Dickson, who was 27 years of age, 
and was unmarriedj was well known to the 
members of the l/8th Royal Scots, with 
whom he went to France during November, 
1914, when the battalion was among the first 
of the territorial units to arrive in France 
on the outbreak of war— August 4th, 1914. 
When he was mobilised as a member of the 
West Linton detachment of the l/8th Royal 
Scots, he was employed as a vanman with 
Messrs J. & M. Noble, general merchants, 
Blythbridge. Major Dickson, who had been 
continuously on active service in France, 
took part in many engagements, through all 
of which he came out unscathed. During 
the early stages of the war, when he was 
attached to the Brigade bombers at the 
battle of Festubert on 16th May, 1915, Major 
Dickson (then a private) gained the D.C.M. 
for braveryi on the field, and was promoted 
to lance-corporal. During 1916 he was pro- 
moted to sergeant. Sometime tifter he was 
transferred to the Cadet School at the 
Base to undergo training with a view to a 
vommission. On 5th April, 1917, he was 
gazetted Second Lieutenant and was attached 
to the Durham Light Infantry. While home 
on furlough last December, he received word 
that ho had been promoted to the rank of 
Captain as from 6th December, 1917, and 
duiing May he was appointed to tho respon- 
niblo office of Major. When killed. Major 
Dickson was acting Lieutenant-Colonel. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


A younger brother, Clayton, was a lance- 
corporal in the H.L.I, in France, and was 
in hospital wounded. Major Dickson's eld- 
est sister, Jeannie, for over two years acted 
as a V.A.D. nurse at Lynehurst Hospital, 
West Ldnton. 

I that have been so loved, go hence alone; 
And ye, now gathe'ing round my own 

hearth's glow. 
Sweet friends. It may be that a softer tone. 
Even in this moment, with your laughing 

Mingles its cadence while you speak of me ; 
Of me, your soldier, 'midst the mountains 

On the red banner of his battles dying. 

Rest with your still and solemn fame; 
The hills keep record of your name. 
But never can a touch of shame 
Darken the buried brow. 

But we on changeful days are cast. 
When bright names from their place fall 

And ye that with your glory passed. 
We cannot mourn you now. 



EoYAL Aemt Service Corp. 

1918. Mat 27 (Monday). 

Killed in France, on active service, on the 

27th May, Corporal Robert Irive Hall, Army 

Service Corps, only son of William Hall, 

Penrose, Innerleithen, aged 30. 

" I am so sorry to have to inform you of 
the death of your son. Corporal Hall, of 191 
Siege Battery Ammunition Column. He 
lost his life in as noble a cause as could ever 
fall to the lot of a man. We were retiring 
in the first brush of the enemy's onslaught 
on that sector, picking up the men of our 
battery, when we heard some stragglers 
from another battery had not got clear, and 
your son went with four lorries to their 
aid. Two of the lorries were disabled by 
shell fire and your son killed. This took 
place on the 27th May, and I have not been 
able to communicate with you before this, 
as we have been cut off from our Park since 
then, and this is the first occasion on which 
I have got into touch with the Brigade aad 

postal facilities. I assure you the of&cers 
and men deplore his loss immensely. He 
was greatly esteemed by all of us. Always 
ready, always reliable, a better soldier it 
would be difficult to meet with, whilst as a 
comrade, his good fellowship made him 
very popular amongst us, and the warmest 
sympathies of our entire column are with 
you in your loss." 

"It is my painful duty to inform you of 
your son's death ; he was killed by an enemy 
shell on 27th May, 1918. He has been in my 
company for some time, and I had always 
found him willing, trustworthy, and in 
every way most reliable. I was, as we all 
were, very sorry indeed to lose him. He 
was liked by everyone on the columns, and 
had earned for himself the respect of all. In 
this letter I wish to convey my deepest 
sympathy, and trust that you will be able 
to find some consolation in the knowledge 
that he died while in the execution of his 

We see but dimly through the mists and 

Amid these earthly damps. 
What seem to us but sad, funereal tapers. 

May be Heaven's distant lamps. 

There is no death. What seems so in tran- 

This life of mortal breath 
Is but a suburb of the life Elysian, 

Whose portal we call death. 

Under the little crosses where they rise 
The soldier rests. Now around him un- 

The cannon thunders, and at night he lies 
At peace beneath the eternal fusillade. 

That other generations might possess. 
From shame and menace free in years to 

A richer heritage of happiness. 
He marched to that heroic martyrdom. 

To the heroic memory of the Colonel (un- 
named), of the 28 officers (unnamed), and 
of the 552 unknown British, who on May 
27th, in the German Ofi'ensive of 1918, held 
their trenches to the last man and died for 
Britain and for France. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

Then, from their place of ancient glory. 

All sheathed in shining brass. 
Three hiiadred men, of the Grecian glen, 

Marched down to see them pass. 
And the long-silent flutes of Spai'ta 

Poured haughty welcome forth. 
Stern hymns to crown, with just renown, 

Her brethren of the North." 



Royal Scots. 

1918. May 31 (Feiday). 

Mr and Mrs Berry, Hall Street, Walker- 
bum, received ofiBcial intimation that their 
eldest Bon, Sergeant James R. Berry, Royal 
Scots, died on the 31st May as the result of 
wounds received in action on the 28th May. 
Sergeant Berry, who was 22 years of age, 
and a Territorial, was mobilised at the out- 
break of war, and went to France in 1917. He 
was formerly employed in Tweedholm Mills, 

The third battle of the Aisne had begun 
on May 27. The Germans delivered great at- 
tacka between Soissons and Rheims, and 
the line of the Allies was pressed back. The 
Germans crossed the Aisne on the 28th, and 
on the 29th they took Soissons. On the 31st, 
when James Berry fell, they reached the 
Marne River, from Chateau Thiery to Dar- 
mans, and advanced on Compiegne. 

" Since thou hast touched ambition on the 

Of nobleness, and stirred my proudest hope. 
And wilt fulfil this, shall I count the cost? 
Rather decay will triumph, and cold death 
Be tapped in glory, seeing strength arise 
From weakness, from the tomb go forth a 


Careless philosopher, the first to laugh. 

The latest to complain. 
Unmindful that you teach, you taught me 
In your long fight with pain; 
Since God made man so good — bore stands 
my creed, 
God is good indeed. 

Whispers shall comfort us out of the dark, 
Hands— ah, God, that we knew — 

Visions and voices— look and hark — 
Shall prove that our tale is true. 


(Ltne and Stobo) 

Royal Enginebes. 
1918. June 1 (Satubdat). 
Reported died of wounds at 54th Field 
Ambulance, France, on 1st June, Alexander 
Og:ilvie, Road Construction Company, Royal 
Engineers, in his 42nd year, beloved husband 
of Helen Muir, and son-in-law of Wm. Muir, 
sen., Sherifimuir, Lyne. 

Mrs Alexander Ogilvie, Sheriffmuir, Lyne, 
received official word that her husband. Sap- 
per Alex. Ogilvie, Royal Engineers (Road 
Construction Corps), was killed in France 
on 1st June. Pievious to enlisting, during 
September, 1917, he was employed as a 
roadman with Peeblesshire County Council. 
The deceased, who was 42 years of age, and 
survived by his wife and a young family ot 
three — one boy, 9 years of age, and two 
daughters, 8 years, and 17 months respective- 
ly — proceeded to Prance during January, 

" He was killed by an enemy sihell on 
the road about fifty yaids away from the 
ambulance dressing station. He suffered 
no i)ain, as death was instantaneous. I 
knew him very well, and he was one of 
my very best men. He is a great loss to 
the whole company. The whole company 
attended his funeral at the little country 
churchyard where he is buried." 

The dead are with us everywhere. 
By night and day; 

No road we tread but they have wandered 

Who now lie still beneath the grass 

Of some shell-scarred and distant plain. 

Beyond the fear of death, beyond all pain. 

And in the silence you can hear their noise- 
less footsteps pass. 

The dead are with us always, night and 

Roadmen, they say, we rather call them 
Thix>ugh verdant haughs, past glittering 
'Neath fragrant cthestnut. scented thorn, 
where lies 
Heaven's varied incense, wakening; dreams 
Of Paradise. Yet you and your gallant 
comrades trod 
Through death's dark vale right up to God 
Whore pastures green rofresli the weary feet. 
And sundered friends by quiet waters 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



Sergeant G. Anderson, Royal Scots. 
Sergeant A. Stevenson, Royal Scots. 
Private J. Dickson, Royal Scots. 
Private A. Lockie, Royal Scots. 
■ Private J. McGuire, Cameron Highlanders. 
Private A.. Ogilvie, Royal Engineers. 

W'hen first the surface of the road 

Rang to the tread of the marching Roman, 
And Csesar's legions seaward strode 

To find a yet unmastered foeman. 
Full many a word of ancient flavour, 

Rolled far along the muddy way ; 
Strong language from the higihway's pavior. 

Whose echoes linger to this day. 

A thousand years when England lay. 

Not Scotland — 'neath tlie Norman raider ; 
The cobbles of the age-worn way 

Echoed the march of the mailed crusader. 
Whilst many a word of pious fervour. 

Between their chaunt and roundelay. 
Gave proof to any close observe; . 

That men were little changed that day. 

Again a thousand years — again 

The ancient frontier mad enslaving. 
Come horse and cannon, motor, train; 

All sweep along the narrow paving. 
A wondrous change, you say?. But listen. 

Listen to the words they say : 
What matter cannon, petrol, pistol. 

The men are just the same to-day. 



1918. June 18 (Tuesday). 

He succumbed on the 18th of June to 
the wounds which he received in France. 
His father was Inspector of Works during 
the construction < oB Talla reseirvoir at 
Tweedsmuir. He received a portion of his 
education at Tweedsmuir Public School and 
was a young man of excellent parts and of 
great promise. 

The Germans had advanced down the 
Ourcq on the first of June, taking Chouy 
and Neuilly St. front. On the following day 
there was a violent battle on Ourcq and an 
attack on the Chateau Tierry road. This 

ended the third battle of the Aisne. On the 
following days they captured Pernant and 
Veuilly-la-Poterie, but were checked by the 
Americans. On the 9th of June, the first 
battle of Lassigny began with an advance 
by the Germans on Compiegne. The battle 
ended on the 13th. On the 14th the British 
made a successful midnight attack north of 
Bethune along the La Bassee canal, and on 
the 18th, the French repulsed the Germans 
on the Rheims front. 


During May, 1918, there was little to re- 
cord. On the nights of the 5th and the 
7tih, we advanced our line between the Somme 
and the Ancre. On the 4th the enemy at- 
tacked the new front without success. The 
remainder of the month passed in tense 
expectancy, and then, in the last week of 
the month, the doubt was resolved. Very 
early on the morning of the 27th of May 
the storm broke. The French gains van- 
ished like smoke ; and the enemy was aeross 
the Aisne. On the second day he was be- 
yond the Vesle; and on the third he was 
looking down from the heigihts of Tardenois 
on the waters of the Marne. 

" We have put a ring about the British 
Islands,'' said Helfierich on the 24th April, 
" a ring- which every day is drawn closer, 
and we shall bring the war to a decision in 
the west of France and on the waters abouit 

On the 27th May, a sharp bombardment 
by the enemy began everywhere from Ailette 
to the suburbs of Rheims. In the afternoon 
the infantry advanced, and in an hour or 
two had swept the French from the crest 
of the ridge. By nightfall the enemy had 
advanced twelve miles. On the 28th of May 
the Allied wings were forced back. The 
German forces steadily advanced, and soon 
were upon the heights overlooking Soissons 
from the north. American troops now for 
the first time took part in the main battle. 
On Wednesday, the 29th May, Soissons fell. 
On that day there was a general falling 
backi everyiw'here. On tthe) QOtihi May, the 
Germans made a strong forward thrust. They 
had advanced thirty miles in seventy two 
hours. The French were driven further 
back on the 31st May. There was severe 
fighting backwards and forwards on the 1st 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

and 2nd June. On the 3rd of June, fhe 
French had recovered some part of the 
hill. On the 4th. 5th, and 6th, the Ger- 
mans were driven back by the British and 
by the French. On the 8th, 9th, and 10th, 
fresh attacks upon the Allies were made 
by a German new army. The battle front 
was now gigantic, no less than 100 miles, 
from Mesnil to Eheims. On the 11th June, 
the French repulsed German attacks and re- 
took some ground ; and the Americans made 
a fine advance at Belleau Wood, and took 
300 prisoners. On the 12th and 13th, the 
Germans captured many villages. On the 
18th June, the enemy attacked at Rheims, 
which they hoped to capture ; but they did 
not succeed. The remainder of June was 
occupied with small attacks by the British 
and French, all of which were successful. 

After I am dead. 

And have become part of the soil of France, 

This miich remember of me : 

I was a great sinner, a great lover, and life 

puzzled me very much. 
Ah, love, I would have died for love ! 
Love can do .so much both rightly and 

It remembers motliers and little children. 
And lots of other things. 

men unborn, I go now, ray work unfin- 


1 pass on the problem to you, the world will 

hate you, be brave. 

Be laurel to the victor. 

And roses to the fair, 
And Asphodel Elysian 

Let the hero wear. 
But lay the maiden lilies 

Upon their narrow biers. 
The lone grey company, 

The Scottish the pioneers. 


Military Medal 

Scottish Ripleb 
1918. June 20 (Thuhsday). 
Died an a prisoner of war at Stendal, Ger- 
many, on 20th June of pneumonia. Private 
Archibald Douglas Scott, M.M., Scottish 
Rifles, in hie 24th year, eldest and beloved 
Mon ')f William and Agnes Scott, Kirkgate, 

Douglas, and grandson of Archibald Doug- 
las, shepherd, Menzion, Tweedsmuir. 

Information has been received by his re- 
latives that Private Archibald Douglas Scott, 
M.M., Scottish Rifles, died a prisoner of war 
at Stendal, Germany, on 20th June. Private 
Scott, who was in his 24th year, was young 
shepherd at Menzion, with his grandfather, 
Mr Archibald Douglas. He joined the Army 
three years previous, and did excellent ser- 
vice in France, winning the Military Medal, 
and receiving high praise from his com- 
manding officer for conspicuous gallantry as 
a despatch carrier. During the March 
battles he was taken prisoner, and the last 
news received from him was in July, though 
he is said to have died in June. Before 
joining the Army, Private SCott was a mem- 
ber of the local Volunteer Company, and on 
Sunday the Volunteers paraded at a memor- 
ial service in the church here, conducted by 
the Rev. W. S. Crockett, at which refer- 
ence was made to Private Scott's many ad- 
mirable qualities— his devotion as a shep- 
herd, his courage as a soldier, his kindly 
and winsome charactei- as a man. Much 
sympathy is felt for Mr and Mrs Douglas, 
Menzion, as well as for Private Scott's par- 
ents, who reside at Douglas, Lanarkshire. 

Instead of being a prisoner at Stendal, 
however, as post-cards sent by him, and 
stamped with the post-mark of that place had 
led his friends to suppose, it appears, from 
the indisputable evidence of a repatriated 
chum, that he was really employed behind 
the German lines to within a few days of 
his death. Weak and ill, he was sent to 
Stendal about the 15th June, with a num- 
ber of other prisoners who had broken 
down, one of wihom, in answer to an adver- 
tisement, now tells the pitiful story of a 
deliberate lie on the part of the Huns, and 
a truly heroic endurance on the part of 
Archie Scott and his comrades. 

If I should fall, grieve not that one so weak 

And poor as I 

Should die. 

Nay ! though thy heart should break, 

Think only this; that when at dusk they 

Of sons and brothers of another one; 
Then thou canst say — "I too had a son; 
He died for Britain's sake." 

C'oHrOljAL W. AlTKEN, 

Major TvOdekt Dickson. 
Ktrkurd. Nk\vi>ani>s. Wkst T.inton. 



( ori'iihaij lioiiEU'i' linvio Hali.. 

Sergeant James R_ Herry, 

Lieut. Ui^njamin IIai.i, Ulytu "IIendehson, 


I'll IV \'l I', \ I.KX. < Icil l.\ li: 

I'lllVATI'; AhCII IIIAI.II l)oil(JJ,AS St'OTT, M.M. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


Some men with swoids may reap the field, 

And plant fresh laurels where they kill; 
But their strong nerves at last must yield, 
They tame but one another still. 
Early or late 
They stoop to fate. 
And must give up their murmuring breath. 
When they, pale captives, creep to death. 

my brotiheis, my more than brothers, 
Lost and gone are those days indeed ; 

Where are the bells, the friends, the voices. 

All that made us cue blood and breed. 

Gone, and in many an unknown pitfall 
You have fallen and died like men. 

And here I sit in a quiet chamber 
Writing on you with my pen. 


(Manor and Lyne) 

Scottish Eifles. 

1918. July 23 (Tuesday). 

Andrew/^ Bj-'own Oeddes; born, April 3, 
1899, at Hamildean, in the parisli of Lvne, 
county of Peebles ; killed in action, 23i d 
July, 1918; battalion, 10th Scottisih Eifles. 

Mr John Geddes, forester. Barns, received 
word that his second youngest son. Private 
Andrew Brown Geddes, Scoltisli Eifles, had 
fallen in action on 23rd .Tuly. In conveying 
the sad intelligence of their son's death to 
Mr and Mrs Geddes, Second Lieutenant 
Mackie spoke of him as a good and Inave 
soldier, always stiiving to do his best in 
everything; he undertook, and said how 
great his loss had been felt by all his com- 
rades. Private Geddes met bis death fight- 
ing bravely in operations which were ul- 
timately crowned with compile success. 
Before joining the army. Private Geddes 
was employed as a forester on the Bains 
astate. On Sunday in Manor Parish Church, 
the Eev. M. Taggart, Lyne, officiated, and 
at the close of the sermon befitting the 
times, he made appropriate and feeling re- 
ference to the death of the young soldier. 
Much sympathy is felt in all quarters for 
Mr and Mrs Geddes and family in their 


On July 18, 1918, the sway of battle in the 
second great struggle on the Marne turned 
against the Germans. They had opened the 

last of their stupendous offensives at 10 
a.m. on July 15. Just 10 minutes before 
their barrage broke loose, the French guns 
began to fire tenibly, a sign that the 
French were not to be surprised. All day 
of the 15th, William II. watched from a 
wooden tower near Eheims througih a haze 
of dust and gas the German pincers closing 
on that battered city. 

On the 16th, his reports and the evidence 
of his eyes showed him definitely that the 
offensive was failing. The pincers did not 
close on Eheims. The French and United 
States troops attacked with extreme violence 
the Germans who had made their way south 
of the Marne and brought them to a com- 
plete standstill. The .Allied aircraft concen- 
trated and rained bombs on the German 
bridges and supply trains till the roads 
weie black with the shattered wagons and 
bodies of horses and men. 

On July 18, Foch delivered a heavy coun- 
ter-stroke which compelled Ludendorff to 
break off the offensive. It was the begin- 
ning of the end. 

Thou art gone to the grave, but we will 
not deplore thee ; 
Whose God was thy ransom, thy guardian 
and guide. 
He gave thee, He took thee, and He will 
restore thee, 
And death has no sting, for the Saviour 
has died. 

No longer on their ears 

The bugle's .summons falls; 
Beyond these jangled spheres 

The Archangel's trumpet calls; 
And by that trumpet led 

Far up the exalted sky 
The army of the dead 

Goes by, and still goes by — 
Look upward, standing mute; 

God, the God of battles. 

To us who intercede : 
Give only strength to follow 

Until there's no more need ; 
And grant us at that ending 

Of the unkindly quest 
To come iinto tlie quie-t isles 

Beyond death's starry west. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


(Ltne and Meqget) 

3rd Aeqyll and Sdtheeland Highlanders, 


1918. July 24 (Wednespat). 
Henry Eawson Taggart, the elder eon of 
the Eev. M. Taggai-t, minister of Lyne, was 
born at Glasgow on 9th September, 1898, his 
father being then minister of St Thomas' 
J'arish Church in that city. When he came 
to Lyne he was 9 years old. He was educated 
first at the parish school of Lyne, and there- 
after at Peebles High School. He was at the 
latter when the war broke out, and early in 
1915, when he was but 16 years of age, he 
joined the Peebles company of the Peebles- 
shire Home Guards. In September, 1915, he 
went to Glasgow Academy, and continued his 
military training by joining the O.T.C. con- 
tingent there. He also passed in the Higher 
Subjects of Latin, Greek, and English. In 
September, 1916, he entered the Edinburgh 
University O.T.C, where in a few months he 
was promoted to be Lance-corporal. In the 
following year, in the month of April, he was 
.sent to No. II. Officer Cadet Battalion, Cam- 
bridge, and there, after four months train- 
ing, passed his examinations. On 1st August 
of that year he was gazetted as Second 
Lieutenant in the 3rd Argyll and Sutherland 
Highlanders (Special Eeserve), and joined the 
battalion at Dreghorn Castle, near Edin- 
burgh. The following November the batta- 
li on moved to Kinsale, Ireland, and he was 
there for six months. In the spring of 1918 
he received orders to proceed overseas, and 
on 9th May he arrived in France, and was 
attached to the 1st Battalion the Black Watch 
(Royal Highlanders), which was in the 1st 
Division (General Home's), and was at that 
time holding the line at the Hohenzollern Re- 
doubt, near La Bassee. He went into tho 
front line on 28th May, and with the excep- 
tion of a fortnight at a gas school, was there 
until the end, which came on 24th July. At 3 
o'clock on tlie morning of that day, while go- 
ing his round in the trenchos, he was struck 
by a trench mortar bomb, and mortally 
wounded. Half an hour later, without rc- 
;,'iiining consciousness, he paissed away. He 
wa« buried the next diiy in the Coiiimunal Ex- 
tenHion Cemetery ;it Sailly-la-Boiirse, where a 
cross ha« been erected over his grave. After 

his death letters were received from his 
colonel, his company commander, and other 
brother officers, all of whom wrote of him in 
the highest terms. He had endeared himself 
to them all and to the men under him by his 
bright, cheery disposition and devotion to 
duty, by his clear mind, his keen brain, and 
eager spirit. 

" Last Sunday, before going into the 
trenches, he attended a voluntary service, 
at which only three officers were present, 
the Colonel, the second in command, and 
himself, with a few men. I saw him the 
night before, and he was exceedingly cheery 
and happy." 

"I should like you and Mrs Taggart to 
know how much his death means to all of 
us — officers and men — who knew him out 
here. As his company commander, I got to 
know hira well, although he was out such a 
short time with us, and I can say from the 
bottom of iny heart that your son meant 
more to me tlian I can possibly say. He 
was as gallant and diligent an officer as 1 
could ever wish to .serve with, and his con- 
stant cheerfulness and kindness of heart 
made him loved by all his men and by me 
as a very dear friend." 

" I hope you will forgive me troubling 
you at a time like this, when I know a let- 
ter can do so little, but I feel I must let you 
know what a. great loss I feel in the death 
of your dear boy, though I know it can only 
be trifling compared with the sorrow you 
must feel. 

Ilis smile and his ready laugh had won 
all our hearts. I shall always treasure the 
memory of it and of the good clean soul 
that is his. I think you will like to know 
these things, though you can scarcely need 
the assurance of them. 

There is just one other thing I wish to 
say, and that is that our term was one of 
affection, for your boy was killed at a post 
of danger when there was security beside 
him. lla had chosen the better part, and 
I'm sure he ha.s his reward. 

He was immensely popular, chiefly, I 
think, by reason of his quiet and unassum- 
ing manner. 

He told me that he was thinking of trans- 
ferring to the regular Army. Had he lived 
to do so I am sure he would have had a 
most successful career ns a soldier. Still, 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


he died a soldier's death, gallantly standing 
by his men in the forward line. 

I can assure you that his men will not 
forget his example, and I will always re- 
member him as one of the l)est of friends." 

Surely the Keeper of the House of Death 
Had long grown weary of letting in the old — 
Of welcoming the aged, the short of breath. 
Sad spirits, duller than their tales oft told. 
He must have longed to gather in the gold 
Of shining youth to deck his dreary spaces — 
To hear no more old wail and sorrowing. 
And now he has his wish, and the young 

Are crowding in ; and laughter fill's Death's 

places : 
And all his courts are gay with flowers of 


You have scaled the starry heights of fame, 
Nor ever shrunk from peril and distress. 
In fight undaunted for the conqueror's prize ; 
Therefore your death, engirt with loveliness 
Of simple service done for Scotland's name. 
Shall shine like a beacon-star of sacrifice. 


4th Eoyal Scots (attached 12th). 
1918. JuLT 26 (Fbidat). 
Eobert Richardson, 2nd Lieutenant, 4th 
Eoyal Scots (attached 12th), was born in 
Manor Schoolhouse, Peebles, on 23rd July, 
1893, and cTied of wounds received in action 
on 26th July, 1918, and is buried in Souvinii 
Cemetery, Longuenesse, near St Onier, France. 
He was the eldest son of John Richardson, 
schoolmaster. Manor, and was educated at 
Manor Public School and Peebles High 
School, and at the time he joined the Army 
was an arts student at Edinbiu'gh University. 
He joined as a private, and after getting his 
commission went to France, where he was re- 
ported "missing" on the 26th April, 1918, but 
eventually got back to his vnit again. The 
following was sent by an officer from France 
re above : — 

" Although entirely cut off from his own 
company in the early morning mist during 
an evening attack, he still retained those 
strongly ingrained characteristics of the so- 
calltd dour Scot— keen observation, perse- 

verance, and endurance. With everything 
against him these pulled him through. He 
fought coolly and desperately with a fast 
dwindling platoon, and contrived at last to 
get into touch with an English battalion. 
There one might think an ordinary indi- 
vidual would rest content on his laurels ; 
but not so. Incorporating the remnants of 
his platoon with the Englishmen, the Scots 
subaltern formed a company, and for the 
ensuing four days staved off several enem.y 
attacks, resting but rarely during that 
period. Although practically isolated he 
cheered and encouraged his men, Scot and 
Southerner alike, getting out of them the 
last ounce of energy and resource, but still 
maintaining their good spirits. In the dusk 
he could see the points of a serious enemy 
attack. There was no time to inquire what 
to do; nor were there facilities. He was 
distinctly ' up against it.' One thing only 
remained. The most expressive word that 
occurs to one is ' swank ' — bravado if you 
will. With only half a dozen men, but with 
the noise of a battalion accompanying them, 
he sprang on to the parapet, carrying a rifle 
and bayonet like the men, and tore across 
No Man's Land. The effect could have been 
no more instantaneous had a whole division 
swept across. The Hun was startled, his 
'feelers' turned tail ignominiously, and in- 
fected the morale of the greater body be- 
hind them. All that could be heard was the 
scampering of feet and thereafter silence 
reigned. But for that gallant charge of a 
few men spurred on by sheer courageous 
' swank ' and, ot course, the daring sang- 
froid of the platoon commander anything 
might have happened." 

To his mother he wrote before going into 
another big battle: — 

" Dear Mother, I am writing you to-day 
again as I expect to be in the thick of it at 
any time now, and may not manage to get 
a letter written. We managed in all the 
din of war to get a small Presbyterian ser- 
vice arranged. Our padre wears a glen- 
garry and service dress instead of the usual 
padre's uniform, and is really a very de- 
cent sort of chap. The whole sum and sub- 
stance of his address was: ' Make good use 
of to-day, for you do not know where you 
may be to-morrow.' It is a real truth here 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

ivucl appeals to every thinker much more in 
this place than anywhere that I have 
been. All that I hope for is that I have not 
to come through what I came through the 
last time. One would be almost better to 
be dead. I am quite well and enjoying the 
good weather, and may say I feel quite 
ready to have another 'biff' at the Boche. 
The work ivill undoubtedly be hard, but you 
must not worry about me; if I am knocked 
out altogether you ^yill know that I died 
fighting, for I must show the example to 
the men of the Royal Scots." 

Faith overleaps the confines of our reason, 
And if by faith, as in old times was said. 

Women received their Dead 
Raised up to life; then only tor a season 
Our partings are; nur shall we wait in vain, 

I'ntil we meet again. 

lilow, trumpets, all your exultations blow ! 
For never shall their aureoled presence lack ; 
I see them muster in a gleaming row. 
With ever-youthful brows that nobler show ; 
We find in our dull road their shining track. 

They came transfigured back. 

Secure from change in their high-hearted 

Leautiful evermore, and with the rays 

Of morn on their white Shields of Expecta- 
tion ! 



Scottish itiFLEe. 
1918. July 29 (Monday). 

He enlisted in June, 1917, and went to 
France in June, 1918. lie fell at lieugheuk, 
south-east of Soissons, aged nineteen. He 
was employed in Caerlee Mills, and was the 
son of James Clark, Glenoriniston. The sec- 
ond Battle of the Marne had begun on July 
l.j. There was a great German offensive on a 
front of fifty miles east and west of Rheims. 
July 18 ^va.s the high water mark of the war. 
There was a great Allied counter-attack on « 
I weiity-seven mile front between Fontenoy 
and iielleau. On the 21st the French recap- 
tured Chateau Thierry, and the Allies con- 
tinuiMl progre.-jH in the valley of the Ardre. 
Advances continued north and south of tho 
Ourcfj. By the 26th there was a general re- 
treat of the Germans on the Marno towards 

Epernay. There was a partial capture of 
Buzancy by the Scottish Division. On the 
following day tlie Germans retreated north 
of the Marne, and on the 29th, the day when 
Private Clark fell, the German positions 
north of Oulchy-Je-Chateau were stormed, 
and the French and British captured 

Thou art gone to the grave, and, its mansion 
Perhaps thy dear Spirit, alone, lingered 
But the mild rays of Paradise beamed on 
thy waking. 
And the sound which thou heardst was the 
seraphim's song. 

Because he met with Life, and Death, and 

When long the dying lamp shade flickered 

We come, the darkness passed, to find 
The Light we owe to him. 

Friendship they gave; the love they hardly 
knew ; 

All the dear little foolish things of earth. 

And all the splendid things they meant to do; 

These gave Victory to the world, and Beauty 
which is Truth; 

And glad, gay, generous Love ; tho uncon- 
querable Love of Youth. 


(Innebleixhen and Australia) 
Australian Imperial Force. 
1918. July 30 (Tuesday). 
Mrs George Pringle, 18 Tay Street, Edin- 
burgh, received intinuition that her brother, 
Pte. George Ramsay, Australians, had been 
killed in action. Private Ramsay, who was a 
native of Innerleithen, joined up in August, 
1914, and had been Uirough a lot of heavy 
fighting. Ho was in the first Australian Divi- 
sion, and claimed to be among the first 50 
Australians to land at Gallipoli. A few 
months afterwards he was badly wounded 
there, and spent some time in hospital in 
Malta. He was also wounded in France in 
1918, and returned to the front in July. I'ri- 
vato Ramsay had been thrice in Scotland on 
leave, his last leave being at the beginning of 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


July. Previous to emigrating nine years be- 
fore, he was a law clerk with the late Mr 
Will. Stobie, solicitor, Innerleithen. His 
brother, William, was serving with the New 
Zealand Forces, and the two brothers met in 
France, being their first meeting for nine 

" The night before my brother was killed 
he was out on patiu' and captured a German 
machine gun and killed the gunners. His 
battalion went over the top the following 
morning, and only 110 came back, my brother 
being shot through the head as he went over. 
My brother's companion states that my bro- 
ther vpas to be recommended for a decoration, 
but all the officers were casualties." 


At midnight on Sunday, 14th July, 1918, 
Paris was awakened by the sound of great 
guns. The last phase had begun in this 
struggle for her possession. At 4 a.m. the 
German infantry crossed over their parapets. 
During the day they made a substantial ad- 
vance, liut they had not widened their salient. 
At Vaus and Fossoy the Americans rolled 
back the German wave, clearing the south 
bank of the Marne, and taking 6U0 prisoners. 
The evening of the 16th July closed in with 
ill omens for the enemy. On the 17th July 
Ihey persisted in attack with little success. 

The time had now come for Foch's counter- 
Btroke. It was to take place between Soissons 
and Chateau-Thierry. Everything was staked 
upon this attack. On the morning of the IStli 
July a great fleet of French "mosquito" tanks 
came out from the shelter of the Villers-Cot- 
terets Forest, and very soon the French and 
Americans were through the first German de- 

The secret of Foch lay in the combination 
of three things— the weapon of the light tank, 
the tactics of surprise, the strategy of com- 
plete m.obility. After striking a blow ho 
would stay his hand as soon as serious resist- 
ance developed, and then attack in another 
place. The enemy would therefore be sub- 
jected to a constant series of surprises. 

By Saturday, 20th July, eight German Divi- 
sions had staggered back across the Marne, 
under the concentrated fire of the French 
batteries. On Sunday, the 21st, the Sixth 
and Fifth Armies of the Allies struck in ear- 
nest. On that evening the Sixth Army was 

in the streets of Chateau-Thierry. Every day 
terrible fighting continued within three miles 
of Fere ; and this threat to Fere sealed the 
doom of the now slender German front on 
the Marne. By the 27th of July the Allies 
were steadily pressing upon the German re- 
treat from the Marne On the 28th July 
General Maugin carried the strong point of 
Buzancy, where the loth Scottish Division so 
distingiiished themselves that by orders of the 
French Command a memorial was erected on 
the battlefield to commemorate their valour. 

On the 29th and 30th July the enemy resist- 
ance stiffened, by the addition of reserves 
On the morning of Thursday, the 1st of Aug- 
ust, Mangin struck with his whole army, and 
by nine in the morning had captured the 
crest of Hill 205. On 2nd August the whole 
Allied line swept forward. On the 5th we 
crossed the Aisne just east of Soissons. On 
that day American troops entered Fismes, 
and on the 6th they gained ground on the 
north bank of the Vesle. This second battle 
of the Marne restored to the Allies the initi- 

August 1, 1918. 

" Ici fleurira toujours le glorieux Chardon 
d'Ecosse parmi les Eoses de France." 

" Many brave Scots will lie forever round 
this monument." 

The hand of the reaper 

Takes the ears that are hoary. 
But the voice of the weeper 

Wails manhood in glory. 
The Autumn winds rushing 

Waft the leaves that are .seaiest, 
But our Flower was in flushing 

When blighting was nearest. 

They flung apart 

The doors not all their valour could longer 

They dressed their slender line ;i they breathed 

And with never a foot lagging or head bent. 
To the clash and clamour and dust of death 

they went. 

glorious Lite, who dwellest in earth and 


1 have lived, I praise and adore thee. 
A sword swept. 

Over the pass the voices one by one 
Faded, and the hill slept. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



Royal Scots. 
1918. Atjgvst 2 (Friday). 

Died ot wounds ou 2nd August, 1918, Pte. 
David Telter Smith, aged 31 years. Royal 
Scots, beloved husband of Annie Pyper, and 
youngest son of William Smith, Newhouses, 
Stobo, Peeblesshire. 

David Telter Smith was born at Skirling, 
on 4th Sept., 1887. He received all his edu- 
cation at Stobo School. Entering the employ- 
ment of the Caledonian Railway Company he 
served at Carmyle, Scotston West, Glasgow 
Central, and Greenock. Thereafter he joined 
the Caledonian Steam, Packet Co., Ltd.j and 
was in their office at Gourock when the war 
tailed him to the Army. He joined the Koyal 
Scots Pusiliers on 3rd July, 1916, and trans- 
ferred to the 9th Royal Scots. He was severe- 
ly wounded in Prance, and had to spend 
about a year in this country before he was 
able to return to the front. Then he was in 
active service for eight months until, on 2nd 
August, 1918, he was badly hit by machine- 
gun fire, and expired on the way to the dress- 
ing station. He was buried in the British 
Military Cemetery at Senlis. 

He was of e.xceptionally gentle and kindly 
disposition, a great favourite with all who 
knew him. He was married to Miss Ann 
Pyper, by whom and a little daughter, Betty, 
three years old, he is survived. A beautifully 
illuminated address with portrait has been 
presented to Mrs Smith by the Steam Packet 
Company, paying tribute to her husband's 
worth as a man and valour as a soldier. The 
deepest sympathy is felt for her and her child 
as well as with David's father (Mr William 
Smith, Newhouses, Stobo), brother and sisters. 

In Honour of 
David Telfer Smith, 
who gave his life in his country's cause in the 
Great European War, tho Directors, Mana- 
ger and Staif of the Caledonian Steam Packet 
Co., Ltd., desire to place on record the fol- 
lowing facts: — 

"Mr Smith, who was a clerk in the office at 
<Jourock, hiid a successful career in the Com- 
pany. After two years' devotion on active 
service ho died of gunshot wounds at a Casu- 
alty Clearing Station in Prance, on 2nd Aug- 
ust, 1918. 

The Staff ai'e proud to have been associated 
with this gallant man in the peaceful occupa- 
tion of former times, and in order that his 
devotion may not be forgotten and that his 
heroism may remain a shining example to 
after years, his name has been inscribed upon 
the Company's Roll of Honour. 

When the Great War shall have come to an 
end and men look back upon the uause for 
which Britain fought, it will be seen .ever 
more vividly and gratefully that those who 
have shown themselves thus loyal unto death 
have assuredly not given their lives in vain." 
God Save the King. 

Not to thine eternal resting-place 

Shalt thou retire alone — nor couldst thou 

Couch move magnificent. Thou shall lie 

With patriarchs of the infant world— with 

The powerful of the earth— the wise, the good, 
Fair forms, and hoary seers of ages past. 
All in one mighty sepulchre 

If thou canst but get thither. 

There grows the flower of peace. 
The Rose that cannot wither. 

Thy fortress and thy ease. 
Leave then thy foolisli ranges : 

For none can thee secure. 
But One, who never changes. 

Thy God, thy Life, thy Cure. 



Military Medal 

(Manob. Kibkued and New Zealand) 

New Zealand Rifle Brigade. 

1918. August 12 (Friday). 

Regarding the death of Robert Cochrane :— 

his father a shepherd at Ladyurd^ — " When 

we came out 14 days after Bob's death I 

sent a man over to find iiis brother at the 

Entrenching Group. But unfortunately we 

could not find him as he was away. In a 

few words I will try and tell you how Bob 

Cochrane lived and died. On the night of 

2nd of August we had just, taken over, and 

wore having a bad time with hostile 

shelling. I had just loft Sergeant 

■("ochrane when a piece of shell hit him in 

llio sido. I wont to hiiii ;il <in«'e and ban- 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


daged him up, and got Mm off to the Dress- 
ing Station at once. He was conscious at 
the time and spoke to me. Later on, we 
were surprised and sorry to hear that he 
had died of wounds. His body was laid to 
rest in a quiet village well behind the Lines, 
called Fonquevillers, north of All>ert, also 
a Cross was erected over his grave. In his 
deatli you have lost a brother, I and my 
brother officers and our men have lost a 
comrade and friend. Bob was one of the 
bfst liked and respected men in our Battal- 
ion ; and I as his platoon commander knew 
him faithful and upright in all his work, 
in or out of the trenches. The best com- 
pliment I can give him is what was written 
in one of my men's letters home, — " We have 
lost our Sergeant: I have not knowni him long, 
but he was like a father to me." That Mad- 
am is the highest honour an N.C.O. or officer 
can win,— the respect of his men ! My pen 
cannot describe my feelings, but I send to 
you all the sympathy of myself and brother 
officere of his Company ; hoping this will 
help you in your hour of sorrow. Bob has 
made his supreme sacrifice. Believe me 
Madam, he lived and died a soldier and a 
man! September 4, 1918. — He was born at 
" Warriors' Best ' in Yarrow, and attained 
the Warriors' Rest in France." 

Death whining down from Heaven, 

Death roaring from the ground. 
Death stinking in the nostril. 

Death shrill in every sound. 
Doubting, we charged and conquered— 

Hopeless we struck and stood. 
Now, when the fight is ended 

We know that it was good. 

Life ! give me life until the end. 

That at the very top of being. 

The battle^pirit shouting in my blood. 

Out of the reddest hell of the fight 

1 may be snatched and flung. 

Into the everlasting lull, 

The immortal, incommunicable dream. 

got on very well until the Great Push in 
August 191S when he was killed on the 11th 
of August 1918, on the Somme Front, leaving 
" one child and myself to mourn his loss 
all our days and we will suffer hardships yet 
through 'losing an exoellent; husband and 

The Second Battle of the Marne had ended 
on the 4th of August; and the Second and 
Decisive Battle of Amiens began on the 8th. 
There was a great Franco British Advance 
on the Amiens Front fiom Morlancourt to 
Montdidier. The general line was advanced 
to riessier-Eozanvillers. On the ninth of 
August the Second Battle of Lassigny began 
The British occupied Morlancourt and reach- 
ed lihons. And on the 11th the Allied Ad- 
vance between the river Avre and the river 
Oise reached the line Armancourt-TUloy- 
Oamvronne. This was the day that Private 
Awburn fell. 

Rest on your battlefields, ye Brave, 
Let the pines murmur o'er your grave, 
Your dirge be in the moaning wave. 
We call you back no more. 

Oh, there was mourning when ye fell. 
In your own vales a deep^toned knell, 
An agony, a wild farewell .— 
But tliat hath long been o'er. 

Mourn not for me too sadly; I have been 

For mouths of an exalted life, a king; 
Peer for these months of those whose graves 
grow green 
Where'er the borders of our empire fling 
Their mighty arms. 

What though my harp and voil be 
Both hung upon the willow' tree? 
What though my bed be now my grave. 
And for my house I darkness have? 
What though my healthful days are fled. 
And I lie numbered with the Dead? 
fet I have hope, by Thy great power 
To spring, though now a withered flower. 




1918. August 11 (Sunday). 

He went out to France first of all in 1916 

and was wounded in the Battle of Arras 

and returned to Britain until the Autumn 

of 1917 when he went back to France. He 


( Ikx^eleithen) 

Scots Guards. 

1918. August 4 (Sunday). 

Mrs Smart, Buccleuch Street, Innerleithen, 

received notice that her son. Private William 

Smart, Scots Guards, had died a prisoner of 

war at Cassell, Germany. Pte. Smart, who 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

had seen service in South Africa, was one of 
the original Expeditionary Force in 1914, and 
was taken prisoner in November of that yeai . 
He was previously employed with the N.B.R. 
at Armadale. A brother was killed in Aug- 
ust, 1917, and three brothers were serving. 

" I am sorry I have not a photo of my son, 
William, but enclose a photo of his funeral, 
which was sent me by his companion in 
camp, a Belgian prisoner. He was 3 years 
and nine months a prisoner. He weis first in 
Camp Gottingen, where he had great hard- 
ships, afterwards being transferred to Camp 
Cassell, where he was more kindly treated. 
He died after three days illness in hospital 
on August 4th, 1918." 

I pray for peace; yet peace is but a prayer. 
How many wars have been in my brief years. 
All races and all faiths, both hemispheres. 
My eyes have seen embattled everywhere 
The wide earth through : yet I do not despair 
Of peace, that slowly through far ages nears. 
Though not to me the golden morn appears. 
My taith is perfect in times issue fair. 

The ancient groves have mourned our sons, 

for whom no more 
The sisterly kisses of life, the loved 

Eemember the love of them who came not 

home from the war. 
The fatherly tears and the veiled faces. 
Now henceforth their shrine is builded, high 

and vast. 
Always drawing noble hearts to noble deeds. 
In the toil of glory to be, and the tale of 

glory past. 



Royal Scots. 
1918. August 11 (Sundat). 
Hamish (James) Macpherson was employed 
with Messrs Harrison & Co., Chambers Street, 
lidinburgh. Wholesale Tweed Warehousemen. 
He joined the Ninth Royal Scots on the 
12th August, 1914, and was thus one of 
those brave Tweeddale men who counted it 
honour to fight for tlio Motherland in the 
very ))eginninfi. Me went out to France 
with his battalion in February 1915, and 
was wounded in July 191.5. After a few weeks 
in Hospital ho rejoined his regiment and 

was with tliem until he received his seuond 
wounds at Ai ras, in April 1917. Being badlj 
wounded in bath legs he was sent back to 
Britain. On the 6th of March 191S he re- 
turned to France, and at the Base was trans- 
ferred to the sixth Royal Scots. He was 
killed on a Sunday morning, 11th August, 
1918, at Parvilleis near Eoye. He was a 
fine lad. His principal recreation was foot- 
ball. He was engaged to lie married, and 
had he been spared would have married at 
Christmas 1918. His twenty-fourth liirthday 
was on the 31st July, a few days before he 

Lest the young soldiers be stiange in Heaven, 
Grod bids the old soldier they all adored 
Come to Him and wait for them, clean, and 
A happy doorkeeper in the House of the 
Lest it abasli them, the strange new 
Lest it afiright them,, the new robes clean ; 
Here's an old face, now, long-tiied, and 
A word and a hand-clasp as they troop in. 

He died, as soldiers die, amid the strife, 
IMindful of Scotland in his latest prayer : 

God, of His love, would have so fair a life 
Crowned with a death as fair. 

There's a Soul in the Eternal, 
Standing stiff liefo'e the King. 
There's a little British maiden sorrowing. 
There's a proud and tearless woman. 
Seeing pictures in the fire, 
Tliere's an ended Scottish Idyll, a broken 


KoYAi, Scots. 
1918. August 12 (Monday). 
David Biggar was wounded on the 11th 
.\ugust, 1918, and died on 12th August, 1918, 
and was buried at Ci-ovy, France. He joined 
up in the .'>/6th Royal Scots in 1916, and was 
througli all the engagements with the Lewis 
guns up till August 31, 1918. He wa« a fish 
and potato merchant at Waikerburn, and i-^ 
survived by a wife and one girl. fie woni 
to the Old Town School, Galashiels. 
The 12th of August saw the close of tiiu 

PiiiVATK Andrew R. Gedpes, 


Second-I.ietttenant Robert Ftotiardson, 

Second-Lxetjtrnant Henry Kawson Taggart, 
Lyne and Megget, 



1'ki\aiil IJi-.uuul: IvAMSAV, 
Innerlefthkn axd Australia, 

Sergeant Koiseut Cochrane, jM.IM. 


I'liivAii; IJavii) 'V. Smii'ii, 

I'IMVATE UoHl'-.lfl' J. AWUUUN, 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


liattle of Amiens, and the German staff begin- 
ning to lose lieart. On the 11th, a general 
German retreat from the Eiver Ancre began. 
They evacuated Beaumont-Hamel and sever- 
al other villages. The French completed the 
capture of Lassigny Massif by the capture of 
Alliche farm. This ended the second battle 
of Lassignx . 

" Eest with your still and solemn frame; 
The hills keep record of your name. 
And never can a touch of shame 
Darken the buried brow. 

But we on changeful days are cast, 
When bright names from their place fall 

And ye tliat with your glory passed, 
We cannot mourn you now." 

The night-dew that falls, though in silence it 

Shall brighten with \erdure the grave where 

he sleeps ; 
And the tear that we shed, though in secret 

it rolls, 
Shall long keep his memory green in our 




King's Own Scottish Boedeeees. 

1918. August 18. 

Bailed in action on 18th August, 1918, 
24892, Private Wm. Hogg, K.O.S.B., beloved 
son of Henry Hogg, Harehope, Eddleston, 

Private William Hogg joined up in the 6th 
E.O.S.B. in June, 1916, and went to France 
on October 27, 1916. He took part in the 
battle of Vimy Eidge on 9th April, 1917, and 
shared in other important operations during 
1917-1918. He was home on leave in Novem- 
ber, 1917, and returned to duty on December 
4, 1917. On the 18th day of August, while ad- 
vancing with his comrades to the capture of 
Meteren he was struck by an enemy bullet in 
the head, death being instantaneous. Mem- 
bers of the Eegimental Band carried baclj 
his body, and he was buried in a military 

ceaietery, an Austj-alian chaplain conducting 
the burial service. 

E. G. McConnochie, C.F., in a letter to his 
parents, at the request of the Commanding 
Oflicer, wrote as follows : — 

" We can imagine the grief of your home 
at the loss of your only son, and only trust 
that you will be enabled to bear the loss 
with the same bravery that Private Hogg 
always showed when anything difficult and 
perilous was required of him. We, the 
officers and men of the 6th K.O.S.B., otter 
you our deepest sympathy, mourning our- 
selves the loss of a gallant friend and com- 

Private Hogg was 28 years of age when he 
gave his life for his country and freedom, 
and was the only son (and child) of Mr and 
Mrs Henry Hogg, Harehope, Eddleston. Pre- 
vious to joining up, he was his father's part- 
ner in the farm of Harehope, and was very 
highly esteemed and beloved by a large circle 
of friends. 

By all the glories of the day 
And the cool evening's benison ; 

By the last sunset touch that lay 
Upon the hills when day was done ; 

By beauty lavishly outpoured. 
And blessings carelessly received. 
By all the days that I have lived, 

Make me a soldier. Lord. 

All that lite contains of torture, toil and 
Shame, dishonour, death, to him were but 
a name; 
Here, a boy, he dwelt through all the singing 
And ere the day of sorrow departed as he 

Boys in the playground, shouting, running 
and falling, 
Ean they once the gallant and dead; 
Always there now, shall the fallen in battle 
be calling. 
Your lives by their lives be led 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


R.A.S.C.; M.T. 
1918, AvGUST 22. (Thursday.) 
Stewart Cliouet Howard was educated at 
Edinburgh Academy, leaving school to en- 
list, when niueteeu years of age. He joined 
the E.F.A. as gunner at Maryhill Barracks 
Glasgow, April 18, 1916. His health breaking 
down, lie was discharged, July 8, 1916. 
After repeated attempts to reinlist, he was 
passed for Home Service. He joined thie 
M.T.A.S.C., going to Beckenham, Kent, July 
1(), 1917, thence to Salisbury Plain, leaving 
for France, September 17, 1917. His health 
failing he was in hospital at Calais, 
from the end of January 1918, 
until March 20, 1918. He was then 
attached to A.S.B.A.C. as Driver. When 
taking a gun to the battle fi-ont, he was 
killed, August 22, 1918, near Arras, France. 
He was buried at WaiUy Orchard Cemetery. 

The following is an extract from a paper 
published at the time : 

The writer of the letter from which we 
gave an extract headed " Laughter and 
Tears, ' in our is.«tie of 24th nlto., has, we 
regret to learn since, been killed in action. 
We are now permitted to reveal his ident- 
ity. He was Driver S. C. Howard, M.T., 
A.S.C., attached to Siege battery, son of Mr 
William C. Howard of 23 Mayfield Gardens, 
Edinburgh, and 8 Commercial Street, Leith. 
He was 21 yeais of age and was educated 
at Edinburgh Academy, being for three years 
in the school O.T.C. On leaving school he 
en.dleavoured to qualify (for a commission 
througli the ranks, and Ijcing placed in a 
somewhat low category owing to constitu- 
tional lameness, joined the E.F.A. as gunner. 
His health, however, broke down in train- 
ing, and he was eventually dischaiiged from 
the Army. After a rest, he again tried to 
get into the service in .some capacity, and 
after repeated disappointments, was at last, 
accepted as a driver in the M.T., A.S.C., 
attached to a howitzer siege battery ; and 
sent to the front within a few weeks of 
his joining up again. He came scathless 
through the German offensive, and conse- 
quent retiral in the early Spring, after 
many exciting experiences and escapes, and 
had been at it with his battery ovei' since. 

Sufpplemjeutdug the official ' killed in 
action ' intimation, his CO. in a most sym- 
pathetic letter to his father, writes : — 

" His death wasi instantaneous, caused 
through an enemy bomb whilst perform- 
ing a most important duty during recent 
successful operations. His loss to the 
Column is greatly felt by one and all 
of his fellow comrades who were greatly 
attached to him owing to his gentle dis- 
position and exceedingly gx)od nature. 

He had an obsessing contempt for slack- 
ers, and his oft expressed regret was hi.s 
physical unfitness for a line regiment. He 
however after all worked his way by a de- 
vious route into the thick of the fight 
and died on the road to victory cheer- 
fully doing his bit." 

In Memoriam. 
In loving and cherished memory of Stewart 
Chouet Howard, aged 21 years, M.T.A.S.C., 
attached 253 H.B.A.C., killed in action neai- 
Arras, France, August 22, 1918, buried in 
Wailly Orchard Cemetery. 

''The golden evening Inightens in the west; 
Soon, .soon to faithful warriors comes their 

rest ; 
Sweet is the calm of Paradise the blest." 

—23 Mayfield Gardens, Edinbingh. 
Extract referred to :— 

" A very sad thing happened last week. 
I mentioned in a former letter that I had 
lieard the ' Forget-me-not ' Intermezzo in 
a cafe hei-e. Well, the woman who played 
it was killed by a filthy German shell the 
inorning after I posted the lette''. She was 
a very nice woman, and her family were 
very nice as well. ' Gerry ' began to shell 
the neighbourliood early in the morning, 
and she went to the front door to see 
where they were dropping. She had just 
got the door open when a shell lande<l in 
the road, and she got it pretty bad — died 
at once. The funeral 'pi-ocession pa.ssed 
by our place. It was headed by three 
choir boys in white robes, bearing a cross 
and two candles in sticks, llehind them 
came several ladies, bearing huge wreaths 
and flower ero«ses, These were followed 
by the priest, who chanted the service in 
Latin, and liehind him was the coffin car- 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


lied on two cross meaibers, one at each end, 
so that there was a bearer at ea^h. corner. 
A great flock of people, headea by the 
chief mourners, fallowed behind the coffin. 
Everyone was Deautifully dressed, and it 
was quite an impressive sight. The morn- 
ing it happened the younger son of Mme. 

told me in the most pathetic French 

— ' M}' mamma was finished tliis morning ; 
tJie Hun was bombarding ; it is always tte 
same thing: its just the war.' 

One thing that strikes me very much 

about the country people here is their 

manners. They are all very polite, so 

polite in fact that I do not care to think 

of the coarseness of the majority of people 

in Blighty. As to seeing and feeling the 

war, why there is no comparison. Outside 

London, nobody realises there is a war 

on. You can't think what the poor people 

here have to suffer, having all their homes 

and belongings smashed up." 

They have: taken their youth land mirth 
away from the study and playing-ground 
To a new school in an alien land beneath 
an alien sky : 
Out in the smoke and loar of tlie light their 
lessons and games are found, 
And they who were learning how to live 
are leavning how to die. 

And there will be Ghosts in the old school, 
brave Ghosts with laughing eyes 
On the field with a ghostly cricket-bat, by 
the stream with a ghostly rod ; 
They will touch the hearts of the living 
with a flame that sanctifies, 
A flame that they took with strong young 
hands from the altar-fires of God. 

Vigil of silence, love and death, vigil for 
you my son and my soldier. 
As onward silently stars aloft, eastward 
new ones upward stole : 
A'igil final for you, brave boy, (I could not 
save you, swift as your death) 
I faithfully loved you, and cared for you 
living, I think we shall surely meet again. 

Many a tie through iteration sweet, 
Strove to retain their fatal feet : 
And yet the Enduring Half they chose. 
Whose choice decides a man's life, — slave 

or king? 
The Invisible Things of God before the Seen 

and Known. 


( Beoughton) 

Highland Light Infantbt. 
1918. August 23. 
Lieut.-Colonel W. L. Brodie, V.C, M.C, 
Highland Light Infantry, who was killed in 
action on August 23, 1918, while in command 
of a regular battalion of the regiment, was 
the second son of Mr John Wilson Brodie, 
C.A., 23 Belgrave Crescent, Edinburgh, and 
for a time at Quarter, Broughton. He was 
born in 1884 and joined the 2nd Battalion in 
19M, being promoted Captain on 10th Septem- 
ber, 1914. He went abroad with his battalion 
in the original Expeditionary Force. Me 
gained the second award of the V.C. granted 
to the I'egiment in the present war, the ex- 
ploit being imrrated in the " London Gaz- 
ette " of 12tli December, 1914. 

" His Majesty the King has been graci- 
ously pleased to approve of the grant of 
the Victoria Cross to Lieut. Walter Lorrain 
Brodie, 2nd Battalion, the Highland Light 
Infantry, tor conspicaous bravery whilst 
serving with the Expeditionary Force, as 
set forth below : — 

' For conspicuous gallantry near Becel- 
aire on the 11th November in clearing the 
enemy out of a portion of our trenches 
which they had succeeded in occupying. 
Heading the chaige, lie bayonetted several 
of the enemy, and thereby relieved a dang- 
erous situation. As a result of Lieut. 
Brodic's promptitude, eighty of the enemy 
were killed and fifty-one taken prisoners.' " 

I. C. H., who had been closely associated 
with him in the last proud months when ho 
commanded his own battalion and was by his 
side when he fell, writes : — 

" General Wilcox, in addressing one of 
tlie battalions of the Highland Light In- 
fantry, once said—' There is no position 
which the Highland Light Infantry cannot 
capture.' " 

These words were recalled to the mind of 
the writer of " The First Seven Divisions," 
when he tells of the time when Lieut. Brodie 
won the V.C, and to those of us who love 
the regiment, the words of General Wilcox 
bear no exaggeration. Winning the V.C. but 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

proved these words, and was it not for the 
battalion it was won? 

To command his own battalion was to 
Lieut. Brodie, V.C., the great ambition, and 
it was, when leading his own, as Colonel, to 
the capture ot a position, which, despite all 
difficulties, was captured, that he paid the 

Those who had the great honour of serving 
under him in the !)attalion at the time ot 
his command unconsciously found themselves 
thrilled with the same love and pride ot 
regiment. All became enthusiastic in his 

One of his favourite expressions was ''A 
good show," and for him that was the best 
compliment. It meant that things were go- 
ing as they should in the Highland Light In- 
fantry—without hitch or flaw. 

One recalls his eager face and the proud 
look of gladness in his eyes as he watched the 
pipes and drums— the best in France— and 
thought of the future and the days when once 
again the Jocks would be back again in the 
tartans and the clean white jacket. 

The small man and the mean apes at the 
cosmopolitan, and in pretending to love the 
whole world loves nothing but himself; the 
truly great man has at heart the love of a 
great cause, and W. L. Brodie was great in 
the love of his battalion. 

He was great also in his own life and in 
the nobility of soul, "which feels a stain like 
a wound." 

His conception of life, love and valour was 
of the fine old-fashioned lofty type enshrined 
iu the phrase, '' Noblesse oblige." 

And noblesse oblige simply meant for him 
the spirit which inspires a gentleman and 
an oiUcer of the Highland Light Infantry. 

Tlic " Edinburgh Academy Chronicle " 
thus outlines his careej : — 

•• Lorrain Brodie, born in 1884', entered 
(lie preparutory school at the age of eight 
yeai's and icinained at the Academy until 
1899. He subsequently went to Sandhurst, 
out of which he passed in March, 1904, and 
as Second Lieutenant joined the 2nd Bat- 
talion of the Highland Light Inlantry. Hc 
was qua;-tered at Jersey, al Edinburgh 
Castle, and at Fort George, and afterwards 
the regiment ino\ed to Ireland, vehere ho 
served from I'JOO t(j 1913, livst at Cork and 

then at Mullingar. He was at Alder shot 
when war broke out. He quickly showed 
that he possessed military abilities of no 
mean order. In pre-war days promotion 
iu the regiment was slow, and it was still 
as Lieutenant in charge of the Machine Gun 
Detachment, that, with over ten years' ser- 
vice, he embarked for France in August, 
1914. Active service brought out the best 
qualities of such a man. Always cheerful, 
and always thoughtful for the men under 
him, his machine gunners soon proved well 
worth all the labour he had expended on 
them, and his delight was great when 
Driver Scott of the Machine Gun Detach- 
ment received a French decoration for gal- 
lantry during the battle of the Marne. 
Lorrain was promoted Captain in Septem- 
ber, 1914, and it wa3 in the following Nov- 
ember that, for conspicuous gallantry in 
clearing the enemy out ot a portion of the 
British trenches, he won the coveted V.C. 
He subsequently saw much hard fighting 
as Company Commander with his old regi- 
ment during 1915, particularly round Eich- 
bourg, Givenchy and Festubert. Later he 
was attached for- intelligence duty to the 
Staff, first of Sir Hubert Gough, and after- 
wards of Sir Henry Eawlinson, and in May, 
1916, he was appointed Brigade-Major of the 
63rd Infantry Brigade. He held this pos- 
ition for eighteen months, and took an 
active part in the battles of the Somme and 
the Ancre in 1916, and of Arras and other 
engagements in 1917, and was awarded the 
Military Cross in January, 1917, and pro- 
moted Brevet-Major at the beginning of 
1918. During all this time he was never 
wounded, and it almost seemed as if he bore 
a charmed life, and would be spared to 
share in the great home-coming at the close 
of the war. Although promotion on the 
Staff was open to him, had he so desired, 
he was always more attracted by regiment- 
al duty, and had long wished to command 
a battalion of his legiment. As the oppor- 
tunity for this seemed rather remote, at 
the beginning of 1918 he accepted command 
of a battalion of the Liverpool Scottish, 
hut in April last, to his own great joy, he 
was transferred to the command of his old 
regiment. It was in this position that he 
continued at the front, and on 23rd August, 
loading a considerable attack, and iu tho 

I'liiNia; \l, riF I'lMVATE Wll;l,lAM S.MAKT, liNi\ Jil!Ll:iTilEi\. 

Private James A. C. Macthekson, 
s Inneeleitheiv-. 

Pkivate David F. BKiGAi: 
Walker lii'KN. 

J'lil VATl; W II.I.IA.M HuCJG, 

LiiiuT.-'!-'oL. W. L. Bi.'oijjK. \'A'.. MX- 


I»l.l\ IK Sri \\ A/IT < . I liiW Ai 
N I, W J, A MIS. 

SiiciiMi-l.iKi'T. Ai.rinii .) . Mvwvm.i- Stuaut, 

C'ai'T. Kennktu Mackenziv;, 

L;VNc:e-C()kpoj!Al Tom 8c(jtt, 


Pkivate Geukge IIunnam, 


Stobo and Australia. 


( '-iiti'iiK'AL A. N. DlNCAN, 

JJiiUL tiHTu^' ANU Canada. 


I'lMVA'ri-: Am.xaniii II I'kdi.n. 
Waxkwiiji UN. 

'ui\ \-ih; ItiiKiJcr I '. lNtii,is, 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


front line of liis battalion, he was killed 
instantaneously. He had the strong feat- 
ures, the clear eye, and the erect carriage 
of the true man of action. His brother- 
officers— alas, how many of them have fallen 
— ha\'e testified to his strength of char- 
acter, his love of honesty and fair play and 
clean mirth, his dislike and contempt for 
all shams, his love and devotion to his reg- 
iment, his cheery kindly disposition, and 
his keen appreciation of humour. These 
qualities made him at all times a delight- 
ful companion with an entire absence of 
' side,' and a modest bearing in all com- 
panies. It is difficult to know what to say 
over the loss of one so endowed and so fit 
to render invaluable service in the coming 
years of peace." 

Those who knew him, those who fought side 
by side, could say: — 

" 'Tis human fortune's happiest height to be 
A spirit melodious, lucid, poised and 
whole ; 
Second in order of felicity, 
I hold it to have walked with such a 

Another Academy boy, a class-fellow of 
Lorrain's father, wrote: — 

■' So from the hearth the children flee. 
By that Almighty hand 
Austerely led; so one by sea 
Goes forth, and one by laud. 

And as the fervent smith of yore 

Beat out the glowing blade. 
Nor wielded in the front of war 

The weapons that he made, 
But in the tow-er at home still plied his 
ringing trade. 

So like a sword the son shall roam, 

On nobler missions sent; 
And as the smith remained at home. 

In peaceful turret pent. 
So sits the while at home the mother well 

We stand with reverent faces, 

And our merriment give o'er. 
As we drink the toa&t to the Unseen Host 

Who liave fought and gone before. 

It is only a passing moment 
In the midst of the feast and song 

But it grips the breath, as the wing of death 
In a vision sweeps along. 

. . . When music on bright gytheringa 
Its tender spell and joy is uppermost. 
Be mindful of the men they were, and raise 

Your glasses to them in one silent toast. 
Drink to them — amorous of dear earth as 
They asked not tribute lovelier than this — 
And in the wine that ripened where they fell. 
Oh, frame your lips as though it were a 



Coldstream Guards. 
1918. August 24 (Saturday). 
Second-Lieutenant Alfred J. Maxwell 
Stuart, born in London on March 26, 1898, 
was the sixth son of Mr and Mis G. Max- 
well Stuart. He was educated at Stoney- 
hurst College. On attaining the requisite 
age he at once joined the Officers' Training 
Corps. In due course he was gazetted 2nd 
Lieutenant in the Special Heserve of Officers 
Coldstream Guards, July 18, 1917. After 
completing his training, he was seat out to 
France in February, 1918, and was attached 
to the 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards. 
From tlje day he entered the %hiting line he 
displayed absolute disregard of danger. Dur- 
ing the Guards' advance on August 21, he 
leceived his fatal wounds. Earlier in the 
day Lieut. A. Maxwell Stuart was slightly 
wounded, but continued to lead and encour- 
age his men, until he fell with multiple 
gunshot wounds, from which he died in the 
hospital clearing station tihreo days later, 
24t]i August. The following are exitraots 
from letters received from his CO. and 
biother officers. 

" He appeared altogether regardless of 
danger. On the 21st he showed himself 
absolutely fearless and set them (his men) 
a magnificent example. They all say they 
would have followed him anywhere he 
was so cool and brave." 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

Agaiu — 

■■ He did splendidly and I don't think 
lie knew what fear meant, etc. He walked 
about trying to get in touch with the next 
company, taking no notice of shells and 

Lieut. A. Maxwell Stuart was buried in 
the Military Cemetery at Doulens. 

"I may say that the x>atriotism of my 
family stands out somewhat conspicuously, 
seeing that of my eleven children, four sons 
have been killed, two are at present ser- 
ving (the seventh still being at school), and 
of my four daughters, three ihave served 
as nurses and one is in religion. — I am, 
yours faithfully, 

Edmund Maxwell Stu.jri 

When these men must go alone 
"Without Absolution, 
When their sins feel heavy as lead, 
Thou thyself wilt lift the liead; 
Thou, High Priest, wilt wihisper low, 
" Te Absolve!" ere they go. 

When there is no sacrifice. 
Bread and wine for Thy disguise; 
Come Thou in the spirit then, 
As at Agincourt our men, 
With desire, a blade of grass 
Served as Eucharist and Mass. 

Our iitlle ijQur, how soun it dies. 

How short a time to tell our beads; 
To chant our feeble Litanies, 

To think sweet thoughts, to do good deeds. 
Tlie altar-lights grow pale and dim, 

The bells hang silent in the tower, 
So passes with the dying hymn, 
Our little liour. 

> • • « 

Thoy sihall unl grow oUl. ;i,s we that arc left 
grow old ; 
Age shall not we^iiy thciii. nor the yearB 
condemn ; 
At the going down of tlic nun and in fho 
We will rouiciiilK'r llicni. 



9th Eoyal Scots (attached 7th). 

1918. August 27 (Tuesday). 

Previously reported missiag, now reported 
killed in action, ou L'Tth August, Kenneth 
Mackenzie, of Dolphinton, Captain, The 
Eoyal Scots, Writer to the Signet, Edin- 
burgh, and J. P. for the County of Lanark- 

Gazetted October 1914; killed August 27, 
1918, between Henind and Fontaine les 

Capt. Kenneth Mackenzie, Koyal Scots, was 
the owner of the property of Dolphinton, 
Lanarkshire and Peeblesshire, and the only 
surviving son of the late John Ord Macken- 
zie of Dolphinton. Captain Mackenzie was 
born in 1882, and was educated at Cargilfield 
and Pettes College, Edinburgh, and at Balliol 
College, Oxford. He gradruited E.A., and, 
after qualifying for the legal profession, was 
admitted a member of the Society of Writers 
to the Signet in 1909, and in 1910 became a 
partner in the firm of Messrs Wood & Mac- 
kenzie, W.S., Edinburgh. Captain Mackenzie 
took an active interest in the business of his 
cO|.'nty and in all matters connected with his 
proyerty and neighbourhood. In October. 
1911, he obtained a commission in the Royal 
Scots, and was actively engaged in service in 
the United Kingdom until he went to the 
front. In December, 1914, he rescued from 
drowning in Leith Docks a, corporal in the 
Eoyal Scots, and was awarded the Royal 
Humane Society's Medal. He married in 
1910 Eudoi'a, oldest daughter of the lute Mon- 
crief Horsburgh, C.A., and is survived by his 
wife, three sons, and a daughter. 

The fighting man shall from the sun 
Take warmth, and life from the glowing 
earth : 

Speed with the lighl-foot winds to run. 
And with llie trees to newer birth: 

And find, when fighting shall be done. 
Great rest, and lullncsu after dearth. 

He has outsoared the shadow of our night: 
Envy and cahrnny and hate and pain. 
And tJiat unrest which men miscall dolighl 
Can touch him not and torture not again: 
From the contagion of the world's slow stain 
He is secure, and now can never mourn 
A heart grown cold, a head grown grey in 

vain : 
Nor, when the Si)irit's self has ceased to 

With spai'klrss nslx-s load iiti iinlanipntcd urn. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 





1918. August 31 (Satttrdat). 

Killed in action on 31st August, Private 

George IJunnani, Seiaforth Jiigli landers, 

youngest son of the late Mr and Mrs Hun- 

nani. Whin Cottage. Cockenzie, aged 25 year.5. 

I'te. Hunnani was killed in action on Slst 
August. He was going forward with his 
platoon, which was making a small night 
attack against some machine guns, when he 
got hit by a bullet and was killed immedi- 
ately. I have made inquiries as to where 
he was hit, but cannot find out, but I will 
write to you again, and try to give you full 
details about it. He had not been with us 
very long, but ho has shown himself to be 
a fine soldier, very keen and intelligent, 
and he is a great loss to my platoon and 
also to the company. He was ou my Lewis 
gun team, and he was an excellent gunner, 
and it will be hard to replace him. 

Please accept the sincere sympathy of my- 
self and the men of the platoon.— Yours 

J. E. Stiblino. 

Pte. G. Hunnam. 2ud Seaforth High- 
landers, was killed in action on the 31st of 
August, 1918. The battalion was in the line 
at the time, taking part in a successful ad- 
vance. During a night attack on a wood in 
which there was a German machine gun 
post, your son was hit, death being instan- 
taneous. He was buried reverently by his 
comrades. The exact location of his grave 
hus not yet reached us. When it does I 
will write you again. The engagement took 
place in front of Eemy (about eleven miles 
from Arras). 

We can well understand how great a blow 
this news will be to you. It may comfort 
you a little to know that your son was held 
in the highest regard by everyone here. His 
officers considered him a splendid soldier, 
and he was beloved by his comrades, who 
mourn his death sincerely. Officers and 
men join in sending you deepest sympathy 
in your irreparable loss. It is our prayer 

that the God of all comfort will be with 
you and yours as you lament a good soldier 
faithful unto deatn, who has heard the 
Master's " Well done." — Believe me, yours 
very faithfully, 

J. Ghat, C.F. 

'■ It will be some consolation to you to 
know that he was killed instantaneously, 
and I trust your sorrow will be mingled 
with pride in the knowledge that he died 
most gallantly for his country, fighting for 
a no))le cause." 

(Father and mother they put aside, and the 

nearer love also — 
•Vn hundred thousand men who died, whose 

graves shall no man know). 

It was fair and level ground. 

About a carven stone ; 
And a stark sword brooding on the bosom of 
the cross. 
Where high and low are one; 
And there was grass, and the living trees. 

And the flowers of the spring. 
And there lay gentlemen from out of all the 
That ever called him King. 
('Twixt Nieuport sands, and the eastward 
lands, where the four red rivers spring. 
Five hundred thousand gentlemen of those 
that served the King). 

All that they had they gave — they gave — 

In sure and single faith. 
There can no knowledge reach their grave. 

To make them grudge their death. 
Save only if they understood 

That after all was done. 
We they redeemed, denied their blood. 

And mocked the gains it won. 

noble youth that held our honour in keep- 
And bore it sacred through the battle flame. 
How shall we give full ineasure of acclaim 
To thy sharp labour, thy immortal reaping? 
For thoTigh we sowed with doubtful hands, 
half sleeping. 
Thou in thy vivid pride has saved a nation, 
And helped to save with .shouts and exulta- 
With drums and trumpets, with flags flash- 
ing and leaping. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


(Dbumelzier axd Australia) 
Australian Imperiax Force. 
1918. August 31 (Saturdat). 

He fought at Messines, Passcliendaele, 
Hingarde Wood (wounded), and Clery Eidge, 
where he fell. 

Information was received by the relatives 
of lance-Corporal Tom Scott, Australian 
Imperial Force, that he iliad been killed in 
action in France, on the 31st August. Lance- 
Corporal Scott, though, a native of Gala- 
shiels, had a close family connection with 
Drumelzier village, and spent part of his sick 
leave tliere, at the house of his cousin, Mr 
Wm. Blackstock. Emigrating fom Galashiels, 
when quite a boy, with his parents some 
twenty years ago, to New South Wales, he 
was engaged, when war broke out, in farm- 
ing in that colony. He joined up in October, 
1916, and came over to thi<5 country in Feb- 
ruary, 1917, when, after the necessary train- 
ing, he was drafted to France in the follow- 
ing May, where he came through a good deal 
of hard fighting. He was v.ounded in Octo- 
ber, 1917, and was gassed in the beginning of 
the summer of 1918, and, as already stated, 
he paid a second visit to his friends at 
Drumelzier during his .sick leave. After re- 
covering, he rettirned to France in August, 
and on the day of that month he fell 
in a desperate action with the enemy, being 
shot through the heart. Lance-Co rporal Scott 
was married, and leaves a widow and one 
little girl, besides a widowed mother and 
other relatives, in far-off .A-Ustralia, to mourn 
his loss. He was a fine type of the " Colon- 
ial," being of stalwart and muscular bxiild, 
and formed one more of those loyal son.s of 
the Empire who answered the call of the 
Mother Country. 

-Vnd who, amidst the storm and stress of war. 

Crossed in Iheir thonsimds o'er tlm ocean 
wide ; 
Left home and kindred for a land afar. 

To fight with us so nobly side by side. 

Who in that fair but wai-swept land of 
'Mid shiapnol's shriek and deadly bnllot's 

" piny:." 
With martial step woc toroinost to ndvanco. 
To fight, to fall, Uiv Cminlry !ind foi- 


Military Medal 
(Stobo and Australia) 
1918. August 31 (Saturday). 
He enlisted in March. 1915. and was wound- 
ed three times. He gained the Military 
Medal at Biillecourt for conspicuous bravery 
in the field in October, 1916. He fell at 
Mont St Quentin on the 31st August, 1918, 
aged twenty-four years. He was the eldest 
son of J. N. Laurie, "Stobo," Eawdon Vale, 
New South Wales, and great-grandson of 
Joseph Laurie, Stobo, Peeblesshire, Scotland. 
He and his two companions volunteered to 
geit a gun which was giving them great 
trouble. They managed to silence it, but all 
the three gallant boys were killed in their 
enterprise. He gained the Military Medal 
for a very daring and enterprising act. He 
and a fellow scout captured a German Ob- 
servaition post, and after putting the Ger- 
mans out of action, one seized the telephone 
instrument and gave the order in German 
to open fire on a certain trench, saying that 
the Australians had captured it. The Germaii 
artillery thereuiK)n opened a heavy fire on 
their own crowded trench and caused heavy 
losses to their own men. Private Laurie 
was offered a commission on several oc- 
casions, )3ut refused to accept it, saying that 
he would rather remain a " Digger.'* 

Are you sleeping, sleeping soundly. 

Comrade, over there. 
Where the grasses wave above you 

In the summer air; 
Where we laid you as we found you. 
With the ravaged land around you. 

Grim and bare? 
Can you hear the bugle blowing 

Faint and far away; 
Can you hear the loud drums throbbing. 

Hear the trumpets bray. 
Hear the tribute that we render 
To the souls tliat won the splendour 

Of the dayv 
'Tis the day we fought and toiled for. 

The day for which you died. 
Underneath the flag of freedom. 

The banner of our pride. 
Which to-day is proudly flying 
O'er the fallen victors lying 

Side by side. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


Under the wide and starry sky 

Dig the grave and let me lie; 

Glad did I live, and gladly die, 

And I laid me down with a will. 

This be the verse that you "grave for me— 

" Here he lies where he longed to be; 

Home is the sailor, home from the sea. 

And the hunter home from the hill." 


(Bboxjghton and Canada) 


1918. September 2 (Monday). 

I^anoe-C'orporal Aithur Norman Duncan, 
younger son of David Dunoaa, Ythanbank, 
March Street, Peebles, formerly at Rachan 
Stables, and educated at Broughton, emi- 
grated from Peebles to Canada six years ago, 
being then employed with Lowe, Donald & 
Co. Before joining up he was employed in 
the Bank of Eamilton at Moose Jaw. Private 
Duncan, who enlisted at the ouitbieak of 
war, was among the first of the Colonials 
to arrive in this country for training, there- 
after he proceeded to Prance for ithree years, 
during which time he had been invalided 
home on two occasions. His father received 
the following letter, dated October 26, 1918 :— 

" The Commanding Officer wishes me to 
c»nvey to you his sincere sympathy on the 
loss of your son, Lance-Coi poral A. N. 
Duncan, wiho was killed in action by en- 
emy shell fire on September 2, 1918; death 
being instantaneous. He was a good soldier 
and showed splendid devotion to duty while 
serving with the battalion. His loss is 
keenly felt by all ranks of his company, 
and especially by his platoon comrades, 
with whom he was deservedly most popular. 

" My Dear Friends, — No doubt you will 
have heard of your son being killed on the 
morning of September 2nd. We all miss 
him ihere, because he was always willing to 
do a good turn to anybody and for a cheer- 
ful lad you couldn'rfc wish for one better. 
I thought it was my duty to write to you 
and explain how he died. He was killed 
instantly by a shell, and I can assure you 
he didn't sufier any. We had qxiite a few 
killed that morning, and everyone was 
picked up and carried back behind our 
lines and got a good burial. Teil Mrs Dun- 

can, Arthur did not say a word after he 
was hit. He was killed with a big shell. I 
was very near Arthur when he was hit on 
the 2nd September; we were going over the 
top on the morning when we made the 
big advance. Anthur had gone about 1,000 
yards before he stopped ; it was a very hot 
place around there and Jiard fighting. 
There was a number of our boys foil quite 
near, but you can tell the world it cost 
the German army a good bit for the poor 
boy's life.'' 

" It was a great shock to me to get your 
letter telling me that Arthur was killed in 
action on September 2nd. I do assure you 
that I most sincerely sympathise with Mrs 
Duncan, yourself and family in your great 
loss. Arthur was one of my very few 
friends out here; ever since he left Moose 
Jaw over three years ago we have corre- 
sponded very regularly, and we were al- 
ways real good friends. Having worked 
beside Arthur at the bank, I can testify 
as to his popularity with his fellow-work- 
ers and his clean living. Any letters that 
I got from Arthur were always of a 
cheeiful nature and we looked forward ito 
the time when he and the others would 
again visit us in our home. Arthur was a 
good friend ; it was a real pleasure to work 
in the same office with him, and he was 
popular with all and he went away with 
the good wishes of all his friends and 

Like many, he builded better than he 
knew, as we recall the lines of Henry New- 
bolt :— 

" Let us build for the years we stoall not see. 
With silence due 
And with service free. 
Let us build it for ever in splendour new; 
Let us build in hope and in sorrow and 
rest in Thee." 


For the attack on the 8th August, 1918, 
Sir Douglas Haig accumulated four hundred 
tanks of the small " whippet " type. On the 
date mentioned we began with an intense 
bombardment. After four minutes it stop- 
ped, and the tanks and the infemtry moved 
forward. In the centre success was immedi- 
ate and continuous. Canadian and British 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

cavalry performed miracles, and advanced 
twenty-three miles. On Saturday, the 10th 
of August, the Montdidier garrison surrend- 
ered. Steady advances followed every day 
until the loth August. This closed the first 
phase of the Allies' advance. 


A new blow was now struck in a new 
quarter on Sunday, 18th August, by General 
Mangin, between the Oise and the Aisne. 
He was successful on this and the following 
days. Then on the morning of Wednesday, 
the 21st, Byng struck with the British Third 
Army. It was a complete suiprise to the 
enemy. Beaucourt, Courcelles, and (other 
places all fell. Albert was recovered on 22nd 
August. On the 23rd the Australians took 
Bray. On the following day Thiepval Eidge 
was cleared. By the 25th, we had Mametz, 
Martinpuich, and Le Sars. On the 26th, the 
French took Fresnoy; and on the 27th, they 
were in Roye. On the same day Monchy, 
Roeux, Gavrelle, and other places fell to the 
Canadians. On Thursday, the 29t'h, the Ger- 
mans were in full retreat to a new line. 
But on that day we had Combles and Mor- 
val ; and the New Zealanders entered 
Bapaume. This opened up the road to Cam- 
brai. On the 31st of August the Australians 
rushed Mont St Quentin, which was the key 
to Peronne. The Australians entered Per- 
onne on the 1st September. Great progress 
was made in tiie first few days of September. 
During the whole of September indeed the ir- 
resistible advance of the Allies continued. 
The enemy was steadily pushed back, and 
thousands of prisoners and guns were taken. 

That neither schools nor priests. 

Nor kings may build again ; 
A people with the heart of beasts, 

Made wise concerning men. 
Whereby our dead shall sleep 

In (honour, un betrayed. 
And we in faith and honour keep 

That peace for which they paid. 



fiTH Roy A I. Scots. 

1918. SeTtembee 3 (Tuesdat). 

Two soldiers of the name Alexander I'eden 
fell, and both were in the same regiment, 
and wore cousins. 

TbiM Alexander, No 853,886, bad be«n a 

dyer by profession in a mill. He went out to 
France in February, 1915, and was wounded 
in August, on the 11th of the month, 1918, on 
the Amiens front. He died in Chichester 
Hospital on the 3rd of September, and his 
body was buried in Innerleithen Cemetery. 
The eighth day of August, 1918, was a black 
day for Germany. On that day the second 
and decisive Battle of Amiens began. On the 
9th also began the second Battle of Lassigny, 
and on the 11th, the day when Private Peden 
was wounded, there was a great Allied ad- 
vance between the River Oise and the River 
Avre, which reached the line Armancourt, 
Tilloy, Cambronne. 

Hail and Farewell. We greet you here. 
With tears that none will scorn — 

Keepers of the House of old. 
Or ever we were born. 

One service more we dare to ask — 

Pray for us, Heroes pray. 
That when Fate lays on us our task 

We do not shame the Day. 

Say : do they watch with keen allnseeing eyes 
My own endeavours in the whirling hell ? 

Ah, God, Jiow great, how grand the sacrifice. 
Ah, God. the manhood of yon men who fell! 



Royal Scots. 

1918. Septembee 15 (Sunday). 

Mr William Grant, Concrete Buildings, 
Walkerburn, received intimation that his 
son. Private Robert Grant, Royal Scots, had 
been killed in action. Private Grant, who 
was 31 years of age, was a Territorial previ- 
ous to the war, and rejoined his old company 
at Innerleithen when war broke out. He 
went fiirst to France in November, 1914, and 
thereafter saw much active service, and had 
been three times wounded. In civil life he 
was employed in the millhouse of Tweedvale 
Mills, Walkerburn, and was a. keen bowler in 
the Walkerburn Club. His brother, John, 
served with the Black Watch. 

The Battle of St Mihiel had ended on the 
13th of August, and there had been a con- 
tinued German retreat between the Mouse 
and Moselle. On the 15th, when Private 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


Grant fell, the British saptured Maissemy, 5 
miles north-west of St Quentin. 

What would we give to our beloved ? 
The hero's heart to be unmoved? 
The poet's star-tuned harp, to sweep? 
The patriot's voice, to teach and rouse P 
The monarch's crown, to light the brows ? 
■' He giveth His beloved sleep." 

But ye. dear Youth, who lightly on the day 

of fury 
Put on Britain's glory as a common coat. 
And in your statura of masking grace 
Stood forth a warrior complete, 
No praise o'er-shadoweth yours to-day. 
Walking out of the home of love 
To match the deeds of all the dead 



Aemt Ordnance Coeps. 
1918. Septembee 18 (Wednesday). 

Private Eobert Dryden Inglis enlisted into 
the Army Ordnance Corps on March 15, 1916, 
and was killed in action with the East Yorks 
on September 18, 1918. He was 39 years of 
age, was unmarried, and resided with Miss 
Eobina Inglis, his sister, at Jubilee Eoad, 

The 18th, when Private Eobert Inglis fell, 
was the day of a great British advance on a 
16 mile front, north-west of St Quentin. when 
over 6000 prisoners were taken and many 
guns. This was the end of the Battle of 

Eobert was one of three gallant brothers 
who fell— Archibald, June 24, 1916; William, 
March 22. 1917; Eobert, September 18, 1918. 

" Another for Hector," was the ancient cry. 

As brother followed brother on the battle- 

To save their Chief those Heroes willed to 

And life on Earth were satisfied to yield. 

Such Gallant Souls die not. Scot follows 

And Brother joins with Brother in the self- 
less Quest 

For Honour, lung, and Eight. Death be 
their lot 

But Life Eternal with, the Gallant Blest. 

Farewell to Lochaber, farewell to the glen. 
No more will we wander Lochaber again. 
Lochaber no more. Lochaber no more. 
The lad will return to Lochaber no more. 

The trout will come back from the deeps of 

the sea. 
The bird from the wilderness back to the 

Flowers to the mountain, and tides to the 

But he will return to Lochaber no more. 


11th Cameeoniaus, 
Scottish Eitles. 
1918. Septembee 19 (Thuesdat). 
John Macintyre joined the 11th Battalion 
Cameronians, Scottish Eifles, on September, 
1914. He served in France, went to Salonioa, 
November, 1915, and fell in action attacking 
the Bulgars on September 19, 1918. The rank 
he held at the time of ihis deatli was Acting 
Company Sergeant-Major ; his age was 27 

On the 19th there were further British 
gains in the direction of St Quentin, and 
heavy fighting around Gouzeaucourt and 
Moeuvres. The British captured Lempire. 

Why is it there — that bar of gold.f 

Listen, I'll tell you why; 
My heart was fuller than it could hold 

When I kissed my boy good-bye. 
"So long!" he said, with his sunny smile. 

As he shouldered his rifle and pack; 
Ah ! but it's long — a long, long while. 

For my boy will never come back. 

I nung up the card wlien he went away — 

" Serving his country and king " — 
That a gleam of light on my lonely way. 

The sight of it there might bring. 
" God keep him safe," was my daily prayer, 

"Safe from each deadly chance!'' 
Till I got the tidings that brought despair — 

' Your son lias been killed in France." 

My iheart within me was turned to stone. 

And never a tear I shed; 
It seemed too cruel, I had but the one, 

One only, and he was dead ! 
1 had borne him and loved him all in vain. 

But they should not forget my Jack, 
So I left the caid in the window-pane. 

Crossed with a bar of black. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

One night I ■was sitting, sad and drear. 

As I thoTightfc of past days of joy, 
Wihen it seemed to me as if One drew near 

Who spoke to me of my boy : 
" He fought for his God, his king, his land. 

He is safe in the heavenly fold!" 
Then He reached out a hand — a pierced hand — 

And the bar was turned to gold. 

A dream, you say? But a heaven-sent dream, 

That comforts my heart's sore pain ; 
Cut off in his prime my boy may seem, 

But his life was not lived in vain. 
I shall see him again though he'll not come 

For the Master's word will hold. 
So the card's stiU there, but the bar of black 

Is changed to a bar of gold ! 

put us off by saying the less we knew about 
them the better." 

We must grow old, lose hour by hour the 

magic of life and the glory. 
Watch our illusions die, grow cold when our 

fires are spent; 
But he is as the sunshine is, as the fields, as 

the river — 
Freedom is his, and youth unchallenged, and 

power magnificent. 
His is the changeless good. 
And mine no longer barren solitude. 
Since in this music that floats from river 

and field and tree 
All the gallant and lovely songs that were 

his are restored to me. 



Royal Scots and Highland Light Infantet. 

1918. September 21 (Sattjedat). 

Private Donald M. Mallen, who was em- 
ployed at Portmore, enlisted in October, 1914, 
in the Eoyal Scots, and was under orders for 
France in February. 1915, but was ill in hos- 
pital when his battalion left. Went out to 
France in August, 1916, and was transferred 
to H.L.T. He was invalided home in Decem- 
ber, 1916, but returned to France in March, 
1917. He came home on leave in March, 1918, 
left for France on March 18, and was wound- 
ed on March 25, 1918. He returned to France 
on August 13, 1918; was wounded on Septem- 
ber 19, and died on 21st. He was in the 12th 
H.L.I, in 1916. but was in the l/5th at the 
time of his death. His body was buried at 

" It was the l/5th Highland Light Infantry 
who took the village of Mouvree, then lost 
it, and retook it on the night of the 19th 
September, when Donald was wounded. The 
doctor was wounded m this same sector, and 
died of his wounds too. Donald was always 
so cheery. Even when he was wounded he 
was joking away, and making the doctor 
laugh at liis sallies, and saying that he would 
surely got a nice soft bed to-night. He wrote 
home most regularly, but never one word 
that had to bo scored out by the censor. II' 
we said anything to him when lie was at 
home about the battles ho went through, ho 


King's Own Scottish Borderers. 
1918. September 22 (Sunday). 
Lance-Corporal James Graham was plough- 
man at Coomlees when he joined up at the 
early age of sixteen in the beginning of 
June, 1915. Having been attached to the 
K.O.S.B. Eegiment, he was drilled in Edin- 
burgh, and thereafter was sent to the Dar- 
danelles on bis seventeenth birthday in Sept- 
ember, 1915. During the winter, owing to 
an attack of dysentry, he was taken in a 
very serious condition to Cairo. After re- 
covery in the summer of 1916, he wen^t to 
the Western Front in France, and took part 
in the British offensive on 1st July, 1916. 
Shot through the right hand while rushing 
the enemy trench, he took refuge in a shell 
hole in No Man's Land for the most of the 
day, thence back to safety and ultimately 
to England, whei© he was an inmate of a 
hospital in the South of England for some 
itime. Joining his unit in the end of the 
.year, lie was transferred to the Seaforth 
Highlanders, and was on guard for & time 
at Sandringhani, being one of a small com- 
pany of Highlanders, and whom (Jueen Mai7 
termed "her boys." Having been attached 
to the 51st Division, he left home for the 
last time on January 2nd, l!)1rt, bound for the 
Western Front. Things sooiiuhI to go smooth- 
ly with him itill tlio dark days started in 
tiio latter days of Match. After the first 
great German onslaught, ho was luckily one 

Coaipanx-Seroeant-Majop. John Macintyue, 

Lance-CorpOral James Graham, 

Private Donald M. Mallen, 

Gunner Tom Eeid, 

Private William R. W. Foestth, 

Private John Ballantyne, 


Sko.-Liei't. ItoniN 'J'. HosB, 


Shinau.ku .Iamks Amoh, 


Private William Hope, 

Private Thomas Shiel, 

Private Tom Cockbltrn, 

Private James Carrie, 

Private William Taylor, 



riMVAlK 'I'OM W. ''AMl'lll.l.L, 

I'mVATK 'rilOMAH Scol" 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


of tlie few who got. ofi scathless. After a 
short rest he was back into it again. 

It was then that Sir Douglas Haig's order 
rang out — " Give no more ground, men, but 
fight as if your backs were at the wall." Pri- 
vate Graham was one of these brave Seaforths 
who fought the German horde till the last 
man went down, thus enabling the famous 
51st Division to hold on. No word came 
from him for some time, but at length news 
from the War Office stated he had gone 
amissing between April 9th and 12th. After 
some time a field card came from himself 
saying that he was a prisoner of war. We 
learn through a fellow prisoner, an inmate 
of the hospital, who has come home since 
the signing of the Armistice, that Private 
Graham was carried out of camp seriously 
iU in September, and died on the 22nd 
September in his 20th year. 

He had a fine nature; quiet, thoughtful, 
courteous in bearing, kindly in mood, he was 
beloved by his friends. 

Of him and his comrades can we not say— 

" They poured their spirits out in pride, 
They throbbed away the price of years; 
Now that dear giound is glorified 

Wiith dreams, with tears. 
A flower there is sown, to bud 
And bloom beyond our loss and smart- 
Noble France, at its root is blood from 
Scotland's heart.'' 

" They went with songs to the batitle, they 
were young. 
Straight of limb, true of eye, steady and 
aglow ; 
They were s.taunch to the end against odds 
They fell with their faces to the foe." 


Royal Gaeeison Artilleet. 
1918. September 22 (Sunday). 
Mrs Naylor, Chambers Street, had the sad 
information by telegram from her sister-in- 
law that her brother. Gunner Tom Eeid, was 
killed in action. Gunner Tom Reid, E.G.A., 
before enlistment, was employed with Messrs 
Duncan & Sons, tailors, Brechin, having left 
Innerleithen for that place eleven years pre- 

viously. He had been enlisted about eighteen 
months, and had only been nine months in 
France. He was 39 years of age, and mar- 
ried. Private Harry Naylor, a nephew of 
the above, who had been twice wounded, TFas 
in hospital in Kent, suffering from shrapnel 
wounds in the left knee. A brother, Willie, 
was serving with the Scottish Rifles in 
France. His body was buried in the ceme- 
tery at Marteville in St Quentin area. 

Hostile attacks by the Germans iiorhh-v/est 
of La Basee failed. 

Sweet are the ways of death to weary feet. 

Calm are the Shades of men. 
The Phantom fears no tyrant in his seat. 

The slave is master then. 

L(ove is abolished; well, that this is so; 

We knew him best as Pain. 
The gods are all cast out, and let them go, 

Who ever found them gain? 

Not these bright feet 

Which tread their chosen road of death, 
deplore ; 
But ours which walk the customary street. 

Barren and dull and anxious as before. 

These million dead 

Need not your tears ; but let them flow 
For us to whom is given our daily bread 

And are content — as long as this is so. 



Highland Light Ini-antey. 

1918. September 29 (Sunday). 

Killed in action on 29th September, 1918, 
Private William R. W. Forsyth, Highland 
Light Infantry, aged 19 years, third dearly 
beloved son of Mr and Mrs James Forsyth, 
20 Station Eoad, Eddleston. 

Mr and Mrs Jas. Forsyth, 20 Station Road, 
received official intimation that their third 
son, No. 55139, Private William R. W. For- 
syth, Highland Light Infantry, had been 
killed in action on 29th September. Private 
Forsyth, who was only in his 20th year, in 
civil life was employed in the gardens at 
Portmore, Eddleston, for over three years, at 
the termination of which period he went to 
the Hirsel, Coldstream. It was while at this 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

latter place that he joined up in February, 
1917. Private Forsyth was nine months on 
active service. Mr and M:-s Forsyth had other 
two sons serving in France. 

On September 26 there was a great Franco- 
American attack on a forty mile front, from 
the middle of Champagne to the Meuse. On 
the 27th there followed a great British attack 
on the Cambrai front. The second battle of 
Cambrai and battle of St Quentin began. The 
Hindenburg Line was pierced. On the 28th 
the battle of Flanders began — British and Bel- 
gians — from Dixmude to Ploegsteert; and on 
the 29th, when Private Forsyth fell, several 
places— Dixmude, Passchendaele, Messines, 
Theluveer, etc., were taken. 


On the 27th September Sir Douglas Haig 
began this battle, which resulted in the cap- 
ture of both these cities, which had defied us 
for so long. The deadly obstacle was the 
Canal du Nord, deep and broad, with sloping 
sides, every inch of which was ranged by the 
heavy guns of the enemy. Bourlon Wood was 
cleared ; Marcoing was captured ; and the out- 
skirts of Cambrai entered that night. A 
breach of eight miles was made in the Hin- 
denburg Line, north of St Quentin. 

KING Albert's victory. 

The third offensive in Flanders began on 
the 28th September. It was undertaken by 
the Belgians, French, and Second British 
Army, with King Albeit in command. Dix- 
mude was captured. Houthoulst forest was 
cleared. General Plumer in two days took 
Poelcapelle and Passchendaele, and was with- 
in a mile of Eoulers and Menin. Further 
south the Messines ridge had been seized once 
more. The last week of September was the 
most wonderful week of the war. The great- 
est battle in history was approaching a 
climax ; the whole 250 miles of front, from the 
Meuse to the sea. was ablaze. 

Dearly loved : untimely killed — 

A Tweeddale lad of gallant soul 
Left his dear flowers and bravely willed 

To do his bit, and give his whole. 
And now within Heaven's garden fair 

Ho waiidors from the battlefield. 
Laurel and lily crown his hair. 

And rosemary decks his uiistuiued shield. 



Royal Scots Fusiliebs. 

1918. September 29 (Sunday). 

Sec-Lieut. Eoss spent SJ years at Talla 
Eeservoir. He was 1 year old when he went 
there, where his father was missioneii-y dur- 
ing the construction of the Talla Eeservoir. 
After Si years at Kinlochleven, he went to 
Oban, where he was educated at the Oban 
High School, and where he was the gold 
medalist before he went to Glasgow Univer- 
sity as an arts student. He attested under 
the Lord Derby Scheme when 18, and was 
sent to Woolwich, then to Dover, and thence 
to France in the A.O.C. After lOi months' 
service, he came over for training as a cadet, 
and was gazetted on October 31st, 1917. After 
SJ months on this side he was sent for, and 
was only six weeks at the front when he was 
fatally wounded. He was a keen student, and 
had many plans of usefulness mapped out 
never to be realised in this world, but he died 
at his post " faithful unto death." We are 
glad that the sacrifice was not in vain. He 
fell near Armentieres. 

The Allies had reached Eoulers-Menin Road, 
and the British had broken the Hindenburg 
Line on a 6 mile front, taking 22,000 prisoners. 

Suddenly a great noise shall fill my ears. 

Like angry waters or the roar of men; 
I shall be dizzy, faint with many fears; 

Blindly my hands shall clutch the air— and 
I shall be walking 'neath the quiet .skies. 

In the familiar land of former years. 
Among familiar faces. I shall arise 

In that dear land where there are no more 

_ who loved him, what have we to lay 

For sign of worship on his warrior-bier? 

But we 

But service of our lives to keep her free. 

The land ho served. 

That oath we plight, as now the trumpets 

His requiem, and the men-at-arms stand 

And through the mist the guns he loved so 


Thunder a lust salute! 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


And through the sunset of this purple cup 
They will resume the roses of their prime. 

And the old Dead will hear us and wake up, 
Pass with dim smiles and make our hearts 



Australian Imperial Force. 
1918. Septestbee 30 (Monday). 

Private John Ballantyne, A.I.F., was the 
second son of Mr and Mrs John Ballantyne, 
for many years resident in the parishes of 
Newlands and Kirkurd. He had been in Aus- 
tralia several years when war broke out, but 
returned to this country as a private in the 
Australian Imperial Force in December, 1917. 
He proceeded to France in March, 1918, and 
fell in action at Tincourt ou 30th September, 
1918. He was 35 years of age. His brother 
William fell on October 13, 1915. 

On the 30th there was important progress 
on St Quentin-Cambiai Front. Thorigny- 
Guistain-Eumilly taken. Cambrai was fired 
on by the enemy. There was also stiff Ameri- 
can fighting in the Argonne Forest, and pro- 
gress by the British north of Neuve Chapelle. 

praise the Lord, praise the lord 

For those whose course is ended — 
True heroes, who with life outpoured — 

The cause of right defended: 
In lonely, distant graves they lie. 

Or 'neath the wave are sleeping; 
Their souls we trust, Lord most High, 

To Thy most tender keeping. 

praise the Lord, praise the Lord, 

Peal out your loud thanksgiving; 
Henceforward be His Name adored 

By every creature living. 
Great King of kings, though stern Thy rod, 

Thy mercy f aileth never ; 
Be Thou our Guide, be Thou our God, 

For ever and for ever. Amen 

both had been in the service of Lords Arthur 
and Lionel Cecil at Orchardmains for a long 
time, William having been estate joiner. In 
1889 the Amos family accompanied the Lords 
Lionel and Arthur Cecil from Orchardmains 
to England, and James was born at Hilden- 
burgh, in Kent, on the 17th February, 1893. 
He was educated at Lymington in Hants, and 
became an apprentice butcher at Sway in the 
same county. In 1911 James, along with his 
three brothers, emigrated to Canada, where 
James settled in Toronto as a butcher. When 
war broke out he enlisted in the 15th Batt. 
Canadian Infantry, and rose to be signaller. 
In the month of January, 1918, the closing 
year of the war, James went to France on ac- 
tive service, and in the following month was 
gassed, but not seriously. On the 6th of Octo- 
ber towards the close of the same year, 
he was seriously wounded in the head, 
both limbs, and right arm, from which he 
succumbed within a few hours in the hospital 
of the 1st Canadian Clearing Station, aged 24 

He died, as soldiers die, amid the strife. 
Mindful of Britain in his latest prayer ; 

God, of His Love, would have so fair a life 
Crowned with a death as fair. 

He might not fight the battle as of old. 
But, as of old, among his own he went. 

Breathing a faith that never once grew cold 
A courage still unspent. 

Tired of all Earth's playthings. 

Heartsick and ready to sleep, 
Ready to bid our friends farewell. 

Wondering why they weep. 

Passing out of the shadow 

Into eternal day. 
Why do we call it dying. 

This sweet Going Away? 


(Teaquair and Canada) 

15th Canadians. 
1918. October 6 (Sunday). 
James Amos was not a native of Traquair, 
but his father and forebears had been con- 
nected with that parish for many years. His 
parents were William and Isabella Amos, and 



Highland Light Infantry. 

1918. October 9 (Wednesday). 

Mr John Hope, High Street, Innerleithen, 

received intimation that his son. Private 

William Hope, Highland Light Infantry, died 

of enteric fever at Simla, India. Pte. Hope 

joined up in September, 1914., and had been 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

wounded. At the time of his enlistment he 
was employed in Singer's Works, Clydebank. 
He was a member of the Vale of Leithen roo1> 
ball Club. He joined up in September, 1914, 
at Maryhill Barracks, Gleisgow, then left for 
Plymouth, and was in training there for 3 
months, and went from there to France in 
January of the following year. He was 
wounded in March at Neuve Chapelle on the 
head and back, caused by shrapnel. Private 
Hope was later taken .seriously ill, and was in 
hospital at Epsom, England, for 8 months, 
and went from there to re-join his regiment 
at David Kilpatrick's School at Leith, being 
stationed there for 3 months, and then left 
again for Mesopotamia in the year 1916. He 
had rather an exciting experience, being 
chased by submarines. He landed in India 7 
weeks later, and then went from there to 
Mesopotamia. He was only 3 weeks there 
when he had his first attack of enteric fever, 
and was again taken back to India, where he 
was in hospital for a few months, and was 
then sent to a hill station to a place for con- 
valescents, called by the name of Wellington, 
and was there nearly 4 months, going from 
there to Bangalore Barracks in Bombay for 
garrison duty. He was feeling much better 
of his long rest, and said he felt that he would 
like a change and wanted to do a bit more of 
active service, so joined into the Meichine 
Gun Corps for training, and in his last letter 
to a friend he said that was his last day of 
training, and expected to be sent either to 
France or Egypt, and was in the highest of 
spirits in that letter (27th Sept.), and in the 
best of health. Then came the wire inform- 
ing his friends of his death on the 9th Octo- 
ber, from another attack of enteric fever, 
having died in hospital at Simla the day after 
being admitted. 

When I remember all 

The friends so linked together 

I've seen around me fall 

Like leaves in wintry weather, 

I feel like one 

Who treads alone 

Some banquet-hall deserted. 

Whose lights are fled. 

Whose garlands dead. 

And all but he departed. 

Oh, blessed Vision, after all the years, 

Christ's with us yet. To-day, as heretofore, 
Men see Thee still, and they cast off their 

And take fresh courage to press on once more. 
The soldiers, bearing from the desperate fight 
A wounded brother, meet Thee in the way. 
And know Thee, Friend and Saviour, in the 

(Oh, Christ, White Comrade, in their stand 
For once again Thy loved ones hear Thee 

say — 

for Eight)— 
" Lo I am with thee alway. Lord of Life." 


14th Black Watch. 
1918. OcToBEE 23 (Wednesday). 
Killed in action, on 23rd October, 1918, Pri- 
vate Thomas Cockburn, youngest son of Mr 
and Mrs Cockburn, late of Bloweary, Nether 
Fala, Eddleston. Sadly mourned. 

" I have no doubt that you have been noti- 
fied by the War Ofiice of the death, of your 
son who was killed in action on the evening 
of Wednesday, 23rd October. He was a 
brave lad, and on the night of the attack 
we had all to do our best, and not all of us 
could expect to come back. You can have 
the glorious satisfaction that your son died 
a hero for his home and country and for 
the peace and comfort of the world. I am 
proud to be able to testify to the gallant 
manner in which your son acted during 
times of the utmost need of courage and 
daring to enable us to conquer our enemy. 

" Kindly accept of my very deep sym- 
pathy, but I hope you will be comforted in 
the fact that he died a hero for the sake of 
home and country." 

This was the day on which there was a big 
British attack between Le Cateau and Valen- 
ciennes, which carried the line forward one to 
three miles after stiff resistance. Bruay was 
taken, and Sclieldt reached. 


On the morning of the Ist October a furi- 
ous battle was raging for the possession of St 
Quentin. The French entered the city in the 
afternoon. Lc Catelet was taken on the 3rd 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


October. The Germans evacuated Armen- 
tieres. La Bass^e, and Lens, which were occu- 
pied by the British, who also seized Aubers 
ridge overlooking Lille. In the early hours 
of the 9th October, the Canadians entered 
Cambrai. A little later the British entered 
the city from the south, and the two forces 
joined hands in the centre of the town. A 
great battle was fought south of Cambrai; 
and on the 10th October our columns reached 
Le Cateau. The Americans in the Argonne 
were having one of the stiffest tasks of the 
war. On the 13th October the French entered 
Laon without a fight. Le Fere was taken the 
same day. The British Second Army entered 
the burning ruins of Menin. On the 17th 
October the British allowed the French to be 
the first to enter Lille. Douai was occupied 
the same day; and on the 18th Roubaix and 
Turcoing were occupied. 

I could see their colours floating on moor, 

and moss, and glen, 
.4nd I saw the regiments mustered that ne'er 

returned again. 
They came from lonely moorlands and far 

sequestered towers, 
And every hill and valley yielded its fairest 

From Eddleston, Esk and Yarrow, from 

Teviot, Tweed, and Jed, 
From Cademuir and from Cheviot, to lone St 

Mary's Lake, 
They failed not of their summons, and knew 

their lives at stake. 
And they rode away to the eastward, and the 

land was still as night. 
With never a man that faltered, and never a 

thought of flight. 

Fleet foot on the coriie. 

Sage counsel in cumber, 
Eed hand in the foray. 

How sound is thy slumber. 
Like the dew on the mountain, 

Like the foam on the river. 
Like the bubble on ths fountain. 

Thou art gone, and forever. 



Scottish Eifles (Cameronians). 
1918. OCTOBEE 25 (Feidat). 
On 25th October, died of wounds received in 
action in France, Private Thos. Shiel, Scot- 
tish Eifles, aged 26, third son of the late 
James Shiel, Innerleithen. 
Mrs Gilchrist, Buccleuch Street, Inner- 

leithen, received official intimation that her 
brother. Private Thomas Shiel, Scottish 
Eifles, died of wounds on the 25th October. 
Private Shiel, who was 26 years of age, joined 
up in March, 1916, and went to Prance two 
years before he fell, and had been previously 
gassed. At the time of his enlistment he was 
employed in the Bridge Steel Works, Wishaw, 
having gone there in June, 1914, previous to 
which he worked in St Eonan's Mill, Inner- 
leithen. Private Shiel originally belonged to 
Innerleithen, but for a number of years pre- 
vious to 1908 the family resided in Galashiels. 
He was a widower, and leaves one child. His 
brother William was in the Eoyal Engineers, 
and was in France. Private Shiel was a very 
enthusiastic member of St Eonan's Quoiting 

October 25 saw the end of the Battle of the 
Selle. The British had advanced three miles 
after heavy fighting, and had gained 9,000 
prisoners and 150 guns. There was now a fur- 
ther advance between Le Quesnoy and Maing, 
and followed by steady progressive advances 
in the following days. 

" We had difiiculty for some time in find- 
ing where he was buried. My husband 
communicated with the Graves Commission, 
and got back word that my brother's grave 
would be found at Inchy, which is a village 
on the main Cambrai-Le Cateau road. My 
husband being in France at the time, im- 
mediately got leave to visit the place, and 
found my brother's grave at the place 
named. He lies beside a few of his com- 
rades, in a place adjoining the French 
Cemetery, his grave being marked by a 
little wooden cross, bearing an aluminium 
plate with his name, number, and regiment. 

" His letters home to me were always very 
cheery, but he seldom made any mention of 
his liTe out there. He was always popular 
with his comrades, owing to his good nature 
and cheerful disposition, and he is a great 
miss to me. 

" He must have got wounded in the fight- 
ing for Englefontaine, and been conveyed 
from that place to Inchy Field Ambulance, 
which would be from 10 to 15 miles further 
back, and he must have died in the latter 

■' He was employed as a stretcher-bearer 
with this company during an engagement 
at Poix du Nord, near Englefontaine. He 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

was attending a wounded comrade when lie 
himself was seriously wounded with shrap- 
nel. He was conveyed to the 99th Field 
Ambulance, where he died. He was buried 
in the neighbourhood of Poix du Nord. Al- 
though I did not know your brother person- 
ally, I have heard from men of his platoon, 
and also several of the other officers who 
knew him, that he was a good, straight- 
forward and conscientious soldier, who 
never shirked his duty at any time. He 
met his death while in the execution of his 
duty, and no soldisr could wish for any 
other death." 

The most Beloved on Earth 

Not long survives to-day: 
So music sweet is obsolete. 
And yet 'twas sweet, 'twas passing sweet. 

But now 'tis gone away. 

Thus does the shade 

In memory fade. 

You lived for peace, and lived for war, you 

knew no little strife: 
To conquer first, then help your foe, make 

music of your life. 
And for the sake oi those you led, you gave 

your life away. 
As youth might fling a coin of gold upon a 

sunny day. 



RovAL Aemy Sebvicb Corps 
1918. November 2 (Satuedat). 
Mrs James Carrie, Morningside, Inner- 
leithen, received the sad news by telegram 
that her husband. Private James Carrie, of 
the Royal Army Service Corps, had died 
from broncho-pneumonia in Serbia. In civil 
life he had been a chauffeur and enlisted in 
May, 1915. Having such a good knowledge 
and practice in motor cars he underwent 
only six weeks training, and departed to 
Salonika, where he joined the Motor Trans- 
port Service. He was with the Serbians 
for two and a half years. He left a widow 
and one child, and was aged thirty years. 
Private Carrie passed away on the very 
day after the Serbs i c-entered Belgrade, hav- 
ing been driven therefrom by the Au.strianB. 
The Austrian army retieated and continued 
to do BO towards tlie Venetian Alps. The death 

of Private Carrie is the only one of a 
Tweeddale soldier occurring in Serbia. 

And some leave wives behind — young wives; 

Already some have launched new lives, 

A little daughter, a little son. 

For thus this blundering world goes on. 

But never more will any see 

The old seciie felicity. 

The kindnesses that made us glad 

Before the world went mad. 

They'll never hear another bird. 

Another gay, or loving word. 

Those men who lie so cold and lone. 

Far in a country not their own. 

Those men wiho died for you and me 
That Britain still might sheltered be, 
And all our lives go on the same. 
Although to live is almost shame. 


Highland Light Infantry. 
1918. November 10 (Sunday). 
Private William Taylor, eldest son of 
James Taylor, Beechglade, Mossfennan, edu- 
cated at Glenholm, joined the army, and 
was trained in various camps at Fife and 
Newport. He was with the 2nd H.L.I, and 
went to France. Wounded on 23rd October, 
1918, he was received into Rouen Hospital, 
thence transferred to England and received 
into the University War Hospital, where he 
died on 10th November, cheered by the lov- 
ing presence and care of his relatives. He 
was laid to rest in Broughton Churchyard 
with every sign of respect, the deepest sym- 
pathy being felt by the community for his 
parents, brothers and sisters. An affection- 
ate son, a loving brother, a trusted comrade, 
esteemed by bis officers, a ilienrty Guild.sniiin. 
and member of the Church. His memory 
is cherished in grateful hearts, lielieving 
" Life is ever lord of Death and love can 
never lose its own." 

"In life and death, in dark iuul li^ht, 
All are in God's cart>; 
Sound the ))luck a))yss, piprop thp deop of 
And Hp is thpre.'' 

County of Book of Remembrance. 


Hun men they marahed, like an avalanche 

on us falling. 
Proud men they met, in the dark before the 

Seven to one they came against us to shatter 

us and drown. 
One to seven in the woodland we fought 

them up and down. 
In the sad October woodland, when all the 

skies were mourning. 


Overwhelming defeats of powerful armies; 
rapid downfall of mighty Empires. Thus 
was history being made in the first eleven 
days of November. 

The fourth Canadian Division fought its 
way into Valenciennes. On the 4th Novem- 
ber began the battle of the Sambre. Lan- 
drecies was captured ; and the New Zealand- 
ers compelled the surrender of Le Quesnoy. 
The French cariied Guise by assault; and 
the Americans entered Sedan. On the 6th 
November the Germans asked for an arm- 
istice. On tihe 8th November we captured 
Avesnes; on the 9th the Guards entered 
Maubiege. On the iOth the Canadians were 
advancing on Mons. The Belgians occupied 
Ghent. The French had captured Mezieres 
and Hireon. On 11th November the Can- 
adians entered Mons The Armistice was 
signed on that day. The war was at an 
end. The German Emperor fled. The Ger- 
man Empire ceased to exist. 


(Walkerbuen and Nevt Zealand) 
1918. November 12 (Tuesday). 

At Featherstone Military Hospital, New 
Zealand, on 12th November, 1918, Tom W. 
Campbell, aged 26 years, second son of Mr 
and Mrs John Campbell, Fir Knowe, Walker- 
burn, and husband of Belle Thomson, late of 

He w'as only a few weeks in the Army 
when he had a severe attack of influenza, 
and died in Featherstone Hospital, New 
Zealand, on November 12, 1918, and was 
buried on the 14th, along with 17 
other soldiers. He served his apprentice- 
ship in Tweedholm Mill, Walkerburn, as 
a dyer, and left home 6i years ago to fill a 
post in Napier, New Zealand, which post he 
held when called up. His minister in Napier 

gave him a grand character, as being a good 
church worker and an exemplary young man. 
He was the second son of Mr and Mrs John 
Campbell, Fir Knows, Walkerburn, and was 
26 years of age. 

Friend after friend departs: 

Who hath not lost a friend.? 
There is no union here of hearts 

That finds not here an end : 
Were this frail world our only rest. 
Living or dying, none were blest. 

Christ speaks : — 

I knew you'd think of Me in hours of weak- 
ness — 

It was for you I suffered pain and weakness; 

How else had bean fulfilled the Father's 
word — 

" Perfect through suffering," " Captain of 
Salvation ? " 

Thus each tried Soul works out his own 
salvation — 

The servant is not greater than his Lord. 


EoYAi Field Aetilleby. 

1918. NoYEMBEB 28 (THUSfiDAY). 

Gunner John Sibbald, born 25th April, 
1898, accidentally killed by an explosion of 
ammunition in France, ou Thursday, 28th 
November, 1918. 

Mr and Mrs David Sibbald, High Street, 
Innerleithen, received the sad news that their 
eldest son, Gunner John Sibbald, of the 
R.P.A., had met with a fatal accident through 
the bursting of a shell in an ammunition wag- 
gon. He joined the forces iii November, 1916, 
and was sent to Italy in March, 1917, and 
when the great offensive started in March of 
this year in France he was sent there. He 
was wounded on 2nd September. In letters 
from the Major commanding the battery and 
the Chaplain, they state that he was buried, 
along with other seven comrades, with full 
military honours. Gunner Sibbald was 20 
years of age, and, previous to being called up, 
was employed as an apprentice butcher with 
his father. 

Extract from a letter dated August, 1918— 

" I can tell you 1 have seen a bit this 

scrap. We have the Hun on the lun, but 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

we did not have things all our own way. I 
had been under shell-fire before, ;.nd had 
tasted his gas, but it was as nothing com- 
pared with what our boys went through 
these last three weeks. In one position we 
were under gas and heavy shells for a day 
and night. When we opened fire his planes 
came over flying low, and turned their 
machine guns on us. When we attempted 
to get the guns out, we ware exposed to 
machine gun fire from one of his snipers. 
We have a Higher Hand than man to thank 
for coming out of that position alive. Some 
"Jocks" came along with some prisoners, so 
we made them do the job. I would not 
liked to have missed this scrap, although I 
do feel sorry for those that are no more." 

To us it seemed his life was too soon done. 
Ended, indeed, while scarcely yet begun : 
God, with His clearer vision, saw that he 
Was ready for a larger ministry. 

Remember, too, how short His life on Earth- 
But three and thirty years 'twixt death and 

.And of those years but three whereof we 

Yet those three years immortal seed did sow. 

It is not tale of years that tells the whole 
Of man's success or failure, but the Soul 
He brings to them, the songs he sings to 

The steadfast gaze he fixes on the Goal. 

Should you dream ever of the days departed, 
Of youth and morning, no more to return — 
Forget not me, so fond and passion-hearted. 

Quiet at last reposing 

Under the moss and fern. 

but previous to the war resided with his 
sister, Mrs Allen, Miller Street, Innerleith- 
en. Before enlistment, he was employed as 
a piecer in Leithen Mills, and was a drum- 
mer boy with the local Boy Scouts. He went 
to France on the 23id of February, and 
was gassed on the 17th November by ac- 
cident in a dug-out. He was invalided 
home, and died as stated, the cause of his 
death being pneumonia and heart failure. 
He was the youngest of six brothers who 
were serving with the colours. His remains 
were brought to Innerleithen, in chaige of 
two members of the Red Cross Society. 

Mrs Allen, his sister, writes as follows : — 
He went to France on February 23rd 
1918, and was at the Base for a while, 
and then got sent up the line. He was 
with the Signal Coy., R.E., for a while, 
and liked it fine, and he was newly back 
to his old Company when he got accident- 
ally gassed. It was a terrible blow to us all, 
for after the fighting was done and them 
all safe, we just thought how lucky we had 
been. But it was God's will to take him 
from us, SO' we can only say — Thy will be 
done, not ours. But I have one consola- 
tion, I have him buried here, where we 
can see his grave. My husband has been 
up since August 5, 1914, and went to 
France in July, 1915. My brothers' names 
are— Pte. Thomas Scott, 209th Labour Em- 
ployment Company; Pte. Wm. Scott, 70th 
Labour Employment Company; Pte. Hugh 
Scott, 1st K.O.S.B. ; Pte. James Scott, 4tih 
Canadian Infantry Brigade; Robert H. 
Scott, 50th Squadron, Royal Air Force; 
Sergeant Geo. H. Scott, 4th K.O.S.B. 
George has been twice wounded in the 
leg, once in Egypt and in France. 


DivisiONA.1, Employment Company. 

1918. NOVEMBEH 29. 

Private Thomas Scott, one of sis gallant 
brothers, 209 Divisional Employment Com- 
pany, died in Ellesmere Hospital on the 
29th November. Ho was the youngest son 
of Mr Wm, Scott, Queen Street, Galashiels, 

Brave boy, regret not what you've done. 
You lioped to see the battle won ; 
To on the focmon's ranks of steel. 
The lust of war and its joys to feel : 
Tlie thing that to you seems sore amiss 
Is to lie alone in a place like this. . . . 
licjoice, you are one with the men who fall 
Respon.sive to their country's call; 
Your duty done, for you the Eternal Crown 
is won. 

BkIGADIER-GeNEKAL ArTHUK a. ^\'llJ.FE-A-l urka\, C.B. 


Gunner Charles H. Fergusun, 

Private Walter Klliot, 

Tboopbe Robert Ladrie, 

Stobo and Australia. 

Private Alexander Kelly, 
Stobo and Australia. 

Private John Henderson, 


Cortl'IIIUI. ,\l,l-.,\ANI)Kll MlJIlllAV, 

SKiuiii\N'i' David Stevenson, 



LiEtT. -General Sir James Wolek Murray, K.C'.B. 

Private William M'Arthve, 

Lance-Cokporal Williaji ('lemison, 

Sergeant Geokge Andkhson, 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



Highland Light Inpantet. 

1918. December 7 (Satuedat). 

In loving memory of Bi igadier-General A. 
A. Wolfe Murray, C.B. (Arty.), 7th Decem- 
ber, 1918. 

" O valiant heart, who to your glory came 
Through dust of conflict and through 
battle flame : 
Tranquil you lie, your knightly virtue 
Your memory hallowed in the land you 

On 7th December, at 156 Sloane Street, 
S.W., London, suddenly, of heart failure 
following on influenza, Bi igadier-General 
Arthur Alexander Wolfe Murray, C.B., late 
Highland Light Infantry, aged 52. 

The late Brigadier-General A. A. Wolfe 
Murray, C.B., whose death occurred on 7th 
December, at 156 Sloane iStreet, London, 
S.W., from heart failure, following influenza, 
was the son of the late Mr James Wolfe 
Murray of Cringletie by his second marriage 
with Lousia Grace, third daughter of Sir 
Adam Hay, seventh Baronet of Haystoun. 
General Wolfe Murray, who for some three 
years (1909-12) was Assistant Military Sec- 
retary to the General Officer Commanding- 
in-Chief in Scotland, passed nearly the whole 
of his career In the Highland Light In- 
fantry. He Iserved with the 1st Battalion 
in the South African War, was wounded at 
Magersfontein, and was twice mentioned in 
dispatches. In August, 1914, he went out 
with the Expeditionary Force in command 
of the 2nd Battalion, and served with it 
during 1914 and 1915. He was mentioned in 
dispatches, and was awarded the C.B. On 
the conclusion of his period of regimental 
command, he was given the command of a 
reserve brigade at ihome, with the rank of 
Brigadier-General, and held this post till 
last July, when he retired to the unem- 
ployed list. 

"Arty" (as he was aflectionately termed 
by his intimates), will be greatly missed by 
a large circle of devoted friends, and by 
many acquaintances, for he was widely 
known both in military and sporting 

spheres. From boyhood, he had a genius, 
almost, for all games— a good cricketer, a 
fine golfer, and excellent shot, a remarkable 
billiard player, and a finished exponent of 
bridge — yet withal modest and unassuming, 
never boastful of his prowess, neither jeal- 
ous of his equals or superiors, nor con- 
temptuous of the many who fell short of 
his own liigh standard. A charming com- 
panion, of even temper, with a quiet but 
keen sense of humour, possessed of a fund 
of anecdote, courteous to all, he naturally 
attracted other men towards him, and few 
possessed as many friends as ihe. In his 
native county — with which in all respects he 
could claim a very close connection — he was 
well known as a soldier, a sportsman, and 
a gentleman. His memory will long remain 
green among the Peeblesshire bills, which 
he so deeply loved. 

The late General married, in 1904, Evelyn, 
second daughter of the late Mr Colin J. 
Mackenzie of Portmore, Lord-Lieutenant of 
Peeblesshire, wiho, with an only son (Mal- 
colm), bom in 1908, are left to mourn his 

And you, to whom it was not given 
To die upon the fougbten field. 

Yes, you full equally have striven. 
For you your life did yield 

As nobly as the men who fell 

There, in the blazing mouth of hell. 

Not in the wild rush of the fight, 
God saw it meet for you to die. 

Yet he who keeps his armour bright 
His Lord doth magnify. 

You answered equally the call 

And he who gives himself gives all. 


Machine Gun Coeps. 
1918. December 11 (Wednesday). 
On the nth December, 1918, there died in 
the Military Hospital at Grantham, of 
broncho-pneumonia. Private Walter Elliot, 
Machine Gun Corps, husband of Janet Stew- 
art, and second son of Walter Elliot, Ed- 
dleston, formerly of Newby, Peebles. The 
deceased soldier was born at Benger Burn, 
Yarrow, and was a gamekeeper before en- 
listing. He was almost seven years with 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

fhe late William Allan Woddiop of Garvald, 
and later he was in the employment of Lord 
Tweedmouth, at Hiitton Castle, Berwick- 
shire. He attested under the Derby Scheme 
in November, 1915, and when Liord Tweed- 
mouth's estate was sold in April, 1916, lie 
went into a munition factory. He enlisted 
in the King's Own Scottish Borderers on 
5th January, 1917, and was transferred to 
the Highland Light Infantry, and later to 
the Machine Gun Corps. Private Elliot went 
out to Prance in June, 1917. He was wound- 
ed at Spriet, north of Passchendaele, on the 
26th October, 1917. Private Elliot was keen- 
ly interested in football, but his main sport 
was shooting. He was a good shot, and won 
many prizes at clay pigeon matches both in 
Peeblesshire and Berwickshire. He was of 
a very oheery nature, and was much liked 
by his friends and acquaintances. 

Be sure that in the western sun 
His evening prayers were mutely said, 

And when the long night came at last. 
Faith comforted his dying bed. 

The boast of heraldry, the pomp of power. 
And all that beauty, all that wealth e'er 

Await alike the inevitable hour; 
The paths of glory lead but to the grave. 

Death cannot rob him of the soldier's prize. 
Self-sacrifice. Death is too weak to take 

The joy of having given, from the eyes 
The light of consecration, from the brow. 

He has laid down his life for Scotland's sake ; 
He is the living soul of Scotland now. 

service and (hardships and wounds in the 
war. None the less, those gallant men, most 
of whom had fought in many battles, gave 
up their lives in the great cause for which 
the Allies had been fighting since the fate- 
ful fourth of August, 1914. As the war be- 
gan at Mons, from which the British had 
in the beginning to retreat amid terrible 
hardships, owing to the smallness and un- 
preparedness of what the German Emperor 
styled. General French's contemptible little 
army, so by an unusual yet kindly gift of 
fate to a long-suffering army, the Britisii 
captured Mons before dawn on the 11th of 
November, Martinmas. An Armistice was 
signed at 5 a.m., and hostilities ceased on all 
fronts at 11 in the forenoon. The war ended 
with the battle of the Sambre, and the 
British fiont extending about sixty miles, 
from near Montbliart to just north of 

harmless death, whom still the valiant 
The wise expect, the sorrowful invite. 
And all the good embrace, who know the 
A short dark passage to eternal light. 

And is this all? Was all in vain 
The life that you so ea.rly gave? 

And only swept by wind and rain. 
Another Scottish soldier's grave? 

We thought that radiant soul was meant 
For greater things; we should be sure 

No life is sihort, thus nobly spent. 
No hero's death is premature. 


BoTAL Field Aetillert. 
1918. December 14 (Friday). 
At 12 Stationary Hospital, France, on the 
14th December, 1918 (of cerebro-spinal men- 
ingitis), 2(i5fl]0 Gunner Charles H. Ferguson, 
K.F.A., aged 21 years, tliird son of Mr and 
Mrs David Ferguson, Whiteside, Newlands, 
by West Linton, Peeblesshire; deeply re- 

It will be observed that these latter 
deabliH were those of soldiers who fell, not 
on tlio immediate field of ))attle, but from 
illncHb and diboaso as tlie result of military 


(Stobo and Australia) 

Australian Imperial Force. 

Light Horse. 

1918. (Close.) 

Son of Robert Laurie; grandson of Joseph 

Laurie of l;anrioton, New South Wales, and 

great grandson of Joseph Laurie of Stobo, 

I'coblesshire. He enlisted early in the war 

in the Light Horse, and served two and a 

half years in Egypt and Palestine. He was 

severely injured fiom being buried by a 

bursting mheil and also from a fall from his 

luirse when attempting an almost impossible 

leap in endeavouring to escape a Turkis)) 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


ambush. He was considered to be on© of 
the most daring and expert horsemen who 
left Australia. The hardships of the desert, 
when he was accustomed to be 16 hours daily 
in tihe saddle, proved too much for his con- 
stitution, £iiid ihe was invalided home to 
Australia some months previous to the sign- 
ing of the Armistice. He arrived home a 
pliysical wreck and passed away in a few 
months in his sleep at the age of 34. His 
body was buried in Armadale Cemetery with 
full military honours. 

This is another of the gallant band of six, 
originally derived from Stobo, Scotland, and 
settled in New South Wales, of whom 
twenty-six came over and six fell, all de- 
scendants of the patriarch from Stobo 
Quarry, Stobo, Tweeddale. 


(Stobo and Australia) 
1918. (Close.) 

Youngest son of Robert Kelly, grandson 
of Joseph Lawrie of Laurieton, New South 
Wales; great-grandson of Joseph Lawiie of 
Stobo, Peeblesshire. Enlisted in 1916 and 
went direct to Britain for training; there- 
after to France. He was only for a short 
time in the trenches before being wounded. 
Again returning to duty, he served up to 
the signing of tlie Armistice and afterwards 
with the Army of Occuijation, where, un- 
fortunately, he contracted pneumonia and 
died at the Casualty Clearing Station two 
days later. 

This was also a member of the Laurie 
clan from New South Wales and Stobo, 
Scotland. Occasionally in their records, 
they mention West Linton as their place 
of origin also. But this is because the 
patriarch Joseph Laurie lived for a short 
time in West Linton, but considered Stobo 
as their original place. In Icorrespondence 
with the author, they all mistakenly con- 
sidered both Stobo and West Linton to be 
suburbs of Peebles. 

... So long as the blood endures, 
I shall know that your God is mine; ye 
shall feel that my strength is yours. 

In the day of Armageddon, at the last great 

fight of all 
That our house stand together, and the 

pillars do not fall. 
Draw now the three-fold knot firm on the 

nine-fold bands. 
And the law that ye make shall be law 

after the rule of your lands. 
This for the waxen heath, and that for the 

wattle bloom. 
This for the Maple leaf, and that for the 

southern broom. 
The law that ye make shall be law, and I 

do not press my will. 
Because ye are sons of the blood, and call 

me mother still. 



Machine Gun Coeps. 

1919. June 11 (Wednesday). 

At Sunderland Military Hospital, on 11th 
June, Alexander Murray, Corpl., M.G.C., 
eldest son of David and Isabella Murray, 
Bield Cottag'e, Tweedsmuir, and grandson 
of the late William Potts, Peebles. 

After a period of weakness and ill-health, 
following on wounds received in Prance 
during the great struggle of March, 1918, 
Corporal Alex. Murray, died in Sunderland 
War Hospital on Wednesday morning, June 
11. Corporal Murray, who was in his 33rd 
year, was the eldest son of Mr David Mur- 
ray, roadman, Tweedsmuir. He was educa- 
ted at Tweedsmuir School, and was after- 
wards apprenticed to the groaeTj trade, and 
on joining the army he was manager of the 
Maypole Dairy Company's branch at Porto- 
bello, a position in which he was held in 
high regard by his employers. He saw con- 
siderable service at home and abroad in the 
Machine Gun Corps. Having been shot 
through the shoulder, he came home to re- 
cuperate, and though the wound healed, and 
he was apparently in his usual good health, 
he never fully recovered the use of his 
arm. An attack of influenza and pneumonia 
again laid him low, and finally after a time 
meningitis supervened and carried him off. 
There can be no doubt that this melancholy 
succession of ailments was directly trace- 
able to the wound leceived more than a 
year since. Corporal Murray was an ideal 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

soldier, of fine physique, and possessed of a 
singularly happy spirit, and he had many 
other admirable qualities befitting not only 
the fearless man of war but also the suc- 
cessful cultivator of the arts of peace. He 
was much liked by the people of his native 
glen. Deep sympathy was felt for his par- 
ents, who had three sons serving during 
most of the war. 

By the grace of God and the courage 

Of our soldiers far and wide; 
By the toil and sweat of those who lived. 

And the blood of those who died ; 
We have won the fight, we have saved the 

For the Iiord was on our side. 

We have come through the valley of shadows. 
We have won to the light again. 
We have smitten to earth the evil thing. 
And our sons have proved them men. 

But not alone by our might we have won. 
For the Lo;d fought in our van. 

" He died in hospital on the 8th instant, 
after about 10 days' illness. As one of the 
oldest officers in this company, I have 
known your son ever since he came to this 
company in July, 1917. During the whole 
of this time he proved himself to be of great 
value, and performed all his duties thorough- 
ly and conscientiously both in and out of 
the line. By his death the company lost a 
good soldier, and I wish to express to you 
the deepest sympathy of all the officers and 
men of the company." 

Go down, go down, unweariable feet. 
Together we will ii'arch towards the ways 
Wherein the marshalled hosts of morning 

In sleepless watch, with banners wide un- 
To greet the men who lived triumphant days, 
And stormed the secret beauty of the world. 

As life runs on, the road grows strange 
With faces new — and near the end 

The milestones into headstones change— 
'Neath every one a friend. 


Machine Gun Corps. 
1919. FEBRtTART 8 (Sunday). 
Before the war Private Henderson was em- 
ployed as a tweed warehouseman by Ballan- 
tyne Bros., Innerleithen, and on the outbreak 
of war rejoined, after serving for five years, 
the local company of Ihe 8th Royal Scots 
Territorials. He proceeded to France with 
that battalion on November 4th, 1914, and 
early in 1916 was invalided home with rheu- 
matic fever. He was then transferred to the 
32nd Batt. M.G.C., and proceeded to France 
with that unit in May, 1917. He was expect- 
ing to be demobilised when he fell ill with in- 
fluenza, and pneumonia set in, from which he 
never recovered. He died on the 8th Feb- 
ruary, 1919, and was buried in Belgrade 
Cemetery, near Namur. 

" I am sorry to inform you that Private 
John Henderson died here on the 8th Feb- 
ruary, from pneumonia, following influeiizii. 
He had every care and the most loving at- 
tention. He i.s Ijuried in the beaiitiful 
cemetery of Belgrade, near Naniur. I otTor 
you my most sincere sympathy in your sad 


llTH EoYAL Scots. 
1919. February 20 (Friday). 
He joined up as a Private at Innerleithen 
in August, 1914, in the 11th Eoyal Scots, and 
was sent to Aldershot for training. Promoted 
to the rank of Sergeant in April, 1915, he was 
sent to France in May, and was wounded on 
September 25, and taken prisoner on Septem- 
ber 27, 1915, at the Battle of Loos. He was 
sent over to Holland in April, 1918, got home 
on sick leave on November 22, 1918, for two 
months' furlough, ond was sent to Glencorse 
to await his discharge, but died from the 
effects of his wounds in Glencorse Military 
Hospital on February 20, 1919. He was a 
yarn store worker. He joined up at the age 
of 19, and died aged 23 years and 8 months. 

We stand with one consent to plead — that 

here shall spring 
Such issue of our labour as may bring 
Fresh laurels to the altars that have known 
Service of men whose passion might atone 
For worlds than this more faithless, men 

wliose names 
Are very life— aye, swift and urgent flames 
Of living are they. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


We call them " dead," 
But they look back and smile 
At our dead living in the bonds of flesh. 
And do rejoice that, in so short a while, 
Our souls will slip the leash. 

There is no death 
To those whose hearts are set 
On higher things than this life doth afford: 
How shall i.heir passing leave one least regret. 
Who go to join their Lord.^ 

There is gathering in the heavens an 
innumerable host 
Of the valiant and the noble ones who 
count the world well lost ; 
The Lord of Hosts had need of them for 
the work He has on hand. 
Now, like the stars for multitude, they 
wait His high command. 



Camekon Highlandees. 

1919. Febeuary 26 (Thtjusdat) 

At 3 Canadian Greneral Hospital, Boulogne, 
on 26th February, of bronchial pneumonia. 
Private Melvin Husband, eiged 34 years, sec- 
ond son of John Husband, contractor, In- 
nerleithen ; deeply mourned. 

We looked for his returning. 

To clasp him by the hand. 
But God piostponed that meeting 

Till we meet in that better land. 

On the 17th November, 1918, the Allied 
Armies began their triumphant march to 
the Rhine. On the 18th Amej-ican troops 
entered Longwy and Briey. and Belgian 
troops le-entered Antwerp and Brussels. 
On the 19th French troops entered Metz. 
On the 21st British troops entered Namur, 
and the King of the Belgians returned to 
Brussels on November 22. 

We heard not the march of the succours 

that were coming. 
Their old forgotten bngle-calls, the fifes and 

the drumming. 
But they gathered and they gathered from 

the graves where they had lain 
A hundred years, hundreds of yeara, on the 

old battle plain. 
And the young graves of Flanders, all fresh 

with dews of mourning. 

We have built a house that is not for 
time's o'erthrowing. 
We hn'.e gained a peace unshaken by pain 

War knows no power. Safe sliall be my 
Secretly armed against all death's en- 
deavour ; 

Safe, though all safety's lost; safe where 
men fall. 

And if these poor limbs die, safest of all. 


EoTAL Field Aetilleet. 
1919. March 14 (Friday). 
William M'Arthur was born in Eothesay in 
1892, and was educated at Dunblane Public 
School. He then became an apprentice gar- 
dener, and was employed in the gardens at 
Stobo Castle, Peeblesshire. Thereafter he 
went to Minden, Peebles, to take charge of 
the rock garden there established by Sir 
Henry Ballantyne. When war broke out, 
William enlisted in the Royal Field Artillery 
and was trained at Maryhill. Subsequently 
he was drafted abroad on foreign service. 
During the retreat in Serbia he was missing 
for a few days, but eventually succeeded in- 
rejoining his battalion after many hardships. 
On the Struma front William fought in most 
of the engagements, and on one occasion 
after dark, his whole gnn-team — men, horses, 
gun, and waggon — fell into a shell hole, and 
lay there for twelve hours, a waggon wheel 
upon his leg. At daylight they were released. 
Later he contracted malaria, and was invalid- 
ed home. He arrived at Merryflats Hospital, 
Govan, on the 9th February, 1918, and after 
some months there he recovered sufiiciently 
to be sent to his parents' home in Stirling. 
In the autumn of 3918 he was able to visit 
Peebles, but in the following March he suc- 
cumbed to an attack of influenza. His younger 
brother, James, was killed in action, and he 
had other four brothers serving in the war. 

Across the warm, safe Tweeddale fields 

The sun brings up his day, 

I live my life because in France 

You gave your life away. 

The sad stars pale, the dawn-wind lifts 

The roses on the wall; 

Morning, and noon, and sunset-tide. 

To you I owe them all. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

So be my passing! 

My task accomplished and the long day done, 

My wages taken, and in my heart 

Some late lark singing, 

Let me be gathered to the quiet west. 

The sundown splendid and serene, 


Already s^ee our brothers 

Build in the tottering fane. 
Though France should be a desert, 

While love and spring remain. 
Men will come back to Arras, 

And build and weave again. 

So played the pipes in Arras, 

Their Gaelic symphony, 
Sweet with old wisdom gathered 

In Isles of the Highland sea. 
And eastward towards Cambrai 

Eoared the artillery. 


peeblesshrre's most distinguished soldieb. 
a bbilliant military career. 
1919. October 17. 
It was with the deepest and most pro- 
found regret that the inhabitants of Peebles- 
shire learned of the death of Lieutenant- 
General Sir James Wolfe Murray, K.C.B. , 
which took place with startling suddenness 
at Cringletie, the deceased's home, on Fri- 
day, October 17, 1919. Sir James had had 
the misfortune to meet with a rather ser- 
ious accident on the High St:eet of Peebles. 
Heturning from church, he had been, it ap- 
pears, in the act of stepping off the road- 
way on to the pavement at Bank House 
corner, at the junction of High Street and 
Cuddy Bridge, when he slipped and fell 
heavily to the ground, sustaining a fraotuie 
of the right thigh, as well as receiving 
other injuries and severe shock. He was 
conveyed to liis home at Cringletie after 
the unforttinate occurrence, and it appeared, 
even almast to the hour of his demise, as 
if he were making satisfactory progress, but, 
as has already been stated, the end came 
suddenly, deatli being ascribed to heart 

The sudden death of Lieut.-General Sir 
James Wolfe Murray has removed the most 
notable figure from our parish and county. 
The accident which befel him in Peebles rais- 
ed fears in the minds of some, but his rapid 
recovery gave confidence. All the greater 
was the shock to our feelings when the news 
came that he had suddenly passed away. To 
pass Ijy the service he rendered to the nation 
and Empire without comment in his own Par- 
ish Church would be out of place. But it 
would be impossible to make anything but a 
brief reference here to his many achieve- 
ments. The Ashanti War seems an old story 
now; it was in 1899 that it took place, but he 
w£is there wrestling with the almost incred- 
ible difiiculties of the advance through the 
jungle. In the South African War he was 
General in Command of the line of communi- 
cations in Natal, and we knew then, and were 
proud to know, how well he accomplished his 
work. A grateful country recognised his 
ability. His capacity for organisation was 
well known, and not for one term only was 
he called to take part in the deliberations of 
the War Council. He served as Divisional 
General in India and later was called to the 
command of the Forces in Scotland and in 
South Africa. Lord Kitchener, who knew 
and trusted him, desired his help at home in 
the Great War, and he became Chief of the 
Imperial Staff. He was a true soldier, and 
gave himself unsparingly to his profession. 
He was master of many of the Indian dia- 
lects and of Russian. In 1918 he retired from 
the Army, and hoped to spend the leisured 
evening of his life in his own home — the place 
dearest of all the earth to him. He wished 
to share our interests, to take part in our 
life, and those who knew him can only feel 
that he was called away too soon. What I 
have said to you cannot convey to you any 
idea of the greatness of the man who dwelt 
among us. He came from one of the highest 
and most responsible posts in the nation to 
live with us and share our lives, and he came 
with such exceeding modesty, with such de- 
precating grace, so recognising our worth and 
humbling himself that we might well be par- 
doned if we felt flattered in our own self- 
esteem. That humility of his was so complete 
that he did not scorn to take part in our 
local councils, such as the Parish Council and 
School Board. This man came from tjie Im- 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


perial Staff which conducted the greatest 
operations of the greatest war to sit on the 
local Management Committee of our school! 
The modesty was visible to our eyes, patent 
for all to see — a greatness in itself. But that 
other greatness of the man who wielded 
power, and took and gave counsel in the great- 
est Council of our land in the moment of its 
greatest trial, we could not know so clearly. 
We begin to realise it in its fullness now. He 
came of a long line of soldiers, to whom duty 
and country were dear names, whose fame 
was ever clean, and as one of the greatest of 
them he has gone to meet them with his 
shield untarnished, with fame added to the 
fame of those who had gone before. 

Not once or twice in om- fair island story. 
The path of duty was the way to glory; 
He, that ever following her commands, 
On with toil of heart and knees and hands. 
Thro' the long gorge to the far light has won 
His path upward, and prevailed. 
Shall find the toppling crags of Duty scaled- 
Are close upon the shining table-lands 
To which our God Himself is moon and sun. 
Such was he; his work is done. 

He is gone who seemed so great — 

Gone; but nothing can bereave him 

Of the force he made his own 

Being here, and we believe him 

Something far advanced in State, 

And that he wears a truer crown 

Than ajiy wreath that man can weave him 

Speak no more of his renown. 

Lay your earthly fancies down. 

And in God's vast Cathedral leave him, 

God accept him, Christ receive him. 


1920. Septembee 19. 

William Clemison, lance-oorporal. Royal 
Highlanders, was born in 1893. He enlisted 
at Glenocrse on 20th January, 1916, and was 
discharged on 26th September, 1918. He ser- 
ved two years 250 days with the Colours, and 
was wounded at Salonika on 8th or 9th May, 
1917 ; was torpedoed on hospital ship "Rewa" 
in January, 1918, and landed at Swansea. 
He died at Skirling on 19th September, 1920. 

On December 12, 1918, British cavalry 
crossed the Rhine and began the occupation 
of Cologne, and on the 13th, the Americans 
crossed the Rhine and occupied Coblenz. 

The night was long and dark, and hard the 
But ever to the distant goal you pressed; 
Weary and faint, sore stricken in the fray, 

But never yet by craven fears distressed. 
You kept your living faith, undimmed and 

In Him, your glorious Captain in the fight. 


Royal Scots. 
1917. April 23. 
OflBcial notice reached Mr and Mrs An- 
derson, Stoneykuowe, Newlands, of the death 
of their eldest son. Sergeant George Ander- 
son, Royal Scots, who was killed in action in 
France on the 23rd April, 1917. The sad 
news caused quite a gloom in and around 
Seigeant Anderson's home, where he was 
well known as a thoroughly steady and re- 
spectable lad. Before joining the Colours, 
the deceased was in the employment of the 
County Council. He rallied to his country's 
call for men on the 7th September, 1914, and 
had been on active service in France since 
the 2nd July, 1915. Sergeant Anderson was 
in his 23rd year. 

The chaplain of Sergeant Anderson's bat- 
talion wrote to his parents : — 

" You will doubtless have received from 
the War Office the sad news of the death 
of your son, and on behalf of the officers 
and men of this battalion I now writei to 
express our sincerest sympathy with you 
in the great sorrow that has entered your 
home. On the morning of the 23rd of 
April, Sergeant Anderson went into action 
with his company. The battle was particu- 
larly fierce at the time, and the machine 
gun fire of the enemy was doing great 
damage to our ranks. I understand that 
he fell while urging his men forward, and 
died instantaneously. I was not with the 
battalion at that time, and so did not see 
him, but I know he will be buried on the 
battlefield, probably quite near to the spot 
where he fell. He was a man who was 
much respected by all who knew him here. 
A good soldier and comrade, he was ever 
ready to answer the call of duty, and I be- 
lieve willingly laid down his life in the 
great cause in which he w£is so nobly 
serving. Tihat God will strengthen and 
comfort you in your great sorrow is my 
sincere and earnest prayer." 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



King's Own Scottish Borderees and 

8th Eotal Scots. 

1918. OcTOBEB 4 (Friday). 

At the Alexandria Hospital, Egypt, on the 
4th October, Private John W. Armitage, The 
Eoyal Scots, beloved husband of Margaret M. 
Petrie, Tweedview, Walkerburn. 

Private John W. Armitage, Walkerburn, 
enlisted in the 8th Royal Scots in February, 
1915. After serving about 4 months with the 
battalion he was discharged as unfit. Being 
made aware of the nature of his trouble lie at 
once entered the Edinburgh Eoyal Infirmary, 
where he went through an operation. Feel- 
ing quite fit by November, he at once offered 
himself for re-enlistment, and was accepted, 
being placed with the K.O.S.B. On the 1st 
March the following year he was sent to 
Egypt. He was severely wounded in the oper- 
ations against Gaza. On recovery from his 
wounds, he was attached to the 1st Garrison 
Batt. Eoyal Scots, and was thereafter sent to 
Cyprus, w^here he contracted malaria. He 
was once more sent back to Egypt, where he 
entered hospital at Alexandria, dying a few 
weeks later on 4th October, 1918, aged 48 
years. I'ta. Armitage was a pattern weaver 
previous to enlistment, and resided at Tweed 
View, Walkerburn, where his widow and 
three boys still are. 

But now that you have left your native 

country — 
(How fair and sweet seems now your native 

That " precious stone set in the silver sea.") 
Ecmember, though you're far away from 

Scotland — 
Though you have left your home and friends 

in Scotland — 
You never can be far away from Me. 

You call, and call Me rightly, " Man of 

Sorrow " — 
(Was ever sorrow like unto my sorrow?) 
Yet was it I who gave you heart to jest. 
Because I shared with you the weary waiting, 
(How well I know the strain and stress of 

You did your bit, now calmly leave the rest. 

What matters Death if Freedom be not dead? 
No flags arc fair if Freedom's flag be furled. 
Who fights for Freedom, goes with joyful 
To moot the fires of Hell against him hurled, 
.\nd has for Captain Him whoso thorn- 
wreathed head 
Smilos from the Cross upon a conquered 



1st Bn. Gordon Highlanders. 
1914. October. 24. 
Captain Lachlan Gordon Duff was born on 
January 17, 1880, and was educated at Eton 
and Sandhurst. At the age of 19 he joined 
the 1st Battalion Gordon Highlanders, and 
went out to South Africa with them in 1899, 
and served throughoiit the campaign. He be- 
came Captain in 1904. lie married in 1908 
Lydia, daughter of Joseph Pike, D.L., of 
Besborough, County Cork. In 1909 he left 
the Army and went for three years to the 
Agricultural College at Cirencester, where he 
particularly studied estate management and 
forestry. He afterwaids settled here at Park 
House, and helped his father in the manage- 
ment of the estate. He was D.L. for Banff- 
shire, and was County Commissioner for the 
Boy Scouts He was a very good shot, an ex- 
cellent rider, and won several point to point 
races in Scotland including the cup present- 
ed by Lord Grenfell in 1907 for Irish Army 
Lightweights. He was very fond of polo. On 
the outbreak of war he rejoined, and in Octo 
ber, 1914, was sent out to his old regiment, 
1st Gordon Highlanders. On October 24, 1914, 
he was killed at Fanguissart, near Bethune, 
aged 34. He left two sons and a daughter. 
He was a grandson of the late Sir Charles 
Tennant of the Glen, Traquair. 


King's Own Scotitsh Borderers 
Date Unknown. 
Pte. Geo. Morrison, K.O.S.B., was employed 
as a piecer prior to the war with the late Ool. 
Eough (Jas. Dalziel & Co.), Walkerburn. He 
belonged to Galashiels (Hunter Square), and 
while here stayed with a Mrs Dew, Beattie's 
Buildings. He left the mill and was em- 
ployed as a surfaceman on the N.B. Eailway. 
He joined up as such in 1914. 


Who shall name them, this numberless Army H 
we know not their number or name. 

But we know from the sign on their foreheads 
through great tribiilation they came ; 

No calendar blazons their triumph with ser- 
vice of vigil or feast. 

And he that was greatest among them is even 
as he that was least ; 

They were men in the might of their man- 
hood, or boys in tlio beauty of youth, 

But they licld all as dust in the balance to 
battling for freedom and truth. 

We shall .'■ee tliem no more to our sorrow, 
they are rapt from the sphere of our pain, 

And the sword and the fire and the bullet 
shall sear not nor slay thom again ; 

Priest and poet, clerk, scholar, and craftsman, 
sea-toilers, or sons of the sod, 

J'Vom earth, air, and oco;in up-gathered, they 
rest in the Garden of God. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 





High in the uplands of Stobo parish, and 
eight miles west of the town of Peebles, there 
is a green hill, beautifully wooded with Scotch 
firs, stretching: away to the east and north to- 
wards the Castle of Stobo. From the slopes of 
this grassy hillside the most entrancing view 
in the whole of Tweeddale may be enjoyed. 
Each of the four seasons reveals varying phases 
of this unique landscape, and all fascinating. 
To the south is the forest of Dawyck, with its 
immense varieties of trees clothing the sides of 
Scrape to its very summit. Between lies the 
green and level plain of Drumelzier Haugh, 
watered by the meandering Tweed, and enshrin- 
ing the grave of Merlin, wizard and seer. At 
the foot of the hill may be seen the very altar- 
stone at which it is traditionally believed Kenti- 
gem received Merlin, the prophet of the Druids, 
into the Christian faith. Surrounding and em- 
battling the plain are the hills of Trahenna and 
Penvalla, Ca^-don and Tinto, all alike, the 
fabled subjects of poesy and history. 

Near the summit of the hill is the ancient 
slate quarry of Stobo, whence for centuries slates 
of thick and heavy form were conveyed on 
pack-horses as roofing for the dwellings of the 
Royal Mile of Edinburgh, its Palace, and the 
Castle of Craigmillar. On the west side of the 
mountain-path stands the Quarry House, 1,200 
feet above sea level, privileged more greatly 
than any other habitation in the shire, in pos- 
sessing for its sole delectation the magnificent 
landscape already mentioned, and in its having 
lieen the cradle of the gallant and patriotic 
Stobo-Australian clan about to be recorded. 
Little did the patriarch and founder of the 
family imagine, as he scanned the wooded 
groves of Dawyck from his lofty eyrie, that 
scions of his house would go forth to war, under 
the banner of its titular chief. Viscount Dawyck, 
Earl Haig. Yet such is the case. 

Before this history properly begins, all we 
know is that there wa<s one, by name, " Robert 
Laurie, Stobo, widower," who married Grizell 
Reid, widow, whose former name was Forrester. 
Tlie family, though apparently resident in 
Peeblesshire for several generations, were de- 
cidedly engendered west of the Nith. Stone 
masons by profession, one in particular, a 
nephew, rose to prominence in connection with 
Liverpool Docks. A member of Mrs Grizzel 
Eeid's family inter-married into the family of 
the Ettrick Shepherd, James Hogg, whose 
nephews and grand-nephews were familiarly 
known to many inhabitants of Stobo in the 
present day, residing at Stobo Hope Head. 

Returning to the Laurie family, it is recorded 
that one child only was born of the marriage 
of Robert Laurie and Grizzel Reid, namely, 
Joseph Laurie, in 1794, known throughout this 
narrative henceforth as The Patriarch. Joseph 
in due time married Elizabeth MacWhae, 
daughter of Thomas MacWhae, known as the 
Whistling Miller of Yarrow; and they reared a 
family of six sons and one daughter, all Scot- 
tish born, residing for a period in Stobo, in the 
Quarry House, known then and now as "Cheat 
the Beggars." One son at least was born in 
that house ; the second, Thomas by name, after- 
wards head of the Norvendoc branch, of which 
more anon. 

The Patriaich, Joseph Laurie and his 
family removed from Stobo to West 
Linton, where were born his fourth 
and fiftli sons, namely, Alexander and 
Joseph, afterwards heads of the Rawdon Vale 
and Laurieton branches respectively. Finally, 
the family removed to Prestonpans. 

The eldest child, and only daughter, Janet 
Laurie, married John Higgins, a native of 
Peebles, elder half-brother of Ebenezer Ander- 
son. They became heads of the Berrico branch 
of the Lauries. Thus were founded the four 
great cadet branches of the house of Laui-ie. 

The first to migrate from Scotland to Aup 
tralia was this young couple, John and Janet 
Higgins : they entered into an engagement with 
a Mr Barker, and finally landed in New South 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

Wales in 1839. setding at Murnmell, in the 
district of Goulburn. 

The Patriarch, Josepli laurie, being de- 
sirous of following his daughter, entered 
into an engagement with a Mi- Bal- 
four, and landed in Sydney with his 
family in 1840. Mr Balfour's venture, for 
some forgotten reason, not maturing, Joseph 
Laurie took service with the Australian Agri 
cultural Company, taking charge of a sheep 
station known as " The Seventeen Mile." 

The Australian Agricultural Company had ac- 
quired an Imperial Grant of one million acres, 
in the Port Stephens district, in the early 
'twenties, and at this period, 1S40, were at their 
zenith, as far as their Port Stephens ©state was 
concerned, and were virtually a colony, within 
the colony, employing four hundred assigned 
servants (convicts) controlled by an efficient 
staff, with selected emigrants as overseers. 
The agricultural venture having proved un- 
profitable, they had turned their attention to 
raising a high-grade herd of cattle and Merino 
slieep, extending tlieir interests far beyond the 
bounds of their estate. 

In the early 'forties, John Higgins (son-in- 
law of Joseph Laurie) brought his family from 
Murnmell, entering the service of the Australian 
Agricultural Company, taking charge of the 
sheep stations at the " Ten Mile " ; and in 1847 
took charge of the " Seventeen Mile," in euc- 
cession to his father-in-law, who had been trans- 
lated to Norvendoc station, in New England. 
Thither came, on landing, Liechardt, the ex- 
plorer, on his last long trail, who halted at 
Norvendoc station ; and Thomas Laurie, young 
and adventurous, was with difficulty prevented 
from joining the expedition. Liechardt went 
on, to disappear utterly from human ken in the 
heart of the Continent. 

In 1849 came the tidings of the great gold 
find in California, and thither went Thomas 
Laurie and his young brother, Alexander, yot 
in his teenb (sons of Joseph), with their future 
brother-in-law, Herbert, and Walter Kenwick. 
fihortly after this the A. A. Company broke "p 
their sheep establishment at Port Stepliens, ex- 
changing witli the then Colonial Government 
two-fifths of their estate for an equal area of 
Crown lands in Liverpool Plains, west of the 
range, and withdrawing tlicir flocks and herds 
within the estate boundaries, gradually merged 
their flocks withm the newly acquired eetate. 
Joseph Laurie, their father, now leaving the 
staff of the A. A. Company, entered on pastoral 

pursuits on his own behalf, and in 1850 pur 
chased the present family residence, Eawdon 
Vale, in the Gloucester district, from the bank- 
rupt estate of John Lord. 1851 saw the dawn 
of the great Australian gold fields, and Thomas 
and Alexander, fresh from California, went to 
Forest Creek (Victoria) ; Robert, the eldest, to 
Burrein; Andrew, the third son, to Hanging 
Rock ; and Joseph (second of the name) , the fifth 
son, to the Ovens (Victoria). 

With Thomas Laurie (son of the first Joseph) 
alluvial gold mining was a hobby, a sort of 
happy relaxation from his pastoral cares, his 
Californian experiences standing him in such good 
stead, that he could place more alluvial gold- 
field discoveries to his credit than perhaps any 
other miner m the State — Burrend, Louisa 
Creek, Maitland Bar, Hanging Rock, and other 
fields falling to his lot. 

The success of the brothers on the various 
gold fields was but the stepping-stone to their 
future success. Andrew Laurie (the third of 
the brothers, and son of the first Joseph) entered 
into negotiations with the then Superintendent, 
Mr Blane, of the A. A. Company to purchase a 
large tract of freehold land in the vicinity of 
their Gloucester head station, but before the deal 
could be completed Mr Blane died, and his suc- 
cessor, being averse to the sale, compromised 
with Andrew Laurie, and gave him two flocks 
of sheep, and their right to Norvendoc station, to 
forego the bargain. Norvendoc station, perhaps 
the finest property on the New England table- 
land, now came into the possession of Joseph 
Laurie (the first) and his two sons, Thomas and 
Andrew, and in after years it devolved upon 
Thomas solely. 

Thomas Laurie, J.P., the ancestor of the 
Norvendoc branch, and second son of the 
first Joseph, married Elizabeth, tlxird 
daughter of James Kenwick, and his wife, 
Janet, nee Kennedy. His sons, of whom 
three survive, following in the father's and 
graudsire's footsteps, have attained a high 
measure of success in pastoral pursuits, 
namely, Jo.seph N. Laurie, J. P., of Stobo 
House, Kawdon Vale; Thoma.s Albert Laurie, 
J. P., of Norvendoc ; and Alexander Laurie, 
J. P., of an estate in New England. 

The removal of the A. A. Company's flocks 
fioni Port Stephens completed the period 
of service of John Higgins with the A. A. 
Company, and choosing a pastoral life, he 
established a station in the Gloucester dis- 
trict towards the end of 1859. This property 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


on his decease finally passed into the pos- 
session (by purchase) of the eldest daughter 
of the Noivendoc branch. 

The issue of the marriage of John Higgins 
and Janet Laurie (only daughter of 
the first Joseph), was one son (since de- 
ceased) and five daughters. Their grandsons, 
John Eobert Higging, J.P., of Falkland, and 
Thomas L. Higgins, J. P., of Heatherdale, 
b\ecarae prominen(t pastoralists in the 
Gloucester district. 

The elder, Jolin Eobert, by sheer dint of 
cjiaracter, rose to ihig/h psuMio position. 
Joseph Laurie (the first) died at Eawdon Vale 
in 1881, in his 87th year. Though for many 
years a martyr to asthma, in his youth he 
was tall and handsome, with those fine dark 
eyes peculiar to many of the Southern 
Scots; on his death Eawdon Vale passed to 
his third sou, Andrew ; and on his retire- 
ment from a pastoral life, to his brother 
Thomas ; and, finally, at Thomas's death, in 
his eighty-fifth year, to hig eldest son, Jos- 
eph N. Laurie, the present holder (the sec- 
ond Joseph). 

Eohert, eldest son of the first Joseph 
Laurie, in the early 'sixties, piirchased Kan- 
garoo Flat Station, New England, from 
Lieut. Eichards, and was resident there up 
to the time of his death, aged seventy-four 
years ; he had never married. Andrew 
Laurie, J.P. ('3rd son of the first Joseph), 
retired from a Country life, and became 
prominent in Municipal affairs, but dying 
at sixty-five, made the first break in the 
band of brothers. He had married late in 
life, and left no issue. John, the youngest 
Bon of the first Joseph, followed farming pur- 
suits. Joseph Laurie, J.P., the fifth son of 
the first Joseph, was a man of gieat energy 
of character, and devoted his life to business 
occupations, and in the early 'eighties, in 
concert with his brothers Andrew and Alex- 
ander, entered into the timber industry, and 
founded Laurieton, his future home, on the 
Camden Haven Eiver, between the Towering 
North Brother Mountain and tlie sea, dying 
here about his seventy-second year. He left 
a family of two song and four daughters, 
which constituted the Laiirieton branch- 
Robert liaurie, J. P., of Wollomombi, New 
England, and Josepli B. Laurie, of Laurie- 
ton (the third Joseph), being the sons. Alex- 
ander Thomson Laurie, J.P., was the fourth, 
and latest surviving son of the first Joseph 

Laurie, and was head of tlie Eawdon Vale 
branch, being the owner of Bonny Boon 
estate, Eawdon Vale. Choosing pastonal 
pursuits as a livelihood, he married Jean 
Kennedy Kenwick, youngest daughter of 
James Kenwick, in 1854, but lost his young 
wife by tetanus in October, 1839, leaving 
four infants to his care, two sons and two 
daughters; Josepli E. Laurie (the fourth 
Joseph), J.P., of Invergordon, grazier, and 
James E. Laurie, of Maudville, grazier, be- 
ing the sons. Marrying again at a later per- 
iod, two sons and one danghter were added 
to the family; namely, William N. Laurie, 
J. P., of Airlie, grazier, and Alexander E. 
Laurie, J.P., of Bonny Doon. Alexander, 
their father, died at Bonny Doon in Dec- 
ember, 1905, aged seventy-six. He was a 
man of many parts, and took a keen interest 
in all public affairs. 

The Kenwick family, before alluded to, be- 
longed to Dumfriesshire. James KenwicJj 
had been the tenant farmer of C'ragie, un- 
der the Duke of Buccleuch ; his wife was a 
Kennedy of Moffat, and through her mother, 
Mary Park, a near connection of the African 
explorer of the like surname. Emigrating 
under engagement to the A.A. Company as a 
farming expert, he arrived with his family 
of eight sons and four daughters in Port 
Stephens in 1839. 

In August, 1914, came the Great War, and 
the summons to the Colonies fired the imag- 
inations of all the bravest and best, and 
like fire nnto the heather set, the patriotic 
contagion spread, and out of a population of 
about 1800 males in the Gloucester district, 
from infancy to old age, 450 joined the 
A.I.P. The descendants of Joseph Laurie, 
the Patriarch of Stobo. Scotland, contributed 
twenty-six gallant soldiers towards the de- 
fence of the Mother Country. Seven of them 
fell; nineteen survived. The four septs of 
the Laurie clan contributed thus :— Of the 
Laurieton branch, three fell and six sur- 
vived; of the Eawdon Vale branch, two fell 
and six survived; of the Norvendoo branch, 
one fell and four survived; of the Berrico 
branch, one fell and three survived. Two of 
the Lauries visited Peebles on their fur- 
lough during the war, staying with their 
cousin, Mrs Thomson, now of 29 Eoeetta 
Eoad, but at 10 High Street at the time. 
Joseph Laurie, the third Joseph, frequently 
visited Peebles and West Linton, intent on 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

developing the timber trade with New South 
Wales, and was well known to many resid- 
ents in that village and in Peebles. Por- 
traits and recoi'ds of all the twenty-six 
Stobo-Australian patriots follow thig account, 
and in order to assist identification, a list 
of the original members ot the family of 
Joseph the Patriarch of Stobo Quarry is 
given. — (1) Janet (Mrs Higgins) founded 
the Berrico branch with one son and five 
daughters; (2) Eobert, died single; (3) 
Thomas, born at Stobo Quarry, founded the 
Norvendoc branch, and lived at Stoho 
House in New South Wales ; (4) Andrew had 
no issue ; (5) Grizell died young ; (6) Alex- 
ander Thomson, founded the Rawdon Vale 
branch. He was lx)rn at West Linton, and 
was called after the Eev. Alexander Thom- 
son, U.P. minister in Peebles, being the 
first child baptised by him ; (7) Joseph, who 
founded the Laurieton branch; he, too, was 

lx>rn at West Linton ; (8) John K., no de- 

Very suitably the badge of the family is 
the laurel, with which its members may 
well be crowned. The motto is " Virtus 
semper ^^^idis " (valour ever green). 

This is the story of the descendants of the 
Patriarch Joseph Laurie of Stobo, Scotland. 
Of the twenty-six who greatly ventured, 
seven have passed to the Grreat Beyond. Two 
sleep in Belgian Flanders; one on the slopes 
of Mount St Quentin ; one by the slumbrous 
Nile; and two with the flower of their bat- 
talion on the stricken field of Finer Baix. 
One only sleeps with his kinsmen at their 
home in Australia. 

Beyond the Bourne, beyond the pale. 
Where grey Valhalla's shadows flit: 
They rest where Odin's warriors sit 
With dinted helm and rusted mail. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


'C" Squadron, 1st Canadian Mounted Eifles. 

Private Inglis was a native of Manor Val- 
ley, being born at Woodhoiitse, July 19, 1890. 
He left the district when quite young. He 
was educated at Swanston Soliool, in the 
parish of Colinton, and later at Corstorphine, 
where his parents still reside. He was barely 
twenty when he emigrated t-o Canada, and 
was doing well for himself there, but when 
the Great War broke out, he, like all the 
loyal young hearts, heard the call of the 
Motherland, and rallied to her aid. 

He joined up on Christmas Day, 1914. 
After six months' training, he arrived at 
Folkestone, where he got a few days' leave. 
Along with his battalion he left for France 
on September 22nd, 1915. He was wounded 
during his first engagement on October 9th, 
and was in hospital until the end of the 
year. After that he serve<l continually on 
the Ypres front until the great German 
offensive against the 'Canadians on June 2iul, 
1916. Private Inglis was reported missing be- 
tween June 2nd and June .5th. Though every 
effort was made no definite news of him was 
ever had. The following is a copy of a letter 
received from his officer, in answer to one 
from his father, requesting news of his son. 

France, 6/7/lG. 
Dear Sir,— I received your letter re Pte. 
Jas. Inglis yesterday. I regret more than 

I can say that I have no definite newg of 
your son. I am the only oflBcer left of his 
company, and there are very few men. 
Pte. Inglis was on the left of the company; 
that part ^\as cut off very early in the 
bombardment. A number of prisoners 
were taken, but whether he was among 
them I cannot say. If so, he should be 
reported soon. That is all I can say, but, 
before closing, I should like to add a few 
words about the man. He enlisted in the 
battalion in Sask. at the start, and was 
with us ever since. When I was a troop 
officer, he was not in my troop, but I knew 
him well. He was always a very popular, 
efficient, and steady soldier, who could be 
relied upon by his ofiicers to do his duty 
on all occasions. It was not until we came 
toFrancethat I learned to know him person- 
ally, but I have thought a great deal of 
him since then. I hope he may be a 
prisoner, but am afraid I cannot extend 
that hope to you with any great feeling of 
assurance that it will be fulfilled. — I am, 
yours sincerely, 

W. B. Caswell. Capt.. 

O.C. C Coy., 
1st Can. Mtd. Eifles. 

Joseph Laurie, i<TOBO, the Patriarch. The Quarry Hotsf, Stobo., 


.•*:* V , Jrs 

Sfc.-Lieutenant Andrew J. B. Laurie. 

Private Alexander Kenneth Laurie. 



'k 'iti 

GuNNKtt Thomas IIknkv LAUitri;. 

Skhoiiani' Isaac Moouk. 

Trooper Alexander Thomson Laurie. 

Privvte Alexander Duncax Gordon I>aurie. 

Loe.-Cpl. Clifton William Joseph Ladkie. 

Trooper Alexander Thomas Lalirie. 

Private Iiorert Stanlky 

PKivATi-: OswAi.ij K'Knri Mack ay. 

I'kivA'II. \\iii.i\m I.'ihsjii, K'Kii.y. 

I'ltnATK MAiiinci': \V loiHiou. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


The Records and Portraits of the Descendants of Joseph Laurie, a.d., 1839, Quarry 
House, Stoko, Scotland, who enlisted for the War to the number of Twenty-Six, 

Nineteen of whom Surviv*. 



The names of those who enlisted and survived are: — 
Second Lieutenant Andrew J. B. Laurie, Private Alexander Kenneth Laurie. 
Military Medal. Sergeant Isaac Moore. 

Gunner Thomas Henry Laurie. Trooper Alexander Thomson Laurie. 

The names of those who fell are: — 
Private Alexander Duncan Gordon Laurie. Lance-Corporal Clifton William Joseph Laurie. 


MiLiTABY Medal. 

1st Machine Gun Battalion. 

He was the son of Joseph E. Laurie, of In- 

vergordon ; great-grandson of Joseph Laurie, 

the Patriarch. He enlisted on the 25th April, 

1916. He was present at the Battles of Doig- 
nies, Lagnecourt, Messines, in France. He 
was wounded at Bullecourt on the 7th of May, 

1917. Other battles that he was engaged in 
were Passchendaele, Meteren, Peronne, Jean- 
eourt. He won his commission on the battle- 
field, also the Military Medal, September 20, 

1918. He w£is a good horseman, a fine all- 
round cricketer, and a crack shot. He was 
aged then about twenty-eight. 


1st Machine Gun Battalion. 
He was the son of Joseph N. Laurie, Stobo, 
Bawdon Vale, and great-grandson of the Pat- 
riarch Joseph Laurie, Stobo, Scotland. He 
enlisted in April, 1916, and was wounded at 
Tpres when twenty-one years. He finally re- 
turned to Australia. 


5Sr.d Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. 
He was the fourth son of James E. Laurie, 


of Maudville, Gloucester, New South Wales; 
great-grandson of Joseph Laurie, of Eawdon 
Vale, and great-great-grandson of the Patri- 
arch Joseph Laurie, Stobo, Scotland. His 
great-grandfather was Alexander T. Laurie, 
the fourth son of the Patriarch Joseph of 
Stobo, Scotland, and this son of the Patriarch 
was born at West Linton, Scotland, after the 
family had left Stobo for West Linton, in 
1839. The fifth son of the Patriarch was also 
born at West Linton; his name was Joseph 
(the second). Private Alexander K. Laurie 
enlisted on September 29, 1916. He was en- 
gaged in the Battles of Morlincourt and Per- 
onne, at which latter place he v/as severely 
wounded on September 1, 1918. He returned 
incapacitated to Australia, on the 25th Feb- 
ruary, 1919. This district of Gloucester, New 
South Wales, held the record for enlistments 
— 150 out of a total of 800 males of all ages 
having enlisted. 


10th Machine Gun Battalion, A.I.F. 

He was the grandson of Alexander T. 
Laurie, of Eawdon Vale, and great-grandson 
of the Patriarch Joseph Laurie, Stobo, Scot- 
land. The estate of the grandfather bears 
the name Bonny Boon. Sergeant Moore re- 
turned to Australia in due time. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


12th Australian Light Horse (Palestine)., 
He is styled also Signaller. He was the son 
of William N. Laurie, Airlie, Eawdon Vale, 
grandson of Alexander Thomson Laurie, and 
great-grandson of the Patriarch Joseph 
Laurie, Stobo, Scotland. The name " Alex- 
ander Thomson " came into the family when 
the fourth son of the Patriarch, who was 
born at West Linton after the family had left 
Stobo, was baptised by the U.P. minister of 
Peebles, namely the Rev. Alexander Thom- 
son, a man of saintly character, and long 
established in Peebles. Signaller Alexander 
Thomson Laurie enlisted in April, 1915, at the 
age of twenty. He served in Gallipoli, Egypt, 
Palestine, and Syria, up to the final capture 
of Damascus and surrender of the Turks. He 
was never wounded, but suffered much from 

Here follow the records of those of the 
Eawdon Vale branch who fell: — 


13th Batialion, Australian Imperial Force. 
He was the fifth son of James R. Laiirie, of 
Maudville, Gloucester, New South Wales; 
great-grandson of the Patriarch Joseph 
Laurie, Stobo, Scotland. He enlisted on the 
26th September, 1914, at the very beginning of 
the war, when aged twenty-one. He landed 
at Anzac (Australian and New Zealand 
Allied Countries) on the 26th April, 1915; 
was mortally wounded on the 3rd of May, and 
died at Alexandria on the 18th May, 1915. 
Such is the brief but glorious record of the 
very first of the gallant descendants of the 
Patriarch Joseph Laurie from Stobo, Scot- 
land, to fall. 


30th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. 
Third and youngest son of Joseph E. 
Laurie, of Invergorden, grandson of Alex- 
ander Laurie, of Bonny Doon ; and great- 
grandson of the Patriarch -Joseph Laurie of 
Stobo, Scotland. He enlisted on the 5th of 
August, 1915. He landed in France in June, 
1916, and was killed in action at Fleur Baix, 
on July 19-20, 1916. 


The names of those who enlisted and survived are : — 
Trooper Alexander Thomas Laurie. Private Oswald Keith Mackay. 

Private Robert Stanley Kelly. Private Maurice Webber. 

Private William Russel Kelly. Private Ronald Bruce Smith. 

Trooper Robert Laurie. 

The names of those who fell are :- 
Private Robert Burns Laurie. 

Private Alexander Kelly. 


Isr Australian Light Horse 

He was the son of Robert Laurie of Will 
omombie, and grandson of Joseph Laurie of 
Laurieton, and great-grandson of the Patri- 
arch, Joseph Laurie of Stobo, Scotland. He 
enlisted in 1915 and served in Egypt and in 
Palestine throughout the war. His service 

continued for tliree years and eight months. 
During the whole of that period, he wias 
off duty for three weeks only owing to an 
attack of fever. Although never wounded, 
lie talked of tlie hardships of the desert 
campaign as niost severe, and expressed the 
opinion that the men who were shot early 
in tihe war had the best of *t. Like his 
brother, the late Trooper Robert Laurie, he 
was an expert horseman. This is accounted 
for by the fact that their father was en- 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


gaged in pastoral pursuits, and on this ac- 
count, were reared in the saddle. After Ms 
return from the war, Trooper Laurie was 
appointed manager of a cattle station in the 
Coastal district of New South Wales. 


Australian Impbeial Fobce. 
One of three brothers who enlisted. He 
was the son of Robert Kelly, grandson of 
Joseph Laurie of Laurieton, and great-grand- 
son of the Patriarch Joseph Laurie of Stobo, 
Scotland. He served in Egypt and after- 
wards in France. He was slightly woiinded, 
and spent some weeks in hospital in that 
country. E«turning >to the lines, he took 
part in several important engagements, but 
was again wounded; this time desperately, 
by an enemy bomb bursting at his feet. 
He was left foi' dead by his comrades, but 
later recovered consciousness some hours 
afterwards, and in the darkness crawled a 
distance of three hundred yards and re- 
gained his own lines. It wag a gruesome 
experience thus proceeding slowly over the 
bodies of the dead on that terrible night. 
After spending many months in British 
Hospitals, Private Kelly was finally sent 
back to Australia 


Australian Imperial Force. 

One of three brothers who enlisted. He 
was the son of Eobert Kelly, grandson of 
Joseph Laurie of Laurieton, and gieat-grand- 
son of the Patriarch Joseph Laurie of Stobo, 
Scotland. He enlisted in 1915, and served 
in Egypt and later in France. In 1916 he 
was wounded in France. This rendered 
him unfit for further service abroad, and he 
thereupon served in Britain for the re- 
mainder of the war. 

Alexander, the third of the Kellys, died of 
influenza, and will be noticed later. 


Australian Imperial Force. 
He was the son of William Mackay, grand- 
son of Joseph Laurie of Lauiieton, and 

great-grandson of the Patriarch Joseph 
Laurie of Stobo, Scotland. He enlisted in 
1916 at the age of eighteen, and served in 
Egy^t and in France. While in France he 
was attached to the Lewis Gun Section. At 
BuUecourt, he received a severe shrapnel 
wound in the leg, and was sent to B itain, 
where he remained for twelve months. He 
then returned to France, but ^^^^ iii the 
lines for a few days when he was gassed 
severely. For this he was sent back to 
Britain, and was back again on duty in 
France when the last German offensive be- 
gan. He was among the first to enter Per- 
onne, when the Australians retook that town 
for the last time. After the Armistice, Pri- 
vate Mackay continued with the Army of 
Occupation for some time, and was then 
sent back to Australia; arriving theie on 
the day when peace was being celebrated 
throughout the Empire. 


Australian Imperial Force. 

He was a grandson of Mrs E. Cameron, 
Laurieton, and great -great-giandson of the 
Patriarch Joseph Laurie of Stobo, Scotland. 
He wag thus the youngest descendant of the 
founder of the family, being a grandson 
doubly great. He, like the Kellys, was also 
a grandson of Eobert Kelly. He enlisted at 
the age of eighteen in 1916, and served in 
France throughout the war. He won through 
unhurt, ^ind returned to Australia. 


Australian Imperial Force. 

He was the son of Samuel Smith, grand- 
son of Joseph Laurie of Laurieton, and great- 
grandson of the Patriarch Joseph Laurie of 
Stobo, Scotland. He enlisted in 1917 im- 
mediately on arriving at military age. After 
completing his course of training, he sailed 
for Britain, and proceeded shortly after- 
wards to France, where he took part in 
most of the fighting right up to the signing 
of the Armistice. He came through the 
whole campaign unscathed, and returned to 



County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

Here follow the records of those of the 
Laniieton. branch who fell : — 


Australian Light Hoese. 
He fell at the close of 1918. He was the 
son of Robert Laurie, grandson of Joseph 
Laurie of Laurieton, and great-grandson of 
the Patriarch Joseph Laurie of Stobo, Scot- 
land. He enlisted early in the war, and 
served for two and a half years in Egypt and 
in Palestine. He suffered sevei-ely from the 
bursting of a shell, and from a fall from 
his horse in endeavouring to escape from 
a Turkish ambush. The hardships of the 
desert entailing sixteen hours daily in the 
saddle proved too much for his constitu- 
tion, and he was invalided home to Australia 
some months before the signing of the 
Armistice. By that time he was a physical 
wreck, and passed away in a few months 
in his sleep, at the age of 34, and was 
buried with military honours in the ceme- 
tery of Armadale, Australia. 


36th Battalion, 9th Bbigade, 
Australian Imperial Foece. 
1917. June 12 (Fell). 
He was the son of Joseph B. Laurie, grand- 
son of Joseph Laurie, the pioneer of the 
town of Laurieton, and gi eat-grandson of 
the Patriarch Joseph Laurie of Stobo, Scot- 
land. His grandfather was tlie firstb man 
to introduce New South Wales hard woods 

to overseas' markets in 1888, and frequently 
visited Peebles and West Linton when visit- 
ing Britain. The father of this Joseph was 
Ixirn at West Linton, after the first Joseph 
had left Quarry House, Stobo, Scotland. 
Robert Burns enlisted in his twentieth 
year, having been engaged studying at the 
Teachers' College previously. He spent part 
of his furlough in Peebles with his relative, 
Mrs Thomson, a daughter of old Robert 
Rankine, and intended paying her and her 
husband another visit. Mortally wounded 
at Messines, three months after landing in 
France, he passed away at the age of twenty 
years and nine months. Fuller details are 
given in the body of the volume under date 
1917, June 12. ' 


Australian Imperial Force 
1918. December 2 (Died or Influenza). 
He was the youngest son of Robert Kelly, 
grandson pf Joseph Laurie lof Laurieton, 
and great-grandson of the Patriarch Joseph 
Laurie of Stobo, Scotland. He enlisted in 
1916, and went direct to Britain for train- 
ing; thereafter to France. He was only a 
short time in the trenches when he was 
wounded. After returning to duty, he 
served again up till the signing of the 
Armistice, and continued with tiie Army of 
Occupation in Germany. Unfortunately, he 
contracted influenza pneumonia and died at 
the Casualty Clearing Station two days 
later. His two elder brothers survived and 
returned to Australin. 


The names of those who enlisted and survived are: — 
Private Thomas Laurie. Private John Andrew Mclntyre. 

Private James Christopher Mclntyre. Private Charles Alexander Mclntyre. 

The name of him who fell is : — 
Corporal Albert Kingston Laurie, Military Medal. 


Australian Imi-erial Fobce. 
He was the eldest son of Alexandei- A. 
Laurie, of Mulierindie. groat grandson of 

Joseph Laurie the Patriarch, Stobo, Scotland. 
The following note was received concerning 
this patriotic lad : — " I cannot help but ad- 
mire his modesty in so far as ho makes no 

EoNALD Bkcce Smith. 

Peivate Eobeet BuENf Laurie. 

Private Alexander Kelly, 
Stobo and Australia. 

Private Thomas Laurie. 

Private John Andrew JNIcIntyre. 

I'ltivAiK Ciuu.Hioi'iiKii McIntyiie. 

Coiu'ORAL CiiARi-Es Alexander McIntyre. 


■^. .1,, 

Lance-Corporal Albert Kingston Laurie, M.M. 

Lance-Corporal Nokman W. Gunn. 

Bombardier Herbert Terras Higgins. 

Private Williaji Joseph Gdnn. 

PmvATE Wii.LiAji Bruce JIiggin.-^. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


claim personally for inclusion among his re- 
latives. However, I am in a position to state 
that he was most anxious to enlist in the ear- 
lier stages of the war, but failed to obtain 
his parents' consent on account of his ex- 
treme youth. He eventiially prevailed, and 
obtained their consent to enlist before he had 
attained his majority, and was on the poiut 
of sailing when the Armistice was sigaed." 



He was the son of Mrs M. Mclntyre, bom Hig- 
gins, and the late Christopher Mclntyre. He 
was the grandson of John Higgins, of Ber- 
rico, whose wife was Janet, the only daugh- 
ter of Joseph Laurie, Stobo, Scotland, the 
Patriarch. Private James Christopher Mcln- 
tyre, Australian Imperial Forces, was born at 
Stroud, Port Stephens, New South Wales, in 
1879; educated at Winghain in the same pro- 
vince, and continued farming until his en- 
listment in the Australian Imperial Forces. 
He was retained on home service at first, and 
left Queensland on the 12th of June, 1917, for 
the front, with the reinforcements for the 
25th Battalion. He sailed from Sydney on 
H.M.S. Horantoa, and was disembarked ten 
weeks later, arriving at headquarters on the 
20th August, 1917. The troops with which he 
was associated embarked for France in April, 

1918, and went straight up to the front lines 
for the defence of Amiens. He was gassed on 
the 23rd of May, 1918, at Merricourt, near 
Albert. He was sent to Birmingham No. 1 
War Hospital, where he recovered, and was 
discharged fit and returned to France on Sep- 
tember 21. Private Mclntyre continued in 
action thereafter until the 3rd of October, 
which was the last day on which the Austra- 
lian Infantry was in action. This was at 
Bean-au-avor, near the Belgian border. He 
was stationed at Beauficourt, about twenty 
kilos from Amiens, when the Armistice was 
signed. He took part in the march to the 
Ehine, as far as Charleroi, which was as far 
as the unit went, and continued until July, 

1919, with the Eecords Section. Apart from 
this period (from December, 1918, till July, 
1919), he served with the 25th Battalion the 
whole time. He embarked for Australia on 
the 23rd July, 1919, on board the ss. Ulysses, 
arriving at Brisbane on the 27th September, 

1919, after two years eighty-six days' service. 
Thereafter he continued on home defence. 


15th Battalion, 4th Brigade, A.I.F. 
He also was a son of Mrs M. Mclntyre, 
born Higgins, and the late Christopher Mcln- 
tyre, grandson of John Higgins, of Berrico, 
whose wife was Janet, only daughter of 
Joseph Laurie, Stobo, Scotland, the Patri- 
arch. He was born at Winghain on the Man- 
ning Eiver, and was educated at Scone 
School. He enlisted at Lismore in Septem- 
ber, 1914, and embarked for active service 
from Melbourne on board H.M. Troopship 
Ceramic on the 22nd December, 1914. He dis- 
embarked at Alexandria, Egypt, but return- 
ed to Australia on board H.M. Troopship 
Themistocles in September, 1915, being found 
unfit for further service owing to rheumatic 
fever, contracted while on active service in 
Egypt. He was discharged in December, 1916. 



Eeinforcements . 

Aged twenty-six years. Occupation, chief 
clerk. The English, Scottish and Austra- 
lian Bank, Brisbane. He was also 
the son of Mrs Mclntyre, bom Hig- 
gins, and the late Christopher Mclntyre, 
grandson of John Higgins, whose wife was 
Janet, only daughter of Joseph Laurie, the 
Patriarch, Stobo, Scotland. Charles Mcln- 
tyre was born near Kempsey, New South 
Wales, and was educated at West Maitland 
Superior Public School. He was rejected for 
service with the A.I.F. in September, 1915. 
He re-enlisted on the 2nd of May, 1918, and 
embarked for active service from Sydney on 
board H.M. Troopship Carpentaria in Nov- 
ember, 1918. He was recalled while on the 
sea owing to the signing of the Armistice, 
and transhipped at Auckland to ss. Riverina. 
He returned to Australia, and was discharged 
on the 28th December, 1918, owing to cessa- 
tion of hostilities. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



He was the eldest son of J. N. Laurie, Stobo, 
Eawdon Vale, great-grandson of Joseph Laurie, 
Stobo, Scotland. He enlisted in March, 1915, 
in the 18th Battalion, A.I.F. He was wound- 
ed three times, and gained the Military 
Medal at Bullecourt, for conspicuous bravery 
in the field in October, 1916. He fell at Mont 
St Quentin on the 31st Augrust, 1918, aged 
twenty-four years. He gained the Military 
Medal for a very daring and enterprising 
act. He and a fellow scout captured a Ger- 
man observation post, and after putting the 

Germans out of action, one seized the tele- 
phone instrument and gave the order in Ger- 
man to open fire on a certain trench, saying 
that the Australians had captured it. The 
German artillery thereupon opened a heavy- 
fire on their own crowded trench, and caused 
heavy losses among their own men. Private 
Laurie was ofl^ered a commission on several 
occasions, but refused always, saying that he 
preferred to continue a " Digger." He met 
his end thus: — He and his two companions 
volunteered to get a gun which was giving 
them great trouble. They managed to silence 
it, but all the tJiree gallaat boys were killed 
in their great enterprise. 


The names of those who enlisted and survived are : — 
Bombardier Herbert Terras Higgins. Private William Joseph Gunn. 

Lance-Corporal Norman W. Gunn. 

The name of him who fell is ; 

Private William Bruoe Higgins. 


38th Battalion, Australian Field 
Aetillebt, 4th Division, A.I.F. 

He was the son of John Robert Higgins 
(and Elizabefh, a daughter of Thomas 
Laurie); grandson of John Higgins, jun., 
and great-grandson of John Higgins, sen., 
who married Janet Laurie, only daughter of 
the Patriarch Joseph Laurie, Stobo, Scotland. 
At the age of nineteen lie enlisted and was 
attached to the 1st Light Horse, and served 
for four months in Egypt. He then vol- 
unteered for artillery service in France, and 
was wounded on the 20th September, 1917, 
at Menin Road. He was then invalided to 
Britain. Herbert Higgins rejoined his unit 
in January, 1918, and was wounded for the 
second time, severely, at Armentieres on 
the 8th of August, 1918. This resulte<] in 
bis being again sent to hospital in Britain, 
and continued there until the Armistice was 
Higned. On the 4th .January, 1919, he re- 
turned to Australia in the Hospital Ship 
" Morvana." His length of service was 
Hiree years seven months. 


21ist General Service Reinfoeckments. 

He wag the son of John Guna of Barring- 
ton, grandson of Norman Bell, great-grand- 
son of John Higgins, and great-great-grand- 
son of the Patriarch Joseph Laurie, Stobo, 


1st Pioneer Training Battalion. 
He was the son of John Gunn of Barring- 
ton, grandson of Norman Bell, great-grand- 
son of Norman Higgins, and great-great- 
grandson of the Patriarch Joseph Laurie, 
Stobo, Scotland. 


30th Battalion, r>TH Division, A.I.F. 
He was the son of Thomas Lavers Higgins, 
.)f Heatherdale, Gloucester, grandson of Jolm 
Higgins, junior, great-grandson of John Hig- 
gins, senior, wlio married Janet, the only 
daughter of the old Patriarch Joseph Laurie, 
Stobo, Scotland. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


Index to Book I. 

Aitcbison, James, Private. 1916, Oct. 15 
Aitkeu, James, and Family. 1915, May 7 
Aitken,' James T. 1916, July 2 
Anderson, James, Trooper. 1915, Dec. 25 
Ballantyue, William, Second Lieut. 1915, 

October 13 

Barr, William, Private. 1916, July 16 . 
Bartleman, William, Private. 1915, May 3 
Bell, Jolm, Sapper. 1916, May 21 . 
Bell, J. T. Scott. 1915, September 30 . 
Bell, William, Sergeant. 1917, January 27 
Benson, Mark, Private. 1917, April 14 . 
Bertram G., Sergeant. 1916, July 14 
Bertram, T., Lance-Cpl. 1916, July 14 . 
Bertram, William, Private. 1917, Jany. 25 
Biggar, Arthur, Private. 1916, Sept. 15 
Borthwiek, T., Private. 1915, Sept. 26 . 
Boyd, G. P. E., Lieut. 1916, October 19 
Burnett, Adam, Private. 1915, June 28 . 
Brown, Alex. C, Private. 1916, May 21 . 
Brown, Tom W., Private. 1916, Dec. 6 . 
Campbell, Arthur, Private. 1915, Jany. 20 
Campbell, James, Private 1917, .\pril 9 
Campbell, William, Sergeant. 1915, May 


Carmichael, Alex. D. C, Sub-Lieut. 1916, 

August 18 

Chalmers, G., Private. 1917, April 1: 
Clark, John. 1915, August 30 . 
Clarke, Walter, Private. 1916, May 9 . 
Cleghorn, William, Sergeant. 1914, Nov 


Ccckburn, G., Gunner. 1916, October 27 
Constable, D. 0., Lieut. 1916, Sept. 25 
Crawford, Hugh, ^Sergeant. 1915, Nov. 10 
Dalgleish Tom, Private. 1915, Oct. 19 
Davidson, David F., Private. 1914, Dec 


Dick, J., Private. 1915, April 22-26 
Dickson, Arch., Private. 1916, April 22 
Doherty, Andrew, Sergeant-Major. 1916 

March 18 

Douglas, G. M.. Private. 1917, April 9 
Dougla,s, William, Lce.-Cpl. 1915, Sept. 26 
Dove, Andrew Amos, Corpl. 1916, Sept 


Drudge, W. H., Private, 1915, Nov. 24 
Egan, Edward, Trooper. 1914, Oct. 21 . 
















Fairbairn, E., Private. 1915, Sept. 25 . 27 
Ferguson, D. M. G., Second Lieut. 1915, 

May 14 . . . . . 12 
Ferguson, Ian A. G., Captain. 1916, May 

12 40 

Forrest, H., Private. 1916, April 18 . 37 

Freckelton, G. E., Private. 1915, May 2 8 

Gardner, Thomas, Lce-Cpl. 1915, May 16 13 

Graham, J. O., Sergeant. 1915, June 19 15 
Gray, Andrew, Second Lieut. 1915, May 

9 11 

Hall, James, Private. 1915, June 28 . 18 

Hall, William, Lce-Cpl. 1917, Feby. 28 75 

Henderson, G. G., Private, 1915, May 29 15 

Hume, G., Lce.-Cpl. 1916, July 12 . 44 

Hume, John, Private. 1916, July 22 . 49 

Hume, Robert, Private. 1916, May 3 . 39 

Inck, John, Private. 1915, September 25 24 

Iii-lis, Alex,, Lieut. 1917, April 11 . 79 

Inglis, Arch., Sapper. 1916, July 24 . 42 

Inglis, William, Private. 1917, March 22 75 

Jervis, Eobert N., Lieut. 1916, Jany. 5 . 34 

Johnston, D., Sergeant. 1916, July 14 . 46 

Ketchen, John, Trooper. 1915, Nov. 19 . 31 

Knapp, Andrew, Private. 1915, Nov. 30 69 

Laidlaw, William, Private. 1916, Aug. 4 61 
Lawrie, Alex. D. G., Private. 1916, July 

19-20 49 

Lawrie, C. W. J., Lce.-Cpl. 1915, May 18 14 

Lees, R., Bombardier. 1916, Nov. 13 . 63 

Lennie, James, Private. 1916, August . 57 

Lister, Charles A., Lieut. 1915, August 28 23 

Little, G. R., Private. 1917, March 21 75 

Lorimer, James, Private. 1916, Sept. 25 63 

Lowrie, Andrew, Private. 1915, Nov. 4 . 30 

Luke, G,, Private. 1915, October 3 . . 29 
Lunn, G., Lce.-Cpl. 1916, July 14 . .45 

Macdonald, John, Private. 1916, Aug, 18 53 

Macfadyen, John, Private. 1917, Feby. 22 74 

Maoglashan. D., Gunner. 1915, June 23 . 16 

Mackie, William, Private. 1915, Sept. 25 24 
McNaught, James, Second Lieut. 1917, 

January 7 . . . . .72 

Maclachlan, Charles, Private. 1916, Aug. 

19 5C 

Macvey, Hugh, Private. 1915, Sept. 25 . 26 

Macguire, John, Private. 1914, Sept. 26 2 

Mason, Robert, Private. 1915, July 12 . 18 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

:M;nile, Dickson, Sergeant. 1917, April 
^Melrose, R., Private. 1916, September 20 
:\[iller, T. A. G., Lieut. 1915, April 25 . 
Moritz, Oscar F., Lieut. 1916, July 27 
Murray, Albert, Lce.-Cpl. 1015, Dec. 31 
Murray, Wolfe, G., Lieut. R.N. 1916, 

October 12 

Nelson, Thomas A., Captain. 1917, April 9 
Nichol, R., Private. 1915, September 25 . 
Oliver, Edward, Sergeant. 1916, Feby. 24 
Overend, Robert, Sapper. 1916, Dec. 6 . 
Park, G., Private. 1916, October 20 
Parker, William, Postal Rifles. 1915, 

June 27 

Preston, R., Private. 1916, June 7 . 
Pretswell, John, Private. 1916, Dec. 30 
Pringle, Joshua, Private. 1916, June 13 
Redpath, James, Ser.seant. 1916. Sep. 20 
Eichardson, Joseph W., Corporal. 1916, 

July 26 

Riddell, Malcolm, Lce.-Cpl. 1916, July 27 
Ritchie, John, Private. 1916, September 1 
Roberts, Andrew B., Private. 1915, March 


Robson, William, Private. 1916, Oct. 11 
Russell, G., Private. 1914, October 22-24 
Sandemau, D. E., Major. 1915, April 


Scott, Joliu, Private. 1914, September 10 
Scott, Robert, Private. 1915, September 26 
Scott, Thomas, Private. 1917, April 11-13 
Scott, William Young. 1916, November 18 
Scott, William J., Seaman. 1915, Jauy. 19 
Scougall, Alex., Col.-Sergt. 1915, May 3 
Scrapie G., Corporal. 1915, December 24 
Sievwright, John, Private. 1915, June 3 
Stnail, Adam, Private. 1915, July 12 
Smith. Arch. J.. Private. 1915, March 17 










SoraerviUe, G., Lce.-Cpl. 1915, Nov. 25 32 

Stevens, W. W., Private. 1917, April 2 . 76 
Stewart, Alex. Shaw, Lce.-Cpl. 1916, July 

27 .50 

Stirling, W., Private. 1916, December 24 71 
Stuart, Edmund Maxwell, Lieut. 1916, 

April 26 38 

Stuart, J. Maxwell, Lieut. 1916, March 2 35 
Tait, Ralph, Private. 1915, May 16 . 12 
Telfer, William, Private. 1916, October 1 64 
Tennant, Edward W., Lieut. 1916, Sep- 
tember 22 61 

Tennant, Mark, Lieut. 1916, September . f3 

Teniient, W. Private. 1916, September 3 57 

Thomson, Thomas, Private. 1915, July 12 18 

Thorburn, James, Captain. 1917, Feby. 11 71 
Thorburn, James C, Private. 1916, May 

21 41 

Tliorburn, William, Private. 1915, March 

22 70 

Tadliope, T., Second Lieitt. 1915, Sept. 25 25 

Tui-nbull, G, Sergeant. 1915, May 12 . 70 
TiirnbuU, James, Lce.-Cpl. 1915, March 

17 6 

Tweedie, Private. 1916, December 6 . 70 
Walker, Charles C, Captain. 1914, Aug. 

26 1 

Walker, John A., Private. 1916, July 20 48 
Watson, William, Private. 1916, Oct. 24 67 
Watson, W. D., Lce.-Sergt. 1915, Sep- 
tember 25 ■'^5 

Weir, William, Private 1916, July 1 . 43 

Welsh, David H., Private. 1916, Aug. 14 52 

Welsh, Tom, Cfcptain. 1915, July 12 . 19 

Wilson, Hugh, Private. 1916, December 1 69 

AVood, Andrew R., Corporal. 7916, July 1 44 

Wyper, T., Private. 1916, July 19, . 47 

Young, G. S. H., Private. 1915, July 13 22 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


Index to Book II. 


Addison, William, Private, 1917, July 22 92 

Aird, Alexander, Private. 1917, May 6 S6 

Aitken, James, Private. 1917, Nov. 13 117 

Aitken, William, Corporal. 1918, May 20 139 

Amos, James, Signaller. 1918, October 6 167 
Anderson, George, Sergeant. 1917, April 

23 179 

Armitage, John W., Private. 1918, Oct. 1 180 

Awburn, E. J. 1918, August 11 . . 151 

Baifrie, W., Private. 1917, November 30 117 

Ballantyne, John, Private. 1918, Sept. 30 167 
Bartholomew. G. H. P., Captain. 1917. 

October 12 107 

Bartleman, T. E., Second-Lieut. 1917, 

September 6 100 

Berry, J. B., Sergeant 1918, May 31 . 142 
Biggar, D. F., Private. 1918, August 11 152 
Birnie, T., Sapper. 1918. April 14 . . 134 
Blake, G., Private. 1918, May 2 . . 138 
Blaikie, E., Private. 1918, April 26 . 137 
Booth, P. D., Captain. 1917, December 1 119 
Brodie, W. L.. Lieut.-Col. 1918, Aug. 23 155 
Brown, T.. Lce.-Cpl. 1917. August 6 . 95 
Brown, W., Private. 1918, April 11 . 133 
Brunton, John, Private. 1917, May 13 87 
Burnett, J., Private. 1918, April 10 . 132 
Burton. Alex., Gunner. 1918, April 10 132 
Burton, John, Gunner. 1917, October 19 110 
Calder, James, Private. 1918, April 9 . 131 
Cameron, Tom, Private. 1917, May 11 So 
Campbell, Tom. 1918, November 12 . 171 
Carrie, James, Private. 1918, Nov. 2 . 170 
Clark, J. B., Private. 1918, July 29 . 148 
Clark, John Y., Private. 1917, Nov. 12 116 
Clemison, William, Lce.-Cpl. 1920, Sep- 
tember 19 179 

Cochrane, E., Sergeant. 1918, August 12 150 

Cockburn, T., Private. 1918, Octolier 23 168 

Cole, E. J.. Sergeant. 1917. April 25 . 83 
Collier, J., Private. 1918, April 7 . .130 
Dalgleish, Walter, Private. 1917, No%'- 

ember 6 116 

Dargie, G., Lce.-Cpl. 1917, July 31 . . 93 

Dickson, .James, Private. 1917, Nov. 2 . 114 

Dickson, E., Major. 1918. May 27 . . 140 
Doherty, John, Q.-M. Sergeant. 1918, 

March 22 126 

Douglas, E., Bombardier. 1918, Feb, 18 122 


Duff, Lachlan G., Captain. 1914, Oct. 24 180 

Duffy, Eobert, Private. 1917, April 20 81 

Duncan, Arthur N.. Cpl. 1918, Sept. 2 161 

Eckford, W., Private. 1917, Sept. 16 . Iu3 

Elliot, Walter, Private. 1918, Dec. 11 . 173 

Ellis, John T., Private. 1917, Sept. 20 104 

Fairbairn, P., Private. 1917, Jxily 16 . 93 
Ferguson, Charles H., Gunner. 1918, 

December 14 174 

Forgie, John, Private. 1918, January 15 121 
Forsyth, W. E. W., Private. 1918. Sep- 
tember 29 165 

French, E., Sergeant. 1917, October 22 112 

Fullerton, T., Sapper. 1917, October 11 109 
Geddes, Andrew B., Private. 1918, July 

23 145 

Gillespie, .John, Warrant Officer. 1917, 

Decemlier 17 120 

Goodfellow, John, Private. 1917, May 19 88 

Graham, J., Lce.-Cpl. 1918, Septemlier 22 164 

Grant E., Private. 1918, September 15 . 162 
Gray, Alan T., Flight Sub. -Lieut. 1917, 

August 16 96 

Green, Francis, Private. 1917, Sept. 17 103 
Grierson, John, Second-Lieiit. 1918, 

March 21 124 

Gunn, Norman W., Lce.-Cpl. . . .190 

Gunn, William Joseph, Private. . . 190 

JIall, Eobert I., Corporal. 1918, May 27 141 

Hamilton, E., Private. 1918. April 25 136 
Henderson, B. H. B., Lieutenant. 1918 

June, 18 143 

Henderson, John, Private. 1919, Feb. 8 
Henderson, T., Private. 1917, May . 85 

Heiifihilwood, T., Comp. Sergt. -Major. 

1917, May 16 87 

Higgins, Herbert T., Bombardier . . 190 

Higgins, W. B., Private. 1917, July 19 92 
Higgins, William B., Private. 1917, July 

19 190 

Hogg, William, Private. 1918, Aug. 18 153 

Hope, William, Private. 1918, Oct. 9 . 167 
Howard. Stewart C, Driver. 1918, Aug. 

22 154 

Hume, Thomas A., Private. 1917. Oct. 22 110 
Tlunnam, George, Private. 1918, Aug. 31 159 
Hunter, Christopher, Private. 1917, Nov- 
ember 17 117 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

Hunter, G. W., Private. 1917, Aug. 11 . 96 
Hunter, William, Private 1918, Januaij 123 
Husband, Melvin, Private. 1919, Feb. 26 177 
Inglis, R. D., Private. 1918, Sept. 18 . 163 
Ireland, L!., Private. 1917, September 2U 104 
Jauiieson, U., Signaller. 1017, Deo. 25 . 121 
Keen, William, Private. 1918. April 21 13. 
Keitli, Fred, Private 1917, August 1 . 94 
Kelly, Alex., Private. 1918, March 22 . 126 
Kellv, Ales., Private. 1918, December 2 175 
Kelly, Alex., Private. 1918, December 2 188 

Kelly, Eobert Stanley 187 

Kelly, William Russel . . . .187 

Kerr, George, Private. 1917, October 1 11)6 
Laurie Family and ils Branches . . 181 
Laurie, Albert Kingston, Lance-Cpl. . 161) 
Laurie, Albert Kingston, Lce.-Cpl. 1918, 

August 31 190 

Laurie, Alex. Duncan Gordon, Private. 4-3 

1916, July 19-20. 
Laurie, Alex. Keuiuth, Private ■ ■ ^^'> 
Laurie, Alex. Thomson, Trooper . . 186 
Laurie, Andrew, Second-Lieut. . . I80 
Laurie, Clifton William Joseph, Lce.- 
Cpl. 1915, May 18 186 

Laurie, Robert, Trooper. 1918, end . 174 
Laurie, Robert, Trooper. 1918, end . 188 

Laurie, Poliert Burns, Private. 1917, 

June 12 89 

Laurie, Robert Burns, I'rivate. 1917, 

June 12 188 

Laurie, Thomas, Private. . . . 188 

lyaurie, Thomas Henry, Gunner. . . 185 
Lawton, Eobert, Private. 1917, April 28 84 
Lind, W., I'rivate. 1917, April 28 . . 81 
Lockie, A. W., Private. 1917, May 14 . 87 
Logie, John, I'rivate. 1917, April 23 . 81 
McArthur, William, Private. 1919, 

March 14 177 

McCulcheon, A., Private. 1918, April 15 135 
MacdoiiakI, I'eter, I'rivate. 1918, March 

22 125 

MoCran, I'atriclc, Pii\a1.-, 1917, May 1 85 
McOlaslian, D., Fariicr ('iil. 1917, Oct. 

12 109 

MoGlasson, J. W., Sergeant. 1918. April 

12 134 

Mclntyre, Charles Alex., Cpl. . . 189 

Mc^Inlyre, James Chri,stophpr, I'livale 189 
Mclntyre, J., Comp. Sergt.-Wa.jor. 1918, 

September 19 168 

Mclntyre, Jolin Andrew, Private. . 189 

Mackay, D. J., Kitlcinan. 1917, Oct. '.W IK) 


Mackay, Oswald, Keith, Private. . . 187 

Mackenzie, K., Captain. 1918, Aug. 27 158 

Maclennan, J. A., Gunner. 1918, Mar. 22 125 

McMartin, John, Private. 1917, Aug. 1 94 

McMorran, John, Private. 1917, Oct. 19 109 

Alclntosh, W. Private. 1917, October 30 114 

Maepherson, J. A. C. 1918, August 11 . 152 

Mallen, D. M. 1918, September 21 . 164 

Mathieson, T., Private. 1917, Nov. 2 . 115 

Mathieson, W., Private. 1917, April 28 85 

Miller, Arch. B., Lieut. 1917, July 13 . 91 

Mirtle, H. Private. 1917, October 22 . Ill 

Mitchell, R., Private. 1918, April 11 . 133 

Moore. Isaac, Sergeant 185 

Morrison, George, Private. . . . 180 
Muir, John W., Second-Lieut. 1918, 

March 12 123 

Murray, Alex., Cpl. 1919, June 11 . 175 
Murray, Arthur A. Wolte, Brigadier- 
General. 1918, December 7 . . 173 
Murray, Sir James Wolte, Lieut.-General. 

1919, October 17. 

Murdie, T. J., Private. 1918, March 24. t 11 

Ogilvie, Alex., Private. 1918, June 1 . 142 
Ormiston, Thomas, Private. 1918, April 

27 137 

I'aterson, John, Private. 1918, April 25 137 

Peden, Adam, Private. 1917, August 22 99 

Peden, Adam, Private. 1918, Sept. 3 . 162 

Preston, James, Private. 1918, April 24 136 

Ramsay, George, Private. 1918, July 30 148 

Reid, T., Gunner. 1918, September 22 165 

Renwick, Jame.s, Private. 1918, March 28 127 
Richardson, R., Second-Lieut. 1918, July 

26 ... • ... 147 
IJicliardsoii, R. W., Sapper 1918, Mareli 

30 l'^9 

Ritchie, Thomas, Private. 1918, March 

22 124 

Ross, R. T.. Second-Lieut. 1918, Septem- 
ber 29 166 

Scott, Andrew, Lieut. 1917, April 18 . 81 

Scott, A. D., Private. 1918, .luiu- 20 . Ill 

ScoU, G., Private. 1917, NovembtM- ;)ii IIS 

Scott, Irvine, I'rivate. 1917, May 11 . 8,' 

Scott, John W., Lce.-Cpl. 1917, July 31 93 

Scott, Tom, Lce.-Cpl. 1918, August 31 . 160 

Scott. T., Private. 1918, November 29 172 

Sliannon. .)ohu. I'rivate. 1917, August 9 95 

Sliaw. Jauies, Cor))oral. 1917, Sept. 23 . 105 

Shiel, Thomas, Private. 1918. Octolier 25 169 
Sliiel-. Norman Rolf, Sapper. 1917, Seji- 

I em her 14 102 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



Sibbald, John, Gunner 1918, Nov. 28 . 171 

Smart, G. L., Private. 1917, August 22 99 

Smart, W., Private. 1918, August 4 . 151 

Smith, David T., Private. 1918, Aug. 2 150 

Smith, Ronald Bruce, Private. . . 187 

Somerville, T., Private. 1917, August 26 100 
Somerville, W., Corporal. 1918, March 

28 128 

Souter, W., Private. 1917, Decpuiber . llS 

Stewart, Andrew, Gunner. 1917, July 12 91 
Stevenson, David, Sergeant 1919, Fe)i- 

ruary 20 176 

Stobie, T. St. J., Private 1917, Nov. 12 116 
Stuart, Alfred J. Maxwell, Sec-Lieut. 

1918. August 24 157 

Stuart, Harry T. Maxwell, Second-Lieut. 

1917. October 9 108 

Swan, T., Private. 1917, August 20 . 98 
Taggart, Harry R., Second-Lieut. 1918, 

July 24 146 


Tait, Gordon, Private. 1918, March 21 123 

Tait, W., Lce.-Cpl. 1917, October 22 . 112 

Taylor, William, Private. 1918, Nov. 10 170 

Telter, Douglas, Private. 1918, April 28 138 

'I'ennant, H., Second-Lieut. 1917, May 27 90 

Thomson, James, Lce.-Cpl. 1917, May 9 86 

Walker, W. H., Private. 1918, Jan. 22 122 
Watson, James W., Trooper. 1917, 

August 2 95 

Watson, J., Private. 1918, March 24 . 128 

W^ebber, Maurice, Private. . . . 187 
Welsh, Robin M. B., Captain. 1917, 

April 23 ....... 82 

Williamson, William, Private. 1917, 

August 22 99 

Wyper, W., Private. 1918, April 10 . 132 
Young, H. H., Second-I,ieut. 1918, May 

26 139 

Yellowlees, T., Private. 1917, Sept. 28 105 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 



GraJiam. Jimes Ormiston. 
Buiiiett, Adam. 
Hall, James. 
Inch, John. 
Mackie, William. 
Tudhope, Thomas. 
Bell, J. T. Scott. 
Ketchen, John. 
Sample, Gavin. 
Bell, John. 

BROUGHTON— Tweaty-eight. 

Cochrane, George. 
I'retswell, John. 
Hall, William. 
Henshilwood, Thomas. 
Wilson, John Law. 
Hunter, George W. 
Swan, Thomas. 
Somerville, Thomas. 
Ireland, George. 
Bartholomew, George H. F. 

McMorran, John. 
Aitken, James. 
Hamilton, Robert. 
Telfer, Douglas. 
Brodie, W. L. 
Duncan, A. N. 
Graham, James. 
Taylor, William. 


Mackenzie, Kenneth. Lawton, Robert. 

Nichol, Robert. 
Dove, Andrew Amos. 

Scott, John. 

Russell, George. 

Richardson, David Sandeman. 

McGlashan, Donald. 

Mason, Robert. 

Laidlaw, William. 

Murray, Philip George Wolfe. 

Bcns-oii, Mark. 

Cole, E. J. 

Walker, Charles C. 
Maguire, John. 
Clcgliorn, William. 
Campbell, Arthur. 
Smith, Archibald J. 
Turnbull. James. 
'I'lirnbulL George. 
Ferguson, Duncan M. Grant. 
Gardner, Thoma.<«. 
Henderson, George G. 
Sievewright, John. 
Small, Adam. 
Borthwick, Tliomas. 
Somerville, George. 


Nelson, Thomas Arthur. 
Wilson. John Law. 

EDDLESTON— Twenty-seven. 

Brunton, Johni. 
Watson, James Fairbairn. 
Gray, Alan Theodore. 
Fullerton, Thomas. 
McGlashan, Donald. 
Olark, John Y. 
Gillespie, John. 
Jamieson, G. 
Forgie, John. 


Anderson, James. 
Oliver, Edward. 
Doli&rty, Andrew. 
Hume, Robert. 
Pringle, Joshua. 
Weir, William, 
Hume, John. 
Richardson, Jo.«eph W. 
Ridilell, Malcolm. 
McLaolilan, Charles. 
Leiniie, Jame.s. 
Tennent. William. 
Redpath, James. 
AitchisoTi, James. 

Scott, Tom. 

Ormiston, Thomas. 

Awburn, Robert J. 

Hogg, William, 

Mallen, Donald M, 

Forsyth, William R. W, 

Cockburn, Tom. 

Mui-ray, Arthur A. Wolfe. 

Elliot," Walter. 

Murray, Sir James Wolfe, 

f Boyd, George F, E. 
Overend, Robert. 
Douglas, George M, 
Duffy, Robert, 
T>;iw ton , Robert. 
Mathison, William. 
Thomson, James, 
Dargie, George. 
Brown, Thonirs. 
Smart, George L. 
Shiells, Norman Rolf. 
Eckford, William, 
Green, Francis. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


Ellis. John Taylor. 
Kerr, George. 
Burton, John. 
:Mirtle, Harry. 
Hume, Thomas Armslrons 
Jlclntosh, William. 
Stobie, T. St. J. 
Grierson, Jolm. 
Kelly, Alexander. 
Maclennan, John A. 
Doherty, John. 
Watson, J. 
.Murdie, Tom J. 

Somerville, William. 
Richardson, R. W. 
Collier, J. 
Burnett, J. 
Bui-ton, Ale.xander. 
McGiapson, J. W. 
Birnie. Thomas. 
Keen, William. 
Blake, George. 
Aitken, W. 
Young, H. H. 
Hall, Robert Irive. 
Clark, George Brown. 

Ramsay, George. 
Smart, William. 
Macpherson, James A. 0. 
Hunnam, George. 
Reid, Tom. 
Hope, William. 
Shiel, Thomas. 
Cairie, James. 
Sibbald, John;. 
Scott, Thomasi. 
Henderson, John. 
Husband, Melvin. 

Freckleton, George E. 
Henderson, Thomas. 


Drudge, William Henry. 
Tait, Ralph. 

Dalgleish, Walter. 

Miller, Thomas A, C. 
Bai'tleman, William. 
Ballantvne, William. 

KIRKURD— Eight. 

Telfer, William. 
Miller, Archibald B. 
Bartleman, Thomas Edward 

Ballantyne, John. 
Cochrane, Robert. 

Calder, James. 


Mitchell, R. 
Geddes. Andrew B. 

Taggart, Henry Rawson. 

Dick, Joseph. 
Scougall, Alexander. 
Gray, Alexander. 
Preston, Robert. 
Bertram, George. 
Wyper, Tom. 

MANOR— Sixteen. 

Walker, John A. 
Melrose, Robert. 
Bertram, William. 
McCran, Patrick. 
Cameron, Tom. 

Fairbairn, Peter. 
Scott, Jobn W. 
Scott, George. 
Wyper, Willie. 
Eichardson, Robert. 

Young, George S. H. 
Dickson, Archibald. 
Welsh, Da^nd H. 
Scott. William Young. 
Stevens, W. W. 

NEWLANDS— Thirteen. 

Lockie, Alex. W. 
Dickson, James. 
Hunter, Christopher. 
Souter. William. 

Dickson, Piobert. 
Howard, Stewart C. 
Ferguson, Charles H. 
Anderson, George. 

OVERSEAS— Forty-two. 

(Einumerated also in their Scottish Parishes.) 

Thorburn, William, Canada. Laurie, Alexander D. J., Australia. 

Dick, Joseph, Canada. Inglis, Archibald, New Zealand. 

Sandeman, David Eichardson, Canada Dove, Andrew Amos, Canada. 

Scougall, Alexander, Canada. Redpath, James, Canada. 

Aitken Family, British Columbia. Aitchison, James, Canada. 

Turnbull, George, Australia. Scott, William Young, Canada. 

Henderson, George C, Australia. Overend, Robert, Australia. 

Clark, John, South Africa. Stirling, William, Australia. 

Laurie. Clifton W. J., Australia. McNaught, James, Canada. 


County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 

Stevens, William W., Australia. 
Caiujjbell, James, United States. 
Scott, Andrew, Canada. 
Laurie, Kobert Burns, Australia. 
Higgins, William Bruce, Australia. 
Gray, Alan Theodore, South Africa. 
Shiells, Norman Rolf, Australia. 
Mcintosh, William, Canada. 
Stobie, T. St .Tohn, Canada. 
Booth, Patrick Dick, Canada. 
Gillespie, John, South Africa. 
I'orgie, John, Canada. 

Keen, William, New Zealand. 
Aitken, William, South America. 
Ramsay, George, Australia. 
Cochrane, Robert, New Zealand. 
Scott, Tom, Australia. 
Ijaurie, Albert Kingston, Australia. 
Duncan, Arthur N., Canada. 
Ballantyne, John, Australia. 
Amos, James, Canada. 
Campbell, Tom W., New Zealand. 
Laurie, Robert, Australia. 
Kelly, Alexander, Australia. 

PEEBLES— Three. (Omitted from published volumes.) 
I^lacdunald, John. Jxsckie, Alexander W. Baigrie, William. 

Barr, William. 
Carmichael, Alexander 



Lind, William. 
HensJiilwood, Thomas. 
Addison, William. 

McMartin, John. 
JMackay, David John. 
Clemison, William. 

Parker, William. 
^IcVey, Hugh. 
Crawford, Hugh. 
Jervis, Robert Norrie. 
Inglis, Ale.xander. 

STOBO— Fourteen. 

Logie, John. 
McCran, Patrick. 
Shannoti, John. 
Mathieson, Thomas. 
Brown, William. 

Ogih'ie, Alexander. 
Smith, David T. 
Macintyre, John. 
McArthur, William. 

T/i.?ter, Charles A. 
Clark, John. 
Scott, Robert. 
Dalgleish, Tom. 
Stuart, Joseph Maxwell. 
Stuart, Edmund Maxwell. 
Wood, Andrew R. 
Tennant, Edward W. 

TBAQUAIR— Twenty lour. 

Constable, Douglas 0, 

Tennant, Mark. 

Wilson, Hugh. 

Brown, Tom W. 

Bell, William. 

Tennant, Henry. 

Stewart, Andrew. 

Stuart, Harry T. Maxwell. 

Hunter, William. 
Walker, William H. 
Muir, John Wallace. 
Macdonald, Peter. 
Ritchie, Thomas. 
Stuart, Alfred J. Maxwell. 
Amos, James. 
Duff, Lachlan Gordon. 

Tliorburn, William. 
Welsh, Tom. 
Lorimer, James. 
Knapp, Andrew. 
Tweedie, Private. 


Thorburn, James. 
Goodfellow, John. 
Wilson, John Law. 
Yellowlees, Thomas. 
Booth, Patrick Dick. 

Iveuwick, James. 
Hender&dn, Benjamin H. B, 
Soott, ArchibaJd Douglas. 
Ross, Robin T. 
Murray, Alexander. 

Egan. Edward. 
Davidson, David F. 
Scott, William J. 
Roberts, Andrew B. 
.Aifken family. 
Campbell. William. 

WALKERBURN— Sixty two. 

Thomson, Thomas 
Grieve, Harry. 
Watson, Wiliiam D. 
Douglas, William. 
Fnirbairn, Robert. 
Luke, George. 

Lowric, .Vmlicw. 
Murray, Albert. 
Foarest, Henry. 
AitktMi, James T. 
Ilnnir, George. 
Jolinstiin, David. 

County of Peebles Book of Remembrance. 


Lunn, George. 
Bertram, Thomafi. 
Iiiglis, Aa-chibald. 
Moritz, Oscar Frajik. 
Stewart, Alexander Shaw. 
Ritoliie, Jolin. 
Biggar, Arthur. 
Robson, WiUlam. 
Park, George. 
Watson, William. 
Lees, Robert. 
Stirling, William. 
McNaught, James. 
McFadyen, Joihin. 
Little, G .R. 

Maule, Dickson. 
Campbell, Jamea, 
Scott, Thomas. 
Cliaimers, George. 
Scott, Andrew. 
Welsli, Robert M. B. 
Aird, Alexander. 
Scott, Irvine. 
Keith, Frederick 
Watson, James Fairbairii 
Peden, Adam. 
Shaw, James. 
Tait, WiUie. 
French, Robert 
Douglas, Robert. 

Tait, Gordon. 

Tumbull, Anthony McCut 

Preston, James. 
Paterson, Jolm. 
Blaikie, Robert. 
Berry, James R. 
Biggar, David F. 
Peden, Alexander. 353386. 
Grant, Robert. 
Inglis, Robert D. 
Campbell, Tom W. 
Stevenson, David. 
AiTnitage, John W. 
MoiTison, George.